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The Rise of Containers: Comparing Amazon ECS and Google Kubernetes

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Kubernetes is a system that helps with the scaling, deployment, and management of containerized applications. Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) is a fully managed container orchestration service that helps to scale, deploy, and manage containers. ECS is a service that allows developers to run applications in the cloud without the need to configure an environment for the code to run in. It enables developers with AWS accounts to deploy and manage scalable applications that run on a group of servers called Clusters.

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Explore different tools & platforms for hassle-free and easy management of K8s clusters, here in this blog. Read further to know more!

The Rise of Containers

Today, it wouldn’t be wrong to consider containers and microservice-based architectures as key threads in the fabric of next-gen tools and technologies to modernize enterprise applications. The basic concept behind the approach is to replace traditional, monolithic app development with a Microservices architecture supported by the cloud, API-based services, CI/CD pipelines, and cloud-native storage.

But how easy is the adoption of these advanced tools? Do you have the basic foundation and setup for adopting containers and is your container strategy sustainable for the long haul? These are some of the many challenges that organizations face while adopting containers.

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Container Adoption Challenges

“By 2022, more than 75% of global organizations will be running containerized applications in production”, says a report published by Gartner, Inc.

The use of container strategies is proliferating in multiple IT scenarios, but it’s not a simple plug-and-play. The process gets highly complicated when it comes to executing them at scale and many organizations have only partial knowledge of doing it. 

If you’re planning to shift applications to containers and Kubernetes, you need to introspect the security and compliance implications as well. Addressing container security risks and issues later in the development life cycle can hinder the pace of cloud adoption and lead to huge losses in the end.

Fifty-four percent of containers live for five minutes or less, which is why managing containers and gaining deep insights into what actually is happening inside them is extremely challenging. Moreover, the monitoring tools and processes aren’t potent enough to provide complete visibility into these dynamic container environments. 

So, what’s the solution?

Kubernetes, yes, you guessed it right! Kubernetes is the real key to container orchestration. There are many other tools and platforms, besides Kubernetes, that can help to manage, deploy & scale containers and ECS is one of them.

Let’s talk about ECS, Kubernetes, and how our product BuildPiper makes Kubernetes- microservices application ready with Managed Kubernetes and much more!

Here, in this blog, you’ll get to know,

What is ECS?
– What is Kubernetes?
– How can Kubernetes help?
– Limitations of ECS
– Kubernetes vs ECS
– What should one choose?

Let’s begin,

What is ECS?

Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) is a fully managed container orchestration service that helps to scale, deploy, and manage containers. It allows the developers to run applications in the cloud without the need to configure an environment for the code to run in.

It enables developers with AWS accounts to deploy and manage scalable applications that run on a group of servers called Clusters — through application program interface (API) calls and task definitions. 

What is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is a system that helps with the scaling, deployment, and management of containerized applications. With the use of Kubernetes, software teams now no longer need to worry about assigning jobs to individual servers.

Instead, Kubernetes decides which server in the fleet is the right fit to handle the entire workload. In case a server fails, Kubernetes automatically moves the applications to a different, healthy server. No doubt, the technology is complicated but it is strategic too.

How Can Kubernetes Help?

Kubernetes enables the DevOps team to focus on managing and scaling the applications by acting as a middleware in between the infrastructure and applications. Kubernetes is an active community with the strong backing of major companies and institutions like the CNCF.

Besides ensuring smooth and hassle-free container management, here are a few other ways in which Kubernetes can help with better and effective handling of containers.

Fully Open Source
Kubernetes can be used both on-premise or in the cloud without any need to change the container orchestration strategy. Kubernetes is fully open source and can be redeployed without any licensing fees.

Flexibility
Kubernetes can handle requirements with complete flexibility. With Kubernetes, you have complete and granular control over how your workload can scale. This allows you to avoid vendor lock-in with ECS or any other container services when you need to make the switch to a more powerful platform.

High Availability and Scalability
Kubernetes supports and has built-in features that help with load balancing and self-healing. Autoscaling ensures that the workloads always have the right amount of computing resources available. Autoscaling automatically scales up or down the number of computing resources that are being allocated to your application based on the applications’ needs.

Most of the large enterprises and tech giants believe that Kubernetes is the first primary step to building scalable modern applications and they are adopting K8s to overcome container adoption barriers that had stopped them since long from using containers.

Spotify is one of a kind. As stated in this case study, Spotify has observed significant cost-saving values by leveraging Kubernetes benefits. The company observed 2-3x CPU utilization by using the orchestration capabilities of K8s, which resulted in better spend optimization.

Limitations of ECS

Though ECS is being widely adopted by enterprises both big and small, it has a few limitations. In fact, these are some of the benefits of Amazon ECS that can be considered to be restrictions, depending on your commitment to the AWS ecosystem.

Vendor lock-in: With Amazon ECS, the containers can only be deployed on Amazon. Moreover, ECS can only manage containers that it has created.

Limited Storage: With Amazon ECS, the external storage is limited to Amazon, including Amazon EBS.

Validated within Amazon: ECS, being a product of Amazon, is not publicly available for deployment outside Amazon.

Much of the ECS code is not publicly available: Only some of the parts of ECS, such as AWS Blox, which is a framework that helps customers build custom schedulers, are open-source from Amazon.

Kubernetes and ECS – Key Differences!

Listed below are some of the major differences between ECS and Kubernetes. Hope studying this would help you decide which container orchestration platform would be the perfect fit for your business needs. 

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Amazon ECS or Google Kubernetes- What should one choose?

Between the challenges of ‘needing a highly-skilled team’ for handling Kubernetes management to ‘vendor lock-ins & other limitations’ of ECS, what should one choose? You may want to choose a platform that not only enables Managed Kubernetes across Multi/hybrid clouds but also accelerates the entire microservices journey of an application, for which you need Kubernetes in the first place.

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Source: https://hackernoon.com/ecs-vs-kubernetes-the-ultimate-showdown?source=rss

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The Millennium Project Overview.pptx

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“Ethical Markets highly recommends this Overview of all the achievements of our partner, the Millennium Project and its leaders Jerome Glenn, Ted Gordon and Elizabeth Florescu.  We are proud of these achievement and I am honored to still serve on its Planning Committee .

Hazel Henderson, Editor“

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Source: https://www.ethicalmarkets.com/the-millennium-project-overview-pptx/

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Book Review: “Beyond Knowledge: How Technology Is Driving An Age of Consciousness

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A Highly Original Exploration of the Next Stage in Human Evolution

Book Review

By: Hazel Henderson

I enjoyed this book immensely.  As a colleague of Professor Halal some years ago on a tech forecasting project within the World Future Society, I was happy to re-connect and with this invitation to write this Foreword.

“BEYOND KNOWLEDGE: Technology to Create an Age of Consciousness “is a highly original exploration of the next stage of human evolution, as planet Earth is now teaching us directly.  As I have also stressed, the planet is now our programmed learning environment, mirroring back to humans the global problems we have caused due to our limited perception. This feedback from planet Earth is forcing us to mature, as Halal describes in such innovative and useful detail.  We are looking at ourselves and learning to assess in new ways our limited cognition, our emotions and our continual conscious and sub-conscious processing of the realities of our condition.  The growing calamities of floods, fires, superstorms, biodiversity losses, species extinctions and more frequently zoonotic viruses and the COVID-19 Pandemic are Nature’s current lessons and feedbacks to assist our cognitive and spiritual development.

As Halal points out, if we cannot evolve to overcome our cognitive and emotional infancy and mature into full, wise adulthood, we will not survive. I agree and believe that many other species will take over the constantly evolving life processes of planet Earth.   I was forced to confront the “Global MegaCrisis“ which Halal and our mutual friend and colleague, futurist Michael Marien have described so  succinctly.

In the 1960s, I organized Citizens for Clean Air to inform New Yorkers of the polluted air they were breathing. We ran a free ad campaign with the help of a volunteer ad agency and some enlightened media executives.   We showed the late Robert F. Kennedy who was running for his Senate seat, all the sources of this pollution and why we were campaigning to correct the GDP, so as to subtract, not add these pollution costs.  Kennedy’s speech on these problems of GDP at the University of Kansas, became a rallying cry for reform of this obsolete indicator, still too often quoted as a measure of national “progress“!   In 1975, I joined Lester Brown on the founding board of the WorldWatch Institute, and again, I was forced to  face up  to this Global MegaCrisis at every board meeting, as the human effects on planetary ecosystems deteriorated.

So William Halal’s deep dive into how humans have evolved over millennia and created our technological tools is enlightening and demonstrates high ethical principles for examining the ways we must change and mature into deeper consciousness.  Halal shows how our new information tools are reflecting back our need to examine our own consciousness and how we must evolve beyond acquiring scientific knowledge toward also studying our belief systems, our religions and spiritual motivations.

This indeed, is the next page of the human agenda open before us.  This task far outweighs the mad dash of trivial innovations geared to short-term profits so typical of Silicon Valley’s adolescent culture.  Halal instead offers his own innovative approach: seeing and assessing our technologies as our latest “tools of consciousness”!  This goes far beyond the remit of such government research agencies as the US Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) which was shut down in 1996, slaying the messenger informing us of our planetary depredations.  I served on OTA’s Technology Assessment Advisory Council, and I am heartened that the US Congress has an effort by over forty members to fund OTA, and the Biden Administration seems equally committed.

Meanwhile, I have taken Halal’s new tool to heart.  This “tool of consciousness” approach has helped me see myself, my daily work, my virtual electronic presentations more clearly, as well as my moods, attitudes, physical fitness and my preparations for my company’s succession and my own coming experience of leaving this incarnation and going virtual.

In all the chapters of “BEYOND KNOWLEDGE”, Halal uses this guiding spiritual, consciousness framework, to explore how we humans are progressing along the path to the kind of wisdom and maturity necessary to manage our further evolution in the Age of the Anthropocene.

Halal’s chapters on “Uniting Spirit & Science”; “A New Social Contract“;  “Democratic Enterprise“; “Virtual Education“;  and “From Religion to  Spirit to Global Ethics“ provide  deeper grounding in our current situation.  They are consistent with the 16 Principles of The Earth Charter, developed since its launch at the Earth Summit in 1992, and ratified by thousands of NGOs, academics, government officials, cities, investors and business leaders.  I attended its launch in 2000 at the Peace Palace in The Hague and still remain an advocate of this universal declaration of human responsibilities to complement Eleanor Roosevelt’s effort in the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights.  No rights without responsibilities, as we are learning!

This book is a wise contribution to the great global debate on the Global MegaCrisis.  It is also a feast, and provides an enduring roadmap to guide the human family toward a sane, viable sustainable future.  We are living through stressful times, yet stress is evolution’s tool forcing species to adapt.  Breakdowns drive breakthroughs!

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Hazel Henderson is a global futurist and her eleven books and current research continue to map the worldwide transition from the fossil-fueled Industrial Era to the renewable circular economies emerging in a knowledge-rich, cleaner, greener and wiser future. Ethical Markets Media Certified B. Corporation, which Hazel founded in 2004 after 20 years advising the Calvert Group of socially-responsible mutual funds, continues the work of reforming markets and metrics to guide investors toward our long-term survival on planet Earth. In the 1960s, with the help of a volunteer ad agency and enlightened media executives, Hazel organized Citizens for Clean Air to inform New Yorkers of the polluted air they were breathing. They showed the late Robert F. Kennedy, then running for his Senate seat, all the sources of this pollution and why they were campaigning to correct the GDP to subtract, not add, these pollution costs.  Kennedy’s speech on the GDP problem at the University of Kansas became a rallying cry for reform of this obsolete indicator, still too often quoted as a measure of national “progress“!  In 1975, Hazel joined Lester Brown on the founding board of the World Watch Institute, and again, she was forced to face up to this Global MegaCrisis at every board meeting, as the human effects on planetary ecosystems deteriorated. For more, see Hazel’s recent presentation at the Family Office Forum in Singapore, March 5th.  Hazel can be reached at [email protected]

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Source: https://www.ethicalmarkets.com/book-review-beyond-knowledge-how-technology-is-driving-an-age-of-consciousness/

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Researchers make Synthetic Starch out of Carbon Dioxide

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Brimming with bio stories on #regulation, the businesses transitioning to #carbonneutral, the latest investments in #futurefoods.

‘Bioresearch of the Week’ is back with innovations & discoveries in the fields of health, materials, and farming, and ‘Biomass Innovations Under Investigation Part 4: Forestry and Energy Crops’.   And  making Synthetic Starch from CO2 !

Best of the Newsroom 

MeliBio Presents First Real Honey Made Without Bees

MeliBio, Inc. has revealed its real honey, made without bees. The company, which uses proprietary technology, will offer the plant-based ingredient for B2B customers and foodservice

>> Read the article

Germany Reveals First Commercial Plant Making Clean Jet Fuel

German officials presented what they said is the world’s first commercial plant for making synthetic kerosene, which is promoted as a climate-friendly fuel of the future.

>> Read the article

British Army Begins Push to Embrace Renewable

The UK Army opened the doors of its first pilot photovoltaic solar farm late last week, under a £200m programme known as Project Prometheus that is intended to increase the military’s use of renewable power.

>> Read the article

Xi Jinping Announces An End To Coal Use

The President of China announced that China is working to end its coal-fire projects abroad and at home. China accounts for 54% of the world’s coal-created electricity, making the country the biggest consumer of coal.

>> Read the article

French Fashion Group Kering Is Going Completely Fur Free

One of the largest luxury companies in >world, Kering took the decision for all of its brands to stop using any kind of animal fur, demonstrating how consumer demand for sustainable clothing and accessories is increasing.

>> Read the article

ESWET Responds to EP Report on Methane Emissions

European Suppliers of Waste-to-Energy Technology welcomes the European Parliament’s report that “supports bold actions to minimize the damages methane causes to the environment”.

>> Read the article

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Source: https://www.ethicalmarkets.com/researchers-make-synthetic-starch-out-of-carbon-dioxide/

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“Wows, no more cows?” by Nick Silver

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Governments, large corporations and investors are frantically announcing climate change pledges. Trillions of dollars are being invested in the transition to net zero, and many investors are disinvesting from fossil fuel companies, with a resultant hammering of the valuations of these companies, bringing into question their future viability.

To transfer away from fossil fuels in many sectors – such as personal transport and electricity generation – is happening as we speak. getting our power from renewables is now cheaper than traditional sources, and we can perfectly happily drive round in electric cars, with the added bonus of being able to smugly drive past lines of internal combustion engine cars queuing for petrol.

There are more difficult sectors to abate, like shipping. Yet even for these there, is a feasible transition to net zero – for example ships could switch to green hydrogen or ammonia. Admittedly this is difficult; but if you could get the industries to line up and make a quick shift at scale, prices would rapidly drop, at some point in the future a profitable shipping industry would emerge and consumers wouldn’t notice the difference.

Even so, there is one sector which represents about 20 per cent of emissions, which would need to be removed.

There are currently around 1.5 billion cows on the planet. A cow weighs about 10 times more than a human; the total mass of cows is about twice that of the human population. Also, as people get richer, they generally eat more meat, so this number is trending up.

Cows are inefficient machines for converting plants to calories, so they need a lot of land, mainly to produce food for the cows. If we just ate the plants directly, we’d need only about a third of the land that we currently use for agriculture. We could use all this extra land for stuff like growing trees to suck carbon out of the atmosphere, or dare I say, returning it to nature.

I’m just giving the reader a conception here of why cows need so much land. The environmental damage – not just climate but species and habitat loss and so on – caused by these 1.5 billion cows has been catalogued elsewhere and in summary the word ‘catastrophic’ would be a massive understatement. I am also not going to get into a moral debate about the ethics of eating meat.

It is no doubt true that there are some humane farms which treat their cows nicely, but large scale factory farming is too horrible for most of us to contemplate. I’ve never had the misfortune of visiting a meat packer, but from all the reports I’ve read a visit would turn a meat lover vegan. In wealthy countries like the UK, the native population refuse to work in them, so they have to import labour from poorer countries who are prepared to endure the working conditions. Not to put a too fine a point on it, these are shit jobs that no one wants, and do nothing for domestic employment.

The easiest way to reduce the environmental impact of this industry would be behavioural change, people could massively cut down on their meat and dairy consumption. Governments could help this by taxing meat and dairy, and subsidising substitutes, and also running public health campaigns against meat (it would be massively beneficial for people’s health to cut down meat consumption). Instead, they do the opposite, subsidising the meat and dairy industry and blocking anti-meat and dairy advertising.

There has been a trend, especially amongst young and educated, to eat less meat. Data seems to suggest that there have been modest declines in beef consumption in wealthier countries. Yet, without massive government intervention it’s unlikely that this would ever be on the scale needed and also would be swamped out by increasing wealth of consumers in developing countries.

Even so, there is another, technological, fix on the horizon, namely lab grown meat (and synthetic dairy) which should be game-changers. The first lab grown burger costs $280,000, the price has now dropped to $10, and from what we have seen with other technologies such as microchip and solar panels, once new technology is scaled up, the price continues to drop.

It’s quite hard to convince people to switch to being vegetarian, but if you offer people two very similar products – a cow burger and a lab-grown burger –  and if the latter is cheaper and healthier (you don’t need to pump lab-grown meat with hormones and anti-biotics), many more people would switch.

Added to this, the biggest purchasers of beef are companies like McDonald’s which have climate change commitments and face investor pressure to reduce emissions – switching to lab-grown meat for them should also be a no-brainer. The same would be true for multinationals who make dairy products.

The dairy and meat industries have survived scrutiny to date because they are a powerful industry and lobbying group and often rural communities have disproportionately large influence on politics, but also because most people like meat and dairy products and don’t like to be told that this is wrong.

But all this could change, with increasing climate impacts, there is increasing political and popular will to reduce emissions, there will be an alignment of corporate and finance against high carbon emitters. At the same time, there are real (and possibly better, cheaper and better funded) substitutes for meat coming to supermarkets and restaurants. The smart money is already going towards meat and dairy substitutes – for example Oatly, a company which makes oat milk, was recently valued at $10 billion.

The unacknowledged alliance between meat eating voters and dairy industry will be broken, and overwhelmed by the new alliance of politics, popular pressure and big finance. This may seem unlikely, but it’s currently happening to the fossil fuel industry and that seemed even more unlikely until it happened.

Which means that meat producers should and will be looking to switch supply chains to lab-grown meat and synthetic dairy. The likely result is that Big Ag, and large food suppliers, such as supermarkets, will be fine as they can just switch suppliers. But anyone involved in the animal business, such as cattle herders and dairy farmers basically have no long-term future. Sure, there will be a market for small scale, high end, organic producers, but these are only a tiny proportion of the industry.

As always the people least equipped to change will be the hardest hit – small and medium sized farmers. To avoid disaster for these people, governments should be telling meat and dairy producers that that they should look to do something else, and should help farmers and other in the supply chain to re-tool and re-train.

Needless to say they won’t. To any of these people reading, I am sorry to have to deliver this message, and I am sorry to say that you have been let down by your representatives like the NFU and the government for not being straight with you and not having any foresight.

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Source: https://www.ethicalmarkets.com/wows-no-mor-cows-by-nick-silver/

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