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Geraniol – The Terpene with Diverse Therapeutic Potential

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Geraniol; a terpene with diverse therapeutic potential

geraniol terpene

Cannabis is known to contain very important cannabinoids like THC and CBD which account for a large part of its recreational and medicinal applications. Another class of compounds that are also present in cannabis which are of great importance are terpenes.

Terpenes play a very important role in the characteristics of cannabis and some of them have very useful therapeutic activities. With the increasing acceptance of cannabis in different regions of the world, it is only natural that extensive studies are conducted to find  out the true capacity of the constituents of cannabis.

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are a unique class of compounds in plants that accounts for the aromatic nature and scents of such compounds. Terpenes are found in flowers, fruits, and vegetables where they impart aroma as well as account for some of their therapeutic effects. Cannabis contains many terpenes with varying amounts present in some strains compared to others. Terpenes in cannabis act with the cannabinoids present in cannabis to produce an entourage effect to the benefit of the user. Varying terpenes in cannabis include limonene, myrcene, and linalool.

As you can see, we have  a lot of terpenes but in this article, I will be paying close attention to a special terpene called geraniol.

What is Geraniol?

Geraniol is a special terpene found in cannabis which helps effect a special aroma and scent. Geraniol is used characteristically in the extraction of essential oils and it serves as a major component of rose oil and citronella oil. It is also commercially important as a fragrance imparter but a look into some of its therapeutic effects will allow for more appreciation of this terpene.

Different therapeutic actions have been ascribed to geraniol and these effects make cannabis strains with a high level of geraniol more helpful and beneficial. Cannabis strains that have been identified to have a large amount of linalool have also been proven to have a considerable amount of geraniol. Some of the common cannabis strains that have a high amount of geraniol are

Afghan

Great White Shark

Skunk

 Agent Orange.

Some of the proven applications of geraniol include;

As a flavoring agent: Geraniol is largely appreciated for its use as a flavoring agent. It has been used in different types of industries to impart flavor in foods, cosmetics, soaps, and detergents. It helps to enhance flavor in roses, blueberries, lemon, lime, and orange.

As an insect repellent or pesticide: Geraniol candles are also applied in the control of insects and have been known to pack a serious punch. The candles are also more effective than citronella candles.

Beyond the applications in industries, geraniol has several therapeutic effects ranging from antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. Research is still ongoing on some of these, as well as a search into new properties residues in the compound which makes geraniol a potential reservoir of numerous therapeutic potentials. A better look into these effects gives a better understanding of the capabilities of geraniol.

Anticancer: Studies have shown that geraniol has a role to play in the management and treatment of cancer. This is because geraniol contains antioxidant properties that help fight against the growth of tumors and inhibit their development into cancers. Concise studies by experts showed that geraniol possesses the capacity to inhibit the spread and development of prostate cancer cells by altering the expression of the master genes. More research is still ongoing to show how much of a role geraniol can play in the management of cancer.

Anti-inflammatory: It serves as an added advantage that geraniol has an anti-inflammatory activity which further adds to the anti-inflammatory pool of cannabis as caused by some of the cannabinoids which further cements the push for the use cannabis for cold and common inflammatory disorders.

Antifungal, Antibacterial and Antiviral: The antimicrobial effects of geraniol are well documented and it is commonly used as an antimicrobial agent in some foods to go along with its flavor imparting character. This then shows that cannabis with high geraniol levels can give antimicrobial benefits to the user.

Neuroprotective: Neuropathy is a condition premeditated by nerve damages that cause pain, weakness, and numbness in the limbs. Geraniol has neuroprotective properties in that it protects the nerves and its structure accounting for its benefit in handling neuropathy which of major benefits to people with diabetic neuropathy.

Several works of research are still ongoing to show the different therapeutic effects of geraniol and this can only be good news to the users of cannabis both for medicinal and recreational purposes. Geraniol is a terpene that gives an increase to the entourage effect shown in cannabis alongside cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.  Apart from geraniol, there still is a great network of beneficial compounds residue in cannabis all which play a role in the recreational and therapeutic effects of the plant.

WHAT ARE TERPENES, READ MORE…

WHAT TERPENES MAKE YOU SUPER HIGH

TERPENES THAT MAKE YOU GET HIGHER? SAY WHAT?

OR…

TERPENES IN CANNABIS

TERPENES IN CANNABIS, WHAT ARE THE MOST ABUNDANT?

Source: http://cannabis.net/blog/medical/geraniol-the-terpene-with-diverse-therapeutic-potential

Cannabis

Jay-Z announces new line of cannabis products dubbed Monogram

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Rapper and entrepreneur Jay-Z is launching his own cannabis brand in partnership with Caliva, the California-based weed company that hired the star as its chief brand strategist last year. 

Named Monogram, Jay-Z’s line of marijuana products launched its website and social media accounts on Friday.

“Monogram marks a new chapter in cannabis defined by dignity, care and consistency. It is a collective effort to bring you the best, and a humble pursuit to discover what the best truly means,” Monogram’s website highlights.

No further information on the specific products that will be sold under the Monogram brand has been released yet. 

However, according to the website, the flower used in Monogram’s products is grown in small batches, with a board of “cannabis experts” tasked with grading and hand-selecting each flower that goes into the line. 

The New York rapper joined Caliva in 2019 as a brand strategist, which entailed overseeing the creative direction of the company. Furthermore, Jay was focused on Caliva’s social equity efforts as he aimed to increase economic participation of people disproportionately harmed by marijuana prohibition in the newly legal industry. 

As for when consumers can expect to try Jay-Z new products, a spokesperson told the New York Daily News Monogram still hasn’t set its dispensary release schedule. The line will “definitely be available across all of California,” according to the spokesperson.

In other news, basketball star Shawn Kemp who played for the Seattle SuperSonics is also showing his love of pot. Kemp is set to open Seattle’s first black-owned marijuana dispensary this Friday. The Sonics legend named his dispensary Shawn Kemp’s Cannabis and is hoping to serve as a model for others in the black community who might be interested in foraying into the legal marijuana business in the area. 

“I’m looking forward to welcoming Sonics fans on a regular basis, starting with opening day. I hope that Shawn Kemp’s Cannabis will be an inspiration for people to get involved with the legal cannabis industry, especially people of color,” the Reign Man said in a press release. 

Source: https://greencamp.com/jay-z-announces-new-line-of-cannabis-products-dubbed-monogram/

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Analysis: Legal weed in Texas would generate over $500 million in tax revenue per year

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Legalizing marijuana in Texas could generate over half a billion dollars in tax revenue per year and create more than 40,000 new jobs, according to the results of a report released by Vicente Sederberg LLP earlier this month. 

Legal cannabis sales in Texas would reach about $2.7 billion annually based on the fact that there are more than 1.5 million residents over the age of 21 that consume pot on a monthly basis, the analysis calculated. 

The estimated tax revenue was calculated under the assumption Texas would tax marijuana sales at the same rate as Colorado at 20.6%. This would amount to $1.1 billion in taxes per biennium, while Texas could collect an additional $10 million per year through the issuing of marijuana business licenses.

The report notes Colorado has raised nearly $13 million on average per year just from license and application fees. Furthermore, the report indicated that current taxpayer dollars that go towards marijuana arrests and prosecutions amount to $311 million per year – money that Texas would save should it legalize pot.  

“States across the country are seeing the benefits of legalizing and regulating cannabis. It is inspiring lawmakers in prohibition states to reexamine the efficacy and costs of their current policies and take a closer look at the alternatives,” said Shawn Hauser, a partner at Vicente Sederberg.

“The goal of this report is to provide a snapshot of the economic benefits Texas would experience if it started treating cannabis more like alcohol for adults 21 years of age and older,” he commented on the new report

Aside from the tax revenue that legal weed in Texas could generate, the report highlighted marijuana’s job creation potential. An estimated 20,000 to 40,000 new jobs would be available in the newly legal industry, with tens of thousands of additional indirect positions, the report estimated.  

Hauser also pointed out the added economic benefits of legalization in Texas given current uncertainties provoked by the coronavirus pandemic.

“Texas is leaving an enormous amount of money on the table by keeping cannabis illegal,” according to him. 

Texas was once known for having the strictest drug laws in the U.S., but the state has softened its stance on cannabis in recent years. A very limited medical marijuana program was established in 2015, while, more recently, cannabis possession arrests in the state have been significantly declining after hemp became legal.   

Source: https://greencamp.com/analysis-legal-weed-in-texas-would-generate-over-500-million-in-tax-revenue-per-year/

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Cannabis Businesses Invest in Their Futures with Political Donations

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Cannabis companies have been making political donations for years, and in 2020, those donations have continued to grow. In fact, some companies are investing aggressively to shape the future of the cannabis industry either by donating directly to campaigns and politicians or through political action committees (PACs) that support cannabis-friendly candidates and legislation.

So far in 2020, the Center for Responsive Politics reports that the leading cannabis companies, cannabis-related companies, and cannabis trade associations making donations to federal candidates, parties, and outside groups are (in order of 2020 donation amounts to date):

  1. Canty Ventures
  2. National Cannabis Industry Association (NCIA)
  3. Have A Heart
  4. Beyond Broadway LLC
  5. Sea Hunter Therapeutics
  6. Cannabis Trade Federation
  7. MedMen
  8. Dan Kopp & Co
  9. Acreage Holdings
  10. Weedmaps
  11. Trulieve

Compare that list to the list of large cannabis company donors in 2019, which included Curaleaf, Parallel Brands (formerly Surterra Wellness), Tweed Inc. (part of Canopy Growth Corporation), Canndescent, and Trulieve. Even ancillary cannabis companies like Dama Financial, WeedMaps, and Acreage Holdings donate large sums of money in 2019 according to data from the Center for Responsive Politics.

State Donations in 2020

There are a number of legalization (adult-use and/or medical use) and decriminalization measures on state ballots in 2020, and cannabis companies, ancillary companies, and professional associations have been actively donating directly to related campaigns and initiatives at the state level.

In Arizona, Harvest is the biggest donor in support of legalization (Prop. 207) followed by Curaleaf, MedMen, Cresco Labs, Copperstate Farms, Arizona Dispensaries Association, Herbal Wellness Center, and Oasis Dispensaries.

Mississippi’s medical marijuana initiative on the November ballot (Initiative 65) has received donations from the CEO of Heritage Properties (George Walker III), Ghost Management Group (which owns Weedmaps), and the owner of ABKO Labs (Robert Lloyde II).

Ghost Management Group and its Weedmaps subsidiary also donated to support Montana’s and New Jersey’s legalization initiatives. In addition, New Jersey’s legalization Question 1 on the November ballot received donations directly from The Scotts Company (the maker of Scotts Miracle Gro), Pashman Stein Walder Hayden (a New Jersey cannabis law firm), and Compassionate Care Research Institute (a New Jersey dispensary).

Keep in mind, these donations don’t include the donations that cannabis companies and ancillary businesses donate to PACs or that they invest in lobbying. The Center for Responsive Politics reports that the biggest investments in lobbying from cannabis companies, ancillary companies, and trade associations in 2020 have come from the Cannabis Trade Federation, National Cannabis Roundtable, Canopy Growth Corp, Curaleaf, Global Alliance for Cannabis Commerce, Parallel Brands, Cronos Group, Charlotte’s Web, NCIA, Acreage Holdings, Dama Financial, Trulieve, California Cannabis Association, and Oregon Cannabis Association.

Political Donations from Cannabis Interests Are Not New

One of the biggest political donation stories happened in California when cannabis businesses donated aggressively to former Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom’s campaign to become the state’s governor in the 2018 election. According to the Los Angeles Times, he secured hundreds of thousands of dollars in donations from cannabis cultivators, processors, and retailers.

By May 2018, Newsom had raised nearly $500,000 from cannabis companies, but he wasn’t the only politician in California to receive money from cannabis interests. At the time, the state’s Treasurer, John Chiang, and Attorney General, Xavier Becerra, also secured donations from the cannabis industry

And of course, these donation numbers don’t even include the many donations from PACs that businesses and individuals working in the cannabis industry donate to. Many of these funds go directly to specific candidate’s fundraising efforts. For example, the Coastal Pacific Political Action Committee held a fundraiser in June 2017, and six days later, the PAC donated $50,000 to Newsom’s campaign.

Another noteworthy political donation happened in Florida over the course of multiple years. The Miami Herald reported that Surterra donated $1.1 million to Florida political candidates and committees between the summer of 2016 and March 2018. Trulieve donated $564,000 during the same period, and Curaleaf donated $469,000.

In Illinois, the doors for cannabis companies to make political donations opened in March 2017 when a federal judge ruled an Illinois provision that did not allow marijuana companies to make campaign contributions in the state was unconstitutional.

According to the Chicago Tribune, the provision prevented contributions to political committees that were established for the purpose of promoting candidates for public office. Since that decision was made, cannabis companies like PharmaCann and Cresco Labs have donated significant amounts to the state’s political candidates and committees.

Business and individual donations to marijuana-friendly political candidates have also become standard in Nevada and Colorado. During the 2016 elections, dozens of marijuana cultivators, processors, and dispensaries donated $75,000 to Nevada legislators according to the Nevada Independent.

Looking back further in history, Florida Senator Rob Bradley received his first donation from a cannabis company in 2015 when Costa Farms donated $10,000 to his political committee.

Similarly, cannabis businesses have actively contributed to Colorado political campaigns for years, and many of those businesses have been holding political fundraisers to support their preferred candidates. PBS reported back in 2014 that Colorado’s congressional delegation had received $20,000 during the first nine months of 2014 from marijuana businesses. Also in 2014, a fundraiser to support political candidates that was held by Tripp Keber of Denver, Colorado’s Dixie Elixirs & Edibles generated $40,000 in donations.

What’s Next for Political Campaign Donations from Cannabis Businesses?

As the cannabis industry continues to grow and more states legalize medical and/or recreational cannabis, laws will continue to evolve. Cannabis businesses and ancillary businesses should absolutely be concerned about which politicians are making those laws.

With that said, it’s safe to assume that political donations from the cannabis industry will get larger and more frequent in the coming years. Let’s put the donations from cannabis companies to political campaigns into perspective. During the first half of 2019, the cannabis industry gave more than $200,000 to members of Congress, which was up from $248,504 donated throughout all of 2018. Compare that to the $42 million that pharmaceutical companies donated to political campaigns across the United States in 2018.

With those numbers in mind, it’s guaranteed that political donations from cannabis and cannabis-related companies will continue to grow. Savvy businesses are paying attention and getting involved in an attempt to influence the regulations that could make or break their companies’ futures.

Originally published 8/24/17. Updated 10/23/20.

Source: https://cannabiz.media/marijuana-businesses-invest-in-their-futures-with-political-donations/

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