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FreightWaves Flashback 1960: Inadequate Bridges Hamper All Transportation in U.S.




The many industries that make up the world of freight have undergone tremendous change over the past several decades. Each Friday, FreightWaves explores the archives of American Shipper’s nearly 70-year-old collection of shipping and maritime publications to showcase interesting freight stories of long ago.

The following is an excerpt from the June 1960 edition of The Jacksonville Seafarer.

“Their lives are in jeopardy.” Those simple words were once used by a black schoolteacher appealing to her county commission to build a new bridge over a creek which her students had to cross to reach the little one-room school building.

The same words tersely summarize the technical and economic arguments advanced by water and truck carriers when they appear before governmental agencies to discuss the critical problem of bridge clearances. The problem is not unique to the truck and water carriers as the airlines are faced by the problem of outmoded runways and terminals and even the railroads were delayed in inaugurating piggy-back service to the Southeast because of restricted tunnels in Baltimore.

“The life of the nation itself is in jeopardy,” in the eyes of Armlon Leonard of Miami, president of Leonard Brothers Transfer Company and a principal hauler of missiles and rockets from factories around the country to launching pads at Cape Canaveral.

Leonard presented the arguments of the highway hauling industry at a special hearing before the House of Public Works Committee in Washington. Barge operators fight the battle endlessly whenever anyone seeks to build a new bridge or road over a navigable waterway. Few builders of bridges have adequately foreseen the needs of the future and provided satisfactory clearance in their structures. The general view is to hold down the cost of the bridge without regard to future needs.

Leonard Brothers Transfer, which operates in 41 states, is a major hauler of over-dimension objects such as the Atlas and Titan missiles, aircraft parts and engines, electric generators and transformers, boats, barges, dredges, road building machinery equipment boilers, naval guns, etc. The company is the only one that has issued a recognized manual for drivers dealing with the handling of giant missiles.

Most Dangerous Hazard

“I can state unequivocally,” Leonard said, “that the most dangerous hazard in moving large and extensive equipment are the inadequate highways, low railroad bridges, and cross-road overpasses, with unrealistic clearances over the highways of our land.”

‘Chinese Wall’

“As our military and economic power grows, the things we manufacture are getting wider, higher and longer. As a result, it would now be unreasonable to forecast that unless our new roads and overpasses are built to handle these new over-dimension objects, we will be building expensive highways which will literally and actually erect a Chinese wall without openings — in and about our nation, stifling the growth of our economy and providing aid and comfort to any potential military aggressor by effectively cutting off access of military machines from the point of production or storage to their point of utilization. In the event of a bombing, rescue and salvage teams and large construction equipment will be blocked off from the damaged areas.”

Leonard said the cost and time required to rebuild the nation’s railroad system to handle missiles could “sound the death knell of the nation if we had to wait for such reconstruction. The same problem is almost upon us now with regard to our new highways.”


A special “Transtainer” developed by Leonard Brothers is used in transporting missiles and rockets over the highway. Two crewmen ride the Transiainer and it is not uncommon for them to have to deflate the tires in order to gain extra inches to clear an underpass or bridge.

Leonard favors raising the minimum clearances on highways from 14 to 17 feet. It is estimated that the cost of raising clearances to 17 feet would cost $1 million but “this is a low cost for a nation with an annual $5-trillion economy to assure its security and growth. Compared to the total expenditure for the new highways, the addition of a few feet to the underpasses to assure safe clearance for many years would be minimal in comparison to the overall cost of the new roads.”



How Car Tires Are Manufactured




🚗 Cars are complex machines, each part made in highly specialized and specific ways, car tires included. Here is how car tires are manufactured.

🚕 Car tires are the part of your vehicle that keeps you moving forward. But have you ever wondered about how car tires are manufactured? Read ahead for a quick overview of the process.

❋ Design and Plan 👇

Designing the item you plan to manufacture is the first part of any industrial process. Car tires have been around for a long time now, and the manufacturing process is becoming increasingly digital. The design is usually created through engineering software, and the dimensions and curvature are handled with precision. After that, the tire-making machines receive this digitized format.

❋ Select Materials  👇

Most tires consist largely of rubber, both natural and synthetic. Oils, pigments, antioxidants, and other materials mix with the rubber to create each part of the tire. Tires must be crafted from quality, durable materials, including chemical agents, metallic cables, and fabric reinforcers.

❋ Melt and Mold 👇

Heat and friction work together to produce the final rubber composite that will mold the other parts of the tire. Tires are not one singular piece of rubber—they contain tread rubber, sidewall rubber, fabric-coated plies, and bead wires, among other components. A factory worker or automated apparatus then uses a tire-building machine in the shape of a collapsible drum to glue and set the tires. Finally, the tires cure over time, and subsequent heating and steaming help them fully coalesce

❋ Distribute Widely 👇

Quality control is important with tires—after all, tires must handle transporting drivers for thousands of miles on the road. After rigorous testing, the manufacturer packs the tires and distributes them to various sellers. These include tire stores all across the United States, from Trenton, New Jersey to Anderson, Indiana.

🟥 Knowing how car tires are manufactured can help you better select the parts for your vehicle. Because all cars are different and have specific needs, you should consult with a tire expert before choosing your next set of wheels.

👉↘ Source: Christina Duron is a freelance writer for multiple online publications where she can showcase her affinity for all things digital. She has focused her career around digital marketing and writes to explore topics that spark her interest.


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Feast your eyes on the all-new, all-electric GMC Hummer EV




GMC has a new all-electric version of its classic Hummer oversized SUV. This thing is a beast, as you might expect, with an advertised 350-mile range and a 3-second zero to 60 mph time. It’s a bit ridiculous to be honest, which is kind of what the Hummer has always been about so that makes sense.

Alongside a teaser, GMC released a number of press photos of the 1,000 HP bruiser, so take a look below. It definitely looks like a Hummer – which may or may not be your cup of tea.


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ALYI Highlights Next Steps




Dallas, TX – October 20, 2020 – OTC PR WIRE – Alternet Systems, Inc. (OTC PINK: ALYI) today announced plans to publish a comprehensive progress update next week targeting a Wednesday, October 28th release date.

Management indicates a number of major endeavors underway in important stages of development to include RevoltTOKEN financing partner’s efforts to finalize ICO details, next steps after finalizing the multiparty milestone agreement announced last week, and a new design path development for the company’s long-term plans for future electric vehicles in Africa.

Management anticipates wrapping up details on the above-mentioned endeavors by next Wednesday and being ready to release a comprehensive update.

For more information and to stay up to date on ALYI’s latest developments, please visit

Disclaimer/Safe Harbor: This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Litigation Reform Act. The statements reflect the Company’s current views with respect to future events that involve risks and uncertainties. Among others, these risks include the expectation that any of the companies mentioned herein will achieve significant sales, the failure to meet schedule or performance requirements of the companies’ contracts, the companies’ liquidity position, the companies’ ability to obtain new contracts, the emergence of competitors with greater financial resources and the impact of competitive pricing. In the light of these uncertainties, the forward-looking events referred to in this release might not occur.

Alternet Systems, Inc. Contact:
Randell Torno


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