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How American Airlines Was Founded By Merging 82 Small Airlines

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This decade will mark a century since the initial inspirations of what would become American Airlines first began. For the legacy carrier to be formed, there was a series of acquisitions of 82 smaller airlines during the 1920s.

Douglas DC-3
The DC-3 was integral to the growth of American Airlines in the 1930s, but the company’s operations can be traced to earlier periods. Photo: Getty Images

The preliminary motives

American Airlines has roots in numerous US aviation firms. One of these companies was the Robertson Aircraft Corporation, which started mail flights in April 1926 with the famed de Havilland DH-4 biplane.

“On April 15, 1926, Charles Lindbergh flew the first American Airlines flight – carrying U.S. mail from St. Louis, Missouri, to Chicago, Illinois. After 8 years of mail routes, the airline began to form into what it is today.” – American Airlines.

However, the spark that started it all goes back further. The U.S. Centennial Of Flight Commission shares that airmail service business, the Embry-Riddle Company, was formed in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1925. Two years later, it agreed to a contract to transport mail from its base to Chicago. Thus, before the end of 1927, the airline was flying with 10 Waco aircraft.

American aerospace powerhouse Fairchild Aircraft Corporation had its eyes on the progress of Embry-Riddle. Moreover, the Ohioan outfit needed a cash injection to expand across the United States. However, businessman Clement Melville Keys was planning on purchasing the company and taking on Curtiss planes rather than Fairchild’s.

Subsequently, on March 3rd, 1929, Fairchild had set up the Aviation Corporation (AVCO) to acquire not only Embry-Riddle but a series of other humble aviation companies.

Significant transformations

In total, 70 directors were on the board of AVCO. These figures included names from the most influential segments of US commerce. Some of its early acquisitions included Robertson Aircraft Corporation, Colonial Airways Corporation, and Universal Aviation Corporation. Another key name to join the fold was Texas’ Southern Air Transport, which would fall under AVCO at the turn of the 1930s.

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Wright J-5 Travelair airplane
The Robertson Aircraft Corporation was one of the early forms of what became American Airlines. Photo: IMLS Digital Collections & Content Follow via Flickr

AVCO was a dominator in the industry. However, despite its stronghold across the country, its structure wasn’t the best. With dozens of companies of different shapes and sizes around the nation, a change was needed. Therefore, the business launched American Airways on January 25th, 1930. This formation would also have operating subsidiaries under it, making operations easier to handle.

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A twist of fate

As a result of this transition, American Airways went on to join TWA, Eastern Air Transport, and United Air Lines as one of the ‘big four’ passenger and mail carriers in the US. However, AVCO’s successful ventures would go through a significant challenge in 1934.

In February 1934, Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the cancellation of all airmail contracts and requested The War Department to help with these jobs. This move would prove to be a disaster as the national mail service was approximately halved, and over 60 accidents occurred in just five months. So, in response, the Air Mail Act was implemented in June 1934.

The law meant that many aviation holding companies had to dissolve. Notably, AVCO broke up and sold off a significant share of American Airways.

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On the back of this change, American Airways switched its name to American Airlines on April 11th, 1934. This move marked a new beginning for American, and its new president, the legendary  Cyrus R. Smith, helped the carrier go on to become a mainstay in global aviation.

“American founder C.R. Smith worked with Donald Douglas to create the DC-3; a plane that changed the entire airline industry, switching revenue sources from mail to passengers.” – American Airlines.

American Airlines Douglas DC-3 Getty
American Airlines made the most of its independence. Photo: Getty Images

A series of events

Altogether, the early days of aviation saw many startup airlines trying to get off the mark and reach new heights. However, due to the lack of funds, in many cases, the only way to expand would be following a cash injection or a merger with another business. So, AVCO’s determination to dominate across the US and snap up over 80 airlines shook up the industry and eventually led to the formation of American Airlines.

What are your thoughts about American Airlines’ early days? What do you make of the carrier’s journey over the years? Let us know what you think in the comment section.

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Source: https://simpleflying.com/american-airlines-founded-from-82-airlines/

Aviation

CMA CGM Air Cargo announces three new destinations

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  • Three new destinations: Dubai, Beirut, Istanbul.
  • 7 destinations served: Chicago, Atlanta, New York, Liège, Dubai, Beirut and Istanbul.

CMA CGM AIR CARGO

CMA CGM AIR CARGO is adding three new destinations: Dubai, Beirut and Istanbul. They will complement its existing services to and from Liège, Chicago, New York and Atlanta.

Three new destinations expanding CMA CGM AIR CARGO’s offer

Two months after its first air freight services were launched, CMA CGM AIR CARGO is now introducing regular connections between Liège (LGG) and Dubai (DWC) from May 19. Dubai is a hub ideally located at the crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa, and it possesses all the latest infrastructure for handling goods requiring short transit times rapidly and reliably.

With its services to Dubai, the CMA CGM Group can also provide with a combined Sea-Air offer comprising shipping, logistics and air freight. That will give you the benefit of an end-to-end, agile full-service offering.

CMA CGM AIR CARGO also plans to start up regular services from Liège to Beirut (BEY) and Istanbul (IST) over the next few weeks. From its Liège base, CMA CGM AIR CARGO will offer rapid connection times between these new destinations and the United States.

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Source: https://worldairlinenews.com/2021/05/13/cma-cgm-air-cargo-announces-three-new-destinations/

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Aviation

CMA CGM Air Cargo announces three new destinations

Avatar

Published

on

  • Three new destinations: Dubai, Beirut, Istanbul.
  • 7 destinations served: Chicago, Atlanta, New York, Liège, Dubai, Beirut and Istanbul.

CMA CGM AIR CARGO

CMA CGM AIR CARGO is adding three new destinations: Dubai, Beirut and Istanbul. They will complement its existing services to and from Liège, Chicago, New York and Atlanta.

Three new destinations expanding CMA CGM AIR CARGO’s offer

Two months after its first air freight services were launched, CMA CGM AIR CARGO is now introducing regular connections between Liège (LGG) and Dubai (DWC) from May 19. Dubai is a hub ideally located at the crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa, and it possesses all the latest infrastructure for handling goods requiring short transit times rapidly and reliably.

With its services to Dubai, the CMA CGM Group can also provide with a combined Sea-Air offer comprising shipping, logistics and air freight. That will give you the benefit of an end-to-end, agile full-service offering.

CMA CGM AIR CARGO also plans to start up regular services from Liège to Beirut (BEY) and Istanbul (IST) over the next few weeks. From its Liège base, CMA CGM AIR CARGO will offer rapid connection times between these new destinations and the United States.

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Source: https://worldairlinenews.com/2021/05/13/cma-cgm-air-cargo-announces-three-new-destinations/

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Aerospace

Boeing wins £1.4bn MoD contract for 14 Chinook helicopters

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Boeing wins £1.4bn MoD contract for 14 Chinook helicopters

Image: MoD

Boeing has signed a £1.4 billion contract with the Ministry of Defence for 14 Chinook heavy-lift helicopters.

The order for the new aircraft signals the commitment made by the MoD in the recent Defence Command Paper to invest over £85 billion on military equipment over the next four years to reform and renew the UK Armed Forces.

The move is a boost to Boeing, which has been looking to line up new customers for the helicopters, which are built at its plant outside Philadelphia in the US. The order will help guard against a potential closing of the facility after the US.Army sought to scale back its orders.

Defence secretary Ben Wallace said: “From assisting emergency repairs to UK flood defences, providing vital logistics support during COVID-19 to its warfighting role on Afghan battlefields, the Chinook has been the workhorse of the Armed Forces for over 40 years.

“The cutting edge H-47 (ER) will be at the forefront of our specialist requirements in dealing with threats and logistic support. Our £1.4 billion investment will mean we will be one of very few air forces with this capability.”

The helicopter can operate in a diverse range of environments, from the desert to the arctic, and transport up to 55 personnel or ten tonnes of cargo.

With a top speed of 300 kilometres per hour, the new H-47(ER) aircraft will have a range of new capabilities, including:

  • An advanced digital cockpit
  • A modernised airframe to increase stability and improve survivability
  • A digital automatic flight control system to allow pilots to hover in areas of limited visibility.

The 14 aircraft will be purchased from the US via a Foreign Military Sales agreement and includes development and manufacture over the next decade. Deliveries are scheduled to start in 2026.

The new helicopters will be based at RAF Odiham, the home of the Chinook fleet.

In addition to traditional warfighting roles, the Chinook supports a wide variety of specialist tasks, including the military aid to the civil authorities. Most recently, it was part of the Joint Helicopter Aviation Task Force which transported NHS paramedics, equipment and patients during peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Introduced into service in 1981, the 40th anniversary of the first Chinook was recently celebrated with a new commemorative colour scheme.

The oldest of fleet will be retired, enabling investment in the new aircraft to modernise the UK heavy lift capability.

www.boeing.com

www.gov.uk/mod

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Source: https://www.aero-mag.com/boeing-raf-chinook-helicopters-13052021/

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Aviation

airBaltic announces flights to Corfu

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"Riga" - "Latvia 100" - celebrating 100 years in Latvia

airBaltic has announced that starting on June 12 it will perform weekly summer seasonal flights between Riga and Greek island Corfu. The new route will be performed in cooperation with Mouzenidis Travel.

Destination served Flight frequency Start date Price *, GREEN Price *, GREEN Classic Price*, Business
Riga–Corfu 1 flight weekly June 12, 2021 79 EUR 125 EUR 399 EUR

This summer airBaltic offers more than 70 direct destinations from Riga, including seven destinations in Italy, six destinations in Greece and six destinations in Spain in addition to many other leisure destinations.

airBalticasks its passengers to strictly follow all of the rules and regulations issued by the relevant authorities. Passengers are strongly suggested to check the travel regulations and airport restrictions on the official websites or with local embassies before traveling. Regulations are changing rapidly and vary per country, therefore passengers are asked to always make sure they have the latest information to have a smooth journey.

Top Copyright Photo: airBaltic Airbus A220-300 (Bombardier CS300 – BD-500-1A11) YL-CSL (msn 55041) (Latvia 100) ZRH (Rolf Wallner). Image: 947205.

airBaltic aircraft slide show:

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Source: https://worldairlinenews.com/2021/05/13/airbaltic-announces-flights-to-corfu/

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