Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) might supply customers with less expensive and much faster payments, according to professionals in the cryptocurrency and blockchain market. They’ll avoid the need for an account with a business bank, and while doing so will minimize a lot of the expenses and dangers that feature the industrial payment system.
In reality, CBDCs might bring more than simply less expensive and more safe payments for customers. They might likewise accelerate cross-border payments and settlements, in addition to enhance money de-anonymity.
At the very same time, experts talking to Cryptonews.com verified that CBDCs might serve another crucial function, which isn’t particularly concentrated on direct financial or financial gains. That is, CBDCs might reduce the effects of the possible difficulty postured by Facebook‘s Libra, which is releasing a payment system on top of the world’s most significant social network, hence threatening to produce a brand-new money monopoly.
What will CBDCs provide for customers?
“CBDCs will be the next revolution in finance,” stated Massimo Buonomo, a global professional in blockchain and cryptocurrencies with the UN Alliance of Civilization
“Essentially CBDCs will be exactly the same as paper money but only in a digital form.”
Talking To Cryptonews.com, Buonomo described that there will be 2 various type of CBDCs, depending upon where you remain in the world.
- First, there’s what he described as the “one-tier model.” Here, digital money is “to be transferred directly from the central bank via the social security system (one option) to a single person.”
- Second Of All, there’s the “two-tier model.” In this case, the CBDC is “transferred via intermediaries (mostly banks) to a single person.”
According to Bankex CEO Igor Khmel, the majority of CBDCs currently in the pipeline are based around the two-tier design. The digital Chinese yuan would be dispersed through industrial banks. This likewise might be the case with the digital United States dollar.
In either case, a considerable function for customers will be that the payment facilities underlying the CBDC will more than likely be developed and run by a main bank.
“The difference with traditional digital money is that there’s an interoperability standard supported at the central bank level,” Khmel informed Cryptonews.com
” That suggests that digital money from one bank can go straight to another merchant/bank, avoiding interchange, Visa/[Mastercard], SWIFT, and so on”
For Massimo Buonomo, the significance of this at the customer level is that it will increase and minimize expenses security.
“Nowadays to make an electronic payment we have to use a private player (card processing company, bank account, etc.),” he stated. “That costs money and has security issues. CBDCs instead would allow us to do the same transactions with a digital wallet as with electronic payments but without costs and with much higher security. That is much more beneficial for customers.”
No bank accounts
In reality, Buonomo went an action even more than this and recommended, in most cases, CBDCs will get rid of the need to open an account with a business bank.
“Because in the current interest rate environment the only advantage of having a bank account is that it enables digital payments,” he describes.
With a main bank digital currency, “all you need is a digital wallet which allows you to hold digital money and makes you pay the bills using the mobile phone without using the credit card.”
Notably, customers will deal with “no costs to be paid to credit card processing business ( Visa, Mastercard, even SWIFT). No costs to be paid to banks for bank money transfers, or for holding a bank account.”
Igor Khmel concurs with this to a level, a minimum of insofar as CBDCs will indicate customers won’ t need a bank account to pay.
He stated, “For routine people CBDC wallets will be dealt with as options for card payments, quicker, securer and more proper in some circumstances, such as little regular payments or big transfers, such as spending for lease where ACH [Automated Clearing House], checks or wires are utilized now.”
Settlements, Facebook, and competition
Naturally, CBDCs won’ t bring just advantages to customers. They might likewise wind up having less-than-desirable effects for particular customers.
“CBDC will improve the speed of cross-border settlements, money de-anonymity,” stated Igor Khmel. “Because CBDC are traceable, they are not scams and money laundering friendly, that suggests that CBDC users will enjoy a world with less constraint, AML [anti-money laundering] control and friction.”
Such traceability might not be preferable for more libertarian-minded customers who do not especially desire their main bank recording every deal they make. Still, others might value the reality that CBDCs are likewise being utilized by reserve banks to avoid Facebook’s Libra from forming a brand-new monopoly over money and payments.
“Facebook Libra was the main reason why China started its commercial usage of the e-RMB,” stated Igor Khmel.
” They got ‘CBDC FOMO [fear of missing out]’ – got scared that a United States business got the first- mover benefit in the global digital currency rally. Facebook has 2X more audience than the Chinese main bank, so they might take control of the entire market; it has more currency adoption power than any nation on the planet.”
Nevertheless, while CBDCs might wind up avoiding Facebook from ending up being too effective, both Khmel and Buonomo verified that they’ll likewise bring unique advantages of their own for the customer.
Presuming that CBDCs pay less expensive, Buonomo concluded by recommending that “the only method for private players [e.g. banks and payment companies] to make it through would be to provide a real worth to clients in regards to service or reimbursement of deposits.”
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Ga. School District Quarantines Hundreds Of Students Over Fears Of COVID-19 Exposure
Barely a week after Georgia reopened its public schools amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, a school district north of Atlanta has ordered 925 students, teachers and staff to self-quarantine after dozens tested positive for the coronavirus. The district also announced the temporary closing of one of its hardest-hit high schools.
Cherokee County School District Superintendent Brian Hightower said in a statement Tuesday that there had been 59 positive COVID-19 tests among students and staff since the Aug. 3 reopening.
“We are not hesitating to quarantine students and staff who have had possible exposure – even if the positive test was prompted by possible exposure rather than symptoms, as all positive cases can lead to the infection of others,” Hightower said.
He said Etowah High School would be closed to in-person learning effective at the end of classes on Tuesday. At the end of Monday, about 300 of the school’s 2,400 students, or 12.5%, were under quarantine, according to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
The superintendent’s statement came a day after Gov. Brian Kemp said at a news conference that the reopening of the schools had gone well.
Although the governor has encouraged the wearing of masks, which have been shown to significantly reduce the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, he has insisted he will not require them. On Monday, Kemp ruled out any directive requiring students to wear masks, leaving that decision instead to district superintendents.
The Cherokee schools, with more than 42,000 students, opted not to mandate masks. It’s a decision that some parents have applauded. Georgia Public Broadcasting reports that about a dozen of them staged a rally on Tuesday in Canton, Ga., in support of the district.
It’s not clear how many Georgia schools mandate masks, as they are not required to report that information, a spokeswoman for the state’s department of health told NPR.
Cherokee public schools spokeswoman Barbara Jacoby said the district had “made clear” that “we anticipated positive tests among students and staff could occur, which is why we put a system into place to quickly contact trace, mandate quarantines, notify parents and report cases and quarantines to the entire community.”
In an email to NPR, Jacoby added, “It’s worth noting that this level of public reporting is not required in any way, but is keeping with our longstanding commitment to transparency.”
— Ellen Eldridge (@EllenEldridge27) August 11, 2020
In a news conference on Monday alongside U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams at a new mega COVID-19 testing site at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Kemp, a Republican, praised what he described as the mostly smooth opening of the schools, with the exception of some photos shared on social media of crowded hallways of unmasked students.
Last week, a picture of hallways packed with students at North Paulding High School in Dallas, Ga. – with all but a few not wearing masks — made the rounds on social media. Six students and three staff later tested positive for the coronavirus, and the school was closed for two days to be disinfected.
“I think quite honestly this week went real well other than a couple of virtual photos,” Kemp said at Monday’s news conference. “But the attitude from what they’re telling me was good.”
He acknowledged, however, there will “definitely” be COVID-19 cases “when you open anything,” adding that’s why testing and making sure schools have adequate masks and cleaning equipment is important.
Last month, Kemp sued Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms after her directive that city residents wear masks in public amid skyrocketing cases in the capital – a stricter standard than the governor himself had issued. The lawsuit argued that Bottoms “does not have the legal authority to modify, change or ignore Governor Kemp’s executive orders.”
The Big Ten, Pac-12 Postpone Football, Other Fall Sports Over Coronavirus Concerns
Updated 6:32 p.m. ET
Two major college conferences — the Big Ten and Pac-12 — each announced Tuesday they were sidelining college football and other fall sports because of the coronavirus, just weeks before schools were scheduled to play their first games.
The Big Ten, which includes universities with powerhouse sports programs, such as Ohio State, Michigan, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Penn State and Michigan State, said it will look at holding some competitions in the spring.
The Pac-12, which includes elite sports programs Stanford, UCLA, USC and University of Oregon, announced shortly after the Big Ten, adding that officials reached a unanimous decision to call off athletic competition through the calendar year.
“Our primary responsibility is to make the best possible decisions in the interest of our students, faculty and staff,” said Morton Schapiro, chair of the Big Ten Council of Presidents/Chancellors and president of Northwestern University, in a statement issued Tuesday afternoon.
In addition to football, the Big Ten’s decision postpones fall sports such as cross-country, field hockey, soccer and women’s volleyball. Under the college schedule, basketball is categorized as a winter sport.
News that the Big Ten would postpone or cancel the 2020-21 football season was first reported by the Detroit Free Press on Monday.
“The health, safety and well-being of our student-athletes and all those connected to Pac-12 sports has been our number one priority since the start of this current crisis,” said Pac-12 Commissioner Larry Scott said in a statement.
“Our student-athletes, fans, staff and all those who love college sports would like to have seen the season played this calendar year as originally planned, and we know how disappointing this is.”
The Pac-12 also said that when conditions improve, a return for impacted sports would be considered after January.
All of the Power Five conferences – the Big Ten, Southeastern Conference, Atlantic Coast Conference, Pac-12 and Big 12 – had previously announced their schools would be playing almost entirely within their own conferences for the upcoming season, hoping to preserve a popular fall ritual and fulfill TV contracts that bring in billions of dollars each year.
The Big Ten was among the first Football Bowl Subdivision conferences to adopt the conference-only plan — and now, it’s among the first to abandon it.
Other Power Five conferences could follow suit, but the SEC commissioner said late Tuesday his conference still intends to play.
Sportscaster Dan Patrick announced on his radio program Monday, “The ACC and the Big 12 are on the fence. The SEC is trying to get a delay to have teams join them.”
DP was told an hour ago that the Big 10 and Pac 12 will cancel their football seasons tomorrow… The ACC and the Big 12 are on the fence.. And the SEC is trying to get teams to join them for a season.
— Dan Patrick Show (@dpshow) August 10, 2020
Patrick added that a source told him that the SEC is seeking exclusive television contracts and might bring in other schools, including some from the ACC and from Big 12 conference, to play games.
College head coaches speak out
Not everyone in the Big Ten agreed with the decision.
As rumors of the move circulated on Monday, Nebraska head football coach Scott Frost told reporters that his university “is committed to playing … no matter what that looks like.” Frost even left the door open to playing outside his conference, adding, “we’re prepared to look for other options.”
Michigan coach Jim Harbaugh also pushed for playing games, saying, “This virus can be controlled.”
“I’m not advocating for football this fall because of my passion or our players desire to play but because of the facts accumulated over the last eight weeks since our players returned to campus on June 13,” Harbaugh wrote in a statement.
He also outlined several benchmarks that he says the Michigan program has met since football players returned to campus in June, including “zero positive tests among the coaches and staff over the entire eight weeks of testing” and “zero pauses in our training.”
“This isn’t easy. This is hard,” Harbaugh said. “We respect the challenge that the virus has presented. however we will not cower from it.”
Alabama coach Nick Saban agreed, telling ESPN on Monday that players would be safer living under the structure of his football program — if the season remains intact.
“I know I’ll be criticized no matter what I say, that I don’t care about player safety,” said Saban, who coaches in the SEC.
“Look, players are a lot safer with us than they are running around at home. We have around a 2% positive ratio on our team since the Fourth of the July. It’s a lot higher than that in society,” Saban said. “We act like these guys can’t get this unless they play football. They can get it anywhere, whether they’re in a bar or just hanging out.”
The Big Ten is sidelining fall sports less than a week after the conference announced plans to hold a 10-game, conference-only schedule that could kick off as early as Sept. 5.
But as news about the looming change emerged, Nebraska Sen. Ben Sasse, a Republican, sent a letter Monday to the presidents and chancellors of the Big Ten, telling them, “We should not cancel the college football season.”
“Life is about tradeoffs,” Sasse, a former president of Midland University in Fremont, Neb., wrote, adding that “these young men need a season.”
“There are no guarantees that college football will be completely safe — that’s absolutely true; it’s always true. But the structure and discipline of football programs is very likely safer than what the lived experience of 18- to 22-year-olds will be if there isn’t a season,” Sasse wrote.
On Monday afternoon, President Trump lent his support to college athletes, coaches and fans who are urging conference officials to allow football games to go ahead.
“Play College Football,” Trump said in one tweet.
“The student-athletes have been working too hard for their season to be cancelled,” Trump said in another tweet that used the hashtag “WeWantToPlay.”
The latter was a retweet of Clemson quarterback Trevor Lawrence, one of several top players who are expressing their desire to take the field — and who are calling for measures they say would provide safety and equity for players.
The measures include establishing universal health and safety procedures to protect college athletes among all NCAA conferences, allowing those who don’t want to play to opt out and guaranteeing eligibility whether a player chooses to play or not.
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 10, 2020
The Big Ten announced its decision one day after the Mountain West Conference, which includes Colorado State and Boise State, announced “the indefinite postponement of all scheduled fall sports contests and MW championship events” citing virus concerns.
Over the weekend, the Mid-American Conference announced it was postponing “all scheduled fall contests, as well as MAC championships, due to the concerns related to the COVID-19 global pandemic.”
The MAC Council of Presidents vote was unanimous.
However, MAC officials said the hope is to hold competition from the fall sports in the spring semester of 2021, including for football, men’s and women’s cross-country, men’s and women’s soccer, and women’s volleyball.
New Zealand On Alert After 4 Cases Of COVID-19 Emerge From Unknown Source
More than three months after its last case of community spread, New Zealand has four new cases of the coronavirus from an unknown source. The island nation, seen as a global exemplar in the battle to contain the coronavirus, moved quickly to identify the source of transmission and halt further spread.
All four cases are members of the same family, who live in South Auckland, the government said Tuesday.
The first case identified in the cluster was a person in their 50s with no overseas travel history. The person has been symptomatic for five days and was confirmed positive on Tuesday. The six members of the person’s household were then tested: three tested positive and three negative.
While the cases are all in one household, more than one workplace was affected, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said at a late evening press conference on Tuesday in which she announced a heightened state of alert for the country.
All close contacts of the four cases will remain in self-isolation for 14 days, and casual contacts of the infected individuals will self-isolate until they have a test result. Testing for the virus is free in New Zealand.
“This case is a wake-up call against any complacency that may have set in. We cannot afford to let this virus spread,” New Zealand’s director-general of health, Dr. Ashley Bloomfield, said in a statement. “We have seen how quickly it can lead to a wider resurgence in communities overseas. Places that have had COVID-19 under control have seen flare-ups and gone back into a full lockdown.”
“We are working to not let that happen here. We’ve done this before and we can do it again,” he added.
Auckland is moving to Alert Level 3 for at least three days, and the rest of New Zealand to the lower Level 2. The country had been at Level 1 since June 9, during which life largely returned to normal. Its border remains closed to foreign nationals.
“These three days will give us time to assess the situation, gather information, make sure we have widespread contact tracing so we can find out more about how this case arose and make decisions on how to respond to it,” the prime minister said.
“We are asking people in Auckland to stay home to stop the spread,” Ardern continued. “Act as if you have COVID and as if the people around you have COVID. At Level 3, you are asked to stay at home in your bubble, other than for essential movements such as going to the supermarket or local recreation.”
Under the newly heightened measures, people in Auckland must work from home unless they are essential service workers, and schools and childcare facilities are closed, except for the children of essential workers. Travel into Auckland is barred except for those who live there.
Public venues in the city are to close, including libraries, museums, cinemas, food courts, gyms, pools, playgrounds and markets. Gatherings of no more than 10 people are permitted. Bars and restaurants in the city may only open for takeout.
Auckland residents are now urged to wear masks when out and about. Just a few days earlier, Bloomfield had suggested Kiwis add masks to their emergency kits but said there wasn’t any need to use them at the moment.
In the rest of the country, Level 2 means that people can still go to work and school but are urged to maintain social distance, wash hands frequently, wear a mask and keep track of where they’ve been and who they’ve seen. Gatherings are limited to 100 people.
“We had all hoped not to find ourselves in this position again,” Ardern said. “But we had also prepared for it. And as a team, we have also been here before. We know if we have a plan and stick to it, we can work our way through very difficult and unknown situations.”
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