Connect with us

USA Today

Fact check: It’s true tear gas is a chemical weapon banned in war

Published

on

The claim: Tear gas is a chemical weapon banned in war

As police officers across the country have tear-gassed crowds in attempts to disperse protesters, claims have surfaced on social media that tear gas is a chemical weapon banned in war but legal for law enforcement purposes.

A Facebook post shared on June 2 shows a screenshot of a tweet from Robert Reich — an economist and the secretary of Labor under President Bill Clinton — that says, “Your reminder that tear gas is a chemical weapon banned in war.”

The screenshot also shows a user replying to the tweet saying, “Imagine using a chemical weapon that targets the lungs against your own citizens who are exercising their 1st Amendment rights during a Global Pandemic of a virus that targets the lungs!”

The user who shared the photo did not respond to USA TODAY for comment.

Instagram users also shared their frustration about tear gas being banned in war claiming that the use of tear gas and other chemical weapons are banned in warfare under the Geneva Protocol of 1925.

The use of tear gas at recent protests has brought forth frustration and turned into a political debate, stirring controversy on why police officers are allowed to use tear gas on civilians but not during war.

What is tear gas?

Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician in New York City told USA TODAY that tear gas isn’t necessarily a “gas” but rather a powder that is heated and mixed with a solvent and released as an aerosol.

Glatter said tear gas not only irritates cells, but also activates pain receptors, which leads to intense burning pain in the eyes, throat, lungs, skin and mucous membranes. Tear gas can also cause exaggerated muscle cramping in the eye and sensitivity to light that leads to eye closure.

More:Tear gas vs. pepper spray. Debate over methods used to clear Lafayette Square turns political

Other effects of tear gas include a difficulty in swallowing, drooling and severe burning in the mouth. In some cases, it can cause an asthma attack or swelling in the area that could potentially lead to asphyxiation or death.

Dr. Kelly Johnson-Arbor, medical director at National Capital Poison Center, told USA TODAY that picking up tear gas canisters can cause burn injuries because canisters can detonate, which exposes people to propellants, solvents and explosives.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines tear gas, or riot control agents, as “chemical compounds that temporarily make people unable to function by causing irritation to the eyes, mouth, throat, lungs, and skin.”

The CDC also states riot control agents are used by law enforcement officials and in military settings to “test the speed and ability of military personnel to use their gas mask.”

Chemical Weapons Convention and 1925 Geneva Protocol, ban use of tear gas in warfare

The 1925 Geneva Protocol categorized tear gas as a chemical warfare agent and banned its use in war shortly after World War I. The protocol was signed at a conference held in Geneva and took effect on Feb. 8, 1928, according to the United Nations website.

However, the text of the protocol did not go into depth on what gases were banned.

Under the protocol, the United States reserved the right to use riot control agents in cases of controlling rioting prisoners of war, situations where civilian casualties can be avoided. The U.S. could also use it in rescue missions to recover isolated personnel and outside of combat zones to “protect convoys from civil disturbances.”

In 1993, nations could begin signing the U.N.’s Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) that outlawed the use of riot control agents in warfare. Riot control agents under the convention are defined as, “Any chemical not listed in a Schedule, which can produce rapidly in humans sensory irritation or disabling physical effects which disappear within a short time following termination of exposure.”

A database by the International Committee of the Red Cross shows the ban of riot control agents in war went into effect in 1997, but still made it legal for law enforcement use. The Senate approved the CWC in a 74-26 vote on April 25, 1997.

The purpose of the CWC is to “eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties,” according to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.

Article I (5) of the Convention states, “Each State Party undertakes not to use riot control agents as a method of warfare.”

Article II (9)(d) further states “Riot control agents may not be used as a method of warfare but may be used for certain law enforcement purposes including riot control.”

Our rating: True

We rate the claim that tear gas is banned in war but legal for law enforcement purposes as TRUE based on our research. Findings show that the Chemical Weapon Convention outlawed the use of riot control agents in warfare and it went into effect in 1997. The 1925 Geneva Protocol also prohibited the use of poisonous gases in war.

Our fact-check sources: 

Thank you for supporting our journalism. You can subscribe to our print edition, ad-free app or electronic newspaper replica here.

Our fact check work is supported in part by a grant from Facebook.

Source: http://rssfeeds.usatoday.com/~/626283682/0/usatoday-newstopstories~Fact-check-Its-true-tear-gas-is-a-chemical-weapon-banned-in-war/

NPR

Clubhouse hires a head of news from NPR to build out publisher relationships

Published

on

Clubhouse has hired a veteran editor from NPR to lead news publishing for the app. Nina Gregory will serve as Clubhouse’s head of News and Media Publishers, working as a liaison between news publishers and the Clubhouse’s ecosystem of audio-based communities.

Gregory led NPR’s Arts Desk for the last seven years, shaping the news outlet’s culture and entertainment coverage. “As an audio journalist, [Clubhouse] aligned with what I’ve always believed is the best medium for news,” Gregory told CNN. “You don’t need to know how to read to be able to hear radio news. You don’t need to have an expensive subscription. You don’t need cable.”

Helping publishers and other brands get plugged in is one path toward maturation for Clubhouse. Online media properties from USA Today to TechCrunch have built a presence on the app, which exploded in growth as the pandemic limited in-person social interactions. But with competition from more entrenched competitors looming, Clubhouse may need to get creative to stay in the game.

Clubhouse’s quick ascent saw Twitter, Spotify, Facebook and other established tech companies scramble to integrate live audio rooms into their own products. Twitter quickly launched Spaces, while Spotify launched a standalone Clubhouse clone known as Greenroom. Facebook first announced its own live audio rooms in April, opening them to U.S. users two months later.

The kind of viral attention that Clubhouse enjoyed over the last year is almost impossible to maintain, but the company has added features, introduced an Android app and opened its doors to everyone. Clubhouse might not be able to top its February peak, but the app still notched 7.7 million global monthly downloads after expanding to Android this summer, and continues to build out its vision for audio-first social networking.

PlatoAi. Web3 Reimagined. Data Intelligence Amplified.
Click here to access.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2021/09/15/clubhouse-head-of-news/

Continue Reading

Blockchain

Since It Adopted Bitcoin As Legal Tender, The World Is Looking At El Salvador

According to all metrics, El Salvador is all the rage right now. When the government announced that their citizens and all economic actors are legally allowed to use Bitcoin as legal tender, headlines all over the world reported on the news. But interest in the country is growing steadily since, from articles and features in […]

Published

on

According to all metrics, El Salvador is all the rage right now. When the government announced that their citizens and all economic actors are legally allowed to use Bitcoin as legal tender, headlines all over the world reported on the news. But interest in the country is growing steadily since, from articles and features in all kinds of media, to Google interest and searches. The world’s eye is on El Salvador.

Related Reading | How El Salvador Embracing Bitcoin Signifies “The Separation Of Money And State”

People all over the world are searching for information on real state and citizenship in El Salvador. Those are extremely serious topics, even if the search is casual or exploratory. Just look at the spike in these graphics:

Smile El Salvador, The Press Is Looking

Media outlets from all over the world are trying to figure out President Bukele’s line of thought, long-term plans, and strategy. They’re also struggling to understand Bitcoin, what does it do and how does it do it. They can’t seem to understand what are the advantages and keep comparing it to the legacy financial system in a way that makes the status quo look good.

As an example let’s look into USA Today’s article on Bitcoin Beach:

El Zonte’s mini bitcoin economy 26 miles (43 kilometers) from the capital came about through an anonymous donor who started working through a local nonprofit group in 2019. Supporters of the financial change point to it as a demonstration case for how digital currency could help in a country where 70% of the people don’t have bank accounts.

President Nayib Bukele, who pushed through the bitcoin law, touts it both as a way to help those many Salvadorans without access to traditional banking services and as a path to attract foreigners with bitcoin holdings to invest in El Salvador, which is the first nation to make the cryptocurrency legal tender.

That “path to attract foreigners” seems to be working, if we take Google Searches as a valid indicator. The game is afoot, but it’s just starting, though. We’ll see how this experiment goes. 
BTCUSDT price chart for 06/15/2021 - TradingView

BTC price chart on Huobi | Source: BTC/USDT on TradingView.com

Do You Even Know About The Lightning Network?

As for the much smaller experiment that’s Bitcoin Beach, USA Today found a way to attack it. 

David Gerard, author of “Attack of the 50 Foot Blockchain,” said El Zonte is an artificial demonstration.

At Bitcoin Beach, he said, “the bitcoins are traded inside Strike. They don’t actually move on the bitcoin blockchain or anything.”

Gerard said it appears to work because the bitcoin donor keeps pumping bitcoin into the village’s system. “That’s not a proof of concept that works. That shows that you can trade this stuff if you’re not trading actual bitcoins and someone massively subsidizes it.”

They not only found the one so-called crypto-journalist that despises Bitcoin, but they printed something like “the bitcoins are traded inside Strike. They don’t actually move on the bitcoin blockchain or anything.” The app uses the Lightning Network to process transactions. That’s Bitcoin’s answer to those that say that it isn’t fast or scalable enough.

Related Reading | Summing Up The JP Morgan Report On Bitcoin In El Salvador

In the second layer, the Lightning Network processes transactions. Eventually, the system settles those transactions in the first layer, in the blockchain. Does David Gerard not know this? Or is he being dishonest and muddying the waters? Does he not care about what this means for people in El Salvador?

As for the donor, the article later says:

“Our donor made three deliveries of $40, converted to bitcoin, for each of the community’s 500 families, and they were trained to use the application and now it’s normal to buy with bitcoin,” Martínez said.

Does that sound like a subsidized economy to you?

Plus, look at this picture heavy thread to see what the Bitcoin community is doing for El Salvador:

Bitcoin in El Salvador, Institutional Backing

The president of the Central American Bank, Dante Mossi, said in a press conference: “Bitcoin is a really big deal for the El Salvadorans, and we’re really proud that they’ve made us part of this new policy.” The conference title was: “In Reference To El Salvador’s Announcement About The Use Of Bitcoin.” 

Featured Image by Eduardo Iraheta on Unsplash - Charts by TradingView

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://bitcoinist.com/since-it-adopted-bitcoin-as-legal-tender-the-world-is-looking-at-el-salvador/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=since-it-adopted-bitcoin-as-legal-tender-the-world-is-looking-at-el-salvador

Continue Reading

Publications

Trump’s Tulsa rally: Lighter-than-expected crowds and other takeaways

Published

on

WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump held his first campaign rally since March in Tulsa, Oklahoma Saturday following days of speculation about the impact the event would have on spreading the coronavirus and how large the crowd would be. 

The president used the opportunity to brag about his coronavirus response while downplaying its current threat, slam the media and some of his Democratic rivals, as well as to defend confederate statues. 

Here are some of the takeaways from Trump’s rally:

Smaller crowd in attendance, majority did not wear mask

Trump’s rally to revive his campaign during the coronavirus pandemic boasted a smaller crowd than his usual campaign events, with much of the upper sections of the 19,000-seat BOK Center stadium remaining empty. 

An overcrowd event outside was cancelled and broken down by Secret Service before the president started speaking inside, due to low attendance. 

Prior to the event, the Trump campaign had boasted one million tickets were requested, and Trump predicted there would not be an empty seat.

More:Trump distances himself from Geoffrey Berman firing after AG Barr says president was behind decision

Trump’s campaign blamed the low turnout for the rally, as well as the scratched event, on “radical protesters” as well as members of the media, who they claimed “attempted to frighten off the President’s supporters.”

Journalists on the ground have refuted seeing large numbers of individuals turned away because of rowdy protesters. 

Trump, who often kicks off his campaign rallies by crowing about the size of the crowd, was forced to use his high stakes rally to explain why turnout was less than expected. 

Echoing a line from his campaign manager, Trump blamed the smaller than expected crowds on media coverage leading up to the event, and blamed protesters for his decision to not deliver expected remarks at the scheduled outdoor overflow event. 

More:‘Turning point’ or massive risk? Trump gambles with a rally in Tulsa that could shape his campaign

“You are warriors,” Trump told the crowd, suggesting that they had turned out despite the coverage leading up to the rally. “I’ve been watching the fake news for weeks now. And everything is negative. Today it was like, I’ve never seen anything like it.”

Additionally, the majority of attenders did not wear masks despite the campaign handing them out. However, they were not enforced. Several U.S. lawmakers in attendance did not wear masks, as well.  

‘I did a phenomenal job’

Trump shrugged off the looming threat from the coronavirus, despite several states reporting record-high numbers of cases and hospitalizations in the past few days, including Oklahoma. 

Local health officials had called for the rally to be postponed out of concern about the spread of the virus. 

More:Oklahoma coronavirus cases surge, hospitalizations rise ahead of Trump’s Tulsa rally

He continued to boast of his administration’s response to the pandemic, and again blamed China for spreading the virus.

“We – I – did a phenomenal job with it,” Trump declared. 

Trump said he told his administration, “slow the testing down, please” reiterating his argument that higher test numbers led to higher case counts. 

He imitated a doctor talking about a 10-year-old with “sniffles” who would conclude “that’s a case!” 

The president said the governor of New Jersey told him only one person under the age of 18 died, which the president said shows that young people have a “great immune system”

“Let’s open the schools please!” he said.

More:Why it’s okay to admit you’re struggling amid coronavirus

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert and a member of the president’s coronaivrus task force, said earlier this week while more testing does result in more cases, the recent surge in some states “cannot be explained by increased testing.” 

Coronavirus slur

The president at one point also called COVID-19 the “kung flu” and the “Chinese virus.”

“It’s a disease without question,” Trump told the audience. “I can name 19 different versions of names. Many call it a virus, which it is. Many call it a flu. What’s the difference?”

Public health officials have discouraged terms that associate a pandemic with a place. Trump frequently used “Chinese virus” in the early weeks of the pandemic but stopped using it as frequently.

More:President Trump on players kneeling during national anthem: ‘I thought we won that battle with the NFL’

One of his own advisers, Kellyanne Conway, in March called reports of a White House official referring to the coronavirus as the “kung flu” as “highly offensive.” 

COVID-19 deaths neared 120,000 Saturday in the U.S. 

‘Demolish our heritage’: Trump defends Confederate statues 

Trump’s rally, just a day after Juneteenth and located in a city with the site of one of the worst race massacres in US history, defended confederate monuments around the country.

 ‘We’re fighting violence,’ Sharpton says on Juneteenth; discipline records for charged Atlanta ex-cop

Trump claimed the left and protesters only desired “to demolish our heritage” as demonstrators have been tearing down confederate statues following weeks of protests over racial injustice.

Protesters continue to target historical symbols of the Confederacy. Late Friday, protesters in Washington, D.C., and in Raleigh, North Carolina, toppled statues. 

The protests were sparked by the killing of George Floyd, a Black man whose neck was pinned under the knee of a white police officer for nearly nine minutes in May. 

More:After George Floyd, students sick of ‘lip service,’ want action from colleges over racism

Trump barely spoke about race, and did not mention Floyd. 

Trump targets Democratic politicians and critics

Trump used his rally to hit back at some of his Democratic critics, including DC Mayor Muriel Bowser and congresswomen Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Ilhan Omar. 

The president swiped at Bowser for the Black lives Matter demonstrations in Washington, D.C, and Ocasio-Cortez for her environmental views. 

Bowser responded, tweeting that there’s “a lot of empty room” in Trump’s head, “just like tonight’s half empty Tulsa arena.” 

Trump called Omar a “hate-filled America-bashing socialist” whose goal is to make America “just like the country from which she came, Somalia. No government, no police, no safety, no nothing.”

Omar, a representative from Minnesota, fled Somalia as a refugee and has been a citizen since she was 17. Her father died from COVID-19 a few days ago.

More:Rep. Ilhan Omar’s father dies of coronavirus-related complications

Source: http://rssfeeds.usatoday.com/~/628223032/0/usatoday-newstopstories~Trumps-Tulsa-rally-Lighterthanexpected-crowds-and-other-takeaways/

Continue Reading

Publications

Miami Dolphins great Jim Kiick dies at 73

Published

on

Jim Kiick, one-third of what NFL Network called “The Perfect Backfield” and one-half of the Dolphins’ legendary “Butch and Sundance” tandem with Larry Csonka, died Saturday.

He was 73.

The Dolphins on Saturday evening announced the death of Kiick, who in recent years battled memory issues and resided in an assisted living facility.

His daughter, Allie, an accomplished tennis player, on Thursday wrote a post on social media saying she’d been informed that her father was “declining rapidly.” For months, she was not permitted to visit his room because of the coronavirus pandemic, although it’s unclear if Kiick was tested for the disease.

“I miss my dad,” she wrote. “Every time I see him, he says, ‘I miss you.’ It’s pretty hard when you’re sitting on the outside of the glass and you can’t do anything to cheer him up. He’s lost the spark in his eyes as would anyone in his situation.”

Although Kiick was overshadowed by his best friend, Csonka, a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and Mercury Morris, a dynamic 1,000-yard rusher, he will forever be ingrained in Dolphins history, both for his skill on the field and escapades off it.

Without him, the 1972 perfect season and 17-0 record might never have happened. Kiick scored the winning touchdown in all three of that team’s postseason victories.

The Dolphins were trailing 14-13 with five minutes remaining in their first playoff game, against the visiting Cleveland Browns. After driving to the Cleveland 8-yard line, the Dolphins would have been expected to turn to Csonka or Morris but instead ran a trap up the middle that Kiick converted into a touchdown and a 20-14 victory.

It was a moment of pride for the three members of the backfield, who contended that the celebration of the TD, with Morris running off the bench to Kiick, personified the selflessness of the entire team. Before that season, coach Don Shula had made a calculated gamble by giving more playing time to Morris despite knowing how close (and effective) the Csonka-Kiick tandem had been.

“He’s the first person that jumped on me, congratulated me,” Kiick told the Palm Beach Post in a 2017 interview. “It just showed we were about the team and not about individual statistics or who scored the winning touchdown or who didn’t.”

Kiick also scored the winning touchdown on a 1-yard run in the 14-7 victory over Washington in Super Bowl VII to complete the 17-0 season.

Kiick scored the winning touchdown on a 3-yard run with 7½ minutes left in the AFC championship game, a 21-17 victory over Pittsburgh.

The Dolphins drafted Kiick in the fifth round in 1968 out of Wyoming. His seven-year rushing total of 997 yards fails to do justice to his value to Shula as a versatile complement to the bullish fullback Csonka. Kiick caught 221 passes for 2,210 yards and totaled 31 touchdowns from scrimmage.

Before Kiick, Csonka and receiver Paul Warfield jumped to the World Football League, signaling the end of the Dolphins’ dynasty after the 1974 season, Kiick and Csonka literally rode the streets of South Florida as celebrities. A legendary clip in Dolphins history shows Kiick and Csonka riding horseback along South Beach, playing to their “Butch and Sundance” personas.

“Somebody came up with the idea at Sports Illustrated,” Kiick said. “They put a deal together, we rode horses down Collins Avenue in Miami and it just blew up from there. Butch and Sundance was a big deal.”

Adding to the legend: Kiick and Csonka were often glib on the obvious question of which one was Butch Cassidy and which was the Sundance Kid.

“Same answer I tell everybody,” Kiick said. “I was the better-looking guy. Whether it’s Butch or Sundance, which was Paul Newman and Robert Redford, either way, you couldn’t lose.”

Although defensive tackle Manny Fernandez caught a small alligator during a trip to the Everglades one day, Kiick took the heat after the creature ended up in Shula’s shower, another legendary piece of Dolphins lore.

“I didn’t get an alligator. I didn’t do anything,” Kiick said. “But I was Shula’s goat and whatever he could do, he could blame me. I said, ‘Listen, I’m from New Jersey. I don’t fish and I had nothing to do with it.’ ”

Csonka once explained: “It seemed like Kiick was always the easiest one to catch up to. Me and Merc were kind of quick to be out of Shula’s way and be out of earshot.”

As for Kiick?

“He just didn’t care about getting out of the way.”

The Dolphins' Jim Kiick carried the ball during a December 1970 game against the Jets.

Source: http://rssfeeds.usatoday.com/~/628216062/0/usatoday-newstopstories~Miami-Dolphins-great-Jim-Kiick-dies-at/

Continue Reading
Esports5 days ago

Can You Play Diablo II: Resurrected Offline?

Esports5 days ago

Failed to Enter Game, Character Could Not be Found: How to Fix Error in Diablo II: Resurrected

Esports3 days ago

Fall Guys achieves Guinness World Record for most downloaded PlayStation Plus game ever

Esports5 days ago

Valkyrae says YouTube is working on gifted members and a feature similar to Twitch Prime

Esports5 days ago

Valkyrae says YouTube is working on gifted members and a feature similar to Twitch Prime

Esports1 day ago

Twitch celebrity meetup Sh*tCamp 2021 begins today

Esports4 days ago

Microsoft’s The Initiative brings on Crystal Dynamics to help develop its Perfect Dark reboot

Esports5 days ago

How to check Diablo 2: Resurrected server status

Esports4 days ago

Best Stats for the Druid in Diablo II: Resurrected

Esports3 days ago

NBA 2K22 ‘Meet the Designers’ Quest Guide: How to Complete

Esports5 days ago

How to play with friends in Diablo 2: Resurrected

Esports5 days ago

Failed to Enter Game, Character Could Not be Found: How to Fix Error in Diablo II: Resurrected

Esports1 day ago

FIFA 22 Early Access Pack: How to Get

Esports4 days ago

NBA 2K22 Current Gen Best Big Man Build: How to Make

Esports4 days ago

How to earn operation stars in CS:GO

Esports4 days ago

Valorant Patch 3.07 Release Date: When is it?

Esports5 days ago

NBA 2K22 Next Gen Best Big Man Build: How to Make

Esports3 days ago

Tools of the Trade Diablo II: Resurrected Quest Guide

Esports4 days ago

XCOM 3 Appears in Nvidia Data Base Leak

Esports1 day ago

How to play Worlds 2021 Pick’em

Trending