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Leading people in the times of digital transformation




Leading people in the times of digital transformation

The work world continues its metamorphosis as organizations
increasingly leverage technology to modernize their business strategies. As the
pace of change intensifies, many companies just cannot compete as competition
rains in from every direction.

“Digital platforms now deliver immense value, enabling us to connect, collaborate and broaden our minds – raising awareness about important issues, bringing people together for a common purpose and achieving new breakthroughs.”

The digital revolution has launched a new era of human
empowerment and engagement across business, society and in every aspect of our
lives. Never before has there been a more powerful influence on human behavior,
irrespective of country or culture, than the combined effect of digital technologies.  The effects of this shift on society are
tremendous and, in particular, are dramatically changing our leadership
responsibilities whether in politics, professionals in business, teachers in
school or parents raising children.

As our work world becomes increasingly digital, understanding
the role of digital technology in shaping culture and behavior and using it to
an advantage –is key to effective leadership in the future. More
and more companies are embracing advanced technologies to decrease the cost of
production and increase profitability.

While organizations are grappling with the market disruptions due
to digital transformation, leaders are expected to not only keeping pace with
the ever changing business environment, but also ensuring successful adoption
of digital solutions, achieving desired outcomes and also aligning all
employees to the established digital transformation imperatives.

Digital transformation is challenging how the leaders interact, communicate, develop, and oversee the performances of their people. Leaders are expected to create an environment of teamwork, where people can constantly learn, adopt and adapt to the digital systems.

However, in the digital era, physical presence of leaders has been
mostly substituted with virtual form of leadership. Thus, further adding to the
challenge of connecting emotionally and establishing the much desired
interpersonal connect with the team.

We all know the importance of physical interactions and how it
helps leaders to gauge responses and actions of colleagues and team members,
according to their emotional disposition, which is missing in a digital
communication setup and making it difficult for a leader to read or interpret
employee emotions.

Should You Focus? –
Not every competency has the same impact on
an organization’s digital performance. Following six competencies that have the
greatest impact on performance and of these six most critical skills, most leaders
are relatively strong in four areas, weaker in two:-

  • Lead with digitization. Organizations
    need leaders who understand the impact digital tech can have on their
    businesses. They sense what is and isn’t possible and, more important, sense
    what will be possible. They look to standardize and automate processes to
    generate new insights they can leverage for differentiated capabilities. This
    is a relatively weak area for leaders.
  1. Adaptability is a must. Digital
    leaders must be able to adapt to constant change or fall behind. They need to
    be learning every day, not getting caught up in “traditions.” This is a
    relative leadership strength.
  • Execution. It’s one
    thing to anticipate change. But it takes another set of skills altogether to
    turn new ideas into reality. This also is a strength.
  • Hyper-collaboration is about
    working relentlessly to break down silos. It’s getting people working together
    to solve customers’ and the organization’s issues. Again, this is a relative
    leadership strength.
  1. Identify and develop new talent. Leaders
    need to spot and rapidly bring on board the digitally savvy talent of tomorrow.
    Leaders do relatively well in this area.
  1. A 360 view. Leaders
    must be able to spot patterns and bring thinking together from multiple
    perspectives. This is a real weakness.

Although, information technology in this era offers multiple
mediums of interacting and communicating seamlessly, there are certain softer
aspects which the leaders are required to adapt to and manage with utmost care.
For communications in virtual settings, the information could possibly lose its
social or contextual meaning compared to traditional face-to face conversations
that allows for direct responses. Additionally, e-leaders find it difficult to
communicate to their global teams due to different time zones.

Digital transformation has enabled globalization, helping companies
spread their businesses across the globe. However, leaders have a challenge
developing a single communication strategy or approach when working with such
dispersed staff and high cultural sensitivity.

  • Changing different cultural etiquette is a huge
    challenge. It is noteworthy that what might be standard and acceptable in one
    country might not be appreciated in another. So a leader with dispersed
    workforce must be mindful of local norms and cultures to avoid conflicts.
  • Managing accountability is another significant
    challenge posed in managing virtual teams working remotely and away from
    company premises. This dispersed workforce works with a high level of autonomy
    and requires a high level of personal accountability & commitment to
    achieve results.
  • Hiring new resources only adds to the worries of
    these leaders. With fewer direct interactions in digital communication, leaders
    find it difficult to maintain interpersonal relations with their followers.

to Start?

  • Start by identifying critical leadership
    and assess readiness of your talent to embrace and pioneer
    digital transformation.
  • Rethink your competency framework to
    include emergent knowledge and skills to focus leader development. Many
    companies going through unprecedented change have not reexamined their
    competency models.
  • Develop digital accelerator
    leadership-immersion programs. This is an excellent approach to building both
    technical know-how and leadership capability.
  • Move beyond simply
    “doing digital” via discrete technology implementations to “being digital,” an
    embedded leadership mindset and way of working.
  • Become a student of all things digital. Whether
    it is connecting with employees using the latest social media tool, engaging
    with your children, revamping outdated policies, or simply reading emerging
    research, leaders must be the first adopters of digital trends and get
    comfortable with being uncomfortable.
  • Forget hierarchy. The
    digital world is one of empowered, individualized experiences, and leaders must
    embrace that it has no boundaries or titles. By nature, digital technology is
    diverse and inclusive and, when nurtured, can give leaders endless
    opportunities to harness innovation, solve problems, share knowledge and learn
    from others.
  • Think beyond reality. Human
    workers are being replaced by a digital workforce with the unstoppable
    development of artificial intelligence. We’re not only talking about physical
    robots and self-driving cars; we’re talking about software agents that carry
    out repeatable routine activities with increasing cognitive ability as they
    “learn” by doing.
  • Hang on to your values. As we’ve
    seen, the spectrum of emotions, experiences and behaviors driven by digital are
    vast, and no one is immune to its influence. Our personal values can be easily
    corrupted if we are not careful in protecting them, so in the wake of all that
    noise, leaders – and everyone – must remember what and who is truly important,
    set boundaries and act accordingly.

With all the variances between generations, leaders have to evolve their styles to motivate a very diverse workforce.

Here are Top 8 Skills of Today’s Digital Leaders:-

  • Digital Literacy – As
    defined by Cornell University, digital literacy is the ability to find,
    evaluate, utilize, share and create content using information technologies and
    the internet. Literacy is not only technical, it requires cognitive, critical,
    creative and social skills. It is safe to say that you are never done learning
    when it comes to digital technology.
  • Digital Vision – When
    building a digital strategy, sell the idea of the long-term benefits the new
    technologies will bring.
  1. Advocacy – As a
    leader you set the tone for the rest of the organization. Advocacy is all about
    energizing people about the digital vision. An Investing time in your own
    literacy encourages others to pursue similar knowledge.
  • Presence – Presence
    is a form of advocacy that translates to “walking the walk.” Leaders
    can have a clear digital vision and strongly advocate for it, but if they
    aren’t visibly practicing it where the workforce can see, no one will buy what
    you’re selling.
  • Communication – Your
    communication style backs up your presence. Consider your messaging practices
    and how they may or may not portray your digital vision.
  1. Adaptability – Developing
    openness to explore new technologies and taking a flexible approach to how you
    conceive the digital workplace will strengthen your adaptability muscle.
  • Self-Awareness – In this
    era, leadership requires a high degree of self-awareness.”  The level of connectivity today is
    unprecedented — for leaders and for the broader workforce. The boundaries
    between inside and outside the office are now blurred. Leaders should reflect
    on their approach and how it may affect others. This should become a natural
    and ongoing practice.
  • Cultural Awareness – Cultural
    awareness is the lens through which you view your digital vision. It
    encompasses the values needed for success. During times of communication and
    participation leaders should remember sensitivity in the digital workplace, as
    well as retain an awareness of cultural differences.

to Differentiate?

  • Lead for the future of the organization. Nurture
    and develop leaders as much as those running the legacy business. New leaders
    will not only require a technical mindset, but also the imagination and vision
    of how technology can enable their organization’s competitive position.
  • Foster a digital ecosystem for
    leaders to thrive. This includes new approaches to learning, rewards, use of
    space, and elimination of hierarchies. Place great digitally ready leaders in a
    traditional culture, and they will surely fail.

In conclusion, it is important to acknowledge the need for
leadership training, and accordingly tailor the trainings aligned to current
digital technologies, will benefit the organizations in their digital
transformation journey. Looking to the near future, every organization
will need to embrace new technologies if they are to flourish. And, those with
the most capable digital-ready leaders will continue to stay ahead of the

Published at Thu, 02 Jan 2020 13:05:20 +0000

Cyber Security

U.S. and the U.K. Published Attack on IT Management Company SolarWinds





On Friday, US and UK government agencies released a joint report with more information on the activities of the Russian cyberspy community suspected of being behind the attack on IT management firm SolarWinds. After some of their operations were revealed, the hackers began using the open-source adversary simulation system Sliver, according to the paper.

The SolarWinds attack was carried out by the Russian threat actor APT29 (also known as the Dukes, Cozy Bear, and Yttrium), according to the FBI, NSA, CISA, and the UK’s NCSC. The SolarWinds attack resulted in hundreds of organisations’ systems being breached by malicious updates served from compromised SolarWinds systems.

The agencies have previously released numerous reports on the activities of the organisation, which they say is under the control of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, or SVR.

The new report provides further information on the cyberspies’ strategies, methods, and procedures (TTPs), as well as some of the improvements made by the community in response to previous studies.

Last year, government agencies identified APT29 operations targeting organisations involved in SARSCoV2 coronavirus vaccine research and development in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Malware such as WellMess and WellMail were used in the attacks.

The hackers started using an open-source platform called Sliver to retain access to existing WellMess and WellMail victims after their activity targeting vaccine makers was exposed.

Bishop Fox, an aggressive security assessment agency, created Sliver as a legitimate tool. It’s billed as an adversary simulation and red team tool that companies can use to conduct security testing.

SVR operators also used separate command and control infrastructure for each victim of Sliver, as found in the SolarWinds incidents, the agencies said.

The Snort and Yara rules in the study are aimed at assisting danger hunters in detecting Sliver. The agencies cautioned, however, that since Sliver is a legal penetration testing tool, its existence does not inherently imply an APT29 assault.

APT29 has started exploiting CVE-2021-21972, according to the latest cybersecurity advisory, which lists nearly a dozen vulnerabilities that have been exploited by the community. VMware’s vCenter Server product is vulnerable to this crucial flaw. In February, organisations were alerted that hackers had begun searching the internet for compromised servers just one day after VMware declared the patches’ availability.

APT29 has reportedly begun searching for Microsoft Exchange servers that have been compromised by the vulnerabilities that have been abused by several threat groups over the last two months.

The study also details the effect of the attack on email security firm Mimecast, which was carried out as a result of the SolarWinds hack.

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Cyber Security

Privacy Protection: How Secure is Telegram Messenger?




Jan Hajek Hacker Noon profile picture

@janhajekJan Hajek

Develop websites and blogs as a hobby. Once bought 250 domains and still don’t know what to do with them.

Telegram is a cross-platform, cloud-based instant messenger that is available for free. End-to-end secure video communication, VoIP, file sharing, and various other functionality are also accessible. First released for iOS on August 14, 2013, and for Android in October 2013, Telegram messenger is a basic instant messaging app that is quick, convenient, efficient, and can sync across all user’s devices. With over 500 million daily users, it is one of the top ten most downloaded applications in the world. According to the developers of telegram messenger, it is a secure and easy-to-use application. Telegram features such as media, groups, and chat are encrypted with a combination of 256-bit symmetric AES encryption algorithm, 2048-bit RSA encryption, and secure Diffie–Hellman key exchange.

Is Telegram Secure?

Exploring the security perspective of messengers, we focus on technologies that are secure by default. Although Telegram supports end-to-end encryption (E2E), it must be enabled on a conversation-by-conversation basis by using a secret chat. As a result, Telegram’s default conversations are much less secure.

Telegram explains the reason for this opt-in as “convenience”; regular messages in Telegram are encrypted in the cloud and can be synced through different devices, while the chat creator must manually back up secret chat. Moreover, Telegram group chats are not encrypted; any participant can silently download video and audio files. Furthermore, in terms of security, open-source has many benefits, mainly transparency, which is the foundation of confidence. Telegram is partly open-source; the client-side programs are open source, but the server-side is closed source.

Data Storage

Except for secret chats, Telegram chats are saved on the cloud by
default. Telegram intends to provide data storage through distributed networks and highly encrypted cloud data. The security key is shared throughout regions to avoid information leakage by a single nation or small community of allies requesting details or a key. There are also a few issues with this technique.

Because the encryption keys are stored on the server, Telegram will technically decrypt communications stored on the cloud. Second, in the event that Telegram’s infrastructure is compromised, an adversary may access encryption keys to decode conversations.

Telegram’s prominence, especially in different states, makes it an attractive
target for nation-states. As a result, the whole security model of Telegram
cloud is based on trusting a centralized authority, which is a vulnerable
strategy from a security perspective.

Encryption Method in Telegram

Cryptography researchers have criticized Telegram for using MTProto, a non-standard cryptographic protocol. Certainly, confidence cannot be gained for an algorithm until the scheme has undergone years of in-depth research, thorough testing, and extensive review, which MTProto has not achieved. Several security bugs in MTProto have been found, but the majority of them are theoretical. Despite the criticism, the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s safe communications scorecard has scored Telegram’s hidden chat as 7/7. Likewise, in a whitepaper titled “Automated Symbolic Verification of Telegram’s MTProto 2.0,” researchers concluded that the protocol is sound and MTProto 2.0 does not present any conceptual fault, but they also addressed the probability of implementation bugs and side-channel threats.

Legal Issues

Telegram encompasses public networks for broadcasting messages to a
large number of users. Telegram has a background of interacting with the
Iranian and Russian governments. As, at the behest of the government, Telegram shut down an Iranian opposition channel in 2017 for encouraging violence; additionally, Telegram decided to ban several bots, including stickers in Iran.

Similarly, Telegram was banned in Russia in April 2020 due to noncompliance with the FSB’s requirement to issue encryption keys. The ban was lifted in June 2020 after Telegram agreed to engage in the investigation as required. Despite this, Telegram has stated in its privacy policy that it still has to report a single instance of data disclosure at the government’s behest.

Since Telegram collects and preserves a great deal of information for its service distribution, the data may be of considerable importance to a country, and Telegram may be obliged to provide information under court order. 

Privacy Protection

According to Telegram’s privacy policies, they gather information such as IP addresses, device information, history of username changes, Telegram applications you’ve used, and more as part of their spam and misuse protection protocol. If this data is processed, it is kept for 12 months before being discarded. Twelve months is a huge time for malicious third parties to access user’s data.

Besides, Telegram moderators are allowed to read regular chat messages tagged for spam and bullying to decide whether or not the statement is accurate. Although this is a fair practice, it still implies that someone will read what you’ve written on anyway.

Furthermore, the app can save compiled metadata in order to better customize your experience. For instance, it creates a customized list of contacts by calculating a ranking based on whom you message the most often when you open the Search menu. In the digital world, none of these three ideas are novel. However, when exchanging personal data on an app, users should be mindful of how the data is treated. 

Telegram transfers the whole address book to the Telegram cloud to be
notified if someone on the contact list signs up for Telegram service. Telegram knows from user’s social graph in this manner, including people who do not utilize their service. Telegram defines two additional possible data sources in section 8 of its Privacy Policy titled Whom Your Personal Data May Be Shared With, in addition to the other users you want to connect with through the app.

Telegram exchanges its user’s personal details with its parent company and a community member who provides funding for its services. On the other hand, Telegram retains the freedom to reveal your IP address and phone number to the appropriate authorities. That occurs after the organization issues a legal order claiming that a customer is guilty of terrorist activity. That has not happened yet, but it’ll be recorded in a transparency survey if it happens. 

Although Telegram is encrypted on several layers, which adds an extra
layer of encryption to user details, it is not a reliable messenger in terms of
privacy and protection. As the messenger collects a lot of metadata from the users, it can be exploited by attackers. Malicious third parties may also
misuse the metadata of app users. For all those people whose main concern is the privacy and confidentiality of their data, Telegram messenger is not secure for them. 

by Jan Hajek @janhajek. Develop websites and blogs as a hobby. Once bought 250 domains and still don’t know what to do with them.My tech and SEO blog


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Cyber Security

How to Become a Cryptographer: A Complete Career Guide





Have you ever wondered how private information and communications are protected from prying eyes? Cryptography is used to do this. The method of writing (or cracking) encryption code to keep data secret is known as cryptography. Individuals who write and break these cyphers are known as cryptographers.

Cryptographers have made the internet a safer place to do things like shop online and send private emails. Consider what it would be like if you knew your credit card numbers were being sent in plain text around the internet for everyone to see every time you shopped online. It’s likely to make you rethink your purchase. Fortunately for us all, as well as the online shopping industry, cryptographers have devised a range of methods to encrypt credit card numbers as they move across the internet.

It is often appropriate for the government to decrypt data that has been encrypted in the interest of public safety. To do so, government agencies such as the FBI, NSA, and CIA hire cryptographers who spend countless hours decrypting and dissecting the cyphers and algorithms used to encrypt data.

Those interested in pursuing a career as a cryptographer should possess exceptional mathematical and analytical abilities. Most cryptographers have a graduate degree, but a bachelor’s degree might be sufficient for an entry-level role in some cases.

Table of Contents

Five steps to becoming a cryptographer or cryptologist

1. Concentrate on math: Cryptography is based on mathematics. Without math, cyphers and encryption algorithms will not work. As a result, anyone interested in pursuing a career in cryptography must have exceptional math skills. Anyone interested in becoming a cryptographer should work on their math skills and even take refresher lessons.

2. Earn a bachelor’s degree: Employers would typically need a bachelor’s degree in mathematics, computer science, or a similar field to work as a cryptologist. Most cryptographers would need to pursue a master’s or doctorate degree to be effective in the profession, but obtaining a bachelor’s degree is the first step.

3. Internship: While a bachelor’s degree might be sufficient for a cryptography work, most companies would need cryptographers to have a graduate degree. This makes gaining experience in the field challenging. Another choice is to look for cryptographer internships (both paid and unpaid).

Internships will not only provide you with valuable experience for your resume, but they will also serve as a perfect way to further your education. Working with seasoned cryptographers will show you strategies that you won’t learn in the classroom. Getting a paid internship has the added benefit of supplying you with money to pay for your education.

If you can’t find a position or internship in cryptography with your bachelor’s degree, look for similar internships and careers in the fields of mathematics or cybersecurity.

4. Get your master’s degree: As previously mentioned, most companies would expect cryptographers to have a graduate degree. After completing your bachelor’s degree, you have the option of taking a break to pursue an internship or entry-level work in cryptography, or you can immediately enrol in a master’s programme in computer science or mathematics.

5. Begin your search: Cryptographers are required in a variety of fields. To secure their financial records, financial institutions such as credit card companies and banks employ cryptographers. The FBI and the National Security Agency (NSA) also employ cryptographers to help with national security. The first step in the job search is to figure out what field you want to work in, after which you can begin applying.

What is the role of a cryptographer?

Although cryptography may appear to be a modern profession exclusive to the digital era, this is not the case. Computer algorithms and cyphers are used by modern cryptographers, but math has been used to protect communication throughout history.

Cryptographers build cyphers, which are then used to encrypt data, using mathematics and computer science. Cryptographers are working to develop new protection technologies as old ones become outdated. Cryptographers are required to crack the cyphers used on the messages and read them while they are encrypted.

Cryptographers encrypt communications and confidential data in a variety of sectors, including financial institutions and government agencies.

Those interested in cryptography should strive to learn the following skills:

  • Advanced algebra
  • Algorithms
  • Programming languages such as C, C++, Python, and Java
  • Symmetric cryptography
  • Asymmetric cryptography
  • Computer networking
  • Cybersecurity

What do cryptographers do?

A cryptographer’s day-to-day duties can differ depending on the type of entity for which they operate. Cryptographers working for a government agency such as the National Security Agency, for example, may spend their day decrypting a confidential document required for national security. Assume a terrorist has been apprehended and his laptop contains a large number of documents. These documents, according to intelligence officials, may lead to the arrest of other alleged terrorists; however, the documents have been encrypted. A cryptographer is required in this situation. The NSA’s cryptographer will work to decrypt the encryption system used on these documents so that they can be further examined.

Cryptographers in both the public and private sectors can find themselves using mathematics to come up with new and creative ways to encrypt data. While several algorithms exist to encrypt data, attackers are constantly devising new ways to gain access to secure data. This means that cryptographers would have to work much harder to keep it secure. Cryptographers are actively developing new ways to encrypt data as well as new cypher cracking techniques. Cryptography resembles sophisticated puzzle solving in several respects.

General cryptographer job description

The industry and company for which you work as a cryptographer will determine the job description for you. The following are some of the duties that a cryptographer, cryptanalyst, or cryptologist may have.

  • To solve complex problems, apply mathematical theories.
  • Create new data encryption methods.
  • Decryption of an encrypted document
  • To analyse data, create statistical or mathematical models.
  • Apply numeric analysis methods to data.
  • Create data-driven reports
  • To advance mathematical science, find new relationships between established mathematical concepts.

Outlook for cryptographer

Overall employment is expected to rise 30% by 2028, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This indicates that now is an excellent time to pursue a career in cryptography. As previously said, cryptography has been used throughout history, and it does not appear that cryptography employment will be phased out anytime soon.

Cryptographer salary

Choosing a career as a cryptographer can be costly due to the fact that most positions in the field require a graduate degree. Fortunately, cryptography jobs are usually well-paying, and the salary will help defray some of the costs of schooling. The national average cryptographer wage, according to ZipRecruiter, is $149,040 per year. Entry-level cryptographers can still earn six figures on ZipRecruiter, with salaries starting at about $109,500. Around 3% of cryptography workers pay between $189,500 and $197,500 on the higher end. According to other websites, such as, the average cryptographer salary is $77,000 a year, with the top 10% earning $166,000 per year and the bottom 10% earning about $51,000 per year. The average salary, according to, is $98,000. As you can see from these figures, although it’s difficult to estimate exact salaries, a career in cryptography is likely to be lucrative.

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Cyber Security

How to Become a Chief Information Security Officer: A Complete Career Guide




complete career guide

Chief information security officers are the cream of the crop in the information security world, literally and figuratively speaking. There is no higher aspiration in information security than to become a chief information security officer.

It’s a c-suite level position in companies, which means it’s one of the most important and prominent officers in the business, and it usually reports directly to the CEO. As a result, comprehensive experience, understanding, expertise, and hands-on skills in as many areas of information security as possible are needed.

Table of Contents

Five steps to becoming a chief information security officer

1. Self-evaluation: Becoming a chief information security officer is not for everybody. It necessitates exceptional motivation, ambition, commitment, organisational skills, the ability to plan ahead, and a willingness to stay up to date on the latest industry developments.

Chief information security officers interact with most other divisions within the same company, as well as high-ranking executives from other businesses and government agencies, by virtue of their c-suite roles. To be effective, CISOs must have a high level of each of these qualities, as well as others. So, before choosing to pursue a career as a chief information security officer, be frank with yourself in your self-evaluation.

2. Education: Laying the groundwork for a career as a chief infosec officer, a role with such broad and varied responsibilities, can take a variety of forms. An undergraduate degree in any information security discipline or business administration is obviously a good place to start, but almost any computer-related or business management area will suffice. Security awareness for people and buildings may also be a good place to start. Of course, additional education is often, if not always, required of c-suite officers such as CISOs. Under the infosec umbrella, master’s degrees and, where needed or necessary, doctorate degrees in more oriented fields will better serve you.

3. Career path: Similar to schooling, career paths will lead to roles as chief information security officer in an almost infinite number of ways. There are far too many possibilities to mention here. Watch this CyberSpeak interview with long-time infosec professional and current CISO Joshua Knight of Dimension Data for insightful insight into how to better work toward being a CISO and how the role is changing now and in the near future. It’s also a good idea to study the EC-education Council’s and experience criteria for an applicant to be qualified to take the exam for chief information security officer certification.

4. Professional certifications: There are hundreds of professional certifications that can assist an applicant in achieving the CISO standard. It’s probably best to remember to include certifications in any specialty you’ve served in, as well as any ancillary specialties that may be relevant to the roles on your resume.

The CCISO certificate is the highest honour bestowed upon chief information security officers. OSCP (Offensive Security Certified Professional), SANS Technology Institute, ISFCE (International Society of Forensic Computer Examiners), IACIS (International Association of Computer Investigative Specialists), GIAC (Global Information Assurance Certification), and CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional) are among the organisations that provide training and certifications. Basic certifications like CompTIA A+, which certifies IT organisational and technical support skills, can also be beneficial. ISACA (Information Systems Audit and Control Association) provides two certifications: Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT) for information security managers and Certified Information Systems Auditor for information security auditors.

5. Stay current: As with most cybersecurity careers, it’s important to stay up to date on what’s going on in the industry. CISOs are in charge of determining how all of a company’s various infosec tools will be deployed now and in the future, so keeping their expertise and knowledge up to date with the latest developments is even more important. Infosec representatives must be members of any and all related information security trade groups and training organisations.

The International Society of Forensic Computer Examiners®, or ISFCE, and The Scientific Working Group on Digital Evidence are two such professional trade associations (SWGDE). SearchSecurity is another source of papers and knowledge on particular topics of information security. On its CISO Resources page, EC-Council also offers blogs, podcasts, and other resources from other CISOs. The Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA) is a fantastic place to learn and network with other professionals. Infosec Institute provides information security practitioners with a range of tools and training. The ever-changing infosec world and the CISO’s constantly evolving position within the industry are discussed in this interview by IBMBusinessInstitute with Glen Gooding, Director of IBM Institute for Advanced Security.

What is a chief information security officer?

Chief security architects, corporate security officers, security managers, and information security managers are all terms used to describe CISOs. Some businesses entrust this officer-level employee with all aspects of the company’s security, including employees and facilities. In these situations, the role may be known as chief security officer.

Any CISO, regardless of title, is in charge of all information security operations within a company. Chief information security officers typically report to the CEO (chief executive officer) and are sometimes given a seat on the board of directors. CISOs are responsible for deciding the overall course of the information security services within their domain, allocating those resources among the different disciplines, managing all of the staff in their department, and coordinating with all other departments within the organisation. In interactions with outside players, CISOs are often the face of an organization’s information security operations. Dealing with government oversight, administrative agencies, politicians, and law enforcement agencies is a common occurrence in larger businesses.

Chief information security officers skills and experience

Employers are likely to ask for specific ability qualifications, such as:

  • Significant business management expertise as well as a working knowledge of information security risk management, cybersecurity technology, and strategy are needed.
  • Strong knowledge of Linux, virtualization, and networking concepts is needed.
  • Awareness of industry security requirements such as NIST, ISO, SANS, COBIT, and CERT
  • Knowledge of existing data privacy laws, such as GDPR and regional norms.
    Strong knowledge and experience with Secure SDLC, DevSecOps, or security automation are needed.
  • Capable of recognising and communicating the effect of information security activities on the organization’s business and profits.

Since chief information security officers are at the top of the information security food chain, there aren’t many certifications available for the job. Certified CISO, or CCISO, is the most sought-after software offered by EC-Council.

Employers are looking for soft skills such as superior interpersonal, written, and oral communication skills, the ability to work under pressure, being coordinated and versatile, and having experience in strategic planning and execution.

What do chief information security officers do?

In the twenty-first century, information security has become one of the most important functions of any business. The chief information security officer is in charge of all aspects of the information security activity, including providing guidance, procedures, and services. And, to keep up with developments in the information security environment at large, as well as enforcement, regulatory, and legal standards, the course and processes must be revised, reimagined, and revamped on a regular basis. The CISO must also be a motivator and a communicator of an organization’s information security direction and processes through departments and organisations.

Under the purview of a traditional CISO, there are five “towers” of obligation. Each of these towers needs a chief infosec officer with extensive experience and expertise.

  • Risk management and governance (policy, legal, and compliance)
  • Controls for information security, compliance, and audit management
  • Management and operations of security programmes
  • Main competencies in information technology
  • Finance, sourcing, and vendor management are all aspects of strategic planning.

The relative weight and value of each varies by organisation, but these are the areas where you should concentrate your efforts in order to be competitive for a CISO role.

Chief information security officers job description

Any or more of the following tasks can be included in the tasks:

  • Create a plan for an information protection programme that will fit and scale with the company’s development.
  • Lead security evaluation and testing procedures, such as penetration testing, vulnerability detection, and safe software creation, among others.
  • Develop and expand the organization’s security tooling and automation efforts.
    Proactively recognise security vulnerabilities and possible threats, and develop processes and frameworks to track and defend against them on a continuous basis.
  • External audits, regulatory enforcement programmes, and overall information management assessments are just a few of the compliance activities you’ll be in charge of.
  • To the c-suite officers and board of directors, communicate information security organisational priorities, direction, and market effect.
    External stakeholders, partners, compliance agencies, and regulatory and legal authorities are all consulted.
  • Provide strategic risk advice and consultation for corporate IT programmes, including technical requirements and controls assessment and recommendations.
    To efficiently detect, respond to, contain, and communicate a reported or confirmed incident, develop and enforce an incident management process.

Outlook for chief information security officers

According to the InfoSec Institute, there is a nearly three million cybersecurity specialist shortage worldwide, with half a million in North America alone. In virtually every discipline under the information security umbrella, demand for skilled workers far outnumbers supply. When we move up the organisational chart, the deficit becomes more pronounced as a percentage of demand. The scarcity of candidates capable of overseeing an organization’s entire information security operation becomes even more apparent. It’s an even more difficult problem to solve because grooming applicants for these higher-level positions takes so long.

For trained CISOs, there is no shortage of interesting, prestigious, and exciting opportunities. The National Security Agency (NSA), several major national and international banks, at least two state governments, and several large healthcare firms are among the organisations with open positions, according to a fast search of open positions.

How much do digital forensics experts make?

Chief information security officers earn between $105,000 and $225,000 a year, according to, with an average annual salary of $160,000. Annual bonuses, fees, and profit-sharing can add up to $350,000.

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