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Project Management Software Users Love Reporting Features, But Need…

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Project Management Data Quadrant reveals top six leaders according to reviews by software users.

In general, project management software users were most satisfied with reporting features – and least satisfied with both ease of customization and availability and quality of training.

SoftwareReviews, a division of world-class IT research and consulting firm Info-Tech Research Group, announces the publication of its 2020 Project Management Data Quadrant Awards today, naming three gold medalists based on reviews by real users. The following vendors are leaders according to software users’ answers to questions focused on user satisfaction with features and capabilities, which have been crafted by seasoned IT industry analysts and backed by 22 years of IT research:

1.    Wrike
2.    monday.com

3.    Basecamp

4.    Workfront

5.    Deltek Ajera

6.    Trello

What makes the SoftwareReviews Data Quadrant different? Inclusion of aggregated emotional response ratings in the areas of service, negotiation, product impact, conflict resolution, and strategy and innovation create a powerful indicator of overall user feeling toward the vendor and its product from the software users’ point of view. SoftwareReviews calls this insight the Net Emotional Footprint.

Wrike earned a Net Emotional Footprint score of +96 and took top product for many product capabilities and features, including business value created and workflow management. Monday.com with a Net Emotional Footprint score of +95, also did exceptionally well for many capabilities and features, earning top product for quality of features and availability and quality of training. Basecamp earned a Net Emotional Footprint score of +95, and did consistently well satisfying users, especially with its ease of IT administration. Workfront, with a Net Emotional Footprint score of +87, earned a perfect score for its mobile access feature. Deltek Ajera earned a Net Emotional Footprint score of +88, and satisfied users especially with its document management feature. Trello earned a Net Emotional Footprint score of +89, and satisfied users especially with its usability and intuitiveness.

In general, project management software users were most satisfied with reporting features – and least satisfied with both ease of customization and availability and quality of training.

About the SoftwareReviews Data Quadrant Awards and Software Reports:

SoftwareReviews Data Quadrant Awards recognize outstanding vendors in the technology marketplace as evaluated by their users annually. Top vendors in a software category are eligible to receive Data Quadrant Gold Medals, provided their net-promoter scores meet the threshold for sufficiently high user satisfaction across four areas of evaluation: vendor capabilities, product features, likeliness to recommend and vendor experience. In-depth product evaluation reports are available at http://www.softwarereviews.com.

About SoftwareReviews :SoftwareReviews is a division of Info-Tech Research Group, a world-class IT research and analyst firm established in 1997. Backed by two decades of IT research and advisory experience, SoftwareReviews is a leading source of expertise and insight into the enterprise software landscape and client-vendor relationships.

By collecting data from real IT and business professionals, the SoftwareReviews methodology produces the most detailed and authentic insights into the experience of evaluating and purchasing enterprise software.

For more information, please contact:

Leanne O’Brien

Director, Communications & PR

lobrien@infotech.com

1-888-670-8889 ext. 3409

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Source: https://www.prweb.com/releases/project_management_software_users_love_reporting_features_but_need_training_materials_softwarereviews/prweb17217300.htm

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2020 Post COVID-19: The State Of Data Privacy

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The world has seen great technological advancement over the last several years, and plenty of them have made our lives a lot easier.

Anyone can make a payment to someone on the other side of the world without leaving their computer. In a few clicks, you can order food, clothes, or even a new phone, computer, or use the maps to navigate the world with ease and never get lost, even in completely new areas.

You can listen to your favorite song, watch your favorite film, and binge-watch your favorite show at any time, and pretty much at any place. However, don’t think that all of these benefits came for free. We did have to pay for their use, and we are paying for it constantly by giving away our privacy.

Giving away online privacy: Is it worth it?

Of course, giving away your online privacy doesn’t seem like a bad trade for all the benefits that you get in return. After all, everything we have mentioned so far was only scratching the surface of what you can do online.

And, in exchange, you just have to click a single button that says “I agree” at the end of the large document that you didn’t even read.

The problem is that you are giving away a lot of invasive information. You are giving away your anonymity and privacy, as the sites you are visiting — as well as other online entities — can see your activities. They can see where you go, and when. What things you are interested in, what ads you click, and what things you search.

They can see what you bought, and recommend similar products, or bombard you with ads about specific services in your current area, which you provided by using navigation.

The same is true when it comes to financial transactions, which reveal the users’ volume, individual purchases, remittances, location history, social network usage, and all kinds of patterns in their behavior. And while privacy supporters are fighting the battle to increase online privacy, you have every right to try and resist this as much as possible.

In fact, many aim to do so through cryptocurrency and blockchain technology. These solutions provide greater privacy and anonymity, although it is worth noting that “greater” is not the same as “total.”

Data in crypto and blockchain industries

Cryptocurrencies were built upon the idea of transparency. However, they still let you remain private if you truly wish it. At least, they let you be more private than traditional banks ever would. More than that, crypto and blockchain technology aim to give you greater control over your own data.

Blockchain, in particular, can let you choose who can see it. It can let you monetize it, and it can give you the ability to only deliver it to trusted entities, instead of anyone who happens to be collecting nearby.

This technology can completely revolutionize advertising by letting you provide information to companies directly while avoiding third parties. That way, you would know who you gave your information to, and what they aim to do with it.

Data still needs to be collected, of course, either to identify and stop online criminals, or for other purposes, such as advertising, market-making, and alike.

Companies like Kairon Labs are in charge of building algorithms for blockchain tracking and monitoring solutions that feed the data into these algorithms. By doing so, they can see the state of the market, and help build greater liquidity, which, in turn, improves trading and prices. This is, essentially, what market-making is.

Kairon Labs’ co-founder, Jens Willemen, explained it by saying that, “Market makers provide constant 24/7 price quotes on both sides of the order book. This allows other market participants to buy and sell at prices very close to the spot price of the asset without impacting the market too much.”

This is just one use of data, but it is immediately clear that it all works as a machine that supports itself. However, it all still comes down to data, and that data comes from you, as a user, and others like you. With that in mind, you have every right to demand that your privacy is respected, and to only feed the system with the data you are willing to provide.

Final remarks

The fact is that total privacy on the internet is unachievable. You need to give data in order to get it, and it all comes down to that transaction. But, as a new sector that specializes in new ways of conducting transactions, crypto and blockchain are in a perfect position to give you a greater amount of control.

This control is what is lacking right now, and while it will not make things perfect, it will make things better for all of those who value their privacy and worry about how their information moves online.

Image Credit: Image Credit: Unsplash

Source: https://datafloq.com/read/2020-post-covid-19-the-state-of-data-privacy/8669

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5 Best AI Chatbot Platforms to Transform Your Business in 2020

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Chatbots have come to be a great bridge between human beings and machines. More and more businesses are adopting chatbots to provide website visitors with information and to increase conversions.

What’s more, you don’t need to have technical knowledge in order to make a bot.

So, if you are keen on jumping on the chatbot bandwagon, here are 5 platforms that can help.

1. Imperson

Imperson offers a complete solution for businesses of all sizes to create, manage, and optimize bots.

It is an incredible platform that can be used to build live chatbots on a variety of channels like Facebook Messenger, Twitter, Slack, Kik, Google Assistant, Amazon Alexa, and beyond.

Its cutting-edge technologies enable brands to leverage authentic conversations and relationships with their customers. Besides, Imperson’s conversation navigator examines conversations, analyses intent, and determines how to lead the conversation.

2. ManyChat

ManyChat is a great chatbot builder that can help you leverage valuable customer relationships on Facebook Messenger. Its bots can get you more leads, boost engagement, and subsequently, increase sales.

The platform has a clean drag-and-drop interface, making the chatbot-building process fun and seamless for users.

3. Flow XO

This free chatbot platform is highly-sought after, and for good reason. It helps you create smart bots without needing to have any technical knowledge.

It boasts of a number of features; some of them listed as follows:

  • Seamless bot-to-human handoff
  • Customize your chatbot
  • Allows users to design multiple flows
  • Makes multiple integrations possible

4. ItsAlive

ItsAlive is hands down one of the best chatbot solutions for Facebook messenger.

It enables users to deploy the chatbot on more than one Facebook page in a matter of seconds.

Besides, using ItsAlive, you can follow KPIs, gauge your bot’s performance, and continually optimize your chatbot experience.

5. Botsify

Botsify’s intelligent virtual assistants can be made able to converse in 190+ languages.

It allows you to build bots for multiple platforms, some of them being Facebook Messenger, Slack, SMS, as well as your brand’s website.

With Botsify’s AI chatbots, you can save a ton of time, manpower, and operational costs.

Use this tool, and expect a faster customer response rate, qualified leads, more sales, and better customer retention.

Over to You!

Chatbots are here to revolutionize the way we do business and interact with our customers.

Whether you’re struggling to record satisfactory results, or only just getting started with chatbots, these online platforms can help a lot!

If you’re keen on exploring more chatbot platforms, my post on ShaneBarker.com will be a useful read.

Moreover, do give the infographic below a look.

Infographic Via ShaneBarker.com
Image Credit: Pixabay.com

Source: https://datafloq.com/read/5-best-ai-chatbot-platforms-transform-your-business-2020/8668

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Python Style Guide | How to Write Neat and Impressive Python Code

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Overview

  • The Python Style Guide will enable you to write neat and beautiful Python code
  • Learn the different Python conventions and other nuances of Python programming in this Style Guide

Introduction

Have you ever come across a really poorly written piece of Python code? I’m talking about a tangled mess where you had to spend hours just trying to understand what piece of code goes where. I know a lot of you will nod your head at this.

Writing code is one part of a data scientist’s or analyst’s role. Writing beautiful and neat Python code, on the other hand, is a different ball game altogether. This could well make or break your image as a proficient programmer in the analytics or data science space (or even in software development).

Remember – our Python code is written once, but read a billion times over, potentially by viewers who are not accustomed to our style of programming. This takes on even more importance in data science. So how do we write this so-called beautiful Python code?

Welcome to the Python Style Guide!

Python Style Guide Featured Image

A lot of folks in the data science and analytics domains come from a non-programming background. We start off by learning the basics of programming, move on to comprehend the theory behind machine learning, and then get cracking on the dataset. In this process, we often do not practice hardcore programming or pay attention to programming conventions.

That’s the gap this Python Style Guide will aim to address. We will go over the programming conventions for Python described by the PEP-8 document and you’ll emerge as a better programmer on the other side!

Are you completely new to Python programming? Then I’d suggest first taking the free Python course before understanding this style guide.

Python Style Guide Contents

  • What is PEP8?
  • Understanding Python Naming Conventions
  • Python Style Guide’s Code Layout
  • Getting Familiar with using Comments
  • Whitespaces in your Python Code
  • General Programming Recommendations for Python

What is PEP-8?

PEP-8, or Python Enhancement Proposal, is the style guide for Python programming. It was written by Guido van Rossum, Barry Warsaw, and Nick Coghlan. It describes the rules for writing beautiful and readable Python code.

Following the PEP-8 style of coding will make sure there is consistency in your Python code, making it easier for other readers, contributors, or yourself, to comprehend it.

This article covers the most important aspects of the PEP-8 guidelines, like how to name Python objects, how to structure your code, when to include comments and whitespaces, and finally, some general programming recommendations that are important but easily overlooked by most Python programmers.

Let’s learn to write better code!

The official PEP-8 documentation can be found here.

Understanding Python Naming Convention

Shakespeare famously said – “What’s in a name?”. If he had encountered a programmer back then, he would have had a swift reply – “A lot!”.

Yes, when you write a piece of code, the name you choose for the variables, functions, and so on, has a great impact on the comprehensibility of the code. Just have a look at the following piece of code:

# Function 1
def func(x):
   a = x.split()[0]
   b = x.split()[1]
   return a, b
print(func('Analytics Vidhya')) # Function 2
def name_split(full_name):
   first_name = full_name.split()[0]
   last_name = full_name.split()[1]
   return first_name, last_name
print(name_split('Analytics Vidhya'))
# Outputs ('Analytics', 'Vidhya')
('Analytics', 'Vidhya')

Both the functions do the same job, but the latter one gives a better intuition as to what it is happening under the hood, even without any comments! That is why choosing the right names and following the right naming convention can make a huge difference while writing your program. That being said, let’s look at how you should name your objects in Python!

General Tips to Begin With

These tips can be applied to name any entity and should be followed religiously.

  • Try to follow the same pattern – consistency is the key!
thisVariable, ThatVariable, some_other_variable, BIG_NO
  • Avoid using long names while not being too frugal with the name either
this_could_be_a_bad_name = “Avoid this!”
t = “This isn’t good either”
  • Use sensible and descriptive names. This will help later on when you try to remember the purpose of the code
X = “My Name” # Avoid this
full_name = “My Name” # This is much better
  • Avoid using names that begin with numbers
1_name = “This is bad!”
  • Avoid using special characters like @, !, #, $, etc. in names
phone_ # Bad name

Naming Variables

  • Variable names should always be in lowercase
blog = "Analytics Vidhya"
  • For longer variable names, include underscores to separate_words. This improves readability
awesome_blog = "Analytics Vidhya"
  • Try not to use single-character variable names like ‘I’ (uppercase i letter), ‘O’ (uppercase o letter), ‘l’ (lowercase L letter). They can be indistinguishable from numerical 1 and 0. Have a look:
O = 0 + l + I + 1
  • Follow the same naming convention for Global variables

Naming Functions

  • Follow the lowercase with underscores naming convention
  • Use expressive names
# Avoid
def con(): ...
# This is better.
def connect(): ...
  • If a function argument name clashes with a keyword, use a trailing underscore instead of using an abbreviation. For example, turning break into break_ instead of brk
# Avoiding name clashes.
def break_time(break_): print(“Your break time is”, break_,”long”)

Class names

  • Follow CapWord (or camelCase or StudlyCaps) naming convention. Just start each word with a capital letter and do not include underscores between words
# Follow CapWord convention
class MySampleClass: pass
  • If a class contains a subclass with the same attribute name, consider adding double underscores to the class attribute

This will make sure the attribute __age in class Person is accessed as _Person__age. This is Python’s name mangling and it makes sure there is no name collision

class Person: def __init__(self): self.__age = 18 obj = Person() obj.__age # Error
obj._Person__age # Correct
  • Use the suffix “Error” for exception classes
class CustomError(Exception): “””Custom exception class“””

Naming Class Methods

  • The first argument of an instance method (the basic class method with no strings attached) should always be self. This points to the calling object
  • The first argument of a class method should always be cls. This points to the class, not the object instance
class SampleClass: def instance_method(self, del_): print(“Instance method”) @classmethod def class_method(cls): print(“Class method”)

Package and Module names

  • Try to keep the name short and simple
  • The lowercase naming convention should be followed
  • Prefer underscores for long module names
  • Avoid underscores for package names
testpackage # package name
sample_module.py # module name

Constant names

  • Constants are usually declared and assigned values within a module
  • The naming convention for constants is an aberration. Constant names should be all CAPITAL letters
  • Use underscores for longer names
# Following constant variables in global.py module
PI = 3.14
GRAVITY = 9.8
SPEED_OF_Light = 3*10**8

Python Style Guide’s Code Layout

Now that you know how to name entities in Python, the next question that should pop up in your mind is how to structure your code in Python!  Honestly, this is very important, because without proper structure, your code could go haywire and can be the biggest turn off for any reviewer.

So, without further ado, let’s get to the basics of code layout in Python!

Indentation

It is the single most important aspect of code layout and plays a vital role in Python. Indentation tells which lines of code are to be included in the block for execution. Missing an indentation could turn out to be a critical mistake.

Indentations determine which code block a code statement belongs to. Imagine trying to write up a nested for-loop code. Writing a single line of code outside its respective loop may not give you a syntax error, but you will definitely end up with a logical error that can be potentially time-consuming in terms of debugging.

Follow the below mentioned key points on indentation for a consistent structure for your Python scripts.

  • Always follow the 4-space indentation rule
# Example
if value<0: print(“negative value”) # Another example
for i in range(5): print(“Follow this rule religiously!”)
  • Prefer to use spaces over tabs

It is recommended to use Spaces over Tabs. But Tabs can be used when the code is already indented with tabs.

if True: print('4 spaces of indentation used!')
  • Break large expressions into several lines

There are several ways of handling such a situation. One way is to align the succeeding statements with the opening delimiter.

# Aligning with opening delimiter.
def name_split(first_name, middle_name, last_name) # Another example.
ans = solution(value_one, value_two, value_three, value_four)

A second way is to make use of the 4-space indentation rule. This will require an extra level of indentation to distinguish the arguments from the rest of the code inside the block.

# Making use of extra indentation.
def name_split( first_name, middle_name, last_name): print(first_name, middle_name, last_name)

Finally, you can even make use of “hanging indents”. Hanging indentation, in the context of Python, refers to the text style where the line containing a parenthesis ends with an opening parenthesis. The subsequent lines are indented until the closing parenthesis.

# Hanging indentation.
ans = solution( value_one, value_two, value_three, value_four)
  • Indenting if-statements can be an issue

if-statements with multiple conditions naturally contain 4 spaces – if, space, and the opening parenthesis. As you can see, this can be an issue. Subsequent lines will also be indented and there is no way of differentiating the if-statement from the block of code it executes. Now, what do we do?

Well, we have a couple of ways to get our way around it:

# This is a problem.
if (condition_one and condition_two): print(“Implement this”)

One way is to use an extra level of indentation of course!

# Use extra indentation.
if (condition_one and condition_two): print(“Implement this”)

Another way is to add a comment between the if-statement conditions and the code block to distinguish between the two:

# Add a comment.
if (condition_one and condition_two): # this condition is valid print(“Implement this”)
  • Brackets need to be closed

Let’s say you have a long dictionary of values. You put all the key-value pairs in separate lines but where do you put the closing bracket? Does it come in the last line? The line following it? And if so, do you just put it at the beginning or after indentation?

There are a couple of ways around this problem as well.

One way is to align the closing bracket with the first non-whitespace character of the previous line.

# learning_path = { ‘Step 1’ : ’Learn programming’, ‘Step 2’ : ‘Learn machine learning’, ‘Step 3’ : ‘Crack on the hackathons’ }

The second way is to just put it as the first character of the new line.

learning_path = { ‘Step 1’ : ’Learn programming’, ‘Step 2’ : ‘Learn machine learning’, ‘Step 3’ : ‘Crack on the hackathons’
}
  • Break line before binary operators

If you are trying to fit too many operators and operands into a single line, it is bound to get cumbersome. Instead, break it into several lines for better readability.

Now the obvious question – break before or after operators? The convention is to break before operators. This helps to easily make out the operator and the operand it is acting upon.

# Break lines before operator.
gdp = (consumption + government_spending + investment + net_exports )

Using Blank Lines

Bunching up lines of code will only make it harder for the reader to comprehend your code. One nice way to make your code look neater and pleasing to the eyes is to introduce a relevant amount of blank lines in your code.

  • Top-level functions and classes should be separated by two blank lines
# Separating classes and top level functions.
class SampleClass(): pass def sample_function(): print("Top level function")
  • Methods inside a class should be separated by a single blank line
# Separating methods within class.
class MyClass(): def method_one(self): print("First method") def method_two(self): print("Second method")
  • Try not to include blank lines between pieces of code that have related logic and function
def remove_stopwords(text): stop_words = stopwords.words("english") tokens = word_tokenize(text) clean_text = [word for word in tokens if word not in stop_words] return clean_text
  • Blank lines can be used sparingly within functions to separate logical sections. This makes it easier to comprehend the code
def remove_stopwords(text): stop_words = stopwords.words("english") tokens = word_tokenize(text) clean_text = [word for word in tokens if word not in stop_words] clean_text = ' '.join(clean_text) clean_text = clean_text.lower() return clean_text

Maximum line length

  • No more than 79 characters in a line

When you are writing code in Python, you cannot squeeze more than 79 characters into a single line. That’s the limit and should be the guiding rule to keep the statement short.

  • You can break the statement into multiple lines and turn them into shorter lines of code
# Breaking into multiple lines.
num_list = [y for y in range(100) if y % 2 == 0 if y % 5 == 0]
print(num_list)

Imports

Part of the reason why a lot of data scientists love to work with Python is because of the plethora of libraries that make working with data a lot easier. Therefore, it is given that you will end up importing a bunch of libraries and modules to accomplish any task in data science.

  • Should always come at the top of the Python script
  • Separate libraries should be imported on separate lines
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd df = pd.read_csv(r'/sample.csv')
  • Imports should be grouped in the following order:
    • Standard library imports
    • Related third party imports
    • Local application/library specific imports
  • Include a blank line after each group of imports
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import matplotlib
from glob import glob
import spaCy import mypackage
  • Can import multiple classes from the same module in a single line
from math import ceil, floor

Getting Familiar with Proper Python Comments

Understanding an uncommented piece of code can be a strenuous activity. Even for the original writer of the code, it can be difficult to remember what exactly is happening in a code line after a period of time.

Therefore, it is best to comment on your code then and there so that the reader can have a proper understanding of what you tried to achieve with that particular piece of code.

General Tips for Including Comments

  • Always begin the comment with a capital letter
  • Comments should be complete sentences
  • Update the comment as and when you update your code
  • Avoid comments that state the obvious

Block Comments

  • Describe the piece of code that follows them
  • Have the same indentation as the piece of code
  • Start with a # and a single space
# Remove non-alphanumeric characters from user input string.
import re raw_text = input(‘Enter string:‘)
text = re.sub(r'W+', '  ', raw_text)

Inline comments

  • These are comments on the same line as the code statement
  • Should be separated by at least two spaces from the code statement
  • Starts with the usual # followed by a whitespace
  • Do not use them to state the obvious
  • Try to use them sparingly as they can be distracting
info_dict = {}  # Dictionary to store the extracted information

Documentation String

  • Used to describe public modules, classes, functions, and methods
  • Also known as “docstrings”
  • What makes them stand out from the rest of the comments is that they are enclosed within triple quotes ”””
  • If docstring ends in a single line, include the closing “”” on the same line
  • If docstring runs into multiple lines, put the closing “”” on a new line
def square_num(x): """Returns the square of a number.""" return x**2 def power(x, y): """Multiline comments. Returns x raised to y. """ return x**y

Whitespaces in your Python Code

Whitespaces are often ignored as a trivial aspect when writing beautiful code. But using whitespaces correctly can increase the readability of the code by leaps and bounds. They help prevent the code statement and expressions from getting too crowded. This inevitably helps the readers to go over the code with ease.

Key points

  • Avoid putting whitespaces immediately within brackets
# Correct way
df[‘clean_text’] = df[‘text’].apply(preprocess)
  • Never put whitespace before a comma, semicolon, or colon
# Correct
name_split = lambda x: x.split()
# Correct
  • Don’t include whitespaces between a character and an opening bracket
# Correct
print(‘This is the right way’)
# Correct
for i in range(5): name_dict[i] = input_list[i]
  • When using multiple operators, include whitespaces only around the lowest priority operator
# Correct
ans = x**2 + b*x + c
  • In slices, colons act as binary operators

They should be treated as the lowest priority operators. Equal spaces must be included around each colon

# Correct
df_valid = df_train[lower_bound+5 : upper_bound-5]
  • Trailing whitespaces should be avoided
  • Don’t surround = sign with whitespaces when indicating function parameters
def exp(base, power=2): return base**power
  • Always surround the following binary operators with single whitespace on either side:
    • Assignment operators (=, +=, -=, etc.)
    • Comparisons (==, <, >, !=, <>, <=, >=, in, not in, is, is not)
    • Booleans (and, or, not)
# Correct
brooklyn = [‘Amy’, ‘Terry’, ‘Gina’, Jake]
count = 0
for name in brooklyn: if name == ‘Jake’: print(‘Cool’) count += 1

General Programming Recommendations for Python

Often, there are a number of ways to write a piece of code. And while they achieve the same task, it is better to use the recommended way of writing cleaner code and maintain consistency. I’ve covered some of these in this section.

  • For comparison to singletons like None, always use is or is not. Do not use equality operators
# Wrong
if name != None: print("Not null")
# Correct
if name is not None: print("Not null")
  • Don’t compare boolean values to TRUE or FALSE using the comparison operator. While it might be intuitive to use the comparison operator, it is unnecessary to use it. Simply write the boolean expression
# Correct
if valid: print("Correct")
# Wrong
if valid == True: print("Wrong")
  • Instead of binding a lambda function to an identifier, use a generic function.  Because assigning lambda function to an identifier defeats its purpose. And it will be easier for tracebacks
# Prefer this
def func(x): return None # Over this
func = lambda x: x**2
  • When you are catching exceptions, name the exception you are catching. Do not just use a bare except. This will make sure that the exception block does not disguise other exceptions by KeyboardInterrupt exception when you are trying to interrupt the execution
try: x = 1/0
except ZeroDivisionError: print('Cannot divide by zero')
  • Be consistent with your return statements. That is to say, either all return statements in a function should return an expression or none of them should. Also, if a return statement is not returning any value, return None instead of nothing at all
# Wrong
def sample(x): if x > 0: return x+1 elif x == 0: return else: return x-1 # Correct
def sample(x): if x > 0: return x+1 elif x == 0: return None else: return x-1
  • If you are trying to check prefixes or suffixes in a string, use ”.startswith() and ”.endswith() instead of string slicing. These are much cleaner and less prone to errors
# Correct
if name.endswith('and'): print('Great!')

End Notes

We have covered quite a lot of key points under the Python Style Guide. If you follow these consistently throughout your code, you are bound to end up with a cleaner and readable code.

Also, following a common standard is beneficial when you are working as a team on a project. It makes it easier for other collaborators to understand. Go ahead and start incorporating these style tips in your Python code!

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Source: https://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2020/07/python-style-guide/

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