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Three of the Major Threats to Application Security and How to Mitigate Them

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With the increased dependency of our lives on the internet and mobile apps, application security is important, now more than ever. 

The importance of applications in our lives cannot be overemphasized. We depend on them for everything from dating to banking and from bookkeeping to private messaging. 

To give you an idea of just how essential applications are in our lives, 105 billion applications were downloaded in 2018. The number has increased by more than 25 percent over the last two years.

That means one thing, applications are here to stay for quite a bit of time. And if they do have to be a part of our life, they better be secure.

You cannot make anything secure unless you don’t know what exactly you are securing it against. For that matter, we’ll have a look at some of the common security threats applications are facing. Then we’ll see how they can be mitigated.

Major Application Security Threats 

There are more application threats than can be covered in any blog post of reasonable dimensions. We’ve picked the most common threats to give you an idea of what you need to steer clear of as a developer or a user.

Brute Force Hacking 

This is the most primitive and perhaps the rawest method of hacking into a secure environment. As the name suggests, these attacks rely on the use of force to break into an application. 

The way this is done is simple. A hacker programs a computer to try all possible combinations of letters, symbols, and numerals to guess a password. 

Definitely, that takes the computer quite a bit of time to crack the password but given enough time it can do that every single time. 

As of now, there are no active defenses to stop or prevent such an attack. There are some measures that can minimize the possibility. 

How to Avoid Brute Force Hacking?

There are two things that can secure an application against a brute force attack: 

  • The use of a strong password that has a long combination of letters, numbers, and symbols in it. 
  • Limiting the number of login attempts allowed from an IP address within a certain period of time.

Injection Hacking

Another common form of attacks on applications is injection attacks. The target of such attacks is mostly the web-based applications that run on data provided by the user. 

The way these attacks work is by “injecting” data into the application that compromises the security of the system from within.

The most common types of injection hacking attacks include cross-site scripting, code injection, and SQL injection attacks.

Cross-Site Scripting 

These are the attacks where the attackers inject malicious scripts into a trusted application. This causes the application to execute these scripts and behave in a way that exposes sensitive information about the users. 

Code Injection Attacks 

In these attacks, the hackers compromise the application by injecting malicious code into it. When executed, these codes can prevent the application from properly working.

SQL injection 

These attacks involve injecting the application with malicious SQL codes. This makes it possible for the hackers to remotely control the application and access the sensitive data in its databases.

How to Prevent Injection Hacking? 

Unlike brute force hacking, injection hacking can be prevented. Here are some precautionary measures that can secure applications against such attacks:

  • Enforce strict access criteria for getting into the app.
  • Put in place strong screening measures for all the data entered by the users into the app.

Malware Attacks 

Malware is probably the single largest threat not only to application security but to the computer systems as a whole.

This is mainly because of the sheer amount of new malware coming to the market every year. It is estimated that as many as 317 million new computer viruses and malware were created in 2018 alone.

The effects of malware differ from one to another but once they have infected an application they can: 

  • Allow the cybercriminals to make illegal backdoors into the application. 
  • Give unauthorized access to the application.
  • Result in massive data breaches and privacy compromise. 

How to Prevent Malware Attacks

As new malware is coming to the scene every day, there cannot be a singular solution to this problem. However, application security against malware can be improved by: 

  • Putting strong antivirus and firewalls in place.
  • Releasing security patches for the application as and when a new threat is revealed. 
  • Scanning the app for vulnerabilities and fixing them.

While all these measures are to secure applications against specific attacks, there are some things that need to be made a part of the app development process in order to make the apps safer.

Making the Development Environment Secure 

It goes without saying that it is of paramount importance for the developers to make the applications secure. However, just like it is very difficult to proofread what you have written, it is an ego-shattering thing to enforce application security measures. 

A recent study has shown that as much as 83% of developers globally release their apps without implementing proper security measures.

Here are some things that every developer needs to do to ensure application security: 

  • Applications must be developed in accordance with the security standards of the industry leaders and regulators. 
  • Updates and patches must regularly be released to cope with the ever-lurking threat of malware.
  • All the open-source components of the application must be regulated and made at par with the application security standards being followed.

However, it is not just up to the developers to ensure application security. Application users also need to play their part to make sure that the applications they use and the data they have are safe. The things that the users can do include:

  • The use of long and mixed passwords that are hard to guess even for a computer. 
  • Install a firewall on their devices.
  • Don’t download any application from an untrusted source.
  • Keep their credentials safe. 

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Cyber Security

Hide Internet Activity At Work

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How to hide your internet activities from your employer?

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How to hide your internet activities from your employer?

The Internet has evolved into such a public space that not only hackers or governments, but also employers, snoop on internet activity. Without your awareness, companies may monitor your internet use, and the free browsing time you have at work can no longer feel private. Even though your entire web browsing history can be monitored at work, there is a way to keep your internet activities secret from your boss. But first, let’s take a look at how and what your boss may be keeping track of.

Why employers monitor their employees’ internet activity?

The majority of employers keep track of their workers’ internet use for a reason. Compliance with security legislation is one rational reason why monitoring is used. These regulations require businesses (mostly financial institutions or government-related organizations) to control all of their internal networks to avoid fraud and hacking, as well as to be able to track down a problem if one arises.

Another factor, which may be obsolete in today’s world but remains, is their employees’ lack of confidence. Companies monitor software and internet use, as well as active and idle hours, to determine employee productivity. They keep track of how much time you spend online, what websites you visit, and what files you download, which doesn’t feel safe or private in any situation.

How employers can monitor employee internet activity?

Employee internet activity can be tracked in a variety of ways, one of which is functioning as a man-in-the-middle. The employer’s network can be set up so that all internet traffic is routed through a rogue proxy that can intercept any traffic and read its contents. A network administrator who can access the server either remotely or physically can view all internet traffic on the employer’s network. The router or proxy server may be inside a company building or in the data center.

Without a VPN, an employer will serve as a middleman and monitor all internet traffic on the network.

On the man-in-the-middle server that the employer owns, all internet activity can be seen – when you connected to what website, did you stream any videos, play a game, or download a file – all is recorded.

Companies that do not have an IT department or resources devoted to tracking their employees’ online activities have made contracts with their Internet Service Provider, who serves as a man-in-the-middle and reports on the online activities conducted via the company’s network regularly. IP addresses, link times, websites or files downloaded, and other data are all visible to an ISP.

Knowing that your personal data can be monitored and used by your employer makes you feel uneasy, but there is a way to mask your internet surfing at work.

How to hide internet activity from employers?

While your employer will track your internet usage and see which websites you visit, using a VPN is a good way to mask your online activities. When you use a VPN, all of your internet activity is encrypted, and the only information that your boss can see is the IP address of the VPN server and gibberish that is difficult to crack. NordVPN is a VPN that uses the best AES-256 bit encryption. It does not hold any records or personally identifying information, and it protects you from someone attempting to eavesdrop on your communications.

The way it works is that when you use a VPN, all of your internet traffic is routed through an encrypted VPN tunnel to the VPN server. This way, the boss and ISP can’t see what websites you visit or what files you download. Using the man-in-the-middle method to see inside the encrypted VPN tube, the employer can only see gibberish details, making it difficult to figure out where you’re trying to communicate online. It just indicates your link to the VPN server’s IP address, rather than your connection to specific websites.

With VPN employer can not see what is inside a strongly encrypted VPN tunnel

VPN hides your online activities from your employer in real-time but you also must take into consideration that your browsing history can be accessible later on your device.

How to bypass administrator rights requirement when installing?

Installing VPN software, especially on a work machine, can necessitate administrator privileges, which you may not have. Fortunately, using a VPN Chrome plugin (which also works for Firefox!) is a simple way to mask your online activities. It is only intended to run on browsers and does not require administrative privileges to install.

How to hide your browsing history from your employer?

A VPN masks your browsing history only on the router or server, keeping your internet activity secret from your boss. You should be aware that browsing history files are stored locally on your computer, and your employer can ask you to show them if they are truly interested.

Combining a VPN and an incognito window is the best way to keep your browsing history secret from your boss. When you close an incognito browser, it will erase all of your browsing history files and cookies. Any browser has an incognito window, which is ideal for keeping your browsing history clean at all times.

Does a work VPN expose my home network when working remotely

Many businesses use a VPN to securely access their services from a distance. What do you do if your boss has already built a VPN for you?

When you use a work VPN, all of your traffic from that computer is decrypted at the company’s servers, and your employer can see all of the websites you visit. The boss, on the other hand, cannot reach your local home network. All other browsing data on other devices is kept private, however, your ISP will be able to see it.

By simply disconnecting from the work VPN, your internet traffic will be routed back to your normal ISP. However, instead of an employer, your ISP now has access to all of your browsing data, and your privacy is compromised.

Best VPNs that would keep things private from your employer

NordVPN

NordVPN is a VPN industry leader, offering lightning-fast speeds across all of its 5600+ servers in 60+ countries. CyberSec, an ad-blocking and malware-protection feature prevent you from accessing compromised pages and protects you from online monitoring.

With double VPN servers and solid next-generation unbreakable encryption, it supports P2P/torrenting traffic with fast download speeds. It also unblocks Netflix and other streaming channels, making it an excellent option for those who enjoy watching movies and TV shows online.

NordVPN has a strict no-log policy and is available on all platforms (including browser extensions). It is the most comprehensive VPN on the market, with reasonable prices and a 30-day money-back guarantee.

    • 5200+ global servers in 59+ countries
    • CyberSec malware and ad-blocking protection
    • Next-generation encryption with double VPN servers
    • Obfuscation technology that masks VPN traffic
    • Strict no-logs policy
    • Works with Netflix and good for streaming
    • Lightning-fast with P2P support
    • 30-day money-back guarantee

Surfshark

Surfhsark is one of the most user-friendly and cost-effective VPNs available. It keeps no logs and has over 1700 servers in 63 different countries.

Since all of the apps use solid AES-256 encryption, neither your boss nor your ISP will be able to see what you do online. CleanWeb technology, which can block unwanted advertisements and trackers, is also included in the service.

Surfshark will unblock 15 Netflix libraries around the world, as well as Hulu, BBC iPlayer, Hotstar, and Disney+.

It also helps you to connect an infinite number of devices to the same account.

Both servers are P2P-friendly and torrenting is perfectly hidden from ISPs. VPN browser extensions for Chrome and Firefox are also available.

All of Surfhsark’s plans come with a 30-day money-back guarantee. You can currently get a 2-year contract for only $1.99 per month.

3200+ global servers in 60+ countries

    • CleanWeb ad-blocking feature
    • Secure and strong encryption with OpenVPN
    • Whitelist, Multi-hop VPN and kill switch
    • No-logs policy
    • Works with Netflix and good for streaming
    • Great speeds
    • 30-day money-back guarantee

ExpressVPN

ExpressVPN is one of the most private VPN services available. It was openly audited and found to have no logs. Its server network spans more than 160 locations around the world.

This VPN provider uses RAM for all of its servers, in addition to an Internet Kill Switch and best-in-class encryption algorithms. This means that when the server is restarted, all data is removed. This guarantees complete privacy and keeps the employer in the dark.

ExpressVPN is excellent for unblocking streaming services and other restricted content in countries where they are available. It completely supports and hides torrenting, and it downloads files at lightning speeds.

This VPN service offers applications for all major platforms as well as VPN plugins for Chrome and Firefox. However, administrator privileges are needed to use the extensions because they require a VPN app to function.

All ExpressVPN plans come with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

    • 160+ locations and 3000+ servers
    • Strict No-Log policy
    • Unlimited streaming (Netflix, Hulu, BBC iPlayer)
    • Strong military-grade AES 256-bit key encryption
    • Kill Switch, Split tunneling, and RAM-disk servers
    • 30-day money-back guarantee
    • Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, and Linux support
    • Fast speeds and reliable connections

Final thoughts

Using a VPN with strong and unbreakable encryption, such as NordVPN, will allow you to keep your online browsing at work private and hidden from your boss. It makes it difficult to see the contents of your internet traffic and covers the websites and files you download from your boss. The easiest way to keep your online habits secret from your boss is to use it in conjunction with an incognito window that deletes your browsing history on your browser until locked.

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Source: https://cybersguards.com/hide-internet-activity-at-work/

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Massive DDoS Attack Disrupts Belgium Parliament

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

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Source: https://threatpost.com/ddos-disrupts-belgium/165911/

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How to Become a Penetration Tester: A Complete Career Guide

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career guide

Penetration testers are what are referred to as “ethical hackers,” or “good guys.” Penetration testers, also known as assurance validators, are employed by network infrastructure owners and web-based application providers to look for bugs that malicious hackers may use to collect sensitive data and intelligence.

Ethical hackers use their abilities and experience to conduct vulnerability tests (among other tasks) and are paid to perform the equivalent of digital break-ins.

They use a variety of tools and techniques, some of which they developed themselves, to simulate real cyberattacks, leaving no stone unturned in their quest to find flaws in security protocols for networks, systems, and web-based applications.

The aim of a penetration test, also known as a pen test, is to find all possible ways to break into a computer system and find security flaws BEFORE real hackers can get in. As a result, pen testers often work on highly confidential and time-sensitive projects, so trustworthiness and the ability to remain calm under pressure are essential qualities.

Penetration testers should have the imagination to think on their feet and be coordinated enough to monitor, log, and report on projects.

Table of Contents

Six steps to becoming a penetration tester

  • Self-evaluation: Penetration testing is not enough for everyone. It necessitates exceptional problem-solving abilities, tenacious resolve, meticulous attention to detail, and a willingness to stay current on industry trends. To be effective, ethical hackers must have a high degree of each of these qualities. So, before determining if pen testing is the right profession for you, be frank with yourself.
  • Many employers used to be notorious for hiring real-world hackers and converting them from the “evil side” to work for the good guys. Graduate degrees, on the other hand, have become almost mandatory for penetration testers in recent years. Undergraduate degrees in cybersecurity’s various disciplines all provide viable entry points into the sector.
    A prospective pen tester may break into the cybersecurity industry in a variety of ways. Beginning in security management, network administration, network engineer, system administrator, or web-based application programming, with an emphasis on the security side of each discipline, would provide a strong foundation for pen research.
  • Technical certifications: On the resumes of assurance validators, employers like to see a variety of professional certifications, particularly for more senior positions. Penetration testing certifications are now commonly recognised by a number of organisations.
  • Practicing the trade: In every profession, being an expert in a specific area is a smart idea, but penetration testers have a variety of options for standing out. Pen testers would be known by peers if they are successful and recognised in cybersecurity disciplines such as bug bounty schemes, gathering open-source intelligence (OSINT), and designing proprietary attack programmes.
  • Keep up to date: As with most cybersecurity careers, staying up to date on what’s going on in the industry is important. Keeping skills and information current with all of the new programming and network security developments, ever-changing hacking methods and security protocols, widely exploited bugs, and everything else going on in the cybersecurity industry.

What does it mean to be a penetration tester?

The private investigators of the information security world are penetration testers/ethical hackers. The aim, as with many PI operations, is to discover threats before any possible invasive operators can put their plans into action.

One of the fundamental truths of human existence in general, and digital information systems in particular, is that unscrupulous actors will always try to exploit vulnerabilities. Pen testers look for potential vulnerabilities in wired and wireless network systems, as well as web-based applications, to investigate, uncover, and help fix.

A relentless arms race exists between ethical hackers’ proactive actions and the efforts of real-life hackers. Each side makes a concerted effort to advance their expertise, skills, and strategies beyond the other’s capabilities.

Pen testers use an aggressive defensive technique. The aim is to provide the best possible information security by targeting computer systems offensively in the same way that a real-life hacker would, thereby beating the hacker to the punch and assisting in the closure of the vulnerability. As a consequence, information security will be compromised, and networks will be targeted.

Penetration tester skills and experience

Employer expectations for new hires in the penetration testing industry, as in all cybersecurity disciplines, will differ significantly based on the specific roles of each role and the position’s level. Under the penetration testing umbrella, associate or junior pen testers, mid-level pen testers, and senior or lead pen testers clearly reflect sequentially progressing skill levels and responsibilities.

Some jobs also only require a demonstration of applicable skills and a sufficient degree of cybersecurity expertise and experience. Employers are increasingly looking for applicants who have a bachelor’s degree in information security or a similar computer science degree. A master’s degree is required for some more advanced positions.

Software development and coding, security monitoring, vulnerability evaluation, network engineer or administrator, and security administrator are all examples of job experience that may lead to a career in penetration testing.

Skill requirements likely to be encountered with employers include:

Basic machine languages awareness, such as:

  • Python
  • Powershell
  • Golang
  • Bash

Experience with network operating systems (Windows, Linux, and MacOS), networking protocols, firewalls, intrusion prevention and detection systems (IPS/IDS), virtual worlds, data protection, and mobile penetration testing of iOS and Android systems.

Knowledge of common pen test and application security tools, such as:

  • Kali
  • Metasploit
  • Burpsuite
  • Wireshark
  • Web Inspect
  • Network Mapper (NMAP)
  • Nessus, and others

Technical certifications from the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers), OSCP (Offensive Security Certified Professional), SANS Technology Institute, GIAC (Global Information Assurance Certification), and EC-Council are among the most common among employers.

Employers are looking for people with outstanding communication skills, who are self-driven, inventive, and resourceful, who have contributed to open source projects and bug bounty initiatives, and who are familiar with the OWASP Top 10 vulnerabilities.

What do penetration testers do?

Pen testers work on networks, devices, and web-based software to conduct threat modelling, security assessments, and ethical hacking. Assurance validation, in particular, entails any or more of the following tasks:

  • To find information disclosures, gather and review Open Source Intelligence (OSINT).
    Provide subject matter experience in offensive protection research activities, working to test an organization’s defensive mechanisms.
  • Conduct evaluations on a broad range of systems and applications using both automated and manual methods.
  • To improve research procedures, create scripts, tools, and methodologies.
  • Assist with the scoping of potential engagements, as well as leading engagements from the beginning to the end.
  • Exercises in social engineering and physical penetration testing should be carried out.
  • Examine both wired and wireless networks for security flaws.
  • Examine evaluation results to classify observations and create a comprehensive analytic view of the system in relation to its surroundings.
  • Determine the source of both technical and non-technical issues.
  • Publish an Assessment Report that details the conclusions and suggests possible solutions.
    Keep track of results that appear in various tests and communicate them.
  • Communicate the approaches used, conclusions, and analytic after the tests are completed.
  • Provide technical assistance to ISOs in resolving evaluation issues.
  • To aid in systematic incident handling and forensic analysis of compromised networks, provide technical assistance in network manipulation and evasion techniques.

Job Description for a Penetration Tester

The scope of penetration/ethical hacking jobs varies greatly depending on the employer and seniority level. Looking at the specified roles for senior-level positions will help ethical hackers figure out what they want to do in the future. This real-life work description will give you some inspiration.

  • To define security threats and vulnerabilities, lead business and system-focused network and device penetration assessments.
  • Test a broad range of technologies, such as web apps, security controls, network infrastructure, cellular, and mobile deployments.
  • Beyond the use of automated method validation, perform hands-on technical research.
  • Plan, carry out, report on, and lead technical debriefings on research activities and results.
  • Conduct covert Red Team Cyber operations to imitate enemy techniques and collaborate with a Purple Team to monitor vulnerabilities for detections.
  • Stakeholders, including professional personnel and executive leadership, should be informed of the results and remediation strategies.
  • Certification in OSCP, GPEN, or GXPN is preferred.

In organisations dealing with state secrets, such as military vendors and national security organisations, information security becomes exponentially more important. A major US military equipment manufacturer posted this real-life job description for a senior-level pen test role.

  • Performs penetration checks and vulnerability assessments on web and other applications, as well as network and operating system infrastructures.
  • Executive overview and conclusions are presented to stakeholders, including Sr. the ability to lead
  • Understand how to write your own exploit code, how to get around antivirus software, and how to imitate adversarial risks.
  • Determines the current state of a customer’s device protection by finding all vulnerabilities and security controls.
  • Customers may use this tool to conduct security vulnerability analysis and mitigation.
  • Researches and retains proficiency in computer network vulnerabilities, data hiding, and network protection and encryption tools, strategies, countermeasures, and patterns.
  • Support incident management teams by improving their capabilities and reporting on them.
  • Mentor junior and mid-level employees by developing and teaching the most up-to-date ethical hacking and vulnerability analysis techniques.

Outlook for penetration testers

For the near future, information security practitioners will be in strong and increasingly rising demand. In reality, there is a severe shortage of information security professionals across all disciplines, which is expected to continue for the near future. These systems become more directly focused and vulnerable as networks, software, and information needs become more complex and essential to business and state operations. Pen testers are at the cutting edge of technological competence, playing the part of would-be attackers the most closely. Top pen testers are now highly valued by information security professionals, and there are no signs that this view will change in the near future.

How much do penetration testers make?

Penetration testers earn between $55,000 and $133,000 a year, according to Payscale.com, with an average annual salary of $82,500. Bonuses, commissions, and profit-sharing total around $17,000 a year on average.

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Source: https://cybersguards.com/how-to-become-a-penetration-tester-a-complete-career-guide/

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A Guide for Choosing the Right Online Master’s in Cybersecurity

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online master’s in cybersecurity

People enrol in an online master’s in cybersecurity for a variety of reasons, including career development, better pay, more opportunities, advanced study, and changing fields. A master’s degree is a great way to remain competitive in this fast-paced field, learn the latest technologies and strategies, and develop a valuable professional network.

The good news is that students seeking flexibility when studying can choose from a variety of online cybersecurity degree programmes. In the end, students who complete online cybersecurity programmes earn the same degree as their peers on campus. And cybersecurity master’s degree holders are expected to remain in high demand for the foreseeable future.

One thing is certain: given the variety of graduate education opportunities in cybersecurity, there is bound to be a programme that is a good match for your career ambitions, professional and academic context, and level of commitment.

“Our graduate degrees are all online, 100 percent either asynchronous or synchronous…You can take them in-person or online. Our online offerings allow us to be truly global. For example, we have students in South America and Afghanistan, and an instructor in Australia.”

— Ralph Russo, director of Tulane University’s Professional Advancement Information Technology Program.

Indeed, this guide is inspired in part by the fact that there are so many good choices out there that prospective students often need to invest time and energy in finding the right fit.

Table of Contents

What is an online master’s degree and why get one?

An online master’s degree in cybersecurity is intended to provide the same education as a traditional master’s degree in cybersecurity. The key difference is that instead of in-person lectures, the course material is delivered online.

An online master’s degree offers more versatility than a traditional master’s degree. Students may choose to take courses full-time or part-time, and synchronous or asynchronous lessons, allowing them to fit them into their schedules. Furthermore, online coursework allows students to learn from any place.

A master’s degree in cybersecurity may be required for advancement and comes with a substantial pay increase. According to PayScale, an MS in cybersecurity pays $87,292 on average, compared to $71,033 for a BS in cybersecurity. In less than a year, the $16,259 gap in average pay will offset the expense of the most accessible online master’s programmes.

Online master’s in cybersecurity coursework (what you will learn)

Online master’s degrees are structured to replicate the experience of traditional master’s degrees. As a result, these systems are likely to address the same key principles, such as:

  • An overview of cybersecurity
  • Network safety
  • Security on the computer
  • The rules and ethics in cybersecurity

Students may have the option of taking electives or pursuing a specialty in addition to the core curriculum. The following are a few examples:

  • Forensics of digital data
  • Cybercrime is on the rise.
  • Infrastructure that is critical
  • Analysis of Malware
  • Answer to an incident
  • Testing for penetration
  • Cryptology is a branch of mathematics that deals with

A cybersecurity master’s programme should also include laboratories, internships, and capstone projects that enable students to gain hands-on experience working in the field. Students will meet people in the industry and discuss new opportunities and job prospects after graduation through these and other career-building and networking activities.

Online master’s in cybersecurity requirements

An online master’s degree in cybersecurity, like every other degree programme, has certain admissions criteria. The following are some of the most common requirements:

Bachelor’s degree: A bachelor’s degree is required for admission to several online cybersecurity master’s degree programmes. In certain cases, an applicant may be able to meet this criteria by demonstrating years of appropriate work experience.

Prerequisites: Coursework or work experience in some fields is often required as a prerequisite for cybersecurity master’s degree programmes. Computer systems, networking, and programming are examples of common prerequisites.

Recommendations: As part of the acceptance process, many master’s degree programmes require two or three letters of recommendation. Professors or colleagues who are familiar with the applicant’s work should include these.

Different schools may have additional qualifications for admission to an online master’s degree programme in addition to these core requirements. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or the Graduate Management Admission Test are required for certain programmes (GMAT). As part of the admissions process, applicants can be asked to submit a resume or CV, write an essay, or participate in interviews.

Examine the admissions process of prospective online master’s programmes before making your decision. The admissions criteria and acceptance rate will reveal information about the master’s program’s quality and how well the online degree will be respected.

Funding an online cybersecurity master’s

The cost of an online degree can vary from the cost of an on-campus degree. The cost of the degree programme and the availability of scholarships and other forms of financial assistance are two significant factors to consider.

For a variety of factors, online degrees are also less expensive than on-campus degrees:

Courses in an online degree will include pre-recorded lectures along with virtual Q&A sessions and office hours, unlike on-campus classes. Since courses may be larger or more frequent, this can lower the cost per credit.

Infrastructure: Compared to in-person courses, online courses need fewer infrastructure (classrooms, dorms, etc.). This means that a college’s overhead for online courses is lower, lowering the cost.

Housing: When enrolling in an on-campus degree programme, it is important to live near the school that is offering the degree. This necessitates either paying on-campus room and board or renting nearby. There is no need to move or pay rent to be closer to a specific campus if you have an online degree. Students may also take advantage of regional arbitrage, which allows them to live in one place while attending a more competitive or less costly college in another.

Check out our most affordable online master’s page to compare and contrast programme costs and learn more about can online master’s programmes are the most affordable.

Financial assistance and scholarships

Although online master’s programmes are often less expensive than on-campus programmes, they are still costly. However, there are a few options available to deal with tuition costs.

Government agencies offer a variety of cybersecurity master’s scholarships, demonstrating the need for well-qualified experts in both the public and private sectors. The following are a few examples of cybersecurity master’s scholarship opportunities:

Graduate Research Fellowship Program of the National Science Foundation. This is a fantastic funding tool as well as a fantastic resume-building opportunity. Both master’s and doctoral candidates are qualified for the fellowship.

The Navy’s Information Assurance Scholarship is available to all service members and civilians pursuing bachelor’s and doctoral degrees (although civilians are required to work for the Navy in a non-uniformed role upon graduation).

The Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation (SMART) Scholarship for Service Program is offered by the Department of Defense. This programme is open to students from bachelor’s to doctoral level, and cybersecurity is a key component.

The government isn’t the only place where you can get money for graduate school. The following are some alternative sources of possible tuition assistance:

Corporate sponsorship: Many businesses are concerned about the cybersecurity skills deficit. As a result, a company might be able to provide tuition assistance or complete reimbursement to workers pursuing a cybersecurity degree.

Private scholarships: In addition to federal scholarships, private scholarships are available. Scholarships are available from certain businesses and professional societies for students seeking degrees in specific fields.

Research assistantships are a popular source of funding for on-campus Master’s degree programmes, and they may be available to online students as well. Graduate study in cybersecurity may be done off-site without the need for a specialised facility.

Prize money: Every year, a variety of cybersecurity capture the flag (CTF) competitions take place. Some of these have scholarships or other cash prizes that can be used to help pay for an online cybersecurity Master’s degree.

Career paths with a cybersecurity master’s degree

With an estimated 3.12 million unfilled vacancies worldwide, the cybersecurity industry is facing a major skills shortage. The demand for cybersecurity specialists is expected to continue to rise, opening up a plethora of opportunities for skilled individuals.

A cybersecurity master’s degree’s core curriculum is structured to give students a comprehensive understanding of cybersecurity. This prepares a student for a career as a security operations centre (SOC) analyst, which is a job that involves identifying and resolving threats to a company.

Cybersecurity master’s programmes, on the other hand, have electives and specialisation options. By taking advantage of these resources, a student will lay the groundwork for more advanced positions like cloud security architect, forensic analyst, and so on.

Although cybersecurity professionals are in high demand in general, these specialised skills could be even more so. During a master’s programme, you can pursue specialisations and learn these skills, which opens up a range of job opportunities.
FAQs for online cybersecurity master’s programmes

Is an online master’s in cyber security worth it?

The average salary for a master’s degree in cybersecurity is more than $16,000 more than the average for a bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity. This is more than the cost of many of the most accessible online master’s degrees in cybersecurity. A graduate degree can also open up new career pathways and opportunities.

What can I do with an online master’s degree in cybersecurity?

A master’s degree in cybersecurity offers a solid foundation in the field as well as electives that enable students to pursue different cybersecurity specialisations. Via lab experiments, internships, and capstone projects, it also offers hands-on training. An MS in cybersecurity provides students with the expertise and qualifications they need to pursue a range of cybersecurity careers.

Is an online master’s in cybersecurity a hard degree?

An online master’s degree in cybersecurity is intended to be a flexible programme. A student should be able to complete the programme successfully if they have the necessary pre-requisites or equivalent experience.

How long does an online master’s in cybersecurity degree take?

The majority of online graduate programmes require 27 to 45 credit hours. This is equivalent to one to two years of full-time education. However, since online degrees are mostly intended to be completed part-time, the length of time it takes to complete one is determined by the student’s course load.

Is an online master’s in cybersecurity math-heavy?

Cybersecurity isn’t typically a math-heavy area, and master’s in cybersecurity programmes represent this. A student pursuing an MS in cybersecurity should be able to programme (which necessitates some mathematical understanding), but advanced mathematics is not needed.

Cybersecurity schools online: Complete listings

A full list of all schools that offer an online master’s in cybersecurity can be found here.

School Location Link to Program Website
Albany Law School Albany, New York Master Degree in Cybersecurity and Data Privacy
American Public University System Charles Town, West Virginia Master of Arts in National Security Studies – Capstone Option
American Public University System Charles Town, West Virginia Master of Science in Cybersecurity Studies
Auburn University Auburn University, Alabama Master of Science in Cybersecurity Engineering
Augusta State University Augusta, Georgia Master of Science in Information Security Management
Bay Path University Longmeadow, Massachusetts Master of Science in Cybersecurity Management
Bellevue University Bellevue, Nebraska Master of Business Administration – Information Security Concentration
Bellevue University Bellevue, Nebraska Master of Business Administration – Information Security Management Concentration
Bellevue University Bellevue, Nebraska Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Boston University Boston, Massachusetts Online Master of Science in Criminal Justice with Concentration in Cybercrime Investigation & Cybersecurity
Boston University Boston, Massachusetts Online MS in Computer Information Systems with Concentration in Security
Brandeis University Waltham, Massachusetts Master of Science in Information Security Leadership
Brown University Providence, Rhode Island Executive Master in Cybersecurity
Capella University Minneapolis, Minnesota MS in Information Assurance & Cybersecurity
Capitol Technology University Laurel, Maryland Master of Science in Cyber Analytics
Capitol Technology University Laurel, Maryland Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Capitol Technology University Laurel, Maryland Technical Master of Business Administration in Cybersecurity
Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Master of Science in Information Technology – Information Security & Assurance
Central Washington University Ellensburg, Washington Master of Science in Information Technology and Administrative Management – Cybersecurity Management
Champlain College Burlington, Vermont Master of Science in Digital Forensics
Champlain College Burlington, Vermont Master of Science in Information Security Operations
Citadel Military College of South Carolina Charleston, South Carolina Master of Arts in Intelligence and Security Studies – Cybersecurity Concentration
City University of Seattle Seattle, Washington Master of Science in Information Security
Cleveland State University – Cleveland-Marshall School of Law Cleveland, Ohio Master of Legal Studies in Cybersecurity and Data Privacy
Columbia University in the City of New York New York, New York Master of Science in Technology Management – Cybersecurity Focus
Columbia University in the City of New York New York, New York Online Master of Science in Computer Science – Computer Security Track
Dakota State University Madison, South Dakota Master of Science in Cyber Defense
Davenport University Grand Rapids, Michigan Master of Science in Information Assurance and Cyber Security
DePaul University Chicago, Illinois Master of Science in Cybersecurity
DeSales University Center Valley, Pennsylvania Online Master of Criminal Justice: Digital Forensics
Drexel University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Master of Science (MS) in Cybersecurity
East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania Information Security, M.S.
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Daytona Beach, Florida Master of Science in Information Security and Assurance
ECPI Richmond, Virginia Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Excelsior College Albany, New York Bachelor of Science in Information Technology with dual degree option for MS (Cybersecurity)
Excelsior College Albany, New York Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Engineering Technology with dual degree option for MBA (Cybersecurity)
Excelsior College Albany, New York Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Florida Institute of Technology Melbourne, Florida MS – Information Assurance & Cybersecurity
Florida International University Miami, Florida Master of Science in Computer Engineering with a concentration in Network Security
Fordham University Bronx, New York Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Fort Hays State University Hays, Kansas Master of Professional Studies – Cybersecurity
Fort Hays State University Hays, Kansas Master of Professional Studies – Information Assurance Management
George Washington University Washington, District of Columbia Online Master of Engineering in Cybersecurity Policy & Compliance
George Washington University Washington, District of Columbia Online Master of Professional Studies in Cybersecurity Strategy and Information Management
Georgetown University Washington, District of Columbia Master of Professional Studies in Technology Management : Information Security
Georgetown University Washington, District of Columbia Master’s in Cybersecurity Risk Management
Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia Online Master’s of Science in Cybersecurity
Hampton University Hampton, Virginia Master of Science degree in Information Assurance
Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts Online Master of Liberal Arts in Information Management Systems – Cybersecurity Certificate
Indiana University Bloomington Bloomington, Indiana Master of Science in Cybersecurity Risk Management
Iowa State University Ames, Iowa Master of Engineering (MENGR) in Information Assurance
Iowa State University Ames, Iowa Master of Science (MS) in Information Assurance (IA)
Jacksonville State University Jacksonville, Alabama MS in Computer Systems and Software Design – Information Security and Assurance Concentration
James Madison University Harrisonburg, Virginia Master of Science in Information Security
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Maryland Online Masters in Cybersecurity
Johnson & Wales University Providence, Rhode Island Online Master of Business Administration – Information Security/Assurance
Kennesaw State University Kennesaw, Georgia Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Kentucky State University Frankfort, Kentucky M.S. in Computer Science Technology – Cybersecurity Option
La Salle University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Lewis University Romeoville, Illinois Online Master of Science in Computer Science – Cyber Security Concentration
Liberty University Lynchburg, Virginia Master of Science in Cyber Security
Liberty University Lynchburg, Virginia Master of Science in Information Systems – Information Assurance
Marymount University Arlington, Virginia Cybersecurity (M.S.)
Marquette University Milwaukee, Wisconsin Online Master of Science in Computing: Information Assurance and Cyber Defense
Maryville University Saint Louis, Missouri Online Master of Science in Cyber Security
Mercy College Dobbs Ferry, New York Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Middle Georgia State University Cochran, Georgia Master Of Science In Information Technology – Cyber Security & Forensics
Minnesota State University-Mankato Mankato, Minnesota Master’s in Information Security & Risk Management
Mississippi College Clinton, Mississippi Master of Science in Cyber Security and Information Assurance
National University La Jolla, California Master of Science in Cyber Security and Information Assurance
New York University New York, New York Master of Science in Cybersecurity
New York University New York, New York Master of Science in Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy
Norfolk State University Norfolk, Virginia MS Cybersecurity
Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois Online Masters in Information Systems – Information Systems Security Specialization
Nova Southeastern University Fort Lauderdale, Florida Master of Science in Cybersecurity Management
Nova Southeastern University Fort Lauderdale, Florida Master of Science in Information Assurance & Cybersecurity
Old Dominion University Norfolk, Virginia Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Our Lady of the Lake University San Antonio, Texas Master of Science in Information Systems and Security (MS-ISS)
Pace University-New York New York, New York Master of Science in Internet Technology – Cybersecurity
Pace University-New York New York, New York Online Master of Science in Internet Technology – Cybersecurity
Pennsylvania State Main Campus University Park, Pennsylvania Master of Professional Studies in Homeland Security – Cyber Threat Analytics and Prevention Option
Pennsylvania State Main Campus University Park, Pennsylvania Master of Professional Studies in Homeland Security – Information Security and Forensics Option
Pennsylvania State Main Campus University Park, Pennsylvania Master of Professional Studies in Information Sciences – Cybersecurity and Information Assurance
Purdue University Global Indianapolis, Indiana Master of Science in Cybersecurity Management
Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana Master of Science in Computer and Information Technology – Cyberforensics
Quinnipiac University Hamden, Connecticut Online Master of Science in Cyber Security
Regis University Denver, Colorado Master of Science in Information Assurance – Cyber Security Specialization
Robert Morris University Moon Township, Pennsylvania Master of Science in Cyber Security and Information Assurance
Saint Leo University Saint Leo, Florida Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Sam Houston State University Huntsville, Texas Master of Science in Digital Forensics
Sam Houston State University Huntsville, Texas Master of Science in Information Assurance and Security
Sans Technology Institute Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Cyber Security Master’s Degree
Southern Arkansas University Main Campus Magnolia, Arkansas Master of Science in Computer and Information Science – Cyber Security and Privacy Option
Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas Online Masters in Cybersecurity
Southern New Hampshire University Manchester, New Hampshire Master of Science in Cyber Security
Southern New Hampshire University Manchester, New Hampshire Master of Science in Information Technology – Information Security
Southern Utah University Cedar City, Utah Master of Cyber Security & Information Assurance
St. Bonaventure University St. Bonaventure, New York Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, New Jersey Master of Science – Cybersecurity
Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, New Jersey Master of Science in Computer Science – Secure Systems Focus
Stevenson University Stevenson, Maryland Online Master of Science in Cyber Forensics
Stevenson University Stevenson, Maryland Online Master of Science in Digital Forensics
Stratford University Fairfax, Virginia Master of Science in Digital Forensics
Strayer University Arlington, Virginia Master of Science in Information Assurance
Strayer University Arlington, Virginia Master of Science in Information Systems: Computer Forensic Management
Sullivan University Louisville, Kentucky Master of Science in Cyber Security
Syracuse University Syracuse, New York M.S. In Cybersecurity Online
Talladega College Talladega, Alabama Master of Computer Information Systems – Cybersecurity Concentration
The University of West Florida Pensacola, Florida Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Towson University Towson, Maryland MS in Applied Information Technology: Information Security and Assurance
Tulane University New Orleans, Louisiana Master of Professional Studies in Cybersecurity Management
University of Advanced Technology Tempe, Arizona Master of Science in Cyber Security
University of Alabama and Birmingham Birmingham, Alabama Online Master of Science in Management Information Systems – Cyber Security Management
University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona MS in Management Information Systems with Emphasis in Information Assurance
University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona Online Master’s in Cybersecurity
University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida Digital Forensics MS
University of Charleston Charleston, West Virginia Online Master of Science in Cybersecurity
University of Colorado Boulder Boulder, Colorado Master of Science in Technology, Cybersecurity and Policy
University of Colorado Denver Denver, Colorado Master of Science in Recording Arts – Media Forensics Emphasis
University of Dallas Dallas, Texas Master of Business Administration – Cybersecurity Concentration
University of Dallas Dallas, Texas Masters of Science (M.S.) in Cybersecurity
University of Delaware Newark, Delaware Online Master of Science in Cybersecurity
University of Denver Denver, Colorado Information Systems Security Master degree
University of Detroit Mercy Detroit, Michigan Master of Science in Information Assurance (MS-IA)
University of Fairfax Roanoke, Virginia Master of Science in Cybersecurity Management
University of Fairfax Roanoke, Virginia Master of Science in Information Security Management ( MSISM )
University of Houston – Downtown Houston, Texas Master of Security Management (MSM)
University of Idaho Moscow, Idaho MS in Computer Science – Information Assurance
University of Maryland – Global Campus (formerly UMUC) Adelphi, Maryland Master of Science in Cybersecurity
University of Maryland – Global Campus (formerly UMUC) Adelphi, Maryland Master of Science in Cybersecurity Policy
University of Maryland – Global Campus (formerly UMUC) Adelphi, Maryland Master of Science in Information Technology – Homeland Security Management
University of Maryland – Global Campus (formerly UMUC) Adelphi, Maryland Master of Science in Information Technology – Information Assurance
University of Massachusetts-Lowell Lowell, Massachusetts Online Master of Science in Security Studies: Cyber Security Concentration
University of Missouri-Saint Louis Saint Louis, Missouri Master of Science (M.S.)in Cybersecurity
University of Nevada-Reno Reno, Nevada Online M.S. in Cybersecurity
University of New Haven West Haven, Connecticut Master of Science in Investigations – Digital Forensics
University of New Mexico-Main Campus Albuquerque, New Mexico The Master of Science in Information Systems and Assurance
University of North Dakota Grand Forks, North Dakota Online Master of Science in Cyber Security
University of Rhode Island Kingston, Rhode Island Master’s in Computer Science – Digital Forensics
University of Rhode Island Kingston, Rhode Island Professional Science Masters in Cyber Security
University of San Diego San Diego, California Master of Science in Cyber Security Operations and Leadership
University of South Florida-Main Campus Tampa, Florida Master Degree in Cybersecurity with a concentration in Cyber Intelligence
University of South Florida- Main Campus Tampa, Florida Master’s in Cybersecurity – Digital Forensics
University of Southern California Los Angeles, California Master of Science in Cyber Security Engineering
University of Cumberlands Williamsburg, Kentucky Master of Science in Digital Forensics
University of Cumberlands Williamsburg, Kentucky Master of Science in Information Systems Security
University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Green Bay, Wisconsin Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Valparaiso University Valparaiso, Indiana Online Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Villanova University Villanova, Pennsylvania Master of Science in Cybersecurity
Virginia Tech Blacksburg, Virginia Online Master of Information Technology – Security Track
Walden University Minneapolis, Minnesota Master of Science in Information Technology – Information Assurance and Cyber Security Track
Western Governors University Salt Lake City, Utah Master of Science in Cybersecurity and Information Assurance
University of California-Berkeley Berkeley, California Master of Information and Cybersecurity (MICS)
Utica College Utica, New York Online Master of Science in Cybersecurity

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Source: https://cybersguards.com/a-guide-for-choosing-the-right-online-masters-in-cybersecurity/

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