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Factbox: Who are the immigrant ‘Dreamers’ affected by the U.S. Supreme Court ruling?

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(Reuters) – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled on Thursday that President Donald Trump’s administration erred in ending a program that offered work permits and protection from deportation to hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought to the United States illegally as children, a group often called the “Dreamers.”

The Republican president moved in 2017 to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, put in place by his Democratic predecessor Barack Obama.

Here are some key facts about the program.

WHAT IS THE DACA PROGRAM?

Obama announced DACA in 2012 after a decade of failed efforts to pass broad immigration legislation in the U.S. Congress, including bills that would have provided a path to citizenship for the Dreamers.

The program offered immigrants who came to the United States illegally before age 16 the chance to obtain a work permit and a reprieve from the threat of deportation. To be enrolled in DACA, an applicant cannot have been convicted of a felony or significant misdemeanor and needed to be either still in school, have completed high school or have served in the U.S. military.

The immigrants for whom DACA was devised, Obama said, were raised and educated in the United States, grew up as Americans and often know little about their countries of origin. The term Dreamers came from the name of legislation known as the DREAM Act, short for Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act.

WHO IS ENROLLED IN DACA?

About 649,000 people are enrolled in DACA, according to the most recent government data from the end of 2019. A total of about 825,600 immigrants have been enrolled in DACA since its inception, with some no longer enrolled. About 90 percent of the current enrollees were born in Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. More than half live in California, Texas, Illinois, New York and Florida.

The average age of DACA enrollees is 26, and there are slightly more women than men, the latest statistics showed.

A 2017 analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data by the Washington-based Migration Policy Institute think tank found the top occupations for immigrants in DACA were food preparation and serving, sales, office and administrative support, and construction.

DACA enrollees also hold thousands of jobs in the medical field, a point backers have highlighted during the coronavirus pandemic. Some 27,000 DACA enrollees are healthcare workers including nurses, pharmacists and home-care aides, while nearly 200 are medical students, residents and physicians, plaintiffs told the Supreme Court.

HOW DID THE PROGRAM END UP IN COURT?

On Sept. 5, 2017, then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions said the U.S. Justice Department could not legally defend DACA. Sessions, who was the Trump administration’s top law enforcement official, concluded that Obama exceeded his constitutional powers by creating the program through executive action, bypassing Congress. Sessions also concluded that DACA encouraged illegal immigration of unaccompanied minors and hurt job prospects for native-born Americans, claims disputed by immigration advocates. Trump’s plan to end the program called for a gradual wind down.

A group of states including California and New York, people enrolled in DACA and civil rights groups sued to block Trump’s plan to end the program, saying his administration failed to follow the proper lawful steps. Lower courts have issued rulings blocking Trump’s action. As a result, renewals of existing DACA permits have continued but acceptance of new DACA applications has been suspended by the administration.

WHERE DO EMPLOYERS STAND?

Major U.S. companies support DACA and have hired work-eligible beneficiaries. In a brief to the Supreme Court, 125 companies including Amazon, Facebook, Google and Starbucks and 18 major business associations said ending DACA would “inflict serious harm” on employers, workers and the economy.

Reporting by Ted Hesson in Washington and Mica Rosenberg in New York; Editing by Ross Colvin and Will Dunham

Source: http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/topNews/~3/qaTxbUwOAOs/factbox-who-are-the-immigrant-dreamers-affected-by-the-u-s-supreme-court-ruling-idUSKBN23P2PB

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Samsung hopes to ‘copy and paste’ the brain to 3D chip networks

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Samsung thinks it has a better way to develop brain-like chips: borrow existing brain structures. The tech firm has proposed a method that would “copy and paste” a brain’s neuron wiring map to 3D neuromorphic chips. The approach would rely on a nanoelectrode array that enters a large volumes of neurons to record both where the neurons connect and the strength of those connections. You could copy that data and ‘paste’ it to a 3D network of solid-state memory, whether it’s off-the-shelf flash storage or cutting-edge memory like resistive RAM.

Each memory unit would have a conductance that reflects the strength of each neuron connection in the map. The result would be an effective return to “reverse engineering the brain” like scientists originally wanted, Samsung said.

The move could serve as a ‘shortcut’ to artificial intelligence systems that behave like real brains, including the flexibility to learn new concepts and adapt to changing conditions. You might even see fully autonomous machines with true cognition, according to the researchers.

There’s a glaring problem with complexity, however. As a human brain has roughly 100 billion neurons with a thousand times more synaptic links, an ideal neuromorphic chip would need about 100 trillion memory units. That’s clearly a difficult challenge for any company, and that doesn’t include the code needed to make this virtual brain work. Samsung may have opened a door to human-like AI, but it could take a long time before anyone reaches that goal.

All products recommended by Engadget are selected by our editorial team, independent of our parent company. Some of our stories include affiliate links. If you buy something through one of these links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

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Source: https://www.engadget.com/samsung-copy-and-paste-brain-neuromorphic-chips-185359994.html?src=rss

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Apple will fix bug preventing iPhone 13 owners from unlocking with Apple Watch

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Are you unable to unlock your brand new iPhone 13 with your Apple Watch? Don’t despair just yet. According to MacRumors, Apple has promised to fix a bug that prevents the unlock through an “upcoming software update.” You can turn off the feature in Settings and rely on passcodes until that solution is in place, Apple said, although it didn’t offer a timeframe for the patch.

The flaw typically tells users the iPhone is “unable to communicate” with the Apple Watch. Others can’t setup the unlock feature in the first place. As you might imagine, that’s a significant hassle if you’re wearing a face mask and can’t use Face ID to sign in.

You might not have to wait too long. While Apple only recently started testing an iOS 15.1 beta, the company has a long history of delivering small-but-quick updates that fix glaring bugs and security holes. While this certainly isn’t how Apple wanted the iPhone 13 launch to go, the issue isn’t likely to last.

All products recommended by Engadget are selected by our editorial team, independent of our parent company. Some of our stories include affiliate links. If you buy something through one of these links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

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Source: https://www.engadget.com/apple-watch-iphone-13-unlock-bug-fix-174529852.html?src=rss

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Tesla drivers can now request Full Self Driving beta tests

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It took a long while, but Tesla is finally giving you some control over when (and if) you get Full Self Driving beta releases. The Washington Post noted that Tesla has begun rolling out an FSD beta request button that lets you try the autonomous (really, semi-autonomous) technology before its wider release. The automaker won’t just hand test code to anyone, though. Elon Musk noted that Tesla will “assess driving behavior” (like hard braking, aggressive turns or tailgating) for a week to reduce the chances of collisions.

The move could boost uptake for Full Self Driving betas and help Tesla refine the system for wider releases. The just-launched FSD 10.1 beta (mainly a bug fix) arrived too soon for that, but future software could be more polished or reach a general audience sooner.

Not everyone is thrilled with Tesla’s rapid Full Self Driving expansion, however. The National Transportation Safety Board’s new leader, Jennifer Homendy, recently joined other critics in accusing Tesla of “irresponsible” marketing for FSD technology that could lead to dangerous misuse. She also claimed Tesla was unresponsive to official recommendations for improvements. Beta requests may help Tesla achieve its goals sooner than before, but they won’t address broader concerns about FSD’s safety and whether or not customers should be testing semi-autonomous features on public roads.

All products recommended by Engadget are selected by our editorial team, independent of our parent company. Some of our stories include affiliate links. If you buy something through one of these links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

PlatoAi. Web3 Reimagined. Data Intelligence Amplified.
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Source: https://www.engadget.com/tesla-full-self-driving-beta-request-button-170642977.html?src=rss

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Docker Images: Name Vs. Tag Vs. Digest

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A docker image usually has 3 parts: name, tag, and digest. Images can be pulled using name, or name:tag or [email protected]:digest. Some images are multi-architecture images. In such cases, docker automatically pulls the appropriate image for the os/arch the pull command is run on. Use docker manifest inspect –verbose to view os/arch’s of an image and to get the digest. Avoid using the latest tag in a product environment since it makes rollbacks hard.
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Source: https://hackernoon.com/docker-images-name-vs-tag-vs-digest?source=rss

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