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Cingapurenses são incentivados a distribuir E-Hong Baos no Ano Novo Lunar

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O Autoridade monetária de Singapura (MAS) está encorajando os cingapurenses a usar e-hong baos, presentes monetários dados em envelopes, durante o próximo Ano Novo Lunar. Isso está de acordo com as medidas de segurança atualmente em vigor devido ao COVID-19.

E-hong baos permitirá a presentação remota em uma variedade de práticas de visitação, incluindo encontros virtuais, durante o próximo Ano Novo Lunar. Dar baos e-hong em vez de notas físicas também é ambientalmente mais sustentável, pois reduz a impressão e o subsequente desperdício de novas notas que são devolvidas pelo público aos bancos após cada Ano Novo Lunar.

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Os baos E-hong são parte de uma mudança maior em direção aos presentes eletrônicos que a MAS e a ABS estão promovendo. O MAS também incentiva as empresas fintech a desenvolver soluções de e-gifting para diferentes fins, incluindo presentes durante os períodos festivos.

DBS tinha anteriormente estreou seus pacotes vermelhos QR carregáveis ​​em 2019

Os membros do público, exceto aqueles com 60 anos ou mais e pessoas com deficiência, que preferem cédulas físicas para o Ano Novo Lunar, precisarão fazer uma marcação por meio do sistema de reserva online de seu respectivo banco antes de visitar as agências para coletar as novas cédulas. Os cinco bancos que oferecem o serviço são cinco bancos DBS, OCBC, UOB, Standard Chartered e Maybank Singapore.

O período de pré-encomenda de notas novas e novas terá início a partir de 18 de janeiro de 2021. A coleta de pedidos online, opção de atendimento para idosos com 60 anos ou mais e pessoas com deficiência, e retirada no pop-up do DBS Os caixas eletrônicos terão início em 25 de janeiro de 2021.

Novas notas também podem ser retiradas sem uma reserva prévia em caixas eletrônicos pop-up oferecidos pela DBS.

Os clientes devem consultar o site do respectivo banco para detalhes sobre como pré-reservar e receber seus pedidos.

Bernard Wee, diretor administrativo assistente de finanças, risco e moeda da MAS disse:

Diretor administrativo assistente da MAS, Finanças, Risco e Moeda, Sr. Bernard Wee

Bernard wee

“A adoção de pagamentos eletrônicos cresceu significativamente no ano passado, pois é mais conveniente do que dinheiro. O próximo Ano Novo Lunar oferece uma oportunidade para aproveitarmos esse impulso, para divulgar os benefícios do e-gifting e forjar novas tradições com nossas famílias e amigos.

O e-gifting ajuda a reduzir as filas nos bancos, e também ajuda a reduzir as emissões de carbono geradas pela produção de novas notas a cada Ano Novo Lunar, estimadas em cerca de 330 toneladas atualmente. Isso é equivalente às emissões da carga de 5.7 milhões de smartphones ou um smartphone para cada residente de Cingapura por cinco dias. ”

Crédito de imagem em destaque: DBS eGift

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Fonte: https://fintechnews.sg/47203/payments/singaporeans-encouraged-to-hand-out-e-hong-baos-for-lunar-new-year/

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Como royalties de metais preciosos e empresas de streaming criam valor

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The following content is sponsored by Empress Royalty.

Gold and Silver Royalty and Streaming Companies

Investing in precious metals often seems like it boils down to either buying the physical gold or silver or investing in shares of specific mining companies, both with their own very distinct advantages and risks.

Rather than having to settle for the simplicity of bullion or extensive research in individual mining companies, precious metals royalty and streaming companies provide investors with exposure to a diversified portfolio of miners’ revenues and produced metals.

These companies are not operators of mines. Instead, they seek to find undiscovered value by financing and working directly with miners to forge agreements that provide their shareholders with steady exposure to precious metals production.

Este infográfico de Empress Royalty outlines exactly how gold and silver royalty and streaming companies operate, and how they mitigate risk and create value for their shareholders.

What Do Precious Metals Royalty and Streaming Companies Do?

Royalty and streaming companies are an important part of the mining industry’s financial ecosystem, as they provide capital to mine operators and explorers in exchange for a percentage of revenue or metals produced from the mine.

Mining companies receiving this investment are able to further develop or expand projects, providing greater returns for both their shareholders and the companies with royalties and stream agreements on the projects.

These agreements typically last for the life of a mine, providing steady cash flow to royalty and stream holders while cutting out various risks associated with mining companies and operations.

“What it takes in the royalty business is patience and cash.”
– Pierre Lassonde, co-founder of the first royalty and streaming company, Franco-Nevada

The Difference Between Royalty Agreements and Streams

Royalty agreements and streams have similarities in their structure, but ultimately have some key differences.

  • Contratos de royalties, also called net smelter return (NSRs), provide the royalty holder a percentage of the mine’s revenue from production, typically around 1-3%. There are also other kinds of royalty agreements like net profits interests (NPIs), where the royalty holder receives a percentage of the profits rather than the revenue.
  • Streams provide the right to purchase a certain percent (typically 5-20%) of metal production directly from the mine. Typically, streams will have an already decided purchasing price for the metal, which is usually either a fixed dollar amount or a fixed percentage of the spot price.

Royalties are more common than streams as they provide cash directly to the royalty company rather than the option to buy the physical metal which then needs to be sold.

While royalty and streams differ in what is delivered, both kinds of agreements avoid operational costs as they receive cuts from the top line.

The Growing and Diverse Landscape of Royalty and Streaming

The niche sector of gold and silver royalties has changed greatly since the founding of the original royalty business, Franco-Nevada in 1980.

While still fairly small today, the subsector has grown to have more than 10 companies with a market cap of $100M USD each, with five surpassing the $1B mark.

Here are the top 10 royalty and streaming companies by market cap:

Empresa Market Capitalization (USD) Forward Dividend Yield
Franco-Nevada $ 21.6B 0.91%
Metais Preciosos Wheaton $ 17.8B 1.20%
Ouro Real $ 7.1B 1.12%
Osisko Gold Royalties $ 1.9B 1.39%
Tempestade de areia de ouro $ 1.3B 0.00%
Maverix Metals $ 738.0M 0.75%
Nomad Royalty $ 488.6M 1.82%
Metalla Royalty and Streaming $ 368.3M 0.37%
EMX Royalty Corporation $ 308.0B 0.00%
Abitibi Royalties $ 237.9M 0.78%

Fonte: Yahoo Finance

While the three big names of Franco-Nevada, Wheaton Precious Metals, and Royal Gold tend to focus on larger and more secure ounce-producing agreements, the newer precious metals royalty companies start out by establishing a few cash-flowing agreements in their portfolio.

After this, they can begin targeting more speculative agreements with developing or exploration projects which are typically worth smaller dollar amounts and are slightly riskier or further from production, but have the potential of undiscovered upside.

Some royalty companies don’t even deal with mining companies at all, and focus exclusively on buying royalty and stream agreements held by third party companies or prospectors.

How These Companies Reduce Risk and Capture Upside

By avoiding many of the operational costs, royalty and streaming companies cut out a large amount of risk that is typically associated with mining investments.

In precious metal mercados em alta, it’s typical to see mining company revenues rise alongside the prices of gold and silver.

While mining companies’ operational costs will also rise, royalty and stream holders simply reap the benefits of high margins as they sell their physical metals at higher prices, despite having acquired them at lower fixed prices according to their agreement.

Another key advantage royalty and streaming companies have is their ability to diversify their portfolios and be selective with their agreements. This allows them to escape concentrated jurisdictional or asset risk and make agreements with mines which are already producing or close to production.

Since royalties and streams tend to last as long as the associated mine is operational, the holders of these agreements also benefit from any increased production or lifespan.

Royalty and Streaming Companies: Stable Exposure to Metals

As precious metals royalty and streaming companies are able to carefully choose their agreements and are overall less exposed to price downturns, they provide investors with a more stable investment in gold and silver.

Royalty and streaming companies typically have dividend policies which ensure shareholders are consistently rewarded with rising dividends, while many gold and silver mining companies cut dividends aggressively during precious metal market downturns.

As they help finance new projects and expansions, royalty and streaming companies take advantage of high margins in a unique form of financial arbitrage while providing their shareholders with stable exposure to precious metals and mining operations.

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Mapped: The Greenest Countries in the World

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Mapped: The Greenest Countries in the World

From widening wealth disparity to the environmental ramifications of economic development—the growing focus on global sustainability is a clear sign of the times.

Research reveals that when a sustainable ethos is applied to policy and business, it typically bodes well for economies and people alike. By providing benchmarks for those decisions, indexes like Yale’s Environmental Performance Index (EPI) can be critical to measuring national sustainability efforts.

The above map interprets the EPI ranking of 180 economies across 32 environmental health indicators by narrowing in on the top 40 greenest countries.

Who’s the Greenest of them All?

Despite the decades-long trend of globalization, national environmental policies have proved to be widely divergent. The EPI report confirms that those policies—and their positive results—are highly correlated with national wealth.

This is evidenced in the global EPI distributions, seen below:

OVERALL RANK PAÍS PONTO REGIONAL RANK
1 Dinamarca 82.5 1
2 Luxemburgo 82.3 2
3 Suíça 81.5 3
4 United Kingdom 81.3 4
5 France 80 5
6 Áustria 79.6 6
7 Finlândia 78.9 7
8 Suécia 78.7 8
9 Noruega 77.7 9
10 Alemanha 77.2 10
11 Países Baixos 75.3 11
12 Japão 75.1 1
13 Austrália 74.9 12
14 Espanha 74.3 13
15 Bélgica 73.3 14
16 Irlanda 72.8 15
17 Islândia 72.3 16
18 Eslovenia 72 1
19 Nova Zelândia 71.3 17
20 Canadá 71 18
21 República Checa 71 2
22 Itália 71 18
23 Malta 70.7 20
24 Estados Unidos da América 69.3 21
25 Grécia 69.1 3
26 Eslováquia 68.3 4
27 Portugal 67 22
28 Coreia do Sul 66.5 2
29 Israel 65.8 1
30 Estônia 65.3 5
31 Chipre 64.8 6
32 Romênia 64.7 7
33 Hungria 63.7 8
34 Croácia 63.1 9
35 Lituânia 62.9 10
36 Letônia 61.6 11
37 Polônia 60.9 12
38 Seychelles 58.2 1
39 Cingapura 58.1 3
40 Taiwan 57.2 4
41 Bulgária 57 13
42 Emirados Árabes Unidos 55.6 2
43 Macedônia do Norte 55.4 14
44 Chile 55.3 1
45 Sérvia 55.2 15
46 Brunei Darussalam 54.8 5
47 Kuwait 53.6 3
48 Jordânia 53.4 4
49 Bielorrússia 53 1
50 Colômbia 52.9 2
51 México 52.6 3
52 Costa Rica 52.5 4
53 Armênia 52.3 2
54 Argentina 52.2 5
55 Brasil 51.2 6
56 Bahrein 51 5
57 Equador 51 7
58 Rússia 50.5 3
59 Venezuela 50.3 8
60 Ucrânia 49.5 4
61 Uruguai 49.1 9
62 Albânia 49 16
63 Antígua e Barbuda 48.5 10
64 Cuba 48.4 11
65 São Vicente e Granadinas 48.4 11
66 Jamaica 48.2 13
67 Irã 48 6
68 Malásia 47.9 6
69 Trinidade e Tobago 47.5 14
70 Panamá 47.3 15
71 Tunísia 46.7 7
72 Azerbaijão 46.5 5
73 Paraguai 46.4 16
74 República Dominicana 46.3 17
75 Montenegro 46.3 17
76 Gabão 45.8 2
77 Barbados 45.6 18
78 Bósnia e Herzegovina 45.4 18
79 Líbano 45.4 8
80 Tailândia 45.4 7
81 Suriname 45.2 19
82 Maurício 45.1 3
83 Tonga 45.1 8
84 Argélia 44.8 9
85 Cazaquistão 44.7 6
86 Dominica 44.6 20
87 Moldávia 44.4 7
88 Bolívia 44.3 21
89 Uzbequistão 44.3 8
90 Peru 44 22
91 Arábia Saudita 44 10
92 Turquemenistão 43.9 9
93 Bahamas 43.5 23
94 Egito 43.3 11
95 El Salvador 43.1 24
96 Granada 43.1 24
97 Santa Lúcia 43.1 24
98 Matola - Moçambique 43.1 4
99 Turquia 42.6 19
100 Marrocos 42.3 12
101 Belize 41.9 27
102 Georgia 41.3 10
103 Botsuana 40.4 5
104 Namíbia 40.2 6
105 Quirguistão 39.8 11
106 Iraque 39.5 13
107 Butão 39.3 1
108 Nicarágua 39.2 28
109 Sri Lanka 39 2
110 Omã 38.5 14
111 Filipinas 38.4 9
112 Burquina Faso 38.3 7
113 Malaui 38.3 7
114 Tajiquistão 38.2 12
115 Guiné Equatorial 38.1 9
116 Honduras 37.8 29
117 Indonésia 37.8 10
118 Quiribati 37.7 11
119 São Tomé e Príncipe 37.6 10
120 China 37.3 12
121 Sanoa 37.3 12
122 Catar 37.1 15
123 Zimbábue 37 11
124 República Centro-Africana 36.9 12
125 Dem. Rep. Congo 36.4 13
126 Guiana 35.9 30
127 Maldivas 35.6 3
128 Uganda 35.6 14
129 Timor-Leste 35.3 14
130 Laos 34.8 15
131 Sudão 34.8 16
132 Quênia 34.7 15
133 Zâmbia 34.7 15
134 Etiópia 34.4 17
135 Fiji 34.4 16
136 Moçambique 33.9 18
137 Eswatini 33.8 19
138 Ruanda 33.8 19
139 Cambodja 33.6 17
140 Camarões 33.6 21
141 Viet Nam 33.4 18
142 Paquistão 33.1 4
143 Micronesia 33 19
144 Cabo Verde 32.8 22
145 Nepal 32.7 5
146 Papua Nova Guiné 32.4 20
147 Mongólia 32.2 21
148 Comores 32.1 23
149 Guatemala 31.8 31
150 Tanzânia 31.1 24
151 Nigéria 31 25
152 Ilhas Marshall 30.8 22
153 Níger 30.8 26
154 República do Congo 30.8 26
155 Senegal 30.7 28
156 Eritreia 30.4 29
157 Benim 30 30
158 Angola 29.7 31
159 Togo 29.5 32
160 Mali 29.4 33
161 Guiné-Bissau 29.1 34
162 Bangladesh 29 6
163 Vanuatu 28.9 23
164 Djibuti 28.1 35
165 Lesoto 28 36
166 Gâmbia 27.9 37
167 Mauritânia 27.7 38
168 Gana 27.6 39
169 Índia 27.6 7
170 Burundi 27 40
171 Haiti 27 32
172 Chade 26.7 41
173 Ilhas Salomão 26.7 24
174 Madagascar 26.5 42
175 Guiné 26.4 43
176 Côte d'Ivoire 25.8 44
177 Serra Leoa 25.7 45
178 Afeganistão 25.5 8
179 Myanmar 25.1 25
180 Libéria 22.6 46

Regional grouping in the report include: Global West, Asia-Pacific, Eastern Europe, Former Soviet States, Greater Middle East, Latin America & Caribbean, Southern Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa

Scandinavian countries, which tend to have a high PIB per capita, show strong and consistent results across EPI parameters. Dinamarca for instance—which ranks first overall—leads the world in slowing its growth in CO2 emissions. Meanwhile, neighbor Suécia leads in landfill and recycling treatment, while wastewater treatment is led by a handful of countries within and beyond Scandinavia including Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Singapore, and Sweden.

Na América do Norte, Canadá claims top spot in the biodiversity and habitat category, while the U.S. ranks sixth in agricultural diversity globally. In Asia, Cingapura leads the world in fishery health and sustainability.

Ultimately, it appears the world’s greenest countries tend to focus on all areas of sustainability, while laggard countries show more uneven performance across categories.

What Does “Green” Mean?

Each high-level performance indicator with the EPI, like “environmental health”, is broken into subsections. Nations are scored on each subsector on a scale up to 100. As a result, multiple countries can rank first in any given category.

By evaluating national sustainability on a scale that is unrelated to other nations, we get a clearer idea of comparative national progress, beyond a basic ranking.

For instance, 30 countries tie for first in marine protection, all with scores of 100. This shows that many economies are prioritizing this area of sustainability.

The EPI categories and subsectors are shown in the diagram below:

Greenest Countries in the World Supplemental EPI Index

Each section is weighted differently, and is reflected as a percentage within the index. For example, Ecosystem Vitality accounts for 60% of the EPI, Climate Change makes up 24% of a country’s score, and CO2 emission reduction is weighted at 13.2%.

The Cost of Being Green

Infrastructure costs are one reason why wealthier nations tend to fare better across sustainability measures. Everything from air pollution reduction and water treatment, to hazardous waste control and mitigation of public health crises are especially expensive—but have a huge potential impact on citizens.

This trend can be seen the scatterplot, which demonstrates the distribution of economies evaluated by the EPI:

Greenest Countries in the World Main Image Supplemental Comparing GDP to EPI Score

For a more detailed look, the table below highlights the GDP per capita of each of the top 40 greenest countries, based on data from the World Bank and Statista:

PAÍS EPI SCORE GDP Per Capita RANK
Dinamarca 82.5 60,170 1
Luxemburgo 82.3 114,705 2
Suíça 81.5 81,994 3
United Kingdom 81.3 42,330 4
France 80 40,494 5
Áustria 79.6 50,138 6
Finlândia 78.9 48,783 7
Suécia 78.7 51,615 8
Noruega 77.7 75,420 9
Alemanha 77.2 46,445 10
Países Baixos 75.3 52,331 11
Japão 75.1 40,247 12
Austrália 74.9 55,060 13
Espanha 74.3 29,600 14
Bélgica 73.3 46,421 15
Irlanda 72.8 78,661 16
Islândia 72.3 66,945 17
Eslovenia 72 25,946 18
Nova Zelândia 71.3 42,084 19
Canadá 71 46,195 20
República Checa 71 23,495 21
Itália 71 33,228 22
Malta 70.7 29,821 23
Estados Unidos da América 69.3 65,298 24
Grécia 69.1 19,583 25
Eslováquia 68.3 19,266 26
Portugal 67 23,252 27
Coreia do Sul 66.5 31,846 28
Israel 65.8 43,592 29
Estônia 65.3 23,723 30
Chipre 64.8 27,858 31
Romênia 64.7 12,920 32
Hungria 63.7 16,732 33
Croácia 63.1 14,936 34
Lituânia 62.9 19,602 35
Letônia 61.6 17,829 36
Polônia 60.9 15,693 37
Seychelles 58.2 17,448 38
Cingapura 58.1 65,233 39
Taiwan 57.2 25,873 40

Despite the strong correlation between GDP per capita and EPI score, developing countries do not have to abandon sustainability efforts. China for instance lidera o mundo in the adoption of electric vehicle technology.

Perspectiva pós-pandemia

Although some rankings can seem prosaic, indexes like the EPI provide a helpful benchmark for economies to compare efforts. It also allows governments to iterate and build upon environmental strategies and investments by highlighting what is and isn’t working.

CO2 emissions, for instance, are a major driver of climate change. Although the global economic stall has led to a temporary dip of CO2 emissions in early 2020 (a slower growth rate than the 11% expected rise), global emissions still continue.

However, the EPI shows that investments have impact. High-level sustainability efforts—political commitment, media coverage, regulations—can deliver results, even at the grassroots level.

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History of the Silver State: Nevada and its Silver Districts

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The following content is sponsored by Blackrock Gold.

Nevada Silver Districts

History of the Silver State: Nevada and its Silver Districts

Nevada and its silver districts built the western territory into a modern American state.

Today, the world best knows Nevada for its modern gold production—however, a new generation is rediscovering Nevada’s famous silver districts and their potential.

Este infográfico veio para nós de Blackrock Gold and outlines the history of Nevada and its legendary silver districts.

A Timeline of Nevada’s Famous Silver Districts

The Paiute, Shoshone, Quoeech, Washoe, and Walapai tribes populated the territory that is now the American state of Nevada before the Europeans arrived in the 18th century.

Nevada became part of the Spanish Empire as part of the greater province of New Spain, and then later Mexico after independence. As a result of the Mexican–American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico permanently lost Alta California in 1848.

The United States continued to administer the area as a territory. As part of the Mexican Cession in 1848 and then the California Gold Rush, the state’s area was first part of the Utah Territory, then the Nevada Territory in 1861.

However, the great Comstock mining boom of 1859 in Virginia City consolidated the area as part of the United States. Silver discoveries and mining spurred development and statehood, all by uncovering the famous silver districts of Nevada.

An eccentric Canadian from Trenton, Ontario, Henry Comstock gave his last name to a discovery that launched mining in Nevada. In 1859, Comstock revealed his discovery and sparked a silver rush, sending thousands of prospectors into Nevada and becoming the genesis of Nevada’s mining industry.

Accidental Treasure: The Tonopah Silver District

Over time, miners exhausted the initial discoveries of silver until the Tonopah District in 1900 revived silver mining in the state.

As the legend goes, Jim Butler discovered the Tonopah district and its silver-rich ore. He went looking for a pack mule that wandered off in the night and sought shelter near a rock outcropping.

When Butler discovered the animal the next morning, he picked up a rock to throw at it in frustration and noticed the rock was heavy. He had stumbled upon the second-richest silver strike in all of Nevada’s history.

Silver production exploded in Tonopah and peaked at 450,000 ounces a year in 1915. However, between World War 1, the Great Depression, and World War 2, the country was exhausted of workers, and silver production tumbled by 1950.

The early suspension of mining in the region left it ripe for new exploration and discovery.

Unrealized Potential in Nevada for Silver Discovery

Today the bulk of the current mining in Nevada occurs along the Cortez and Carlin gold trends in the northeast. However the state’s earliest discoveries lie in what is known as the Walker Lane Trend that extends the entire western border of the state.

Several companies have taken note and are applying modern exploration to a neglected area for a new generation of silver discovery, and the Tonopah lies at the center of the Walker Lane Trend.

It is in the Tonopah Silver district where the past of Nevada lies—and the future will, too.

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How Global Health and Wealth Has Changed Over Two Centuries

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How Global Health and Wealth Has Changed Over 221 Years

At the dawn of the 19th century, global life expectancy was only 28.5 years.

Outbreaks, war, and famine would still kill millions of people at regular intervals. These issues are still stubbornly present in 21st century society, but broadly speaking, the situation around the world has vastly improved. Today, most of humanity lives in countries where the life expectancy is above the typical retirement age of 65.

At the same time, while inequality remains a hot button topic within countries, income disparity entre countries is slowing beginning to narrow.

This animated visualization, created by James Eagle, tracks the evolution of health and wealth factors in countries around the world. For further exploration, Gapminder also has a fantastic interactive chart that showcases the same dataset.

The Journey to the Upper-Right Quadrant

In general terms, history has seen health practices improve and countries become increasingly wealthy–trends that are reflected in this visualization. In fact, most countries drift towards the upper-right quadrant over the 221 years covered in the dataset.

However, that path to the top-right, which indicates high levels of both life expectancy and GDP per capita, is rarely a linear journey. Here are some of the noteworthy events and milestones to watch out for while viewing the animation.

1880s: Breaking the 50-Year Barrier
In the late 19th century, Nordic countries such as Sweden and Norway already found themselves past the 50-year life expectancy mark. This was a significant milestone considering the global life expectancy was a full 20 years shorter at the time. It wasn’t until the year 1960 that the global life expectancy would catch up.

1918: The Spanish Flu and WWI
At times, a confluence of factors can impact health and wealth in countries and regions. In this case, World War I coincided with one of the deadliest pandemics in history, leading to global implications. In the animation, this is abundantly clear as the entire cluster of circles takes a nose dive for a short period of time.

1933, 1960: Communist Famines
At various points in history, human decisions can have catastrophic consequences. This was the case in the Soviet Union (1933) and the People’s Republic of China (1960), where life expectancy plummeted during famines that killed millions of people. These extreme events are easy to spot in the animation due to the large populations of the countries in question.

1960s: Oil Economies Kick into High Gear
During this time, Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia all experience massive booms in wealth, and in the following decade, smaller countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait rocket to the right edge of the visualization.

In following decades, both Iran and Iraq can be seen experiencing wild fluctuations in both health and wealth as regime changes and conflict begin to destabilize the region.

1990s: AIDS in Africa
In the animation, a number of countries plummet in unison at the end of the 20th century. These are sub-Saharan African countries that were hit hard by the AIDS pandemic. At its peak in the early ’00s, the disease accounted for more than half of deaths Em alguns paises.

1995: Breaking the 65-Year Barrier
Global life expectancy reaches retirement age. At this point in time, there is a clear divide in both health and wealth between African and South Asian countries and the rest of the world. Thankfully, that gap is would continue to narrow in coming years.

1990-2000s: China’s Economic Rise
Com um população well over a billion people, it’s impossible to ignore China in any global overview. Starting from the early ’90s, China begins its march from the left to right side of the chart, highlighting the unprecedented economic growth it experienced during that time.

O que o futuro reserva

If current trends continue, global life expectancy is expected to surpass the 80-year mark by 2100. And, sub-Saharan Africa, which has the lowest life expectancy today, is expected to mostly close the gap, reaching 75 years of age.

Wealth is also expected to increase nearly across the board, with the biggest gains coming from places like Vietnam, Nigeria, and the Philippines. Some experts are projecting the world economy as a whole to duplo in size by 2050.

There are always bumps along the way, but it appears that the journey to the upper-right quadrant is still very much underway.

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O posto How Global Health and Wealth Has Changed Over Two Centuries apareceu pela primeira vez em Capitalista visual.

Source: https://www.visualcapitalist.com/global-health-and-wealth-over-two-centuries/

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