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Viewpoint: US must confront its Original Sin to move forward

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Protester and National Guard soldier in Los Angeles on 2 JuneImage copyright Getty Images

Following the death of George Floyd while under arrest, protests have consumed America and onlookers have wondered how one of the most powerful countries in the world could descend into such chaos.

Despite being defined by race, American society does not spend much time analysing the history of our racial divisions, and America prefers to believe in the inevitable progression towards racial equality.

The election of Barack Obama in 2008 fed into this narrative of progress, but Donald Trump’s presidential victory in 2016 was seen as a step backwards, coming after a campaign with a slogan that championed America’s divisive past as a form of progress.

Floyd’s death now appears to be the tipping point for an exhausted, racially divided nation still in the throes of the coronavirus pandemic and the economic cost that followed.

Floyd’s cries of “I can’t breathe” echoed the cries of Eric Garner, who was choked by police on a New York City sidewalk in 2014.

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Floyd’s words reminded Americans of the oppressive past we work to forget regardless of whether it is six years ago, 60 years ago, the 1860s, or 1619 when some of the first slaves arrived in America.

To a large extent, America’s neglect of the past and belief in progress have left many Americans unaware of the severity and scope of our racial tensions, and as a result many Americans lack the words to articulate our current turmoil. Recently, I have used the word ethnocide meaning “the destruction of culture while keeping the people” to describe America’s past and present racial tensions, and this language also helps articulate the uniqueness of America’s race problem.

In 1941, Raphael Lemkin, a Polish Jew and distinguished lawyer, immigrated to the United States as he fled the Nazis. While in America he implored the American government to stop the Nazis from killing his people, and as his words fell on deaf ears, he realized he needed to create a new word to describe the unique horror befalling his people. In 1944, Lemkin coined the words genocide and ethnocide.

Lemkin intended for the words to be interchangeable but over time they diverged. Genocide became the destruction of a people and their culture, and this word radically changed the world for the better. Ethnocide became the destruction of culture while keeping the people, and has been ignored for decades. Recently, ethnocide has been used to describe the plight of indigenous people against colonisation, but regarding America, ethnocide also pertains to the transatlantic slave trade and the founding of the nation.

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From the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade, European colonisers destroyed the culture of African people, but kept their bodies in order to create the chattel slavery system that became the economic and social foundation of the United States. Colonisers prevented Africans from speaking their languages and practising their religions. Tribal and familial bonds were broken, and African people could no longer identify as Igbo, Yoruba, and Malian. Instead de-cultured names such as nigger, negro, coloured, and black were stamped upon African people.

Additionally, Europeans identified themselves as white, and in the United States the one-drop rule was created to sustain that division. One drop of black or African blood meant that a person could not be white. In America, whiteness became a zero-sum identity that was maintained by systemic racial division. Interracial marriage was still illegal in much of America until the Loving vs Virginia decision in 1967.

Read more from Barrett

From colonisation to the formation of the United States, America has created countless laws and policies to sustain the racial division between blacks and whites forged by ethnocide. These American norms, extending to housing, education, employment, healthcare, law enforcement and environmental protections including clean drinking water, have disproportionately harmed African Americans and other communities of colour in order to sustain racial division and white dominance.

George Floyd’s murder represents a continuation of the systemic criminalisation and oppression of black life in America that has always been the American norm dating back to Jim Crow, segregation (which means apartheid), and slavery.

When the Confederacy, the collection of American slave-holding states in the South, seceded from the United States, they launched the Civil War to defend the immoral institution of slavery. After losing the Civil War, these states were readmitted back into the United States. To this day, many Americans, and especially America hate groups, still celebrate Confederate soldiers and politicians as heroes, and there are monuments and memorials dedicated to them across America.

Despite the American South losing the Civil War in 1865, American President Andrew Johnson pardoned Confederate soldiers, and soon thereafter Confederate politicians won elected office in the newly-reunited America. The influence of former slave owners and Confederates contributed to erasing the rights that African Americans won in the 1860s including citizenship and the right to vote.

The political campaign to remove African American rights was called the Redeemers movement, and it was led by former slave-owners and Confederates, who wanted to redeem the South by returning it to the norms of chattel slavery. The Redeemers and “Make America Great Again” derive from America’s oppressive, ethnocidal school of thought.

The Redeemers were also assisted by American terrorist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) that were made up of former Confederate soldiers. The KKK, and many other white supremacist groups, terrorised and lynched black Americans, and they also prevented them from voting to help ensure that Redeemer candidates won elected office. The terrorists became the government.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Protesters attacked by police dogs during demonstrations against segregation in Alabama in 1963

By the start of the 20th Century, the Redeemers had succeeded in undoing the racial equality progress of the post-Civil War Reconstruction era, and now Jim Crow segregation became the norm of the American South. The Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy vs Ferguson made “separate but equal” the new law of the land, and America again became a legal apartheid state.

According to the Equal Justice Initiative’s 2017 report Lynching in America, over 4,400 lynchings of African Americans occurred from 1877-1950. That is more than a lynching a week for 74 years.

During Jim Crow, America could not legally deny black people their humanity, but they could deny them the services that are afforded to human beings. Black people were denied education, housing, employment, and were expected to “know their place” as a perpetually subjugated people. Large prisons were erected on former plantations; black people were arrested for minor crimes and given long prison sentences doing manual labour on the same land their ancestors were forced to work as enslaved people.

As a result of Jim Crow, millions of African Americans fled the neo-slavery and terror of the South during the Great Migration, and racial tensions spread as other American cities did not welcome these domestic refugees. This is the same journey as the Underground Railroad, where prior to the Civil War enslaved African Americans escaped the South and sought refuge in Canada and the Northern parts of America.

The civil rights movement of the 1960s effectively ended Jim Crow, and African Americans began reclaiming the rights, specifically voting rights and freedom of movement, they had previously won in the 1860s, but it is a long road to dismantle systemic and legalised racism and segregation.

Image copyright Getty Images

Obama’s election in 2008 was a monumental event in American society, but it did not magically erase the systemic racism woven into America’s social fabric and the 2012 killing of Trayvon Martin, 17, helped launch the Black Lives Matter movement to national attention.

Trayvon was shot and killed by George Zimmerman as he walked home in his own neighbourhood because Zimmerman thought he looked suspicious. Martin was unarmed. Zimmerman pled self-defence and a jury found him not guilty of second-degree murder and manslaughter. Trayvon was one of countless African Americans killed by America’s ethnocidal society that sanctions terror from both the government and civilians.

The unjust killing of black people by the police and racist vigilantes remained the norm during Obama’s presidency, but now the black community could record and document these crimes on video, and had a president who would defend them. Obama famously said: “If I had a son, he’d look like Trayvon.”

The emergence of the Black Lives Matter movement and other protests under Obama occurred because black Americans were confident that the White House would listen to their cries of “I can’t breathe” and make American society finally equitable and just. Under Trump those cries have fallen on deaf ears and tensions have escalated.

Image copyright Getty Images

America has much work to do to fix our racial tensions because our divisions and inequality are forged in our ethnocidal roots. We need to reform the policing of a nation nearly the size of a continent with over 300 million people, but we also need to make our education, healthcare, and housing systems, and every facet of our democracy more equitable.

Additionally, truth and reconciliation commissions, a national apology, reparations, holding evildoers accountable, and other processes nations have used to heal after a genocide, the linguistic sibling of ethnocide, will help America change course and forge equality and justice.

Also, America has rarely criminalised white supremacist hate and terror and instead has spent centuries normalising white terrorist groups, celebrating them as heroes, and letting them decide if their actions are evil or not. This is why the Confederacy is still celebrated today. Europe did not allow fascists and Nazis to determine if their actions were good or not, but America has always given this luxury to racist slave-owners and their generational apologists and offspring. This must change.

Rwanda, Germany, and South Africa have reckoned with their troubled past to make a better future, but America has long preferred to ignore the past, and proclaim the inevitability of progress.

America today must define and confront the Original Sin of slavery, ethnocide, and the cultural destruction it has inflicted upon all Americans, past and present. Otherwise we will fail to make a better future, and will continue our regression.

Barrett is a writer, journalist and filmmaker focusing on race, culture and politics

Source: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-52912238

Coinpedia

Ethereum Price Smashed $2000, $3000 Incoming At Lightning Speed!

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Ethereum Price (ETH) May Hit $10,000 This Cycle!

The Ethereum price that is known to maintain a stable price movement, finally broke the previous ATH to form a new one. It took more than a months time to regain its lost position above $2000, yet sustained successfully. 

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The price took more time than expected to break the $2000 barrier, yet $3000 may be approaching at rocket speed. As predicted by founder of Gokhstein Media, David Gokhstein, the next stop for the ETH price is around $3,900. 

With the continued bullish trend and intensified rally, the price is expected to surge to the highest levels. According to an analyst and Crypto Youtuber, Young and Investing, the Ethereum price may hit $10,000 within the current bull run.

With the accelerated bull run, many analysts believe Ethereum could lead the market instead of Bitcoin too. Therefore providing a huge opportunity for the altcoins to boom within the ETH bull rally. 

Is Altcoin-Season On the Cards?

Many altcoins normally pop-up with the surge in the price of the second dominant crypto Ethereum. Currently, ETH price is trading around its new all time high around $2152 and expected to fly high. Therefore, many small cap altcoins are expected to rise from ashes and pump more than 50x or even 100x also.

Many analysts believe the Altcoin Season of 2021 is on the way and is expected to be the greatest season ever. According to a popular analyst, XRPcryptowolf, the season will reach its peak during the summer.

Moreover, the coins which are believed to be dead or not performing are also expected to rise. One of the analysts, MC also has given a brief idea on which all coins might pump in the current AltSeason.

Collectively, the breakout of Ethereum price has led to initialization of the most awaited AltSeason of 2021. The ETH price rally is expected to intensify in the coming days, that might smash $10,000 soon.

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Source: https://coinpedia.org/ethereum/ethereum-price-to-surge-to-3000-soon/

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Coinpedia

Lark Davis Addresses 3 Most Common Criticisms Tagged With Cardano

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Popular New Zealand-based crypto analyst Lark Davis pointed out the three criticisms faced by the Cardano project

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Cardano Is Overvalued

He says that Cardano’s biggest use case right now is staking. The current price of Cardano is based on speculation rather than real demand for the token based on usefulness and need among developers and users.

Right now, the basic economics that will drive future demand are simply not there. Also there’s nothing wrong or unusual about this. This is a fairly normal occurrence. We see that a lot with various assets, where the price of an asset can rise far higher than its value should be based on where it is now simply because of strong support from the market and it’s future predictions.

Even if cardano’s price is overvalued right now does not really mean that it will plunge or go down in the near future. Davis says that in such situations the opposite is likely to happen. The higher the market cap, the more serious an investment it is in the eyes of many investors, which makes the market cap go even higher and become even more serious.

Also Read : Top reasons why Cardano(ADA) Price is Poised For Massive Surge!

Nothing Is Built on Cardano

According to Lark Davis this statement is not technically true as he feels that few things are built on cardano but it lacks an ecosystem. He also states that it’s an incredibly dishonest critique of Cardano in his opinion because it is hard to have an ecosystem when there’s no smart contract functionality.

“Smart contracts are coming. The testnet is due in late April. Smart contracts are then scheduled to come on the mainnet around August… I think we’ll have at least a few dozen applications by Q1 of next year.“

Cardano Is Too Slow in Its Development

Davis says it’s fair to hope Cardano’s speed of development to pick up pace, especially considering the moderately fast rise of other projects with robust and successful ecosystems such as Elrond (EGLD) and Avalanche (AVAX).

Luckily cardano has a growing community and enthusiastic users who are willing to support the smart contracts from the day one of it’s launch. With such an optimistic community if cardano promises to deliver an ecosystem that mints people money, then it’s obvious for users and developers to eventually join this massive ADA community.

“I personally think that Cardano will prove the haters wrong this year, and that they will deliver a powerful and interesting blockchain that will become a big part of the cryptocurrency ecosystem…“

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Source: https://coinpedia.org/altcoin/criticisms-tagged-with-cardano/

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Coinpedia

CHZ Price | Chiliz Price Surged 650% in March, What’s Next for the Coin?

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The pseudonymous head of Coin Bureau who goes by the name guy, predicts that this coin has the potential to attract many users into the crypto space.

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Chiliz price has skyrocketed last month by 650% in value, making it a very important month for the cryptocurrency. In the last week, however, a pattern reversal occurred, with CHZ being overwhelmingly denominated by sellers. Things are shifting, though, as CHZ price rises once more. 

Read more : Chiliz Price Rose Like a Monster, Is It the Start of a ‘Low Cap Season’?

Chiliz is a cryptocurrency that can be used on sports and entertainment sites. Chiliz can be used like any other digital currency, but it is most commonly used on Socios.com, a website where investors and fans can use CHZ to receive exclusive rewards from their favourite teams. Special behind-the-scenes access and voting rights are among the perks.

It is worth noting that CHZ has established partnerships with top football clubs spread across the world, including FC Barcelona, AC Milan, and Juventus.

Guy says that,

“Have you been searching for that killer app that has the potential to open the floodgates and bring hundreds and millions of people into crypto? That elusive unicorn would likely be valued at a pretty penny, which means if you got into it at the right time, you could post some truly insane gains. What if that project combined NFTs, sports, and crypto? That’s the type of rocket fuel that could send it to the stratosphere… That would be Chiliz.”

I really like Chiliz as a project, the concept, and how they’re seemingly paving the way for unique digital sports memorabilia with NFTs in real-time. I also really love the idea of attaching tangible team-related perks to NFTs. That way, they have tangible real-world value and this should drive future demand.”

As of the time of publication, Chiliz price was $0.511948, with a 24-hour trading volume of $930,154,829. CHZ price also went up 1.5% over the last 24 hours. Besides, it has a circulating supply of 5.3 billion CHZ coins and a max supply of 8.89 billion.

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Source: https://coinpedia.org/altcoin/chz-price-chiliz-price-sentiments/

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Business Insider

Genesis Celebrates Official Launch In China, Unveiling Its All-new Vision Of Automotive Luxury To Chinese Consumers

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  • Genesis announced its arrival in China with an extraordinary event, introducing the brand to a new generation of Chinese consumers seeking true distinction in luxury
  • Athletic Elegance, the distinctive Genesis design philosophy was showcased with an unveiling of the Genesis G80 and Genesis GV80
  • To deliver the unique Genesis Experience, a new business model will be introduced in China aiming to design authentic relationships with Chinese consumers

SHANGHAI, April 3, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — Global luxury automotive brand Genesis marked its official entry into China with a spectacular Brand Night held on April 2 at Shanghai’s International Cruise Terminal, where Genesis showcased its unique Genesis brand identity, design and experience philosophy. With a stunning drone show titled the “Genesis of Genesis” sweeping over the Bund, Genesis signified its exceptional beginning in the Chinese market.

Genesis performing dazzling drone show, titled with “Genesis of You”

Jaehoon (Jay) Chang, Global Head of Genesis, said, “Today marks the beginning of another audacious chapter for Genesis. The Chinese market serves a critical role in the development of our global business, and we are very excited to present the next generation luxury for China.”

“We are excited to showcase our globally recognized products, Genesis G80 and Genesis GV80, known for the highest quality and distinctive design. We are driven by a purpose to design authentic relationships with Chinese consumers. This is our promise and our differentiator in China to deliver meaningful and stress-free experiences,” said Markus Henne, Chief Executive Officer of Genesis Motor China. “To do that, we will be implementing an all-new business model that will bring our commitments to life.”

New Luxury Defined by A Unique Brand Identity and Design Philosophy

Genesis is a brand that aspires to make true positive impact in our customers’ lives. With a fresh perspective, Genesis audaciously challenges expectations and brings a progressive attitude in order to build emotional bonds with customers based on new ideas in design and innovation. Genesis also desires to provide customers with a sense of thoughtful hospitality throughout the entire journey. More than an automotive brand, Genesis represents a lifestyle and an experience.

Every Genesis presents an intimate opportunity to explore the extraordinary Genesis vision. The distinctive design of Genesis was showcased through a special Brand Night unveiling of the Genesis G80, its mid-sized luxury sedan, and Genesis GV80, the first SUV in the lineup. Defined by their symbolic Two Lines architecture, both models are the expression of Athletic Elegance, Genesis’ design philosophy that achieves the perfect balance between two opposing characteristics: Athleticism and Elegance. Inside the cabin, the Beauty of White Space philosophy is expressed through a harmony of personal space and state-of-the-art technology.

China-tailored Strategy to Provide An All-New Experience

Genesis intends to inspire its customers of what new luxury can be. It addresses what the brand calls Generation Genesis, a generation with bold new perspectives in style and everyday life, whose refined taste in aesthetics and appreciation for distinctive design cultivates resonance with the brand spirit of Genesis. To underline this, Genesis unveiled its brand manifesto at the heart of which sits the  “Genesis of You” message-Every touchpoint with Genesis is designed to fuel the confidence of these consumers, as they embark on new beginnings, break boundaries and progress in their every endeavor. 

Genesis is establishing an all-new business model for the Chinese market, aiming to design authentic relationships with Generation Genesis and deliver meaningful, stress-free experiences centered on human-touch, convenience, trust and transparency. Genesis will gradually develop its presence in China through an omnichannel approach based on direct sales, supported by trusted agents and online sales. 

Furthermore, Genesis will ensure that every person interested in the brand receives the best one-to-one experience from a dedicated companion with the introduction of the Genesis Partner Concept. 

A transparent pricing model under the Genesis One Price Promise will be implemented to ensure a unified price across all sales channels. This unique and uncompromising brand experience will be enabled by the Genesis Digital Ecosystem.

Focus on Brand Building and Designing Genesis Experience

An essential part of the Genesis is lifestyle. Aesthetic ambition with the love for beautiful things are at the core of the brand. That’s the reason Genesis is never compromising anything on design and open to collaborate on a variety of canvases, where the Generation Genesis can be naturally met.

One of these forthcoming brand experiences, for instance, will be held in collaboration with the Shanghai Fashion Week, to create an elevated and in-depth exploration of progressive luxury style through world-class fashion concepts. Comprehensive and touchable Genesis Experience will come to life at Genesis Studios, a luxury lifestyle oasis where people can experience our cars, the arts and culture combined with Genesis hospitality. The first of Genesis Studio will soon launch in downtown Shanghai.

Markus Henne, Chief Executive Officer of Genesis Motor China, added, “Launching the brand in China represents a significant, perhaps the most important, new chapter in our brand’s history. Genesis will focus on brand building in the early stage. We will continue to reveal more highlights of how we plan to appeal to our Chinese audience. I am confident to deliver this promise and invite everyone to be a part of this journey.”

About Genesis

Genesis is a global luxury automotive brand that delivers the highest standards of performance, design, safety, and innovation. The Genesis brand is one of the highest-ranked brands in the automotive industry by respected, third-party experts including North American Car of the Year, Consumer Reports and J.D. Power and more. For more information on Genesis and its new definition of luxury, please visit https://www.genesis.com.cn

Speech of Markus Henne, CEO of Genesis Motor China, at Genesis Brand Night

Cision View original content to download multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/genesis-celebrates-official-launch-in-china-unveiling-its-all-new-vision-of-automotive-luxury-to-chinese-consumers-301261651.html

SOURCE Genesis

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