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How Car Tires Are Manufactured

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🚗 Cars are complex machines, each part made in highly specialized and specific ways, car tires included. Here is how car tires are manufactured.

🚕 Car tires are the part of your vehicle that keeps you moving forward. But have you ever wondered about how car tires are manufactured? Read ahead for a quick overview of the process.

❋ Design and Plan 👇

Designing the item you plan to manufacture is the first part of any industrial process. Car tires have been around for a long time now, and the manufacturing process is becoming increasingly digital. The design is usually created through engineering software, and the dimensions and curvature are handled with precision. After that, the tire-making machines receive this digitized format.

❋ Select Materials  👇

Most tires consist largely of rubber, both natural and synthetic. Oils, pigments, antioxidants, and other materials mix with the rubber to create each part of the tire. Tires must be crafted from quality, durable materials, including chemical agents, metallic cables, and fabric reinforcers.

❋ Melt and Mold 👇

Heat and friction work together to produce the final rubber composite that will mold the other parts of the tire. Tires are not one singular piece of rubber—they contain tread rubber, sidewall rubber, fabric-coated plies, and bead wires, among other components. A factory worker or automated apparatus then uses a tire-building machine in the shape of a collapsible drum to glue and set the tires. Finally, the tires cure over time, and subsequent heating and steaming help them fully coalesce

❋ Distribute Widely 👇

Quality control is important with tires—after all, tires must handle transporting drivers for thousands of miles on the road. After rigorous testing, the manufacturer packs the tires and distributes them to various sellers. These include tire stores all across the United States, from Trenton, New Jersey to Anderson, Indiana.

🟥 Knowing how car tires are manufactured can help you better select the parts for your vehicle. Because all cars are different and have specific needs, you should consult with a tire expert before choosing your next set of wheels.

👉↘ Source: Christina Duron is a freelance writer for multiple online publications where she can showcase her affinity for all things digital. She has focused her career around digital marketing and writes to explore topics that spark her interest.

 

Automotive

ALYI Launches Next Generation Electric Motorcycle Design

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Dallas, TX – November 20, 2020 – OTC PR WIRE – Alternet Systems, Inc. (OTC PINK: ALYI) today announced launching a new design program for what will now be its third electric motorcycle.

Earlier this week, ALYI announced plans to start taking orders for its Retro ReVolt BMW R71 Clone Electric Motorcycle starting in December.

ALYI also plans to start delivering its Rideshare ReVolt Electric Motorcycle in Africa next year for the growing rideshare market gradually replacing existing combustion engine motorcycles in use within the existing taxi (boda-boda) market.

Now ALYI has initiated a new design program for its next generation electric motorcycle for the rideshare market in Africa.  The next generation electric motorcycle is intended to phase out the electric first Rideshare Revolt Electric Motorcycle that will begin being delivered next year.

The next generation electric motorcycle is intended to be a revolutionary design that introduces new technology innovations including longer range batteries, increased power for maximizing passenger and cargo potential and IoT solutions for fleet management and optimized customer services. The design will also facilitate customization with ability to integrate a variety of components on a uniquely designed core frame.  For instance, the frame will be designed to integrate with different forks, seats, handlebars and motors.  In addition to permitting customization for personal preference, the interchangeability will facilitate future component upgrades as well as  facilitating a lower entry price by combining a core frame purchase with component lease total acquisition options.

For more information and to stay up to date on ALYI’s latest developments, please visit www.alternetsystemsinc.com.

Disclaimer/Safe Harbor: This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Litigation Reform Act. The statements reflect the Company’s current views with respect to future events that involve risks and uncertainties. Among others, these risks include the expectation that any of the companies mentioned herein will achieve significant sales, the failure to meet schedule or performance requirements of the companies’ contracts, the companies’ liquidity position, the companies’ ability to obtain new contracts, the emergence of competitors with greater financial resources and the impact of competitive pricing. In the light of these uncertainties, the forward-looking events referred to in this release might not occur.

Alternet Systems, Inc. Contact:
Randell Torno
info@lithiumip.com
+1-800-713-0297

Source: https://otcprwire.com/alyi-launches-next-generation-electric-motorcycle-design/

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Why Some States Have Mandated Emissions Testing

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If having to schedule an emissions test has ever struck you as an inconvenience, you’ve probably wondered why some states have mandated emissions testing. 33 out of the 50 states require some form of emissions testing for civilians’ vehicles. The frequency may vary, but the reasons for doing so remain roughly the same. There are a few ways your vehicle could fail an emissions test, which may result in expensive repairs or even a ticket—quite the incentives to prepare your vehicle to pass.

The Environmental Protection Agency and Federal Laws

The Clean Air Act was established in 1970, permitting the EPA to establish National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). These standards encourage the protection of public health and the environment, and they specify the limit of pollutants allowed in the air. Pollutants such as carbon monoxide, lead, and sulfur dioxide is consistently measured to make sure they don’t breach the maximum levels laid out by the Clean Air Act. Though the Act is enforced at a federal level, state governments get to determine how those levels are monitored—one being through emissions testing.


How States Differ

Emissions testing requirements and frequency are up to each state government’s discretion. Some states have mandated emissions testing for the same reason other states impose restrictions on local vehicle manufacturers: pollutant level control. For states that use testing as a means of pollutant control, their approaches to it may differ. For example:

  • Some states demand emissions testing statewide. These states, including Massachusetts, call for every vehicle to pass the emissions test as part of an out-of-pocket safety inspection.
  • Many states have mandated emissions testing that’s only required every two years in densely populated areas.
  • Certain states, such as Florida and Nebraska, don’t require any testing.

How Areas Differ

If you live in an area with a significant population, your chances of having to get an emissions test are higher (if testing is not a statewide demand). The more heavily trafficked and urbanized an area, the greater need to enforce emissions tests for pollutant control.


 

Source: Christina Duron is a freelance writer for multiple online publications where she can showcase her affinity for all things digital. She has focused her career around digital marketing and writes to explore topics that spark her interest.

 

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Tesla Giga Texas raises its 1st pillar, shows immediate progress after shifting to 24/7 operations

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Tesla Giga Texas’ 24/7 construction shifts have already showed immediate progress, with crews recently erecting the first concrete pillar on the site. The sight of Gigafactory Texas’ first column rising marks a special milestone for the buildout of the facility’s Phase 1 area, highlighting the project’s impressive construction speed. 

Drone operator Jeff Roberts (@peterdog15) took photos of the first pillar at Giga Texas. He arrived on site just in time to see the huge pillar being delivered on site and witnessed it rising from the ground, much like the rest of Gigafactory Texas will be in the coming months. Roberts happened to also break the news that Tesla would be switching to three shifts for Giga Texas’ construction, effectively speeding up its schedule. 

According to fellow drone operator Joe Tegtmeyer, the concrete column was located in the “Great Big Pit” area. Tegtmeyer speculated that more pillars will be installed “to support gantry cranes for the stamping machine dyes” in the massive Gigafactory. His video also includes all the visible changes to the construction site, including the ongoing work being done to a clearing across State Highway 130, which may be the location of Tesla’s ecological paradise.

Based on all the work going on at Giga Texas daily, Tesla doesn’t seem to be wasting any time. Simultaneous construction projects are happening in different areas of the 2,000-acre piece of land. And more work will be done in the outskirts of Giga Texas, too. Recently, the Austin City Council approved a resolution to develop East Austin, an area near Giga Texas. 

“(This resolution) brings some much needed focus to a long-neglected part of East Austin that’s basically on the precipice of really experiencing considerable growth,” said Council Member Natasha Harper-Madison“This is our opportunity to really get it right and get ahead of unfettered growth with more proactive action in this area.”

The resolution seems, at least in part, to be in anticipation to the economic growth and development Giga Texas might bring to the East Austin area. Prior to the resolution’s approval, panelists at the second Annual East Austin Growth Summit projected that Tesla Gigafactory Texas could create 15,000 new jobs

“(Tesla has) a reputation of wanting their suppliers close to them, and they’re going to make that request for critical suppliers. So, I wouldn’t be shocked if we had 50-plus companies move here to support this facility. My hope is that those 50 come but that they also find another 50 that are already here,” said Ed Latson, the executive director of the Austin Regional Manufacturers Association.

Watch the most recent flyovers of Gigafactory Texas.

Tesla Giga Texas raises its 1st pillar, shows immediate progress after shifting to 24/7 operations

Source: https://www.teslarati.com/tesla-gigafactory-texas-first-pillar-24-7-shifts-video/

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SpaceX Crew Dragon aces third autonomous space station docking

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Update: A SpaceX Crew Dragon has successfully performed an autonomous rendezvous and docking with the International Space Station (ISS) for the third time in a row and the first time with four astronauts aboard.

Near-flawless space station arrival now behind it, Crew Dragon has effectively kicked off what could be the longest continuous spaceflight of a crewed US spacecraft in the history of American space exploration. Barring surprises, Crew Dragon capsule C207 (deemed “Resilience” by its first crew) and its expendable trunk section will spend roughly 180 days in orbit, crushing the previous US record of 84 days set by an Apollo Command and Service Module spacecraft in 1973.

Dragon’s view of the ISS. (SpaceX)
Crew Dragon Crew-1 captain Mike Hopkins (left) and pilot Victor Glover (right) monitor the spacecraft’s autonomous docking. (SpaceX/NASA)
The Crew-1 Crew Dragon docked almost exactly on schedule at 11:01 pm EST (04:01 UTC). (NASA)

Crew Dragon’s first successful operational space station arrival also marks the beginning of a small but significant new era for the ISS, enabling a crew of seven astronauts – up from six – to continuously live and work aboard the 20-year-old orbital outpost. Thanks to the station’s well-quantified needs for regular maintenance and operational expertise, that new seventh crew member will ultimately be able to dedicate almost every working moment to doing science in orbit.

Meanwhile, ISS NASA astronaut Kate Rubins hinted to SpaceX and NASA ground control that a range of photos she took of Crew Dragon’s third ISS arrival were likely to be spectacular. A ground controller took no time to respond with the quip that “[Crew Dragon] is known objectively to be a very good-looking vehicle.” Stay tuned for another update when those approach photos go live.

Four elated Crew-1 astronauts join three existing ISS crew members for the first time. (NASA)

Approximately two hours after Crew Dragon’s third successful docking, Rubins successfully completed an array of tasks and opened the spacecraft’s hatch, allowing NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins, Shannon Walker, Victor Glover, and JAXA astronaut Soichi Noguchi to officially depart Dragon and join the International Space Station’s existing crew of three.

A SpaceX Crew Dragon is set to rendezvous and dock with the International Space Station for the third time later tonight and its four-astronaut crew took some time during their 27-hour flight to give live viewers a tour of the brand new spacecraft.

Emphasizing just how much space Crew Dragon offers its astronaut passengers once in orbit, the tour also included a minor tradition for NASA astronaut Victor Glover’s first orbital spaceflight. Astronauts Soichi Noguchi, Mike Hopkins, and Shannon Walker – all spaceflight veterans – commemorated Glover’s milestone with the gift of a small, golden pin, continuing a decades-old tradition.

If Crew Dragon remains in good health, the four astronauts will officially kick off the first ISS docking attempt with a 90-second thruster burn shortly after 9 pm EST (02:00 UTC).

Quite similar to Crew Dragon’s flawless Demo-2 astronaut launch debut, the Crew-1 spacecraft is scheduled to arrive at what is known as the ISS keep-out sphere around half an hour after its final major course-change thruster burn. Dragon will pause approximately 400m (~1300 ft) from the space station and wait for ground and station teams to give it the go-ahead to continue to another stopped point 20m (65 ft) out.

Altogether, the Crew-1 Dragon docking process will take about 55 minutes after the spacecraft enters the keep-out sphere and will culminate with a ‘soft’ capture around 11pm EST (04:00 UTC) and a ‘hard’ capture – signified by the docking port firmly bolting Dragon to the ISS – a bit less than 15 minutes later.

Orbital sunset is expected roughly 10 minutes before docking, meaning that Crew Dragon’s Crew-1 docking should be sunlit from a distance of ~1000 to 20 meters (3300 to 65 ft) from the ISS. Tune in below to watch the historic docking live.

SpaceX Crew Dragon aces third autonomous space station docking

Source: https://www.teslarati.com/spacex-crew-dragon-space-station-arrival-capsule-tour/

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