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Rage and Promises Followed Ferguson, but Little Changed

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America has been here before: a black man on the asphalt dying at the hands of the police. Convulsive protests across the country. A national reckoning. Vows to change.

The last time was August 2014. Michael Brown was the victim. Darren Wilson was the officer. Ferguson, Mo., was the place.

After the unrest that followed that fatal shooting, police departments spent tens of millions of dollars on body cameras, revised use-of-force policies and held training sessions in implicit bias and de-escalation. A presidential task force issued 153 recommendations and action items. The Justice Department forced seven troubled police departments into consent decrees with mandatory benchmarks aimed at reducing racial disparities and police brutality.

Six years after Mr. Brown’s body was left on the street for hours, the death of another African-American man, George Floyd, who begged for his life as a Minneapolis officer pressed a knee on his neck, came down like a verdict: The plan to remake American policing has failed.

The Minneapolis Police Department had itself been a beneficiary of that plan, as a pilot site for a federal program to increase trust in the criminal justice system. It had a measurable impact, said David Kennedy, a policing expert who worked on the project, but “it absolutely, obviously, transparently wasn’t enough.”

Attitudes have changed, yes. Police critics have been elected to positions of power. Some departments have decreased arrests, rethought stop-and-frisk policies and reduced police shootings. There have been successful experiments with diverting people to social services instead of jail.

But topline numbers, such as the overall count of people fatally shot by the police each year, have not budged. And even when departments pull back from aggressive policing, they often find that stark racial disparities linger — or worsen.

A federal after-action report found that the Ferguson police had escalated the tensions there by failing to understand the community’s problems and using “ineffective and inappropriate tactics” like the use of tear gas in unsafe conditions and without warning — tactics that now appear to have proliferated across the country.

Despite the renewed urgency every time a black man or woman dies needlessly at the hands of law enforcement, activists have found that the pace of change ranges from slow to glacial.

“We’ve had so many working groups. We’ve had so many recommendations,” said Valerie Castile, the mother of Philando Castile, who was fatally shot during a traffic stop in a Minneapolis suburb two years after the protests in Ferguson. During an online panel hosted by the Institute for Innovation in Prosecution, she added, “I’ve sat and talked for four years, but here I find myself again. The same situation. And I think we’ve covered everything you could possibly imagine about what we should do and what we could do, but nothing is being implemented.”

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Credit…Alyssa Schukar for The New York Times

The cycle of good intentions and valiant efforts resulting in marginal improvements has led to calls in recent days to cut funding for police departments or abolish them altogether. But it also leaves open the question of whether the renewed calls for reform after Mr. Floyd’s death will lead to lasting change.

Even attempts to quantify the problems have come up short. An F.B.I. database tracking the use of force by the police in cases like that of Mr. Brown will be made public for the first time this summer. And though it has taken five years to put in place, the tracker includes only 40 percent of the nation’s police officers.

A bill introduced this past week by congressional Democrats would require law enforcement agencies to report use-of-force data. An accounting of deaths in police custody, like that of Mr. Floyd, was mandated by Congress after Mr. Brown died, but it is behind schedule.

Despite widespread support, there are still no national standards for police recruitment, training or use of force.

But there are reports on top of reports and reforms on top of reforms. The Minneapolis Police Department agreed in recent days to ban chokeholds and require officers to intervene when they see misconduct. But the department had already established a duty to intervene in the years after the shooting in Ferguson.

Even before the recent deaths of Ahmaud Arbery near Brunswick, Ga.; Breonna Taylor in Louisville, Ky.; and Mr. Floyd, experts who have been involved in reshaping police departments were under no illusions that they had made enough progress. Police leaders who aim to make reforms have been stymied by significant obstacles like state laws, union opposition and contractual protections for officers accused of misconduct.

Experts say that federal leadership in efforts to improve policing under former President Barack Obama evaporated under President Trump.

Credit…Victor J. Blue for The New York Times

Amid concerns about police militarization, the Obama administration reined in a program that gave surplus equipment, including grenade launchers and armored vehicles, to police departments, but Mr. Trump lifted those restrictions.

The Obama administration embraced the use of consent decrees — mandatory, measurable plans overseen by independent monitors — to clean up troubled departments, a tool put in place after the videotaped beating of Rodney King in 1991.

Christy E. Lopez, a former Justice Department official who led police department investigations during the Obama administration, said experience had shown that in many cases nothing short of a consent decree could overcome obstacles like entrenched racism and union opposition.

Even though only a tiny percentage of the nation’s 18,000 police departments ever came under a consent decree, they set a tone, established best practices and put police leaders on notice that they, too, could come under scrutiny if they showed a “pattern and practice” of civil rights violations.

“There is something irreplaceable about the leadership of the federal government and the Department of Justice,” Ms. Lopez said.

The Trump administration ended the use of consent decrees and significantly curtailed a popular voluntary program, the collaborative reform initiative, which helped departments accomplish goals like reducing officer shootings.

Attorney General William P. Barr has famously attributed police abuses to “bad apples” and said that criticism of the police was emboldening those who disrespect the law. “I don’t think that the law enforcement system is systemically racist,” he said last Sunday in a television interview.

The move away from consent decrees began after a damning Justice Department report on the Chicago police in 2017 that had been expected to result in aggressive federal oversight. When the Illinois attorney general, Lisa Madigan, stepped in to place the department under a state consent decree instead, Jeff Sessions, then Mr. Trump’s attorney general, unsuccessfully opposed the move in federal court, despite having said that police oversight should be a state and local responsibility.

Last month, Seattle requested that it be released from the consent decree it has been under since 2012, describing itself as a reformed agency. But it reversed course after the Floyd demonstrations began and after the city received thousands of complaints about the actions of its officers.

Consent decrees have often been frustratingly slow to carry out, with even minor changes like requiring officers to give people business cards meeting with opposition. Still, in places like San Francisco and Chicago, they have had tangible results. In San Francisco, use-of-force episodes decreased by nearly half between the first quarter of 2016 and the first quarter of this year, and the percentage of subjects of force who were black fell to 37 from 47.

In Chicago, use-of-force incidents declined between 2015 and 2019, and shootings decreased by almost half. But the proportion of subjects of force who are African-American has stayed above 70 percent, while the city’s population is 30 percent African-American.

Experts say the demographic makeup of the general population is not a good benchmark because most people do not interact with the police. One study of fatal police shootings that took criminal activity into account found no overall racial disparity, but said that black victims were more likely to be unarmed and pose no immediate threat, while white victims were far more likely to have provoked the police to harm them, commonly referred to as “suicide by cop.”

Traffic stops are another way to measure department performance that is not driven by calls for service. Four years after a New York Times investigation found that the police in Greensboro, N.C., were disproportionately pulling over black motorists, the percentage had barely changed, though the total number of stops declined, according to the Open Data Policing project. The department was more than four times more likely to search a black driver than a white driver in 2019 — a greater disparity than four years before. In both groups the police reported finding contraband a third of the time.

Minneapolis itself is a study in how slow change can be even when leaders want it. The city, known for excessive uses of force against African-Americans, had hired two successive police chiefs hailed as reformers. The department had given officers training in implicit bias, reconciliation and “procedural justice,” which focuses on how officers treat the public. The city had overhauled its disciplinary system and invited a federal review of its Early Intervention System, which is supposed to flag officers who need coaching or more.

Unlike in Ferguson, the officers involved in Mr. Floyd’s death were quickly identified and fired, and then criminally charged. But that did not stop days of protest and vows by City Council members to dismantle the existing department entirely.

Credit…Ruth Fremson/The New York Times

Unions have worked particularly hard at limiting the consequences for officers who use force. Kathy Mitchell, a police reform advocate in Austin, Texas, said that in recent years groups have sought to emphasize de-escalation and moved to narrow the standard under which officers can use deadly force.

But the union fought the effort because officials believed it would put officer lives at risk, said Ken Casaday, the president of the Austin Police Association.

The result, Ms. Mitchell said, was mixed messages in the policies on de-escalation and use of force.

“With every gain that we’ve made, it has been followed by a period of grinding those gains down through a thousand cuts,” she said.

Members of civilian review boards meant to subject the police to community oversight perennially complain that they are toothless.

In Seattle, Lisa Daugaard, a former chair of the city’s Community Police Commission, said the panel recommended that the police suspend the use of flash-bang grenades to disperse protesters until they could be reviewed. But the department continued to use them extensively, with the police chief saying she would prefer not to, but that officers should have that tool available.

“We are used to 100 percent of our recommendations being ignored,” Ms. Daugaard said.

In St. Paul, Minn., Constance Tuck said she quit her post last year as the chairwoman of the city’s Police Civilian Internal Affairs Review Commission after finding that the city was gutting the power of the panel. The mayor’s office said it still saw the commission as a vital tool.

In recent days, there has been growing pressure to blunt the power of unions or force them to change. A group of current and former prosecutors called on the State Bar of California to change its ethics rules to prohibit prosecutors — or those campaigning for the job — from seeking or accepting political donations from law enforcement unions.

In Seattle, the King County Labor Council that brings together local unions to advocate as a unit passed a resolution this month saying that the Seattle Police Officers Guild could be kicked out of the group unless it was willing to acknowledge that racism was a structural problem in law enforcement and committed to ensuring that union contracts “do not evade legitimate accountability.”

But many of the protesters have lost patience with incremental changes. Calls to abolish or defund the police, once a radical solution, have recently been amplified and taken up by elected officials.

Johnetta Elzie, a protester, was tear-gassed in Ferguson in 2014 and again last week in Washington, D.C. She has relished the growing calls for reimagining public safety rather than fixing the police. “You know, if the training worked,” she said, “we wouldn’t be here.”

“I’ve been like having lots of déjà vu,” she added. “Lots.”

Lazaro Gamio, Katie Benner and Steven Moity contributed reporting.

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/13/us/unrest-ferguson-police-reform.html

Forex

New method of investment: Copy trading, or copy trading as it was originally called

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These are busy days for those who have a certain level of savings in the economy. Because already sharp movements occur in the Turkish lira because of their very high rates of investment to translate the uncertainties in Turkey in recent times with a certain amount of savings. This enables people to turn to different investment methods.

If you are looking for a dynamic investment method and still do not know where to start, we will have a profitable suggestion for you. A type of investment, originally called “Forex copy trading”, and another name that can be translated as copy investment in Turkish is social investment. It can be a good entry-level choice for those who do not know exactly how and how to invest in investment vehicles.

The basic logic of copy trading is to imitate the investments of successful investors in the exchange you want to enter. It’s that simple. Anyway, the name of this investment concept is therefore determined as copy investment.

According to one of the studies conducted in recent years, this type of investment is increasingly taking up a place in the market. The copy investment market will reach an amount of € 70 billion by the end of 2025, according to researches.

To start copy trading, the first thing to do is to choose a reliable and profitable investment platform. At this point, the next step in choosing a reliable investment platform is  Forex Copy Trading

that is, to be able to follow reliable investors for copy investment. Therefore, the choice of platform is very important at this point.

A Close Look at Copy Investment

In short, it is important that copy investment or social investment platforms allow experienced investors to copy their investments directly. Here, when you find such an investment exchange, the investment made in this way is also called “auto investment” because you invest your own account directly into the account of the experienced investor.

You can invest in the form of copy investment in the BIST 100, crypto money exchanges and even foreign exchanges. It is a method that can be followed even for foreign currency deposits. However, it will require serious research at the stage of determining the investors you will follow in the first place.

How Exactly to Invest in Copy?

In fact, there are two popular ways to do this.

Following the Investors’ Strategies One to One

Whichever exchange you are investing in, you can learn the investments made by the really experienced names of that stock exchange with a good research and make these investments one by one.

Benefits:

Simple System: The investment you will make in this way will be a very simple and easy-to-use investment type. This is the reason why it is called auto investment as a type of investment that you can directly imitate the investments of expert investors in the field.

Flexibility: You can follow this type of investment from any digital device. It is a very flexible method as you will do the same no matter where you are, as soon as you hear about the direct investment of the person you follow, as there is no subject to think about.

Choosing a strategy is very easy: All you have to do is find the best in the field with the right research. Once you find it, it will be very easy to determine your strategy.

Transaction Fees: Most successful traders will charge you a certain fee to return their investments. These fee claims create an additional cost. However, you can manage your funds with the confidence that there will be no additional fees or expenses for the investment.

Let others follow your investment. For this, create an investment strategy.

Here you will be the one followed. Of course, this has certain advantages and disadvantages.

Your strategies will directly affect the market: Since you will be the person who will determine the strategy, whatever strategy you follow, the strategy you will follow will be a strategy that will affect the market completely.

You will also get the reward for your labor outside of profits: In this way, you will have to spend all your work on this work. However, you will get more than your followers for your efforts.

You will set the rules of the game: However, doing these operations will require both very serious experience and serious work.

Of course, it would be useful for you to carefully investigate whether there is a method to follow completely. However, it is possible to say that you can carry out such transactions with peace of mind with detailed analysis on the leading quality investment and stock exchange platforms such as AMarkets.

 

 

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Coinpedia

Ethereum Price Smashed $2000, $3000 Incoming At Lightning Speed!

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Ethereum Price (ETH) May Hit $10,000 This Cycle!

The Ethereum price that is known to maintain a stable price movement, finally broke the previous ATH to form a new one. It took more than a months time to regain its lost position above $2000, yet sustained successfully. 

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The price took more time than expected to break the $2000 barrier, yet $3000 may be approaching at rocket speed. As predicted by founder of Gokhstein Media, David Gokhstein, the next stop for the ETH price is around $3,900. 

With the continued bullish trend and intensified rally, the price is expected to surge to the highest levels. According to an analyst and Crypto Youtuber, Young and Investing, the Ethereum price may hit $10,000 within the current bull run.

With the accelerated bull run, many analysts believe Ethereum could lead the market instead of Bitcoin too. Therefore providing a huge opportunity for the altcoins to boom within the ETH bull rally. 

Is Altcoin-Season On the Cards?

Many altcoins normally pop-up with the surge in the price of the second dominant crypto Ethereum. Currently, ETH price is trading around its new all time high around $2152 and expected to fly high. Therefore, many small cap altcoins are expected to rise from ashes and pump more than 50x or even 100x also.

Many analysts believe the Altcoin Season of 2021 is on the way and is expected to be the greatest season ever. According to a popular analyst, XRPcryptowolf, the season will reach its peak during the summer.

Moreover, the coins which are believed to be dead or not performing are also expected to rise. One of the analysts, MC also has given a brief idea on which all coins might pump in the current AltSeason.

Collectively, the breakout of Ethereum price has led to initialization of the most awaited AltSeason of 2021. The ETH price rally is expected to intensify in the coming days, that might smash $10,000 soon.

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Source: https://coinpedia.org/ethereum/ethereum-price-to-surge-to-3000-soon/

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Coinpedia

Lark Davis Addresses 3 Most Common Criticisms Tagged With Cardano

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Popular New Zealand-based crypto analyst Lark Davis pointed out the three criticisms faced by the Cardano project

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Cardano Is Overvalued

He says that Cardano’s biggest use case right now is staking. The current price of Cardano is based on speculation rather than real demand for the token based on usefulness and need among developers and users.

Right now, the basic economics that will drive future demand are simply not there. Also there’s nothing wrong or unusual about this. This is a fairly normal occurrence. We see that a lot with various assets, where the price of an asset can rise far higher than its value should be based on where it is now simply because of strong support from the market and it’s future predictions.

Even if cardano’s price is overvalued right now does not really mean that it will plunge or go down in the near future. Davis says that in such situations the opposite is likely to happen. The higher the market cap, the more serious an investment it is in the eyes of many investors, which makes the market cap go even higher and become even more serious.

Also Read : Top reasons why Cardano(ADA) Price is Poised For Massive Surge!

Nothing Is Built on Cardano

According to Lark Davis this statement is not technically true as he feels that few things are built on cardano but it lacks an ecosystem. He also states that it’s an incredibly dishonest critique of Cardano in his opinion because it is hard to have an ecosystem when there’s no smart contract functionality.

“Smart contracts are coming. The testnet is due in late April. Smart contracts are then scheduled to come on the mainnet around August… I think we’ll have at least a few dozen applications by Q1 of next year.“

Cardano Is Too Slow in Its Development

Davis says it’s fair to hope Cardano’s speed of development to pick up pace, especially considering the moderately fast rise of other projects with robust and successful ecosystems such as Elrond (EGLD) and Avalanche (AVAX).

Luckily cardano has a growing community and enthusiastic users who are willing to support the smart contracts from the day one of it’s launch. With such an optimistic community if cardano promises to deliver an ecosystem that mints people money, then it’s obvious for users and developers to eventually join this massive ADA community.

“I personally think that Cardano will prove the haters wrong this year, and that they will deliver a powerful and interesting blockchain that will become a big part of the cryptocurrency ecosystem…“

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Source: https://coinpedia.org/altcoin/criticisms-tagged-with-cardano/

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CHZ Price | Chiliz Price Surged 650% in March, What’s Next for the Coin?

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The pseudonymous head of Coin Bureau who goes by the name guy, predicts that this coin has the potential to attract many users into the crypto space.

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Chiliz price has skyrocketed last month by 650% in value, making it a very important month for the cryptocurrency. In the last week, however, a pattern reversal occurred, with CHZ being overwhelmingly denominated by sellers. Things are shifting, though, as CHZ price rises once more. 

Read more : Chiliz Price Rose Like a Monster, Is It the Start of a ‘Low Cap Season’?

Chiliz is a cryptocurrency that can be used on sports and entertainment sites. Chiliz can be used like any other digital currency, but it is most commonly used on Socios.com, a website where investors and fans can use CHZ to receive exclusive rewards from their favourite teams. Special behind-the-scenes access and voting rights are among the perks.

It is worth noting that CHZ has established partnerships with top football clubs spread across the world, including FC Barcelona, AC Milan, and Juventus.

Guy says that,

“Have you been searching for that killer app that has the potential to open the floodgates and bring hundreds and millions of people into crypto? That elusive unicorn would likely be valued at a pretty penny, which means if you got into it at the right time, you could post some truly insane gains. What if that project combined NFTs, sports, and crypto? That’s the type of rocket fuel that could send it to the stratosphere… That would be Chiliz.”

I really like Chiliz as a project, the concept, and how they’re seemingly paving the way for unique digital sports memorabilia with NFTs in real-time. I also really love the idea of attaching tangible team-related perks to NFTs. That way, they have tangible real-world value and this should drive future demand.”

As of the time of publication, Chiliz price was $0.511948, with a 24-hour trading volume of $930,154,829. CHZ price also went up 1.5% over the last 24 hours. Besides, it has a circulating supply of 5.3 billion CHZ coins and a max supply of 8.89 billion.

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Source: https://coinpedia.org/altcoin/chz-price-chiliz-price-sentiments/

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