Connect with us

Aviation

How The Boeing 720 Got Its Name

Avatar

Published

on

Advertisement:

The Boeing 720 is an anomaly among Boeing’s commercial jets. With the United States-based aircraft manufacturer favoring a number system that starts and ends with seven, a name that ends with zero sticks out. So, why did the company choose to name the plane this way? Let’s take a look into the journey of how the jet and its title came about.

Lufthansa Boeing 720 Getty
The Boeing 720 was spotted across the continents with several of the world’s most successful airlines. Photo: Getty Images

Putting a structured system in place

After World War II, Boeing was a military airplane enterprise. However, William Allen, Boeing’s president at the time, felt it was time to venture back into the commercial realm. However, it still wanted to make progress in other aspects such as with missiles and spacecraft.

So, amid this diversification of products, the company’s engineering team segmented model numbers into blocks of 100 for each of the departments. 300 and 400 were implemented for commercial propeller-driven planes while 500 was introduced for turbo-engines. Subsequently, Boeing used 600 for missiles and rocket-powered devices.

The firm developed the first large swept-wing jet in the world with the B-47. Even though this plane was a military legend, airlines also showed their interest in the model. Notably, Pan Am asked Boeing to look into the prospects of applying the aircraft as a commercial jet. Meanwhile, the manufacturer was also studying the conversion of the propeller-driven model 367 Stratotanker, which is better known as the KC-97, into a jet-powered tanker that would keep up with the B-52 during inflight refueling.

Boeing 707 Pan Am
Pan American was an influential powerhouse in US aviation. Photo: Getty Images

The jet age

The development team went through several editions of the model 367 before settling on a variant numbered 367-80. This model would go by the moniker of Dash 80. the aircraft would mark the transition into the familiar Boeing numbering system that we are all familiar with – the 7-7 formula. This factor would also contribute to the eventual naming of the 720.

“Boeing took a calculated risk by financing the development and construction of the Dash 80 prototype with its own funds. The goal was to put the airplane into production as both an Air Force tanker/transport and a commercial jet transport. Since both of these offspring of the Dash 80 would be jet transports, the model number system called for a number in the 700s to identify the two new planes. The marketing department decided that “Model 700” did not have a good ring to it for the company’s first commercial jet. So they decided to skip ahead to Model 707 because that reiteration seemed a bit catchier,” Boeing Frontiers explains.

Advertisement:

“Following that pattern, the other offspring of the Dash 80, the Air Force tanker, was given the model number 717. Since it was an Air Force plane, it was also given a military designation of KC-135. After 717 was assigned to the KC-135, the marketing department made the decision that all remaining model numbers that began and or ended in 7 would be reserved exclusively for commercial jets. (After the Boeing-McDonnell Douglas merger in the late 1990s, the model number 717 was reused to identify the MD-95 as part of the Boeing commercial jet family.”

Boeing 707 Getty
The 700 block was reserved for commercial jet aircraft. Photo: Getty Images

Taking on the industry

The Boeing 707 was introduced with Pan Am in October 1958, setting the standard for Boeing’s commercial jets in the decades that followed. In only a few years, air surpassed rail and sea travel with the assistance of this plane.

Advertisement:

Stay informed: Sign up for our daily and weekly aviation news digests!

Boeing was happy to modify the type to suit the needs of its clients. It built rare long-range customizations for Qantas and even installed larger engines for Braniff for when the airline went to high altitudes in Latin America.

One of these modifications was the 720. The plane was designated this number when it was modified to take on short- to medium-range operations and for use on shorter runways. This variant had its fuselage length shortened by 9 feet (2.7 meters). Along with this, its leading edge flaps were switched before turbofan engines were equipped.

Advertisement:

Starship Boeing 720
The Boeing 720 was part of of an era that saw jet travel become a global force. Photo: Getty Images

Taking care of the customers

In hindsight, there was a noticeable oddity to the Boeing commercial jet numbering process with the 720. The plane was actually first promoted to carriers as the model 707-020. United Airlines was significantly keen on taking on this model. However, it had previously decided to go with Douglas’ DC-8. So, to help save face and help the Chicago-based carrier avoid any negative public relations for reverting to the 707, Boeing Frontiers explains that the planemaker changed the entire name. Thus, the 720 was born.

The 720 made its first flight on November 23rd, 1959, and was subsequently introduced on July 5th, 1960. In total, 154 units were built between 1958 and 1967. Notably, United was the first carrier to fly the plane. Therefore, the tailored approach with the 707 range paid off for Boeing. Together, the 707 and the 720 overtook the DC-8 when it came to purchases.

Boeing 720 New York Getty
The Boeing 720’s four Pratt & Whitney JT3C-7 engines helped it reach an MMo of Mach 0.906 and a range of 2,800 NM (5,200 km), and United Airlines was integral to the name change of the aircraft. Photo: Getty Images

A successful series

Altogether, all Boeing jets apart from the 720 were named in succession based on the 7-7 formula. The 707, 717, 727, 737, 747, 757, and 777 have all gone by this code. Even the latest commercial jet, the 787 carried on the trend.

Advertisement:

Simple Flying recently noted that if Boeing wants to continue the 7-7 formula, presently, the only number free is 797. This model has long been rumored to be a new middle-market plane. Eventually, the company may choose to add a fourth number to the mix, as it did with the proposed Boeing 2707 Super Sonic Transport (SST), which was billed to be the United States’ answer to Europe’s Concorde.

Overall, what are your thoughts about the reason why Boeing named the aircraft the 720? Do you feel that this was a good move by the company? Let us know what you think of the decision in the comment section.

Checkout PrimeXBT
Trade with the Official CFD Partners of AC Milan
The Easiest Way to Way To Trade Crypto.
Source: https://simpleflying.com/boeing-720-name/

Aviation

Wow: Virgin Australia Sells 71,000 Domestic Tickets In 24 Hours

Avatar

Published

on

Advertisement:

Virgin Australia experienced one of its busiest days of domestic ticket sales in 20 years just after the Australian government’s A$1.2 billion (US$920 million) stimulus package went into effect. The enthusiasm was sparked by half-price flights offered on subsidized routes, which included flights to the Gold Coast from the cities of Melbourne and Sydney, among others.

Like other Australian carriers, Virgin Australia’s flight operations have been severely limited over the past year. Photo: Getty Images

71,000 tickets sold in 24 hours

Within the span of a full day, Virgin Australia sold enough tickets to completely fill over 400 of its Boeing 737-800s (which have 176 seats each). The hottest tickets were for subsidized routes, for which the airline halved its standard prices.

Swept up in the momentum and also experiencing large jumps in ticket purchases were other ‘full-price’ routes, which included Melbourne-Perth, Perth-Sydney, and Melbourne-Sydney.

“The overwhelming response from Australians demonstrates loud and clear that they are ready to get back in the air and travel and are a positive sign for the aviation and tourism sectors as they look to recover from the impacts of COVID-19,” -Virgin Australia statement via 7News.com.au

While Virgin Australia had the record-breaking day, The Islander reports that the country’s other airlines saw spikes in web searches during the same period. Searches for “Qantas”, “Jetstar,” and “Virgin” sharply increased from around midnight Thursday and spiking again at 06:00 Australian Eastern Daylight Time.

Both Qantas and Virgin Australia will benefit from the Australian government’s stimulus package. Photo: Simon_sees via Flickr 

The Australian government’s stimulus package

Announced in early March, the government support package includes A$200 million (US$152.6 million) for Qantas and Virgin Australia. Reuters notes that this funding will support the airlines from April to October, with the intent to help maintain mothballed aircraft as well as bring planes out of storage and support wages for international flying staff.

Another major part of the scheme, and the main reason for this story, is the government subsidization of 13 routes. Subsidization has meant that eligible airlines can offer half-price tickets. The impetus for the deal was to support airlines while encouraging domestic tourism at a time when international tourism has been hard hit. According to The Guardian, the routes are as follows:

Advertisement:

  • Sydney: flights to the Gold Coast, Cairns, Proserpine, Hamilton Island, Maroochydore, Uluru, Alice Springs, Launceston, Broome, and Avalon.
  • Melbourne: flights to the Gold Coast, Cairns, Maroochydore, Alice Springs, Uluru, Launceston, Devonport, Burnie, Broome, and Merimbula.
  • Adelaide: flights to the Gold Coast, Maroochydore, Alice Springs, and Kangaroo Island.
  • Brisbane: flights to Alice Springs, Uluru, and Launceston.
  • Darwin: flights to Cairns and Broome.
  • Perth: flights to Alice Springs.
  • Avalon: flights to the Gold Coast

The half-price fares were made available on April 1st and will continue to be offered until the end of July.

Having recently divested itself of its widebody Boeing 777s and Airbus A330s, Virgin Australia’s fleet is now completely comprised of Boeing 737s. Photo: Aero_Icarus via Flickr 

Hope for the best, plan for the worst

One key concern when it comes to domestic flight bookings is the ever-present risk of interstate border closures in the event of an outbreak during this global health crisis. While it’s hard to resist a good deal, it’s also wise to consider the possibility of such unwelcomed restrictions. Having flight bookings with flexible re-booking and cancelation policies will help greatly if such restrictions arise.

Advertisement:

Were you a lucky Australian resident who managed to secure a half-priced flight? Or did you try and miss out? Share your experience with us in the comments.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://simpleflying.com/virgin-australia-domestic-tickets-boom/

Continue Reading

Aviation

US Congressmen Call On DOT To Deny Norse Atlantic Airways Permits

Avatar

Published

on

Advertisement:

The Chair of the US House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, Peter DeFazio, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Aviation, Rick Larsen, have called on the US Department of Transportation (DOT) to deny permits for Norse Atlantic Airways to fly to the United States, citing concerns about the airline.

Boeing 787 Dreamliner Takes First Test Flight
Norse Atlantic wants to fly to the US with Boeing 787s, but it has ruffled some feathers. Photo: Getty Images

Members of Congress on Norse Atlantic Airways

Rep. DeFazio, a Democrat from Oregon, and Rep. Larsen, a Democrat from Washington State, have called on the DOT to deny Norse Atlantic Airways Operating permits on account that it is flouting labor protections.

Drawing on earlier language indicating opposition to the airline, Reps. DeFazio and Larsen have argued that, by organizing itself in a country outside of Norway, where there are strong labor laws, the airline is seeking to flout those laws.

Norwegian selling two 787s to Neos Air
Norwegian also used subsidiaries in other countries, which is a concern highlighted in the letter. Photo: Getty Images

Drawing strong comparisons with Norwegian

The two Congressmen believe the airline is doing this because one of its executives was a former executive at Norwegian, which used Irish and UK subsidiaries to operate long-haul low-cost flights between the US and Europe.

In the letter, the Congressman stated the following:

“Their long-haul low-cost business model was predicated on the use of pilots and flight attendants employed under short-term contracts and assigned to the Norwegian subsidiaries via third-party crew sourcing firms. In short, Norwegian exploited labor while enjoying the liberalized benefits of the U.S.-E.U.-Iceland-Norway open skies agreement and competing unfairly with airlines that do not subvert fair labor standards.”

Norwegian 787
Norwegian recently announced it would be ending long-haul operations. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

Using Norwegian as a warning

The letter also urged the DOT to consider that Norwegian failed in its transatlantic operations. Between 2016 and 2019, the letter states that Norwegian incurred debt of nearly $7 billion.

Advertisement:

Norwegian is currently under bankruptcy proceedings in Europe and has decided to shut down its long-haul routes and focus on its flights within Europe.

Norwegian made a huge splash when it started transatlantic operations in 2016 between the US and Europe. Using a fleet of mostly Boeing 787 aircraft, the airline brought large numbers of customers across the pond.

Advertisement:

Norse Atlantic Airways has already indicated it will operate a similar model, using Boeing 787 aircraft it has signed leases for.

Boeing 787 Dreamliner
The Dreamliner is an efficient long-haul aircraft. Photo: Getty Images

US airlines breathed a sigh of relief

When Norwegian came into the transatlantic market, it followed its initial routes with plenty of growth. That growth put pressure on US airlines.

Now, without Norwegian in the market, airlines are breathing a sigh of relief. Without that low-cost competition in the market, airlines like United are bullish on their international exposure. Without Norwegian in the market, there is also room for plenty of existing airlines to move toward higher-yield transatlantic operations.

Norwegian 787
Norse will need to do what Norwegian could not: make long-haul operations profitable. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

The return of transatlantic demand will depend greatly on the removal of travel restrictions between the US and Europe. Most airlines are focused on cargo with low passenger loads on flights to Europe currently. Only essential travel is permitted between the two areas.

Norse Atlantic is a startup to watch. It has the opportunity to massively grow to the size of Norwegian’s long-haul operations before it shut down, but doing so may come at a high cost and low profitability. It will have to make the long-haul low-cost model work to be successful.

For now, it is a waiting game to see how the DOT will respond to Norse Atlantic. US Congressmen are coming down on the side of the US airline industry, but the DOT may end up granting Norse Atlantic operating permission.

Do you think Norse Atlantic Airways should be allowed to operate between the US and Europe? Let us know in the comments!

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://simpleflying.com/us-congressman-norse-atlantic-permits/

Continue Reading

Aviation

Frontier Launches IPO – How Can The Airline Benefit?

Avatar

Published

on

Advertisement:

American ultra-low-cost carrier (ULCC) Frontier Airlines has officially gone public. Pricing out at the lower end of its target share price, the airline is still expecting to raise over $200 million from the endeavor. Here is a look at how that could benefit the airline.

Frontier Airbus A320
Frontier Airlines is set to benefit from its IPO. Photo: Frontier Airlines

Frontier’s initial public offering pricing

Frontier Airlines announced its initial public offering of 30 million shares at a price of $19 per share. This was toward the lower end of the initial pricing for Frontier’s shares. The share consists of 15 million shares of commons tock offered by Frontier and 15 million shares of common stock to be sold by certain of Frontier’s existing stockholders.

Less the underwriting discount, commissions, and estimated offering expenses, Frontier will net proceeds of approximately $266 million. The sale of stock by the existing stakeholders will not raise Frontier cash. Overall, the net proceeds to both Frontier and the private stakeholders is expected to be over $500 million.

Frontier IPO
Frontier is now trading on the stock market. Photo: Frontier Airlines

The airline is being traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the ticker “ULCC.” Since going public, the airline’s stock price has hovered between $18 and $19 a share.

The net proceeds

The amount that Frontier expects to receive is around $266 million. This is a respectable amount similar to the funding another airline IPO, Sun Country, received.

With $266 million, the airline can do plenty of things. Frontier ended 2020 with long-term debt of over $300 million. The airline can choose to pay down some of its high-cost debt with these proceeds. Or else, the money can be used to fuel expansion. The airline sees plenty of growth opportunities and has a sizable aircraft order book which costs money, and this funding can go a long way.

Advertisement:

Frontier A320
There is a lot Frontier can do with this money. Photo: Frontier Airlines

The current state at Frontier

Frontier Airlines is one of the carriers leading the way with capacity increases through the year. The airline’s top stations are Denver, Orlando, and Las Vegas. These are major leisure travel hotspots, but some of them also provide opportunities for Frontier to sell connecting flights.

Frontier serves over 300 nonstop routes touching around 110 airports. Using a low-frequency model, the airline targets mostly point-to-point leisure travelers.

Advertisement:

Frontier also sees plenty of room for growth. In the airline’s initial filing for an IPO, the carrier highlighted it had an opportunity to serve 518 additional domestic routes between airports within its existing network not currently served by a ULCC. This is a fascinating number, but it also raises the question of Frontier’s expansion.

Frontier AIrcraft
Frontier is a ULCC that generally operates on a low-frequency, point-to-point model. Photo: Getty Images

In the past, Frontier has not been very hesitant in terms of adding new cities and then cutting them if those flights do not provide the anticipated financial benefits. Moving forward, Frontier will face shareholders and stockholders that may temper some of those ambitions, but the carrier is still expected to add new routes. This is especially true as signs continue to point toward a summer surge, and the CDC outlines guidelines for vaccinated Americans to travel.

The airline is already making moves to become a more modern, fuel-efficient carrier with an eye on costs. The aging and comparatively expensive Airbus A319s will exit the fleet this year as the airline welcomes newer Airbus A320neo family aircraft. Those new jets will also feature lighter-weight seats that will save on fuel, which in turn saves on Frontier’s costs.

Frontier A320neo
Frontier has started taking delivery of aircraft with new seats inside. Photo: Frontier Airlines

Ultimately, Frontier has set itself up to do well in the future. The net proceeds from this IPO will go a long way in getting Frontier the cash influx it needs to survive the next few months and prepare to handle the increase in passengers expected over the summer. As the US airline industry starts to turn the page on the crisis, Frontier is expected to be one carrier that benefits early on from its mostly domestic and short-haul international leisure-oriented model.

Do you think Frontier made the right decision by launching an IPO? Let us know in the comments!

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://simpleflying.com/frontier-ipo-launched/

Continue Reading

Aviation

Cheap ticket deal breaks Virgin’s all-time record, despite lockdown

Avatar

Published

on

Virgin Australia 737-8FE(WL) Brisbane Airport VH-YIB
‘Trinity Beach’ arriving into Brisbane Airport as ‘VA957’ in some windy and overcast conditions. 1/10th sec pan for those who are interested.

Virgin sold more domestic tickets on the launch day of the government’s half-price ticket scheme than on any 24-hour period in its history.

The result came despite fears Brisbane’s recent snap lockdown, which ended on Thursday, would put people off interstate travel.

Domestic aviation has been pinning its recovery hopes on the federal government’s plan to supplement 800,000 half-price airfares for passengers to 15 destinations including the Gold Coast, Alice Springs and Kangaroo Island. It follows the end of JobKeeper last week.

Virgin said in a statement it sold 71,000 supplemented seats in the 24-hour period from 12:01am on 1 April. The top five routes were:

  • Melbourne to Gold Coast
  • Gold Coast to Sydney
  • Maroochydore to Melbourne
  • Cairns to Sydney
  • Adelaide to Melbourne

Destinations not in the scheme also received a “significant boost”, in particular, Melbourne to Perth, Perth to Sydney and Melbourne to Sydney.

“The overwhelming response from Australians demonstrates loud and clear that they are ready to get back in the air and travel and are a positive sign for the aviation and tourism sectors as they look to recover from the impacts of COVID-19,” said the business in a statement.

“As a sign of renewed confidence and pent-up travel demand for travel, more than 85 per cent of the new bookings have been booked for travel from May onwards.”

PROMOTED CONTENT

Skyscanner also said direct interest in booking on Thursday were 25 per cent higher than the week prior, while web searches for “Qantas”, “Jetstar” and “Virgin” also leapt six-fold.

Greater Brisbane lifted its snap lockdown on Thursday at noon, following the state recording just one new case of community transmission.

Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk did though announce a slight increase in restrictions, which will require residents to wear masks indoors and a limit of indoor gatherings to 30.

The good news came shortly before NSW announced no new local infections across the state, too.

The half-price ticket scheme saw Virgin announcing fares from just $55 between Melbourne-Launceston and Jetstar offering tickets from just $32 between Adelaide and Avalon.

The updated list of destinations now includes Cairns, Townsville, Whitsunday Coast/Hamilton Island, Sunshine Coast, Darwin, Alice Springs, Hobart, Launceston, Devonport, Broome, Avalon, Merimbula, Adelaide, Kangaroo Island and the Gold Coast.

The fares are on sale until the end of July for travel until the end of September, with discounts applied automatically.

Both airline groups have also topped up the 15 locations with sales to other destinations and also extended fare flexibility in light of recent uncertainty.

The package of measures to support aviation in Australia also includes a new wage subsidy for those working in international aviation; cheap loans to small business coming off JobKeeper; and a six-month extension of the ‘RANS’ and ‘DANS’ supplemented routes initiative.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://australianaviation.com.au/2021/04/cheap-ticket-deal-breaks-virgins-all-time-record-despite-lockdown/

Continue Reading
Esports1 day ago

chessbae removed as moderator from Chess.com amid drama

Fintech4 days ago

Novatti’s Ripple partnership live to The Philippines

Esports3 days ago

Dota 2 Dawnbreaker Hero Guide

Blockchain5 days ago

DFB bringt digitale Sammelkarten auf die Blockchain

Fintech4 days ago

TrueLayer raises US$70m to build the world’s most valuable Open Banking network

Esports4 days ago

Dallas Empire escape with a win against Minnesota at the Stage 2 Major

Esports3 days ago

A detailed look at Dawnbreaker, Dota 2’s first new carry in four years

Esports2 days ago

Why did Twitch ban the word “obese” from its predictions?

Esports4 days ago

Dota 2 new hero: A list of possible suspects

Esports5 days ago

How to Unlock the Black Ops Cold War ZRG 20mm Sniper Rifle

Esports5 days ago

Asmongold calls out Twitch after indiefoxx banned four times

Esports3 days ago

Dota 2: Patch 7.29 Analysis Of Top Changes

Esports4 days ago

B-Hopping in CSGO: How to Do It, And Its Uses In a Match

Fintech4 days ago

Cape awarded MVP Grant to kickstart new wave of Open Banking powered business finance tools

Esports5 days ago

Valorant New Map to be Named ‘Breeze’, Leaks Suggest

Esports5 days ago

ALGS commissioner John Nelson on the past, present, and future of Apex Legends esports

Esports3 days ago

xQc calls ZULUL supporters racist for wanting Twitch emote back

Fintech1 day ago

Australia’s Peppermint Innovation signs agreement with the Philippine’s leading micro-financial services provider

Esports4 days ago

Apex Legends tier list: the best legends to use in Season 8

Esports3 days ago

Dota 2: Team Nigma Completes Dota 2 Roster With iLTW

Trending