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How Did Boeing Build The 747-400 Dreamlifters?

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While freighter aircraft offer ample room for most goods, some pieces of cargo require that little bit extra when it comes to space. This, and the slow process of land and sea transport, caused Boeing to develop its striking ‘Dreamlifter’ outsize freighters. These converted 747-400s are responsible for transporting components of other Boeing aircraft, such as the 787 ‘Dreamliner.’ But how did the manufacturer go about converting them?

Boeing 747 Dreamlifter Getty
The Dreamlifter is also known as the 747-400LCF (Large Cargo Freighter). Photo: Getty Images

Why did Boeing need the Dreamlifter?

In the mid-2000s, with the upcoming Boeing 787 ‘Dreamliner’ program nearing production, Boeing began to consider the project’s logistics. The aircraft’s production provided Boeing with more headaches than previous designs, as its suppliers were located far and wide. Some were situated in Italy and Japan, very distant from its US facilities.

Ferrying components from these countries by land and sea would have been a slow process. As such, Boeing looked to airfreight for answers. However, parts like the 787’s wings were too large for the company’s 747-400Fs, and even for the colossal Antonov An-225. This meant that Boeing had to tear up the playbook and design its own outsize freighter for the project.

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Dreamlifter 747 Cargo Plane Lands At Wrong Airport
The Dreamlifter came about due to the logistical challenges of the 787 program. Photo: Getty Images

How was it built?

Boeing chose not to build new aircraft to form the basis of the Dreamlifter / 747-400 LCF (Large Cargo freighter). Instead, it elected to convert four existing passenger 747-400s. Two came from China Airlines, with one coming from each of Air China and Malaysia Airlines.

The most conspicuous aspect of the conversion is undoubtedly the planes reshaped fuselage. This is far more bulbous than that of typical 747s, and is taller and wider than pre-conversion. This provided the necessary extra space to transport Boeing’s outsize cargo. Boeing Rocketdyne played a key role in the conversion, which took place in Taiwan.

The reshaping of the fuselage allowed the aircraft to carry the outsize cargo, but what about loading it. Instead of loading the Dreamlifter through a hinged nose like normal 747 freighters, cargo instead enters through the rear. This is done thanks to an enormous swing tail door, as seen below. Spain’s Gamesa Aeronáutica was key to implementing this aspect.

Dreamlifter tail
The Dreamlifter loads its cargo through a distinctive swinging tail door. Photo: Getty Images

The Dreamlifter’s enormous cargo section is not pressurized. Following the conversion process, which saw aspects like the new fuselage shape and tail door be implemented, the first Dreamlifter took its maiden flight in 2006. It entered service a year later, allowing Boeing to transport components from Japan to the US in just eight hours.

The aircraft today

As well as impacting the operations of passenger-carrying flights, the ongoing coronavirus pandemic has also affected aircraft production. The 787 family, in particular, has had a challenging last year or so, with safety issues also prompting reduced production. There have even been instances in which deliveries of the aircraft have stopped altogether.

Boeing 747-400LCF Dreamlifter
Boeing has also deployed the Dreamlifter to transport medical equipment. Photo: Jeroen Stroes via Flickr

With this in mind, it is perhaps unsurprising to see that Boeing’s usage of its Dreamlifters has fallen compared to pre-COVID. Simple Flying investigated the extent of this drop in utilization in February. Overall, data for the plane’s usage showed that, although there have been days when it has matched 2019, the average figure has generally fallen by around 40%.

That being said, it’s not as if the global health crisis has rendered the Dreamlifter completely obsolete. Indeed, on multiple occasions, Boeing has put its extra capacity to good use by using it to transport face 500,000 masks to Utah, and PPE to South Carolina.

Did you know about how Boeing converted the four former passenger-carrying 747-400s into its ‘Dreamlifter’ outsize freighters? Perhaps you’ve even seen one of these mighty machines on your travels? Let us know your thoughts and experiences in the comments.

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Source: https://simpleflying.com/how-did-boeing-build-the-747-400-dreamlifters/

Aviation

When Amelia Earhart Became The First Woman To Fly Across The Atlantic

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Today marks 93 years since Amelia Earhart first landed after flying across the Atlantic Ocean. The American pioneer was truly a trailblazer in the early days of aviation, and her trip from Newfoundland to South Wales in 1928 was one of her key breakthroughs.

Amelia Earhart - Fliegerin; USA
Amelia Earhart was born in Atchison, Kansas, in 1897, and after starting to fly following her move to California in 1920, she sought break records. Photo: Getty Images

New possibilities

On May 21st, 1927, the legendary Charles Lindbergh completed the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight in history after landing in Paris from New York. This Spirit of St. Louis-backed trip would send shockwaves throughout the globe, inspiring a generation of voyages.

Charles Lindbergh Getty
Charles Lindbergh opened up new doors after he and his and his monoplane, the Spirit of St Louis, flew across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927 for the very first time. Photo: Getty Images

Thus, Amy Guest, a wealthy American who lived in England, had recently purchased a trimotor plane and expressed her interest in being the first woman to fly or be flown across the Atlantic. However, she soon felt that the trip would be too hazardous. So, she offered to sponsor the program with another woman to undertake the task. Subsequently, in April 1928, Earhart received a call from Captain Hilton H. Railey, asking if she would like to fly across the ocean.

Notably, George P. Putnam was a coordinator of this project. The book publisher and publicist would end up marrying Earhart in 1931.

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A specific role

Earhart already had around 500 hours of flight time to her name. Nonetheless, she would not pilot this flight. Instead, she was the “aircraft commander.”

“This is to say that on arrival at Trepassey of the tri-motor Fokker plane “FRIENDSHIP” if any questions of policy, procedure, personnel or any other question arises the decision of Miss Amelia M. Earhart is to be final,” a letter from Mrs. Guest’s attorney stated, shared in The Sound of Wings by Mary S. Lovell, via This Day In Aviation.

“That she is to have control of the plane and of the disposal of the services of all employees as fully as if she were the owner. And further, that on arrival of the plane in London full control of the disposition of the plane and of the time and services of employees shall be hers to the same extent until and unless the owner directs otherwise.”

Friendship Taking Off
The three-engine Fokker F.VIIb/3m could carry up to eight passengers and was 14.6 meters (47.9 feet) long, with a wingspan of 21.7 meters (71.2 feet). Photo: Getty Images

On her way

Earhart joined pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon on the Fokker Friendship. The trio left Trepassey Harbor, Newfoundland, which was a British Dominion at the time, on June 17th, 1928.

They landed at Pwll near Burry Port, South Wales, after 20 hours and 40 minutes. Despite being the first woman to cross the Atlantic in an aircraft, Earhart conceded that she was just luggage on the flight. She had the desire to try it again, this time at the helm.

Amelia Earhart flies the Atlantic. OPS "The Friendship", a triple engined Fokker she used for the flight anchored at Bur
The Fokker Friendship anchored in South Wales following its landing on 18th June 1928. Photo: Getty Images

Laying the foundations

Despite Earhart not completely content with the journey, her fame skyrocketed. After traveling to Southampton the day after landing in Wales, she received a hero’s welcome. Then, following the return to the United States, she was greeted with a ticker-tape parade with Stulz and Gordon. The three were also given a reception at the White House by US President Calvin Coolidge.

Overall, the initial hop over the pond planted the seeds for another first in aviation history. On May 20th, 1932, Earhart once again broke ground a solo flight from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland to Culmore, Northern Island that took nearly 15 hours.

Conditions were tough with this voyage, with thick clouds and ice on the wings of the aircraft. There were also mechanical difficulties after 12 hours. As a result, Earhart opted to land her Lockheed Vega in Northern Ireland rather than the initial intended destination of Paris.

Even though Earhart didn’t land in the same city that Lindbergh did five years earlier, she pioneered a new feat with this mission. She became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. She also became the first person since Lindbergh to fly nonstop and alone across this ocean.

The American aviator, Amelia Earhart
It was a massive deal when Amelia Earhart arrived in Northern Ireland in the spring of 1932. Photo: Getty Images

In the August of that same year, Earhart deployed her Vega again to set another record. The pilot became the first woman to fly solo on a nonstop trip across the US. She flew from Newark to Los Angeles in approximately 19 hours.

A lasting impact

Earhart would continue to influence aviation. Until her untimely death in 1937, she remained a force in the scene.

“In 1935 she completed the first solo flight from Hawaii to California. In the meantime Earhart continued to promote aviation and helped found the group, the Ninety-Nines, an organization dedicated to female aviators,” NASA shares.

“On June 1, 1937, Earhart and navigator, Fred Noonan, left Miami, Florida on an around the world flight. Earhart, Noonan and their Lockheed Electra disappeared after a stop in Lae, New Guinea on June 29, 1937. Earhart had only 7,000 miles of her trip remaining when she disappeared.”

Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan entering their Lockheed Electra 10E in San Juan, Puerto Rico, during an around-the-world flight attempt, a mission that would sadly lead to their disappearance. Photo: Getty Images

There has been a great mystery in regard to the disappearance over the years, with notable search attempts and numerous theories over the decades. Regardless, even before her tragic disappearance, Amelia Earhart’s legacy was written in stone. She pioneered new adventures in aviation and inspired men and women alike for nearly a century.

What are your thoughts about Amelia Earhart’s flights during this critical period of aviation history? What do you make of her overall contributions to the scene over the years? Let us know what you think of the aviator and her achievements in the comment section.

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Source: https://simpleflying.com/when-amelia-earhart-became-the-first-woman-to-fly-across-the-atlantic/

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Wow: American Airlines Goes Big With Boeing 777 Domestic Flights

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American Airlines has 70 domestic flights by the B777 on June 25th, with 17 routes and 13 airports seeing the -200ER and -300ER. Miami is by far the king, with all services to Los Angeles and JFK by the widebody aircraft. Ex-US Airways hubs, however, have only a few, while Chicago O’Hare has none.

Miami to New York JFK has the most flights. Photo: Getty Images.

American’s 70 domestic services by the B777 contrasts strongly with ‘just’ 20 operated on the same day in 2019. In fact, June 25th is due to have more domestic B777 movements than any other day this year, analyzing data supplied by the carrier to Cirium confirms. This is part of a big US-wide surge in widebody service.

Six round-trips to San Juan from Dallas and Miami will be operated. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | Simple Flying

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26 domestic flights by the B777-300ER

Some 44 flights will be operated by 273-seat B777-200ERs (772), while 26 flights will see the larger and newer counterpart: the 304-seat B777-300ER (77W). American has 20 77Ws (average age of 7.4 years) and 47 772s (20.6 years), according to ch-aviation.com. All of the larger variant are in active service, while all but three of the 772s are.

American will have just shy of 20,000 domestic seats by the 777 on this one day, Cirium shows. That may sound a lot, but that is out of 611,000 in total. This means that that the widebody will supply just three in every 100 domestic seats. Nevertheless, the amount of B777 service is impressive.

The 77W is to be used on five routes, particularly from Miami to Los Angeles. Photo: Getty Images.

70 domestic Boeing 777 flights on June 25th

The following table details the full day of domestic flying organized by departure time. The first flight due out is AA2286 from Los Angeles to Miami, operated by the 772. This is one of six 777 departures on the route that day.

From To Flight number Equipment Departure time (local) Arrival time (local)
Los Angeles Miami 2286 772 01:30 09:40
Dallas Miami 1042 77W 05:25 09:18
Los Angeles Miami 529 77W 06:00 14:14
JFK Miami 2268 772 06:30 09:32
San Juan Dallas 1591 772 07:10 11:07
Boston Miami 1259 772 07:15 10:46
JFK Miami 768 772 07:40 10:54
Miami Charlotte 543 772 07:45 09:57
Dallas Los Angeles 2853 772 08:00 09:11
Miami Los Angeles 1228 77W 08:35 11:03
JFK Miami 1610 77W 09:00 12:12
Los Angeles Miami 2289 77W 09:00 17:19
Miami JFK 1466 77W 09:00 12:05
Dallas Phoenix 520 772 09:05 09:43
Phoenix Dallas 1887 772 09:16 13:45
Miami San Juan 2220 772 09:20 12:06
Dallas Kahului 7 772 09:30 12:24
Miami Dallas 2924 77W 09:32 11:32
JFK Miami 688 772 10:00 13:12
Dallas Los Angeles 1085 77W 10:30 11:45
Los Angeles Dallas 2853 772 10:30 15:36
Los Angeles Miami 1535 77W 10:30 18:49
Miami JFK 1208 772 10:30 13:32
Miami Los Angeles 1274 77W 10:55 13:08
Miami Boston 958 772 11:00 14:17
Phoenix Honolulu 692 772 11:00 14:25
Miami Dallas 1753 77W 11:20 13:21
Dallas Kona 229 772 11:25 14:14
Miami San Juan 1299 772 11:27 14:05
Phoenix Kahului 432 772 11:30 14:42
Charlotte Miami 543 772 11:50 13:59
Dallas Honolulu 5 77W 11:50 14:50
Charlotte Honolulu 569 772 11:59 15:35
Miami JFK 2906 772 12:00 15:01
Miami Philadelphia 315 772 12:30 15:22
Los Angeles Dallas 2789 77W 12:43 17:49
Dallas Miami 2823 77W 12:55 16:58
Los Angeles Miami 1268 77W 13:00 21:16
Dallas Las Vegas 1599 772 13:01 13:46
San Juan Miami 2220 772 13:06 15:56
Dallas Kahului 119 772 13:25 16:17
JFK Miami 1466 77W 13:30 16:43
Miami Dallas 2821 772 13:49 15:50
Boston Miami 2247 772 13:50 17:22
Miami Los Angeles 2283 77W 14:00 16:10
Miami JFK 1199 772 14:18 17:21
Dallas Miami 2239 772 14:25 18:31
JFK Miami 309 77W 14:45 18:03
Las Vegas Dallas 1599 772 14:46 19:40
San Juan Miami 1613 772 15:05 17:53
Miami Los Angeles 1454 77W 15:55 18:07
Philadelphia Miami 315 772 17:00 19:52
Dallas San Juan 2481 772 17:02 22:51
Miami JFK 771 772 17:30 20:34
Kona Dallas 230 772 17:50 06:13
Miami Boston 1074 772 18:00 21:13
JFK Miami 2906 772 18:25 21:50
Honolulu Charlotte 552 772 18:45 09:30
Kahului Dallas 6 772 18:50 07:04
Honolulu Dallas 102 77W 19:20 07:47
Miami JFK 571 77W 19:30 22:36
Dallas Miami 1107 77W 19:35 23:41
Miami Los Angeles 2289 77W 19:35 21:52
Miami Dallas 2524 77W 19:40 21:49
Kahului Dallas 116 772 20:45 09:03
Miami JFK 1357 77W 21:00 23:59
Miami Los Angeles 1061 772 21:25 23:40
Honolulu Phoenix 693 772 22:11 07:00
Los Angeles Miami 340 77W 23:15 07:27
Kahului Phoenix 645 772 23:50 08:36

17 routes use the aircraft

Some 17 routes nationwide will be operated by the 777 on June 25th, as follows, with flying enormously driven by hub-to-hub service. This is the same as for United’s B757-300s.

One hub has 46 of American’s 70 flights: Miami. The Florida airport, which has done so well this summer, has eight routes by the aircraft. These include all of the airline’s flights to both JFK and Los Angeles.

  • JFK to Miami: 7 departures (double for total movements)
  • Los Angeles-Miami: 6
  • Dallas-Miami: 4
  • Boston-Miami: 2
  • Dallas-Los Angeles: 2
  • Dallas-Kahului: 2
  • Miami-San Juan: 2
  • Charlotte-Honolulu: 1
  • Charlotte-Miami: 1
  • Dallas-Honolulu: 1
  • Dallas-Kona: 1
  • Dallas-Las Vegas: 1
  • Dallas-Phoenix: 1
  • Dallas-San Juan: 1
  • Honolulu-Phoenix: 1
  • Philadelphia-Miami: 1
  • Kahului-Phoenix: 1
Los Angeles has 16 B777 flights on this day, of which 11 are by the 77W. Photo: Getty Images.

Few 777 flights at particular hubs

In contrast, ex-US Airways hubs – at Phoenix, Philadelphia, and Charlotte – have relatively few domestic services. We recently showed that Philadelphia and Charlotte used to be all about the A330, with the 772 now operating from the North Carolina hub instead.

In fact, Charlotte holds the record for American’s longest and shortest 777 route on June 25th: to Miami (just 651 miles) and Honolulu (4,679 miles). The latter, which began on May 6th, typically has a flight time to Hawaii (so into the wind) of about nine hours and 30 minutes.

Will you be flying any American widebody this year? Let us know in the comments.

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Source: https://simpleflying.com/american-777-domestic-flights/

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The Maverick Project: The Business Jet Cabin Of The Future?

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When a four-decade-old aviation firm like Rosen Aviation brings a cabin concept to market, you know it’s going to be something pretty special. While Rosen is best known for its groundbreaking large-format OLED displays, Rosen wants to further disrupt the cabin industry with its technology-heavy concept. More intuitive, more immersive and ridiculously beautiful, here’s the Maverick concept in all its glory.

Maverick cabin
The Maverick cabin embraces technology in many new ways. Photo: Rosen Aviation

Technology first

Developed by Rosen Aviation, the Maverick Project is a concept that puts technology at the forefront of its design. Shortlisted for a Crystal Cabin Award this year, the developers of the concept note that,

“Rosen aims to shift the travel paradigm by creating a cabin so rich in technology it completely redefines the passenger experience.”

The concept utilizes the latest in sensor technology to create a cabin that feels like something out of a science fiction movie. Familiar high-end touches like wireless charging and touchscreen control surfaces are accompanied by less common components, such as the huge OLED displays and ‘virtual’ buttons.

Maverick cabin
Seat controls are integrated into smart surfaces in the armrest. Photo: Rosen Aviation

These buttons, known as ‘smart sensors,’ were developed by Rosen Aviation themselves. Rather than bulky, old-fashioned mechanical switches, the Maverick cabin uses integrated surfaces with backlit control indicators. Working through microperforated substrates, the controls are proximity activated and provide haptic feedback to the user.

Maverick cabin
Holographic keyboards and menus are all in the works. Photo: Rosen Aviation

Taking things a step further, Rosen is also developing fully holographic keyboards for working in the cabin. Menus will also be holographic, minimizing touchpoints and reducing the potential for contamination of surfaces. The company has further talked of the integration of AI into the sensors, so that these smart surfaces can begin to predict a user’s intention.

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Maverick cabin
Large virtual windows and skylights, coupled with the olive wood veneer, give the cabin a light, modern ambiance. Photo: Rosen Aviation

No windows

The cabin is essentially windowless, which has the potential to make for a somewhat claustrophobic experience. However, Rosen overcomes this with the use of OLED displays to create virtual windows instead. These displays can show a real-time image of the outside world, or can be used for business presentations, flight information, or even inflight entertainment.

Maverick cabin
The large OLED screens are lightweight and versatile. Photo: Rosen Aviation

Speaking to Simple Flying earlier this year, Rosen’s SVP Strategy, Lee Clark, and VP Product Engineering, Darrell Finneman, noted the benefits that OLEDs bring, saying,

“Of the many advantages offered by OLEDs, two main highlights that open up endless opportunities are transparency and flexibility. With these new features, virtual windows and skylights are made possible in a number of different form factors, whether it be a flexible display tied to outside cameras, or a transparent display providing key flight information juxtaposed to traditional windows.”

The executives also noted the potential for augmented reality to be integrated into these alternative windows. Things like a star map, pointing out the nighttime constellations as they pass by the window, or an interactive feed displaying interesting features on the ground below – it’s a moving map concept like no other that has gone before.

Maverick cabin
Individual screens pivot out from the seats. Photo: Rosen Aviation

As well as the large displays on the cabin walls, the Maverick features personal pivoting seat displays, so that every passenger can enjoy their choice of entertainment onboard.

Was earmarked for the AS2

In February, supersonic aircraft company Aerion announced that it would be working with Rosen for its cabin management and technology system (CTMS) for the forthcoming business jet AS2. The AS2 was to be the first supersonic business jet the world has ever seen, and with Rosen’s blue sky thinking behind it, we were looking forward to some delightful touches in the cabin.

AS2 Plane
The AS2 may never become a reality now. Photo: Aerion Supersonic

But with Aerion now largely shut down, the future of this collaboration is in doubt. Nevertheless, that doesn’t mean it’s the end of the Maverick concept. Rosen’s executives previously outlined their goals for the future, saying,

“Our plans going forward are to continue development of the many technologies demonstrated in The Maverick cabin. That is what made Maverick so exciting. It was not merely CGI smoke and mirrors, but represented actual Rosen development projects. Seeing the video is one thing, getting to see and feel working proof-of-concepts takes the experience to a whole new level.”

The concepts that Rosen has woven into the Maverick cabin are certainly some food for thought. Many of the touchless, technology-led elements are even more relevant in our current, hygiene-focused environment. Perhaps this is indeed the future of business jet cabins.

The Maverick cabin concept has been shortlisted for 2021’s Crystal Cabin Awards. Winners will be announced at the virtual Aircraft Interiors Expo (14 – 16 September 2021).

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Source: https://simpleflying.com/maverick-project/

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US-Canada Border Closure Extended Until Late July

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It has been a year and three months since a ban on non-essential travel between the United States and Canada was first imposed. Now, airlines and passengers looking to head over the border between the two countries will have to wait until at least July 21st.

Air Canada New York
Air Canada won’t be flying non-essential passengers across the Canada-US for at least another month. Photo: Getty Images

Another wait

There are high hopes for a change as airline advocacy groups on both sides of the border have been putting pressure on authorities to open things up. There were also hints of progress with Canadian Health Minister Patty Hadju talking of a phased reopening plan last week. Additionally, US congressman and co-chair of the Northern Border Caucus Brian Higgins shared that US President Joe Biden is keen for the border to open up.

Despite these glimmers of hope, those wanting to fly between the US and Canada for non-essential reasons will have to wait for at least over a month. Canada’s Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Bill Blair confirmed the news on Twitter.

A change of approach

Both US and Canadian carriers refocused their attention on domestic services following the restrictions set by the global health crisis. However, international activity now is seeing gradual improvement in the US following the easing of requirements to certain destinations. However, continued stringent restrictions in Canada are causing airlines in the country to continue their concentration on the domestic market through the summer.

WestJet Getty
The travel restrictions have been renewed on a monthly basis since March 2020. Photo: Getty Images

WestJet announced its domestic recovery in spring with 11 routes. Moreover, Swoop has been deploying its Boeing 737 aircraft to national vacation spots. Flair Airlines is also concentrating its new 737 MAX aircraft between its Canadian bases. After the border reopens, the ultra-low-cost carrier’s aircraft will also be seen in the US, the Caribbean, and Mexico.

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This spring, Canadian aviation activity has been down by up to approximately 90% in capacity levels. In contrast, US domestic leisure travel is already seeing strong returns, with load factors at around 90%. So, overall, Canada’s aviation industry is feeling the impact of the pandemic much more than its neighbors in recent months.

Delta American LAX
US carriers have had a head start over their Canadian counterparts. Photo: Getty Images

Looking ahead

Nonetheless, Blair shared that there are plans in the works for some extra travel to restart this summer. The MP for Scarborough Southwest shared the following on Twitter.

“As we have said, the government is planning measures for fully vaccinated Canadians, Permanent Residents, and others who are currently permitted to enter Canada and will provide further details on Monday, June 21.”

Airline advocacy groups supporting the relaxation of restrictions are looking to end quarantine requirements for fully vaccinated travelers, end hotel quarantine policies for all travelers, and reduce quarantine for partially and vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers. Furthermore, they want a clear pathway to the reopening of consistent travel. These groups will undoubtedly be keeping a close eye on further announcements in the coming weeks.

What are your thoughts about the travel restrictions between the United States and Canada? Are you looking to fly between the two countries this year? Let us know what you think of the situation in the comment section.

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Source: https://simpleflying.com/us-canada-border-closure/

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