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The Evolution of Building Management Systems: From Limited Control to a Fully Integrated Digital Twin

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Illustration: © IoT For All

Although a Building Management System (BMS) may seem like a new concept, it has been around for 50+ years. Traditionally, a BMS is a computer-based control system that is installed in a building and used to monitor and regulate its mechanical and electrical systems. These systems may include lighting, ventilation, power, elevator, and security.

Throughout the years, the BMS has developed and evolved with the rise of BMS technology, especially within the Commercial Real Estate (CRE) market. This has resulted in the three different classifications of BMS systems that this article will address: single integration BMS, partial integration BMS (via IoT enabled devices), and fully enabled BMS utilizing Digital Twin.

Smart-Building-Evolution-Infographic

Single Integration BMS

Single integration BMS has been utilized within the CRE industry for decades to increase operational efficiency and reduce energy costs. However, small and medium-size CRE buildings have experienced minimal cost benefits due to the limited interconnectivity the single integration BMS provides. This traditional BMS contains disparate subsystems installed within a building office. Each has their own individual IT infrastructure, and only building management/facility management staff are granted access to these systems. All the disparate subsystems in a building, such as HVAC and lighting remain disconnected and are managed separately by manual intervention.

So what does this look like? Older buildings with single BMSs will often have facility staff regularly checking each system within the building. This person keeps track of all their recorded data on each system. They need to manually interpret this data correctly in order to act accordingly to best operate the building systems.

For example, to inspect and maintain a building’s HVAC systems, a facility manager would have to go around to each floor of the building, manually record the humidity reading, and repeat these steps daily, weekly, and seasonally. Also, keep in mind that facilities personnel can only check up on subsystems while present, within the building. This process is both time-consuming and costly, as problem fixes and system adjustments cannot be addressed and modified in real-time.

BMS System Adoption

As subsystems grew and became more complex, the need for improved energy efficiency and more integrated building management solutions also grew. Luckily, the Internet of Things (IoT) for buildings developed around 2010 and quickly became a game-changer. As a result, there was the adoption of integrated BMS systems, combining a few individual subsystems that could now communicate with one another. For businesses, this meant the rise of remote monitoring, condition-based maintenance, and automated labor scheduling. Through data collection, analysis, and automated control, these interconnected IoT technologies became very valuable to facility management staff.

Facility managers could now electronically receive notifications on their mobile devices. This allows them to make adjustments to building subsystems without the need for physical presence or even on-site presence much quicker. As an example, if the occupancy level drops to zero within an office, the facility staff will receive a notification to turn off all the lights in that room. This change can then be made remotely, saving a great deal of time and energy. As illustrated, the goal for IoT integrated BMS’s remains the same as those from earlier-stages: to optimize building performance, and in turn, save money.

Digital Twins

Fast forward to today, Digital Twins are transforming the BMS and CRE industries. Digital Twins connect previously disparate BMSs to remotely monitor processes and optimize work-flows. But, they also bring something new to the table. Digital Twins provide new insights in real-time, offering new ways for organizations to maximize increased efficiencies and reduce costs.

Digital Twins enable an advanced approach to building management, through real-time decision making, as well as a deeper focus on tenant experience. Fully enabled Digital Twins address the limitations of a BMS by unlocking meaningful insights for CRE owners, occupants, and operators.

A BMS can modulate the lighting to accommodate for low occupancy. But, only a fully enabled Digital Twin can provide deeper context to elucidate the decline in occupancy. A Digital Twin can highlight that the room has substandard airflow, causing occupant discomfort, and therefore few occupants. These technologies not only deliver the current state of building subsystems but, through the collection of data, they also provide a map of system trends to influence future management decisions. The technology provides real-time data on how assets such as lighting and HVAC are influenced by interactions between people, processes, and connected things.

Digital Twin & CRE

Digital Twin technology in operations and maintenance is more relevant now than ever, following COVID-19 and the reopening of more buildings. CRE companies must ensure they are taking all measures to minimize the risk of the virus within their buildings while still performing daily tasks. Fortunately, Digital Twins will enable CRE buildings to be better equipped to maintain safe spaces. Let’s take a look at some examples of vital use cases for maintaining clean, healthy, and virus-free work environments.

  • Contactless entry and exit of buildings are made possible through Digital Twin’s integration of building access systems. This integration enables all tenants to avoid contact with door handles by using their phones as access cards for safe entry and exit.
  • In addition, through the use of a Digital Twin empowered tenant experience app, building management teams can communicate and update accurate social distancing policies. The app informs tenants through their mobile devices immediately when there is a new policy update.
  • Digital Twin also ensures best cleaning practices for building offices, by enabling automated cleaning schedules. This means that common areas and most used rooms will be more effectively set-up for regular cleaning.

Building Management & Smart Buildings

Consider, with the use of Digital Twin connected sensors, workplaces will be well prepared for preventing the spread of the virus. For example, occupancy sensors can be utilized to enforce social distancing policies, a notification will be generated for the building management team when a space exceeds capacity. This will provide the building management team with immediate, actionable insight based on the data collected through occupancy sensors. Also, these sensors can monitor humidity, airflow and air quality levels and can be regulated through Digital Twin to regulate and adjust to optimum standards.

The Digital Twin enables what is now considered Smart Buildings. Smart BMSs are constantly evolving to best fit the needs of today’s owners, operators, and occupants within the CRE industry. Today, as we start to imagine a post-COVID-19 world and begin the shift back to working in-office, it is evident that now is the best time for businesses to consider implementing Digital Twin technology. This technology allows organizations and building managers to remain resilient and in control of their environments at a time when everything feels uncertain.

It is without a doubt that this contextual model of an entire organization and its operation will make the future of building operations and tenant experiences seamless and safer.

Source: https://www.iotforall.com/evolution-building-management-systems/

IOT

Consumer Interest in IoT Devices Varies Among Gender, Need

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🟥 We’ve all seen a horror movie where a killer finds a conveniently unlocked door, pushes open a window, or breaks a glass windowpane without alerting the unsuspecting residents. Bad news for Michael Myers: developments in smart home technology have made it a little harder for these intruders to break in — in fact, that’s the main draw of this technology for some people who buy them.

🚀 What if, upon hearing a suspicious noise outside, you could tell your phone to lock your doors? Or if you could call the police to your residence simply by shouting the command out loud?

It might make horror movies a little less interesting, but it also makes real people safer. 🔻

A survey conducted by home insurance company Hippo broke down what drives consumer interest in smart home devices, finding varied results among gender and purpose. The survey asked 1,000 smart tech users to share their opinions. ⤵

➤ Women look for safety first; men want convenience ⤵

👉 If life was a horror movie, women might have the upper hand. Survey data showed that women are most interested in purchasing home monitoring systems and technology that will keep them safe. The general consensus was that smart alarm systems are the way to go when shopping for smart home tech.

Men, on the other hand, are more interested in energy-saving technologies that will help lower their utility bills. They’re also looking for technologies that will make their lives easier. When it comes to protection, however, men tend to opt for camera systems.🔻

➤ Overall, convenience is key

More than just scaring away things that go bump in the night, smart home technology has opened up a world of possibilities for people looking to make their lives more convenient. You can unlock your front door with your cell phone, adjust the thermostat without leaving your seat, and ask Alexa for that final recipe step without having to wash off flour-covered hands.

🔺Among homeowners, this added convenience was the biggest driver of smart home excitement — 46% of them said this was why they decided to invest. Also driving smart home tech sales are home monitoring capabilities, 17%; added protection, 16%; and lower utility bills, 16%.👇

➤ Today’s smart homes ⤵

🚩 It’s more common than not for a home to have some sort of IoT device, whether it’s a Google Alexa device or a doorbell with a camera attached. Today’s smart homes have a variety of devices performing a variety of functions. The most common four are the following: 🔽

◆ Smart appliances: Appliances like laundry machines, dishwashers, and refrigerators can be hooked up to a smartphone to alert you when you’re out of milk or let you start preheating the oven before you leave work.

◆ Alarm systems: With a smart alarm system, your phone will let you know any time someone opens or closes a door, a window opens or smoke is detected in your home.

◆ Cameras: Smart cameras can send footage to your phone so you can monitor an outdoor pet’s activity, or make sure no one is snooping around your property.

◆ Smart thermostat: A smart thermostat lets you control the temperature from your smartphone and can let you set the temperature to automatically increase or decrease based on lifestyle patterns or weather.

If it sounds like we’re living in the world of tomorrow, it’s because we are. Smart devices have made life more convenient, safer, and more connected than ever — what once required time and effort can now be done seamlessly from your mobile device.

🔥🚀 With a smart camera that alerts you every time a door or window is opened, good luck to the slasher movie villains of yesteryear.

 

↘ Source: Emily is a content creator for Hippo. When she’s not typing away at a computer, you can find her hiking with her dog or doing a crossword.

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AI

Forecasting for Fall Uncertainties 

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Here is how supply chain executives can prepare for the onset of fall and winter as pandemic forces continue to impact the business. (Credit: Getty Images) 

By Scott Lundstrom, Analyst, Supply Chain Futures 

Over the last several months, the supply chain planning community has been faced with the question of how to deal with increased uncertainty as we enter the fall. While we are adjusting to COVID-19, we are not overcoming it. Pandemic forces will continue to impact our business as we enter the fall and move into winter. Widespread vaccine availability is still 9 to 12 months away for most people. Environmental and climate disruption challenges continue unabated. Political instability and challenges still dominate the front page.  

Scott Lundstrom, Analyst, Supply Chain Futures

Our relatively stable world of global supply chains has been upended in ways we could never imagine. What is a supply chain executive to do? While it might sound obvious at this point, COVID has impressed upon us all the need for digital transformation to drive resiliency and agility into our operations. First and foremost, we need to adopt an outside-in view of the supply chain. Viewing the supply chain as a demand-driven business network is essential to avoid execution failures, excess inventories, and the inevitable bullwhip effects of the chaotic business environment. AI and advanced supply chain and data analytics can help, but only if we have the data and processes required to make use of intelligence in creating agility and resiliency. 

Changes in philosophy and strategy – from efficiency to resiliency. This really has little to do with technology. Change management among senior leaders can be incredibly challenging but is an absolute necessity. Adopting a focus on outside-in thinking and customer experience can be difficult after many years of internal process optimization to reduce costs and minimize inventory. Analytics can play a role in gaining a better understanding of where we are experiencing difficulties, and disappointing customers 

Changes in sourcing agreements to improve supply stability and demand forecasting – Supply chain is a team sport. It is only by working with our partner suppliers that we can improve resiliency. Moves toward more flexible agreements that allow a range of order actions across multiple categories based on demand and availability will help make supply chains less brittle and restrictive. Partner data about tier 2 and tier 3 suppliers can help us improve our planning models to incorporate uncertainty in geopolitical, climate, logistic, and pandemic dimensions. Utilizing better, more detailed data about suppliers may be one of the most important changes we can make in improving the resilience of our planning optimization models. This is also essential data if we hope to utilize machine learning and auto ML in our planning models.  

Changes in logistics planning embracing flexibility and local supply – One of the biggest changes we will see in supply chains this fall is a desire to move toward more local sources of supply. Geographical complexities driven by lockdowns, limited global shipping capacity, and geopolitical instability are causing the pendulum to swing back toward more local sources of supply. 

Changes in supply and demand data requirements and digital twins – Real improvements in supply chain performance require more real time data. Real time data from customers, suppliers, distributors and logistic suppliers needs to be integrated to provide a real time view of the end-to-end process of meeting customer needs. Increasingly, supply chain software providers are turning to digital twin and digital thread data models to help provide this visibility. Advanced analytics and machine learning algorithms are ideally suited to identify and resolve issues when provided with this type of operating framework. Preparing for uncertainty and creating resilience should be a focus of every supply chain organization as we move into the next wave of pandemic uncertainty. Prepared organizations will experience much higher levels of customer satisfaction, and will experience better business outcomes and performance. 

Scott Lundstrom is an analyst focused on the intersection of AI, IoT and Supply Chains. See his blog at Supply Chain Futures. 

Source: https://www.aitrends.com/ai-in-industry/forecasting-for-fall-uncertainties/

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Top 10 Big Data trends of 2020

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Top 10 Big Data trends of 2020

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During the last few decades, Big Data has become an insightful idea in all the significant technical terms. Additionally, the accessibility of wireless connections and different advances have facilitated the analysis of large data sets. Organizations and huge companies are picking up strength consistently by improving their data analytics and platforms.

2019 was a major year over the big data landscape. In the wake of beginning the year with the Cloudera and Hortonworks merger, we’ve seen huge upticks in Big Data use across the world, with organizations running to embrace the significance of data operations and orchestration to their business success. The big data industry is presently worth $189 Billion, an expansion of $20 Billion more than 2018, and is set to proceed with its rapid growth and reach $247 Billion by 2022.

It’s the ideal opportunity for us to look at Big Data trends for 2020.

Chief Data Officers (CDOs) will be the Center of Attraction

The positions of Data Scientists and Chief Data Officers (CDOs) are modestly new, anyway, the prerequisite for these experts on the work is currently high. As the volume of data continues developing, the requirement for data professionals additionally arrives at a specific limit of business requirements.

CDO is a C-level authority at risk for data availability, integrity, and security in a company. As more businessmen comprehend the noteworthiness of this job, enlisting a CDO is transforming into the norm. The prerequisite for these experts will stay to be in big data trends for quite a long time.

Investment in Big Data Analytics

Analytics gives an upper hand to organizations. Gartner is foreseeing that organizations that aren’t putting intensely in analytics by the end of 2020 may not be ready to go in 2021. (It is expected that private ventures, for example, self-employed handymen, gardeners, and many artists, are excluded from this forecast.)

The real-time speech analytics market has seen its previously sustained adoption cycle beginning in 2019. The idea of customer journey analytics is anticipated to grow consistently, with the objective of improving enterprise productivity and the client experience. Real-time speech analytics and customer journey analytics will increase its popularity in 2020.

Multi-cloud and Hybrid are Setting Deep Roots

As cloud-based advances keep on developing, organizations are progressively liable to want a spot in the cloud. Notwithstanding, the process of moving your data integration and preparation from an on-premises solution to the cloud is more confounded and tedious than most care to concede. Additionally, to relocate huge amounts of existing data, organizations should match up to their data sources and platforms for a little while to months before the shift is complete.

In 2020, we hope to see later adopters arrive at a conclusion of having multi-cloud deployment, bringing the hybrid and multi-cloud philosophy to the front line of data ecosystem strategies.

Actionable Data will Grow

Another development concerning big data trends 2020 recognized to be actionable data for faster processing. This data indicates the missing connection between business prepositions and big data. As it was referred before, big data in itself is futile without assessment since it is unreasonably stunning, multi-organized, and voluminous. As opposed to big data patterns, ordinarily relying upon Hadoop and NoSQL databases to look at data in the clump mode, speedy data mulls over planning continuous streams.

Because of this data stream handling, data can be separated immediately, within a brief period in only a single millisecond. This conveys more value to companies that can make business decisions and start processes all the more immediately when data is cleaned up.

Continuous Intelligence

Continuous Intelligence is a framework that has integrated real-time analytics with business operations. It measures recorded and current data to give decision-making automation or decision-making support. Continuous intelligence uses several technologies such as optimization, business rule management, event stream processing, augmented analytics, and machine learning. It suggests activities dependent on both historical and real-time data.

Gartner predicts more than 50% of new business systems will utilize continuous intelligence by 2022. This move has begun, and numerous companies will fuse continuous intelligence during 2020 to pick up or keep up a serious edge.

Machine Learning will Continue to be in Focus

Being a significant innovation in big data trends 2020, machine learning (ML) is another development expected to affect our future fundamentally. ML is a rapidly developing advancement that used to expand regular activities and business processes

ML projects have gotten the most investments in 2019, stood out from all other AI systems joined. Automated ML tools help in making pieces of knowledge that would be difficult to separate by various methods, even by expert analysts. This big data innovation stack gives faster results and lifts both general productivity and response times.

Abandon Hadoop for Spark and Databricks

Since showing up in the market, Hadoop has been criticized by numerous individuals in the network for its multifaceted nature. Spark and managed Spark solutions like Databricks are the “new and glossy” player and have accordingly been picking up a foothold as data science workers consider them to be as an answer to all that they disdain about Hadoop.

However, running a Spark or Databricks work in data science sandbox and then promoting it into full production will keep on facing challenges. Data engineers will keep on requiring more fit and finish for Spark with regards to enterprise-class data operations and orchestration. Most importantly there are a ton of options to consider between the two platforms, and companies will benefit themselves from that decision for favored abilities and economic worth.

In-Memory Computing

In-memory computing has the additional advantage of helping business clients (counting banks, retailers, and utilities) to identify patterns rapidly and break down huge amounts of data without any problem. The dropping of costs for memory is a major factor in the growing enthusiasm for in-memory computing innovation.

In-memory innovation is utilized to perform complex data analyses in real time. It permits its clients to work with huge data sets with a lot more prominent agility. In 2020, in-memory computing will pick up fame because of the decreases in expenses of memory.

IoT and Big Data

There are such enormous numbers of advancements that expect to change the current business situations in 2020. It is hard to be aware of all that, however, IoT and digital gadgets are required to get a balance in big data trends 2020.

The function of IoT in healthcare can be seen today, likewise, the innovation joining with gig data is pushing companies to get better outcomes. It is expected that 42% of companies that have IoT solutions in progress or IoT creation in progress are expecting to use digitized portables within the following three years.

Digital Transformation Will Be a Key Component

Digital transformation goes together with the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning and big data. With IoT connected devices expected to arrive at a stunning 75 billion devices in 2025 from 26.7 billion presently, it’s easy to see where that big data is originating from. Digital transformation as IoT, IaaS, AI and machine learning is taking care of big data and pushing it to regions inconceivable in mankind’s history.

Source: https://www.fintechnews.org/top-10-big-data-trends-of-2020/

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