Science is learning much about cannabinoids. We now know how they form in cannabis plants. Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is a particular favorite. It makes users “high.” It also offers an abundance of medicinal properties for healing and promoting homeostasis in the body. Weed delivery is now widely available in California and other legal states, so more and more, folks have easy access to it.
However, despite THC being a common household name these days, its fame overshadows its origins. Few know where it comes from, or how it really works. They know only that it will make them buzz and that it is good for them, but do you know anything more about it? Unlike other cannabinoids, THC is psychoactive. It is unique that way, and in others too.
THC is the notorious counterpart to cannabidiol, or CBD, the two being the most recognizable of over 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. THC, unlike CBD, is an endocannabinoid receptor agonist. This means that it binds directly to endocannabinoid receptors in your body, in a type of lock-and-key formation. It mostly affects receptors in the central nervous system and brain.
Its ability to interact in this way with your body’s own endocannabinoid system allows it to assist healing in various ways. It effectively relieves all manner of aches and pains, including arthritic, neuropathic, acute, and chronic pain. It treats inflammation, nausea, insomnia, fatigue, appetite problems, anxiety, depression, stress, mental issues, cancer, headaches, glaucoma, and more.
However, THC is not for everyone. While most cannabis enthusiasts enjoy it tremendously, it has an enormous following, not everybody enjoys the “high.” It alters mental state in numerous positive, yet very notable ways. For this reason, most folks use THC recreationally, and often in combination with medical use, but never for medical reasons alone.
Origins of THC
THC does not exist, per se, in raw cannabis buds. It begins its life as cannabigerol, or CBG, an inactive cannabinoid abundant in young plants, those still growing. As plants mature, start forming buds and flowering, CBG converts into a variety of different cannabinoid acids, only one of which is the inactive tetrahydrocannabinol acid, or THCA. To convert THCA into THC, it requires decarboxylation.
The process of decarboxylation involves activating inactive cannabinoids. It applies to turning cannabidiolic acid, or CBDA, into CBD too, not only THCA, as well as all other inactive compounds. Decarboxylation requires heat. Heat will turn THCA into THC. This usually happens at the point of lighting your joint. Alternatively, you can heat raw buds in the oven or on the stove to activate their THC.
Where to Find THC
THCA forms in the buds themselves. You can find THCA in small quantities throughout the cannabis plant, including leaves, but it primarily concentrates in buds. Specifically, trichomes produce THC. Trichomes are pungent resinous glands that have several important functions, the production of cannabinoids being just one of them. Trichomes form on buds during the flowering phase.
These small resin glands are exclusive to female cannabis plants. Males produce pollen instead of trichomes. They are visible as tiny hairs on buds, which you mostly need a magnifying glass to see. They look like tiny mushrooms, with a stalk and a head. This head is rich in resinous cannabinoids. It is also abundant in terpenes, which give cannabis its particular flavor and aroma.
The synthesis of cannabinoids begins inside trichomes. These glands are a precursor for dozens of unique cannabinoids. They are extremely pungent, mainly to deter pests. At the same, however, they attract harmless pollinators, such as prey insects like the praying mantis and the ladybug. They are sticky, mainly to hold onto pollen. They are also potent, rich in psychoactive THC.
Two types of trichomes exist, namely non-glandular and glandular trichomes. Cystoliths, the trichomes without glands, have unique function all their own. However, having no resin glands, they do not produce THC. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the glandular trichomes that do, three different types exist, each with their own capabilities and reasons for existence:
Bulbous trichomes are the tiniest glandular trichomes of all. Invisible to the naked eye, they range in size from 10 micrometers to 15 micrometers. You cannot see them without magnification, and due to their small size, their capacity is sadly limited. They do contain cannabinoids, but other trichomes more so.
Capitate-sessile trichomes are bigger than their bulbous counterparts are. You find them underside sugar and fan leaves, and although larger than bulbous trichomes, they still require magnification to see. These trichomes have a tiny stalk and a head, and they produce more cannabinoids than bulbous ones.
Capitate-stalked trichomes are the biggest trichomes of all. Their size ranges between 50 micrometers and 100 micrometers wide. You can see these trichomes with the naked eye, and on the buds themselves. Their stalks are prominent, their gland heads large. They are the richest in cannabinoids.
Ongoing research is bringing to light even more benefits of THC. It is an integral part of the true cannabis experience and contains a horde of medicinal properties. Whether you use already activated THC, in edibles and extracts, for example, or whether you heat it yourself with a lighter or blowtorch, it surely is the most controversial and enjoyable of all cannabinoids.
What is more, THC is available for weed delivery in Santa Monica and surrounds. Simply search Google for “weed delivery near me” and you will find numerous options. You can find buds galore with different potencies. Some strains contain more THC than others do. As a result, some promise a more powerful kick. Just make sure you can see potency on the label before you buy, as testing is crucial to bud safety.
Current Research on Effect Specific Uses of Cannabis
New research regarding the benefits of cannabis and its main properties of CBD and THC continues to emerge as more countries and states legalize the medical and recreational use of marijuana. Also, because of legalization, the business potential of the cannabis industry continues to grow. Cannabis companies can now distribute to a broader range of people. However, there is more to cannabis than different strains (Indica or Sativa) or the ratio of CBD to THC. Another essential cannabinoid is terpenes, and they play a critical role in the effectiveness of cannabis.
A Perfect High
As the cannabis industry continues to enter the mainstream sphere, it must determine how to market to the mass consumer who expects their cannabis product to be consistent in quality and give off the desired effect. Consumers search for a product that provides a more tailored experience and a more controlled high. Like how the consumer can pick their alcohol to achieve desired effects, cannabis companies and scientists research ways to deliver a custom product. Before a consumer buys a product, they need to know if the product’s cost matches the quality of the experience.
THC causes impairment, slower reaction time, and difficulty performing simple tasks. Consumers want to control their level of buzz. Just like there is a wide variety of alcohol, each with its flavors, and proof, that allows a consumer to have their own unique experience. Cannabis companies strive to achieve a range of products that can mimic the desired effect, from calming to energetic or happy. Consumers also want to test how their body responds to these products to make the most informed decision about what is right for their needs and works best for them.
Ultimately, scientists continue to learn about the importance of terpenes and CBD to modify THC’s effects. The largest cannabis companies and their teams of scientists keep their research under wraps for competitive reasons. Every company wants to be the first to produce a controlled, tailored product. Whoever discovers this first will have an advantage within the cannabis industry.
The Entourage Effect
Cannabis companies and scientists ultimately want to achieve a way to tame THC, a term first introduced by scientist Ethan Russo in 2011. They estimate the cannabis industry will grow as large as the alcohol industry and generate billions of dollars in revenue a year, but only if they can manufacture a product that consistently delivers. In 1998, scientists Raphael Mechoulam and Shimon Ben-Shabat discovered the entourage effect, or the combination of THC, the psychoactive component, CBD (cannabidiol), an active non-psychoactive ingredient, and terpenes, the flavor and taste profile of each strain. All three elements have a unique effect on the body, depending on each ingredient’s ratio and combination.
However, with just the cannabis plant, it is hard to replicate the same feeling and its effects on the body since each plant, grown from different marijuana seeds, has its unique properties. Scientists continue to try and isolate these components to learn better ways to use them as a controlled substance. Also known as whole plant synergy, the main ingredients THC, CBD, terpenes, and other cannabinoids are also essential to unlock the health benefits of cannabis and how to use each ingredient to treat chronic pain and diseases better.
Evidence shows that cannabinoids boost other cannabinoids; for example, THC enhances CBD’s medicinal properties, while CBD modifies and controls the effects of Eagle Moon High THC Seeds, producing a more controlled high. Each cannabinoid is more effective together, which is why THC alone or CBD only products derived from hemp are less potent and effective. There are also other minor cannabinoids at play, such as CBG or CBN, that scientists continue to research. Emerging research also suggests the possibility of two different types of entourage effects: Intra-entourage refers to the interactions of cannabinoids and terpenes and inter-entourage, which relates to the interactions between terpenes to terpenes and cannabinoids to cannabinoids. However, research slowly begins to unearth the role terpenes play in the entourage effect and its full potential.
Terpenes and Future Potential
Cannabis consumers are more sophisticated than society’s perpetuated stereotype of the stoner or hippie. Consumers want to know about the benefits and properties of cannabis, such as Indica versus Sativa, and THC versus CBD. While they may be more familiar with these terms, terpenes are a newly discussed topic amongst cannabis circles, and consumers and scientists alike want to unlock terpene’s full potential. Scientists describe terpenes as the flavor profile in all plants but specifically provide each cannabis strain with its taste and smell.
Researchers today understand that the properties of terpenes go beyond just flavor, smell, and stimulating moods, but modulating brain activity that can have potential health benefits. CBD and THC have higher potency together, and the same is true that terpenes, along with other cannabinoids, work better together and have a more substantial impact. Terpenes and cannabinoids can increase blood flow, enhance motor and sensory functions, and eliminate respiratory bacteria that cause MRSA. The terpenes and cannabinoid attribute to the effectiveness of marijuana or cannabis products in the treatment of chronic pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, and even fungal and bacterial infections.
Companies define the use of cannabis for medicinal or holistic reasons, by the strain or CBD to THC ratio. However, new research suggests that the terpene profile may be one of the most critical elements in the effectiveness of the strain and its intended use. As the cannabis industry and scientists compete to unlock the potential of terpenes and its connection to THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids, consumers will gain access to a marijuana experience unlike anything before.
Crystal Wilson. Crystal has been closely studying the cannabis industry trends for quite some time. Intrigued by the booming growth of this sector, she takes interest in penning down her views providing quality insight on current marijuana trends, particularly medical cannabis.
Jay-Z announces new line of cannabis products dubbed Monogram
Rapper and entrepreneur Jay-Z is launching his own cannabis brand in partnership with Caliva, the California-based weed company that hired the star as its chief brand strategist last year.
Named Monogram, Jay-Z’s line of marijuana products launched its website and social media accounts on Friday.
“Monogram marks a new chapter in cannabis defined by dignity, care and consistency. It is a collective effort to bring you the best, and a humble pursuit to discover what the best truly means,” Monogram’s website highlights.
No further information on the specific products that will be sold under the Monogram brand has been released yet.
However, according to the website, the flower used in Monogram’s products is grown in small batches, with a board of “cannabis experts” tasked with grading and hand-selecting each flower that goes into the line.
The New York rapper joined Caliva in 2019 as a brand strategist, which entailed overseeing the creative direction of the company. Furthermore, Jay was focused on Caliva’s social equity efforts as he aimed to increase economic participation of people disproportionately harmed by marijuana prohibition in the newly legal industry.
As for when consumers can expect to try Jay-Z new products, a spokesperson told the New York Daily News Monogram still hasn’t set its dispensary release schedule. The line will “definitely be available across all of California,” according to the spokesperson.
In other news, basketball star Shawn Kemp who played for the Seattle SuperSonics is also showing his love of pot. Kemp is set to open Seattle’s first black-owned marijuana dispensary this Friday. The Sonics legend named his dispensary Shawn Kemp’s Cannabis and is hoping to serve as a model for others in the black community who might be interested in foraying into the legal marijuana business in the area.
“I’m looking forward to welcoming Sonics fans on a regular basis, starting with opening day. I hope that Shawn Kemp’s Cannabis will be an inspiration for people to get involved with the legal cannabis industry, especially people of color,” the Reign Man said in a press release.
Analysis: Legal weed in Texas would generate over $500 million in tax revenue per year
Legalizing marijuana in Texas could generate over half a billion dollars in tax revenue per year and create more than 40,000 new jobs, according to the results of a report released by Vicente Sederberg LLP earlier this month.
Legal cannabis sales in Texas would reach about $2.7 billion annually based on the fact that there are more than 1.5 million residents over the age of 21 that consume pot on a monthly basis, the analysis calculated.
The estimated tax revenue was calculated under the assumption Texas would tax marijuana sales at the same rate as Colorado at 20.6%. This would amount to $1.1 billion in taxes per biennium, while Texas could collect an additional $10 million per year through the issuing of marijuana business licenses.
The report notes Colorado has raised nearly $13 million on average per year just from license and application fees. Furthermore, the report indicated that current taxpayer dollars that go towards marijuana arrests and prosecutions amount to $311 million per year – money that Texas would save should it legalize pot.
“States across the country are seeing the benefits of legalizing and regulating cannabis. It is inspiring lawmakers in prohibition states to reexamine the efficacy and costs of their current policies and take a closer look at the alternatives,” said Shawn Hauser, a partner at Vicente Sederberg.
“The goal of this report is to provide a snapshot of the economic benefits Texas would experience if it started treating cannabis more like alcohol for adults 21 years of age and older,” he commented on the new report.
Aside from the tax revenue that legal weed in Texas could generate, the report highlighted marijuana’s job creation potential. An estimated 20,000 to 40,000 new jobs would be available in the newly legal industry, with tens of thousands of additional indirect positions, the report estimated.
Hauser also pointed out the added economic benefits of legalization in Texas given current uncertainties provoked by the coronavirus pandemic.
“Texas is leaving an enormous amount of money on the table by keeping cannabis illegal,” according to him.
Texas was once known for having the strictest drug laws in the U.S., but the state has softened its stance on cannabis in recent years. A very limited medical marijuana program was established in 2015, while, more recently, cannabis possession arrests in the state have been significantly declining after hemp became legal.
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