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Popular Types of Software Licenses That You Need to Know

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With so many different kinds of licenses available, it can make it difficult for developers to use the one that’s right for them. Knowing more about the various licenses helps to keep your work protected while also ensuring that you don’t have problems when using other people’s code. 

This post covers the main types of licenses so that you can leave with a better idea about what they entail. You’ll be able to feel more confident about which licenses to incorporate with your code as well as the guidelines that are in place when using code that are under these licenses. 

Permissive Licenses

Permissive licenses allow software developers to have a lot of freedom when it comes to modifying, distributing, and using code within their projects. Several types of permissive licenses initially seem quite similar. Let’s take a quick look at what makes the various permissive licenses differ from one another. 

“BSD three clause licenses enable you to redistribute, use, relicense, and modify the software. Redistributing code has to clearly have the copyright notice that was available with the original work. ” 

BSD four clause licenses include the same conditions. However, they also have a condition that states advertising must recognize the original work. The BSD two clause license works the same as the BSD four and three clause licenses, except it leaves out the advertising and endorsement conditions. 

MIT licenses are one of the freer types of open-source licenses available and there are several kinds available. The Expat license is one of the most common variants of an MIT license that lets developers modify, use, relicense, and redistribute the work. In return for being permitted these rights, you must include the original copyright license. 

There are also GNU All-Permissive Licenses that let you modify, redistribute, and use code as long as you include the original copyright. 

Copyleft Licenses 

Copyleft licenses enable you to modify, redistribute, and use code as long as the license is always made available in its original form. WordPress is known for using copyleft licenses. 

The General Public License GPLv2 is one of the most common copyleft licenses that lets developers use, redistribute, and modify code as long as the license is included in its original form. There are no grants or patents needed when using this license. 

However, you must make sure that the original source code is available if you redistribute the programming languages in a compiled form. 

Home-Grown Licenses

Home-grown licenses are licenses that developers choose to create themselves. Generally speaking, this is something that most people in the software development world wouldn’t recommend doing.

This is because there are already so many other licenses that can let you cover all aspects. Making a new license also means that other developers have to read through the terms and conditions to try and understand your new terms. 

Furthermore, other licenses go through a process where they’re tested in the legal system to be approved. As a result, getting legal help when making a new license would cost more as people aren’t aware of the conditions in your license compared to the licenses that are already out there.

Lawyers would need to examine every part of your license from scratch and there may be more legal issues down the line with various clauses. 

Rights Reserved

In most cases, the author of code will have their code copyrighted by default with all rights reserved. An exception to this rule is if it’s stated clearly that all rights aren’t reserved. Usually, rights reserved licenses will include the copyright date and the author at the top of the document to let other developers know what the rights to the code are. 

When it comes to providing your code for others to use on websites, people can have easy access to viewing and downloading it. Using a rights reserved license means that people who use your code without going through the correct channels can be liable to be sued for violating the copyright. You can use the code only once the author has granted you permission. 

In addition to this, if people take your code and share it with others, that also means that they’re breaking the distribution rights and can be sued. Only the author of the original code can grant permission to people and organizations to use it. 

Therefore, when people go to purchase your code, they’re paying for the rights that are included in the license more so than the code itself. Sometimes, the code is included in a physical copy but most of the time, you’re simply able to download the code after purchasing the rights.

Authors who are using rights reserves licenses are also able to grant permission individually for different people and companies to use their work. 

Conclusion

So, now that you know more about what some of the most popular types of licenses have to offer, you’ll be feeling more assured about the one that you think is right for your code. 

We hope that the information detailed throughout our post has helped you to feel more confident about the most common types of licenses so that you can use the ones that are best for developing your software. 

Source: https://www.aiiottalk.com/technology/types-of-software-licenses/

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7 Awe Inspiring AI Techs That Transformed The Digital World

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For many people worldwide, artificial intelligence is slowly making its way into their lives without fussing. From our cars, homes, mobile phones, and our workplace, Artificial Intelligence is everywhere.

Apart from our personal lives, Artificial Intelligence has also made its way into various industries such as automotive, e-commerce, healthcare, and entertainment.

To better understand artificial intelligence’s impact on the digital world, we first need to know what it is. To sum up,

“Artificial intelligence reduces human intervention with the help of algorithms and tools that provide recommendations, predictions, and decisions through real-time data.” 

Now that we know what artificial intelligence is, we can move forward and find out how it transforms the digital world. The use of artificial intelligence is every present and visible in our daily lives.

With the help of a machine and deep learning, artificial intelligence has found its way in computer vision systems, image processing, and voice recognition applications, transforming them in a way never seen before. If you want to know how Artificial Intelligence affects the digital world, this article will help you. Listed below are some of the applications of artificial intelligence in today’s digital world:

Computer Vision Systems

Computer vision analyzes data by using different images that show various objects of interest. It uses deep learning and image processing to recognize patterns and then provides predictions autonomously.

From simple everyday applications such as recognizing human faces to complicated ones such as detecting obstacles when driving autonomous vehicles, computer vision helps AI-enabled technologies and devices to perform their tasks more effectively.

An example of how AI affects computer vision systems is through its use in machine vision systems. A sub-field of computer vision systems, machine vision systems finds their use in automotive applications, such as detecting stop signs, detecting obstacles, etc. Machine vision technology reduces distractions and enables the driver to stay alert while driving.

Creating and Generating Online Content

Who wouldn’t want a machine that writes online content by itself? Although AI cannot write about their opinion for a political blog or its views about new emerging technologies, it certainly can create content for your website that can help attract an audience from every part of the world. It can also help you save money, resources, and a lot of time. You only need to feed it data that it can understand and learn, and it will take care of the rest.

Wordsmith and quill are examples of such programs, which companies such as Forbes and Associated Press use to create new and fresh content for them, leading to numerous visits on their websites. With the use of templates and keywords, these programs generate content readers feel that humans wrote it.

Curating Online Content

AI-based programs not only allow you to create content, but they also help you curate it. It enables visitors to interact with web pages in a better way, only showing them the content they want to see. It helps in providing visitors with more personalized user experience. For example, if you add a product to your shopping cart on Amazon, you will see suggestions relevant to your choice.

“Another example is Netflix. If you watch a movie or a drama serial on it, with the help of AI, Netflix provides you with relevant movie and drama suggestions that piques your interest.” 

From a marketing perspective, imagine showing visitors the content they wish to see. With the help of deep learning and machine learning, you will surely increase your daily clicks.

Email Marketing

Emphasizing user behavior and preferences, companies use AI-based marketing campaigns to make it easier to connect with potential clients. With the help of machine learning, companies can analyze trillions of megabytes of data to find out the time of day to engage with potential clients, what type of content to show them, the email titles and subjects that generate the most clicks, and its frequency.

Wouldn’t you want to know all these so you can save time, money, and effort? Some of the examples of such AI-based email marketing include Persado, Boomtrain, and Phrasee. It will transform how you perceive email marketing and allow you to generate tons of clicks, increasing your online presence.

Digital Advertising

Gone are the days of posting advertisements in the newspaper or the local radio channel. Artificial intelligence has made it easy for companies to find an audience that will be more prone to finding an interest in an advert. A sub-field of digital marketing, digital advertising sees the most benefits when adopting Artificial Intelligence.

“For example, Google Ads and Facebook Ads use Artificial Intelligence and machine learning to find people that will most likely have an interest in your Digital Adverts.” 

With the help of AI, both these platforms analyze user information such as demographics and interests to detect users that suit a company’s advertisements.

Website Design

If you think that a great website cannot exist without the help of a coder or a programmer, then we have news for you. Nowadays, various AI-aided website design programs exist that can easily design a website with the help of images, call to actions, and text provided by the user.

And all that without any need of a programmer or a website designer.It allows companies to save money and makes their website look like someone with a college degree designed it.

Artificial Intelligence Chatbots

Nowadays, brands usually communicate with their potential clients through Facebook messenger, WhatsApp, and other online communication platforms. As everybody already uses these platforms, it provides companies with a quick way to send the word out about their brand. Such a medium of communication leads to a requirement for faster responses. That is only possible through AI aided chatbots.

Chatbots are also available 24/7, which is not possible for a human being. For example, a big brand like Sephora uses chatbots to provide visitors with recommendations and make-up advice, depending on their interests, and without human intervention.

Final words
As you can see, artificial intelligence in the digital world provides numerous benefits, whether in marketing, advertising, or providing a great user experience to a customer. Also, to clarify, Artificial Intelligence is not here to replace human beings, but it helps them perform their task more effectively and efficiently.

However, for something like this to happen, they must give Artificial Intelligence a chance. Otherwise, they risk facing the inevitable.

Also Read Artificial Intelligence Myths and Facts

Source: https://www.aiiottalk.com/artificial-intelligence/ai-techs-that-transformed-digital-world/

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AI and Machine Learning Technologies Are On the Rise Globally, with Governments Launching Initiatives to Support Adoption: Report

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Kate MacDonald, New Zealand Government Fellow at the World Economic Forum, and Lofred Madzou, Project Lead, AI and Machine Learning at the World Economic Forum have published a report that explains how AI can benefit everyone.

According to MacDonald and Madzou, artificial intelligence can improve the daily lives of just about everyone, however, we still need to address issues such as accuracy of AI applications, the degree of human control, transparency, bias and various privacy issues. The use of AI also needs to be “carefully and ethically managed,” MacDonald and Madzou recommend.

As mentioned in a blog post by MacDonald and Madzou:

“One way to [ensure ethical practice in AI] is to set up a national ‘Centre for Excellence’ to champion the ethical use of AI and help roll out training and awareness raising. A number of countries already have centres of excellence – those which don’t, should.”

The blog further notes:

“AI can be used to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of decision-making and to improve lives through new apps and services. It can be used to solve some of the thorny policy problems of climate change, infrastructure and healthcare. It is no surprise that governments are therefore looking at ways to build AI expertise and understanding, both within the public sector but also within the wider community.”

As noted by MacDonald and Madzou, the UK has established many “Office for AI” centers, which aim to support the responsible adoption of AI technologies for the benefit of everyone. These UK based centers ensure that AI is safe through proper governance, strong ethical foundations and “understanding of key issues such as the future of work.”

The work environment is changing rapidly, especially since the COVID-19 outbreak. Many people are now working remotely and Fintech companies have managed to raise a lot of capital to launch special services for professionals who may reside in a different jurisdiction than their employer. This can make it challenging for HR departments to take care of taxes, compliance, and other routine work procedures. That’s why companies have developed remote working solutions to support companies during these challenging times.

Many firms might now require advanced cybersecurity solutions that also depend on various AI and machine learning algorithms.

The blog post notes:

“AI Singapore is bringing together all Singapore-based research institutions and the AI ecosystem start-ups and companies to ‘catalyze, synergize and boost’ Singapore’s capability to power its digital economy. Its objective is to use AI to address major challenges currently affecting society and industry.”

As covered recently, AI and machine learning (ML) algorithms are increasingly being used to identify fraudulent transactions.

As reported in August 2020, the Hong Kong Institute for Monetary and Financial Research (HKIMR), the research segment of the Hong Kong Academy of Finance (AoF), had published a report on AI and banking. Entitled “Artificial Intelligence in Banking: The Changing Landscape in Compliance and Supervision,” the report seeks to provide insights on the long-term development strategy and direction of Hong Kong’s financial industry.

In Hong Kong, the use of AI in the banking industry is said to be expanding including “front-line businesses, risk management, and back-office operations.” The tech is poised to tackle tasks like credit assessments and fraud detection. As well, banks are using AI to better serve their customers.

Policymakers are also exploring the use of AI in improving compliance (Regtech) and supervisory operations (Suptech), something that is anticipated to be mutually beneficial to banks and regulators as it can lower the burden on the financial institution while streamlining the regulator process.

The blog by MacDonald and Madzou also mentions that India has established a Centre of Excellence in AI to enhance the delivery of AI government e-services. The blog noted that the Centre will serve as “a platform for innovation and act as a gateway to test and develop solutions and build capacity across government departments.”

The blog post added that Canada is notably the world’s first country to introduce a National AI Strategy, and to also establish various centers of excellence in AI research and innovation at local universities. The blog further states that “this investment in academics and researchers has built on Canada’s reputation as a leading AI research hub.”

MacDonald and Madzou also mentioned that Malta has launched the Malta Digital Innovation Authority, which serves as a regulatory body that handles governmental policies that focus on positioning Malta as a centre of excellence and innovation in digital technologies. The island country’s Innovation Authority is responsible for establishing and enforcing relevant standards while taking appropriate measures to ensure consumer protection.

Source: https://www.crowdfundinsider.com/2020/09/166928-ai-and-machine-learning-technologies-are-on-the-rise-globally-with-governments-launching-initiatives-to-support-adoption-report/

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Is GPT-3 the “Adam” of Natural Language?

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OpenAI has long asserted that immense computational horsepower in conjunction with reinforcement learning is a necessary step on the road to AGI, or AI that can learn any task a human can [14].

The fathers of AI 2.0, such as Yoshua Bengio and Yann LeCun, argue that AGI is not possible to create from current AI technology. They think we need self-supervised learning (actually GPT-2 and GPT-3 are self-supervised) and advanced neurobiology-based advancements [15].

However, the fathers of AI 1.0, the grandfather’s of AI, such as Marvin Minsky and Andrew McCarthy, argued that an abundance of knowledge (data) and a “society” of common-sense reasoning specialists was the road to AGI [16].

GPT-3 is the existence proof that scaling up the amount of text (data), scaling up the parameters (model size), and scaling up the training computes results in better accuracy (scary performance) on a specialist for few-shot NLP tasks.

Do the model’s architecture, size of the model, and the amount of training computes realize a common-sense reasoning specialist? Do data and common sense reasoning get us to AGI?

Speculation About a Possible Future of Artificial Intelligence

So like, the biggest mistake that I see artificial intelligence researchers making is assuming that they’re intelligent. Yeah they’re not, compared to AI. — Elon Musk [12].

Sixty to sixty-five years ago, one of the first computers filled a room. Sixty years later, a computer core, about the size of my head, has scaled up about 1 billion times (maybe more) the first computer.

Suppose the first viable quantum computer fills an entire room. Will it be 60 years before a quantum computer core, the size of my head, scaled up about 1 billion times the first quantum computer?

Maybe.

Imagine a quantum computer, with an AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) model of a scale of 1 billion times the parameters of GPT-3 or about 3 million times the parameters of the human brain.

“I’ve predicted that in 2029, we will pass the Turing test,” stated Ray Kurzweil [11].

Note: GPT-3 is real close to GPT-3 passing the Turing test [13].

GPT-3 is quite impressive in some areas, and still clearly subhuman in others. — Kevin Lackey, Just, 2020.

Do you think we will have a Hawking-Musk nightmare or a Havens-Kurzweil dream [11,12]?

We may have both, or we may have neither.

I put money on our tool-making. I doubt we will change, or should we change this behavior.

I feel that Elon Musk, with the NuralLink project, is making a bet on our tool-making about the future potential of AI [17].

Source: https://chatbotslife.com/is-gpt-3-the-adam-of-natural-language-cf59656456f2?source=rss—-a49517e4c30b—4

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