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What is Software Engineering? Definition, Basics, Characteristics


The process of evaluating user needs, then developing, implementing, and testing software that meets those requirements is known as software engineering. Today, many companies specialize in software engineering and software development. One such software development company is NIX, which offers a full cycle of software development – from analysis and development to maintenance of products and their subsequent support. The NIX team always fulfills all customer requirements accurately and on time to achieve their business goals.

What is Software Engineering? Definition, Basics, Characteristics

What is Software Engineering?

From the 1990s until the turn of the century, computing technology progressed far beyond computer science, spawning a slew of new fields such as computer science, computer engineering, software development, information systems, and information technology.
Software engineering was created to address the issues associated with low-quality software initiatives. When project deadlines, finances, and quality levels do not meet expectations, problems develop. However, we must ensure that the application is implemented in a consistent, correct, timely, and cost-effective manner. The demand for software engineering has surged in response to the rapid pace of change in user and infrastructure demands for what kind of application should work.

What is Software Engineering? Definition, Basics, Characteristics

Why is Software Engineering Popular?

Here are some important reasons for the popularity of software engineering and software development:

  • Great software – In actual life, erecting a wall is a lot easier than erecting a house. Software engineering aids in the creation of software as it grows in size.
  • Scalability – When software is developed using scientific and engineering principles, it is easier to replicate new software and scale old systems.
  • Software engineering makes it simple to design new software when the software process is based on science and engineering.
  • Cost – The hardware business has proven its worth, and mass production lowers the price of computers and electronics.
  • Dynamic nature – Software’s dynamic nature is constantly changing and adapting. It is dependent on the user’s working environment.
  • Quality Management – Provides the most effective approach of software development in order to provide high-quality software.

Relationship of Software Engineering with Other Disciplines

Here’s how software engineering relates to other disciplines:

  • Software development is a time-consuming task that involves both technical and managerial oversight. As a result, management science makes extensive use of it.
  • Systems Engineering: The majority of software is part of a bigger system. For instance, software in an industrial monitoring system or airplane flying software. This type of system should be studied using software engineering methodologies.
  • Because electrical engineering is heavily reliant on physics, computer science provides a scientific foundation for software.
  • Economics: In this field, software aids resource estimation and cost control. You’ll need to create a computer system, and data should be updated on a regular basis while staying within a budget.

Characteristics of Good Software

Any software should be evaluated based on the features it provides and the approaches that make it easier to use. Here are some key characteristics of high-quality software created by software professionals.

  • Process Quality

Process quality describes the quality of HOW you develop your product. Key aspects of process quality:

  • Timely delivery: create clear and simple documentation of the capabilities you’d like to see in the product, and define an interoperability policy to avoid misunderstandings and keep development on track.
  • Staying within budget: to stay on budget, thoroughly examine your value proposition and describe the specs for converting it into software—and budget for more work than you believe you’ll need.
  • Structural quality

The quality of the code itself, as well as the technical side of the software, is referred to as structural quality. Code that is of high quality is simple to navigate and use. As a result, it’s simple to read, amend, and maintain. Bugs and vulnerabilities are less likely in good code, and it’s easier to fight against malicious attacks. It is more effective, dependable, and secure.

  • Ease of use

High-quality software should be simple to grasp and learn from the user’s perspective. It should entice consumers with its features, assisting them in accomplishing their goals in the most effective manner possible.

  • Maintainability

Creating software that is bug-free is a near-impossible task. However, even if such a program is created, it will require ongoing maintenance. As technology advances, you’ll need to ensure that your program is compatible with new hardware, operating systems, and other applications if it’s integrated.


The process of evaluating user needs, then developing, implementing, and testing software that meets those requirements is known as software engineering. The following are two important reasons to use software engineering: 1) big software, and 2) scalability. 3) Flexibility 4) The expense, and 5) the dynamic nature of the situation. You can also go with custom software, which gives you the option to receive a software solution that precisely suits your company’s needs, boosting its competitiveness, ensuring the desired security, increasing efficiency, and ensuring future growth and development.

Source: Plato Data Intelligence: PlatoData.io

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