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George Floyd: The personal cost of filming police brutality




Protesters hold up their phones during a demonstration over the death of George FloydImage copyright Getty Images
Image caption Filming police conduct on mobile phones has become commonplace in the US

When videos of controversial police encounters generate headlines, there’s an important figure in the story that we rarely hear about – the person filming.

By the time 17-year-old Darnella Frazier started recording, George Floyd was already gasping for air, begging, repeatedly, “please, please, please”.

The camera had been rolling for 20 seconds when Mr Floyd, 46, uttered three more words that have now become a rallying cry for protesters.

“I can’t breathe,” Mr Floyd said.

The words were slightly muffled. He strained to speak as he lay face down in handcuffs, pinned to the floor by three police officers. One of those officers, 44-year-old Derek Chauvin, pressed a knee against Mr Floyd’s neck.

Ms Frazier was taking her nine-year-old cousin to Cup Foods, a shop near her home in Minneapolis, Minnesota, when she saw Mr Floyd grappling with police. She stopped, pulled out her phone and pressed record.

For 10 minutes and nine seconds she filmed until the officers and Mr Floyd left the scene; the former on foot, the latter on a stretcher.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Derek Chauvin has been charged with second-degree murder over the death of George Floyd

At that point, Ms Frazier could never have imagined the chain of events that her video would set in motion. At the click of a button, the teen spurred wave after wave of protests, not only in the US but across the world.

“She felt she had to document it,” Ms Frazier’s lawyer Seth Cobin told the BBC. “It’s like the civil rights movement was reborn in a whole new way, because of that video.”

Ms Frazier, a high school junior, was not available for interview. Her lawyer said she was traumatised by what she saw outside Cup Foods on 25 May. It was “the most awful thing she’s ever seen”.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The street outside Cup Foods has become a memorial for George Floyd

Since then, she has seen a therapist and “is doing pretty well”, Mr Cobin said.

Coping with the response to her video has not been easy either. On Facebook, where she posted the video, the reaction was a mix of shock, outrage, praise and criticism.

In a Facebook post, shared on 27 May, Ms Frazier responded to suggestions she filmed the video for “clout” and did not do enough to prevent the death of Mr Floyd.

“If it wasn’t for me, four cops would’ve still had their jobs, causing other problems. My video went worldwide for everyone to see and know,” Ms Frazier wrote.

The backlash to Ms Frazier’s video epitomises the dilemma facing bystanders who capture high-profile incidents of police violence on camera. Other similar cases have shown it to be an unenviable position to be in.

When emotions run high, videos of police brutality can have a polarising quality, dividing opinion across racial and political lines. Standing at the centre of that debate can take a heavy toll.

More on George Floyd’s death

As a veteran cop watcher in New York, Dennis Flores knows a thing or two about the pitfalls of filming police activity.

He has been arrested more than 70 times since he started documenting the city’s police force, the NYPD, in the late 1990s. His use of video to expose police brutality has blazed a trail for the growing police accountability movement seen across the US today.

Image copyright Dennis Flores
Image caption Dennis Flores (L) has been filming police since the 1990s

The movement’s roots can be traced back to 1991, when a plumber filmed what has been described as the world’s first viral video of police brutality. It showed the savage beating of Rodney King, an unarmed black man, by several police officers after a car chase in Los Angeles, California.

Unbeknown to the officers, George Holliday shot the footage on his then high-end Sony Handycam from the balcony of his apartment. After sharing the tape with a local TV station, the beating became a national and global outrage. That anger turned into deadly race riots a year later, when the four white officers tried over Mr King’s assault were found not guilty.

“The Rodney King beating was the catalyst of video documentation,” Mr Flores told the BBC.

Image copyright Free VT
Image caption George Holliday caught the beating of Rodney King on camera from his flat’s balcony

The first amendment of the US constitution protects the right of Americans to film police.

In the early days of police observation, there were no smartphones, no social media platforms, no 5G-internet providers. It was just Mr Flores, a clunky 35mm SLR camera and a tape recorder. But as technology improved, the ability to keep tabs on police was democratised.

“Everyday individuals could suddenly expose police behaviour. And that’s only escalated with cases like Eric Garner,” Mr Flores said.

Image copyright Dennis Flores
Image caption Mr Flores has been arrested more than 70 times while filming NYPD police officers

Mr Garner, a 43-year-old African American, died in 2014 after being placed in a chokehold by a police officer in New York. He was detained for allegedly selling loose cigarettes.

Like Mr Floyd, Mr Garner repeatedly told the officers, “I can’t breathe” – words that became a rallying cry for Black Lives Matter protesters six years ago and again in the wake of Mr Floyd’s death.

Mr Garner’s death was ruled a homicide but, controversially, no charges were brought against Daniel Pantaleo, the officer who restrained him.

What happened to Ramsey Orta, the person who filmed Mr Garner’s death, was equally controversial.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

Media captionFootage of Eric Garner’s arrest sparked national outrage

He alleged a campaign of police harassment after the video went viral.

Orta did not have a clean record by any means. He has acknowledged that but, in 2019, he told the Verge “the cops had been following me every day since Eric died”.

In 2016, Orta pleaded guilty to gun and drug charges and was sentenced to four years in jail. The charges were not related to his filming of Mr Garner’s death. But Mr Flores, a friend of Orta, believes his video put him in the crosshairs of the NYPD.

“The case of Ramsey Orta is a prime example of how you become a target when you film the police and decide to go public. He’s been made to suffer for filming cops,” Mr Flores said.

Orta has expressed regret for “not minding my business”. Yet conversely, the consequences of not sharing evidence of deadly police force can weigh heavily on the conscience, as Feidin Santana discovered in 2015.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Ramsey Orta claims he was targeted by police after filming the death of his friend Eric Garner

Mr Santana was casually walking to work in Charleston, South Carolina when he came across a peculiar sight: an altercation between Michael Slager, a white police officer, and Walter Scott, an unarmed black man.

Mr Santana reached for his phone and began filming as the struggle ensued. Eventually, Mr Scott turned his back to the officer and fled. The officer paused, drew his gun and aimed it at Mr Scott’s back.

Eight shots rang out and Mr Scott tumbled to the floor.

What Mr Santana had witnessed was incomprehensible to him.

“It was impossible for me to believe that a man running from an officer – without harming him – can lead to such a tragedy,” he told the BBC.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

Media captionDashcam footage released by authorities shows Walter Scott running away

For three days, Mr Santana, a barber who immigrated to the US from the Dominican Republic, kept the video to himself. Fearing police retribution, Mr Santana considered erasing the footage and leaving Charleston for good. In the end, a police report about the incident changed his mind.

In the report, Slager said he feared for his life after Mr Scott took his Taser. But the video showed Slager’s account to be false.

As the only person who could prove that, Mr Santana felt compelled to share the video with Mr Scott’s family. Once the video was public, Mr Santana’s “normal life” was over.

“I never thought the video would go viral so quickly. Death threats and racist messages were something that were hard for me. Then you understand that, in order to change things, you need to confront fear to overcome it,” Mr Santana said.

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption Feidin Santana said he thought about deleting the footage of Walter Scott’s shooting

Ultimately, it was Mr Santana’s footage that led to Slager being charged with murder. To that end, Mr Santana has no regrets whatsoever.

“Silence equals complicity. I chose my side and I will continue fighting for a better society, fearless of any consequence,” he said.

Technology has had a role in bringing that better society about. In the hands of ordinary people, cameras have been used to hold police to account, ensuring justice where there might otherwise have been none. In some court cases, video evidence can be the difference between conviction and acquittal.

Prosecutors will be aware of this when Mr Chauvin, the officer accused of murdering Mr Floyd, stands trial.

Investigators have extracted the video from Ms Frazier’s phone for evidential purposes, her lawyer Mr Cobin said. At trial, Ms Frazier may be called upon to testify.

She has already provided a witness statement to the FBI’s Civil Rights Division and the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension (MBCA). Her statement, Mr Cobin said, was difficult to watch.

“It was very emotional. She was in tears. She went through an awful lot of trauma. She talked about how every time she closes her eyes, this is what she sees. She sees George Floyd’s face as he’s dying. She opens them up and he’s gone, she closes them and she sees him again.”

Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The killing of Mr Floyd has spurred protests across the world

Ms Frazier did not wish to be embroiled in a murder trial. Nor was she seeking attention by posting the video of Mr Floyd’s death on social media.

In that respect, Mr Cobin compared Ms Frazier to Rosa Parks, the African-American woman who, in 1955, famously refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in Alabama.

“Like Rosa Parks, she didn’t set out to be a hero or a civil rights icon. She just happened to be in a place, at the right time. This isn’t a Martin Luther King, this isn’t a Malcolm X, who chose to lead people. This is someone who is a regular person who did the right thing,” Mr Cobin said.



What is an Action Refund Review?




You have been defrauded by a fraudulent broker. What are you going to do ? In this Action Refund review, we’ll explain everything to you.

A study by “Scamwatch”, with the help of the ACCC (Australian Competition & Consumer Commission), suggests that so far, in 2020, around 195,848 reports of all types of scams have been submitted, with a loss of approximately $ 150,838,567. This is insane!

A real company called “Action Refund” had the ambition to help victims internationally to recover their stolen capital from various crooks in the foreign exchange market. Their team is made up of knowledgeable service agents who have helped dozens of users and victims of scams across the world. In addition, Action Refund offers a free consultation over the phone with a professional case analyst. We suggest that you contact Action Refund as soon as possible.

When you are in the middle of the process of filing a refund claim with a complicated case, it is very important to have professional assistance on your side. If you’re curious about what the company’s collection service is all about, below is an interview with a fraud victim to understand what Action Refund did with their case:

Can you tell us how it all started? (Action Refund Review)

At the end of 2019, I came across an advertisement in my inbox approving that Bill Gates made a fortune from forex trading, so I thought “I’ll give it a shot” and left some of my details on the site of this company.

They assigned me an account manager named “Gary Silverson”. He was polite and appeared to be an expert, promising the world and more with future profits. He assured me that with his advice, my trading account could be multiplied by 10 in no time. I thought that was probably an overestimate, however, if the forex market is open to everyone it is very possible to increase my income and triple my investments, at least that’s what I got. has sold. I wanted to deposit around $ 750 to open an account so I followed his instructions.

Gary explained to me very briefly about the application they are using, omitting crucial details and saying “trust me, you don’t need this info, we need more repositories”. You could say that I was very naive.

That seems good to me…

Back then, I was making decent profits instantly. We had a few trading sessions together for two months. Over time, he started to take control of my account transactions and I followed his lead, not asking anything because I knew he wouldn’t respond correctly. A few days later, the agent reached out to me via WhatsApp regarding a new opportunity emerging due to the announcement of the US election. Gary offered me a zero risk plan so that we could increase my earnings. I confirmed it, and we did make a little more profit.

At the time, my account was showing a profit of $ 5,129 from my initial deposit. I wanted to request a withdrawal of $ 1000 and it was returned to me without a problem. I remember I was quite surprised. I thought to myself, “How could I not find this forex trading company before?”. A month passed, and I reconsidered depositing an additional $ 15,000. Then I got promoted for what the company calls “platinum membership”.

So you claim that you had no problem withdrawing funds from the trading account?

Not at all. As I mentioned, everything went well at first. Honestly, it looked like Gary was doing a good job.

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Vestle Review 2021 – CySEC Broker Or CySEC Scam?





Description: Can you be scammed by Vestle broker? Read our comprehensive Vestle review covering the most important information about the broker.

Whether you have or plan to have an account with this broker, this Vestle review is something you must read

Regulated by: CySEC
Headquarters Country: Cyprus
Foundation year: 2015
Platforms: Web trader
Instruments: FX, commodities, shares, indicies, crypto, ETFs

Is Vestle a legit broker?

Over the years, many clients had a terrible experience with CySEC regulated brokers. Therefore, we decided to check few things in our Vestle review. 

For a start, is Vestle regulation a real regulation or yet another attempt of a regulated company to have an off-sight brand. How the broker operates, and the odds that it will steal your money. Let’s start.

 Vestle Regulation and Security

Vestle is a brand owned by iCFD Limited, regulated by CySEC. The company was formerly known as iForex Ltd. Whenever the broker changes its name, there is a reason for that. And usually, the reason is hundreds of unsatisfied traders and bad reviews. 

When it comes to funds, allegedly, every payment method the company uses is supervised by another EU country. It seems that the broker just listed all the countries where payment providers are based.

What can you trade with a Vestle broker?

Vestle is a broker that provides a high range of trading assets. Clients can trade with currency pairs, commodities, indices, shares, cryptocurrencies, and ETFs. There are over 900 assets available.

All the trades are executed on the web trader of a broker called FXnet. This type of trading platform is always riskier than trading with MT4 or MT5. Every experienced trader prefers MetaTrader in the first place because of security reasons, but also because it has more features. Unfortunately, the broker does not have a Demo account, so we couldn’t test the web trader and decide if it’s good or bad. Besides the web trader, the broker also offers Vestle mobile, its own app for Android and iOS devices. 

When it comes to leverage, it’s limited by CySEC rules. The highest leverage is 1:30 for currency pairs.



Deposit and Withdrawal Methods

When we talk about funding the account, there are several methods available. The client can deposit using debit/credit card, wire transfer, and few E-wallets. For card deposits, funds are visible instantly, while for wire transfers and E-wallets takes up to 5 business days. The same methods are available for withdrawals; only it takes up to 10 business days for the money to appear on the client’s account.

As per our Vestle review, it seems that the broker has issues with double charging. Many clients of this company complained that they see the double transaction in their bank statement. 

When it comes to the deposit amount, Vestle keeps it hidden. Nowhere on the website, you cannot find the list of account types and deposits necessary. It seems that after you get a call from their support, they will evaluate your financial situation and require a certain amount of money from you.

The same thing can be said about commissions and fees the broker is charging. We were unable to find this list anywhere. This looks bad for the Vestle broker. As a CySEC regulated broker, it should be very transparent when it comes to money.

Conclusion about Vestle

Based on everything in our Vestle review, we can say next. The broker shows a low level of transparency about fees and costs. The trades are executed on the web trader, easy to manipulate and change market prices. Even though the company is in the CySEC register since 2015, on the website of Vestle, there is a claim that they are operating for over 15 years. Now, it opens two questions: were they working unregulated or misleading clients to believe they are joining a long-lasting company. Whatever the answer is, a broker should not be proud to publish it.

After saying all this, we will leave it to you to decide if Vestle is a good broker or yet another CySEC scam.

 Source : Plato

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New method of investment: Copy trading, or copy trading as it was originally called




These are busy days for those who have a certain level of savings in the economy. Because already sharp movements occur in the Turkish lira because of their very high rates of investment to translate the uncertainties in Turkey in recent times with a certain amount of savings. This enables people to turn to different investment methods.

If you are looking for a dynamic investment method and still do not know where to start, we will have a profitable suggestion for you. A type of investment, originally called “Forex copy trading”, and another name that can be translated as copy investment in Turkish is social investment. It can be a good entry-level choice for those who do not know exactly how and how to invest in investment vehicles.

The basic logic of copy trading is to imitate the investments of successful investors in the exchange you want to enter. It’s that simple. Anyway, the name of this investment concept is therefore determined as copy investment.

According to one of the studies conducted in recent years, this type of investment is increasingly taking up a place in the market. The copy investment market will reach an amount of € 70 billion by the end of 2025, according to researches.

To start copy trading, the first thing to do is to choose a reliable and profitable investment platform. At this point, the next step in choosing a reliable investment platform is  Forex Copy Trading

that is, to be able to follow reliable investors for copy investment. Therefore, the choice of platform is very important at this point.

A Close Look at Copy Investment

In short, it is important that copy investment or social investment platforms allow experienced investors to copy their investments directly. Here, when you find such an investment exchange, the investment made in this way is also called “auto investment” because you invest your own account directly into the account of the experienced investor.

You can invest in the form of copy investment in the BIST 100, crypto money exchanges and even foreign exchanges. It is a method that can be followed even for foreign currency deposits. However, it will require serious research at the stage of determining the investors you will follow in the first place.

How Exactly to Invest in Copy?

In fact, there are two popular ways to do this.

Following the Investors’ Strategies One to One

Whichever exchange you are investing in, you can learn the investments made by the really experienced names of that stock exchange with a good research and make these investments one by one.


Simple System: The investment you will make in this way will be a very simple and easy-to-use investment type. This is the reason why it is called auto investment as a type of investment that you can directly imitate the investments of expert investors in the field.

Flexibility: You can follow this type of investment from any digital device. It is a very flexible method as you will do the same no matter where you are, as soon as you hear about the direct investment of the person you follow, as there is no subject to think about.

Choosing a strategy is very easy: All you have to do is find the best in the field with the right research. Once you find it, it will be very easy to determine your strategy.

Transaction Fees: Most successful traders will charge you a certain fee to return their investments. These fee claims create an additional cost. However, you can manage your funds with the confidence that there will be no additional fees or expenses for the investment.

Let others follow your investment. For this, create an investment strategy.

Here you will be the one followed. Of course, this has certain advantages and disadvantages.

Your strategies will directly affect the market: Since you will be the person who will determine the strategy, whatever strategy you follow, the strategy you will follow will be a strategy that will affect the market completely.

You will also get the reward for your labor outside of profits: In this way, you will have to spend all your work on this work. However, you will get more than your followers for your efforts.

You will set the rules of the game: However, doing these operations will require both very serious experience and serious work.

Of course, it would be useful for you to carefully investigate whether there is a method to follow completely. However, it is possible to say that you can carry out such transactions with peace of mind with detailed analysis on the leading quality investment and stock exchange platforms such as AMarkets.



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Ethereum Price Smashed $2000, $3000 Incoming At Lightning Speed!




Ethereum Price (ETH) May Hit $10,000 This Cycle!

The Ethereum price that is known to maintain a stable price movement, finally broke the previous ATH to form a new one. It took more than a months time to regain its lost position above $2000, yet sustained successfully. 

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The price took more time than expected to break the $2000 barrier, yet $3000 may be approaching at rocket speed. As predicted by founder of Gokhstein Media, David Gokhstein, the next stop for the ETH price is around $3,900. 

With the continued bullish trend and intensified rally, the price is expected to surge to the highest levels. According to an analyst and Crypto Youtuber, Young and Investing, the Ethereum price may hit $10,000 within the current bull run.

With the accelerated bull run, many analysts believe Ethereum could lead the market instead of Bitcoin too. Therefore providing a huge opportunity for the altcoins to boom within the ETH bull rally. 

Is Altcoin-Season On the Cards?

Many altcoins normally pop-up with the surge in the price of the second dominant crypto Ethereum. Currently, ETH price is trading around its new all time high around $2152 and expected to fly high. Therefore, many small cap altcoins are expected to rise from ashes and pump more than 50x or even 100x also.

Many analysts believe the Altcoin Season of 2021 is on the way and is expected to be the greatest season ever. According to a popular analyst, XRPcryptowolf, the season will reach its peak during the summer.

Moreover, the coins which are believed to be dead or not performing are also expected to rise. One of the analysts, MC also has given a brief idea on which all coins might pump in the current AltSeason.

Collectively, the breakout of Ethereum price has led to initialization of the most awaited AltSeason of 2021. The ETH price rally is expected to intensify in the coming days, that might smash $10,000 soon.

Checkout PrimeXBT
Trade with the Official CFD Partners of AC Milan

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