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EVs in a Time of COVID

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Air Quality

Published on July 4th, 2020 | by Joe Wachunas

July 4th, 2020 by Joe Wachunas 


As mobility changes drastically in this brave, new, COVID-impacted world, there are increasing signs that electric transportation can pivot us towards a better future.

Clean Air

It doesn’t take a scientist to notice that there’s less smog in major cities as a result of reduced transportation (and manufacturing emissions). A recent report in Forbes asserts that up to 77,000 deaths were avoided in China due to reduced air pollution. People in Punjab can see the Himalayas for the first time in decades, and Los Angeles has enjoyed its longest stretch of clean air since 1980.

This rare good news, amidst current crises, highlights the improvement in life quality that awaits us if we continue to transition from fossil fuels to electric transportation. An MIT study estimates that 53,000 Americans die prematurely from the particulate matter and ozone that comes out of tailpipes each year, which is nearly double the number of people who die in traffic accidents. Minorities and frontline communities are also disproportionately affected by pollution. And a recent study led by the University of Toronto estimates that each gas car, replaced by an EV, brings $10,000 in social benefits due to improved air quality.

All this clean air offers additional motivation to electrify transportation and help maintain the clear skies we’ve been able to witness for the first time in decades. EV enthusiasts don’t usually put life or death on top on the list for why people should switch to electric transportation, but maybe COVID has taught us that we should.

Blix Packa Cargo E-Bike

E-bikes and New City Infrastructure

The Electrified Tern GSD Utility Bike

Another COVID-related trend is an explosion of e-bike sales. E-bike manufacturers and vendors are reporting a sharp increase in interest and sales. Stores in Portland, Oregon, are reporting that more customers are making e-bike investments both because they want to avoid taking mass transit (an unfortunate result of COVID) and because they now feel safer riding with the reduced traffic resulting from the COVID shutdown.

Cities across the world are also using this moment to permanently close streets to cars and give micromobility the space it needs to thrive.

Could the effects of COVID on transportation patterns leave our cities and towns more livable and less auto dependent?

The Affordability of Used EVs

As we deal with the economic fallout and double-digit unemployment resulting from shutdowns, used EVs become even more compelling, as they offer affordable clean transportation to those who need it most. Many first-generation, low-mileage electric cars can be purchased for between $5,000 and $10,000. Couple this with rebates for used electric cars (in some states) as well as incredible fuel and maintenance savings, and a used EV becomes the poster child for what affordable transportation in the COVID economy could look like.

2013 Nissan Leaf: Current used retail price around $6,000.

EVs Doing Good

And finally, we’re seeing EVs simply doing good. At the nonprofit Forth in Portland, one of my colleagues has coordinated use of our fleet of EVs to deliver meals for laid off workers in the restaurant industry. He and several others have driven over 4,900 miles delivering almost 5,000 meals since COVID began.

A Nissan Leaf delivering free meals.

Another nonprofit organization, Virginia Garcia, is using electric cars to deliver medical care and COVID testing to agricultural workers in our region. They’re combining clean transportation with good work in the community, and the world is better for it.

Health care workers from Virginia Garcia using a plug-in Mitsubishi Outlander to conduct COVID testing.

Crises come with vast potential for societal change, and COVID may offer an opportunity to highlight the benefits of electric transportation to the world. We’ve only just begun to see what our communities might look like with cleaner air, safer streets, more affordable cars and EVs meeting local needs. Let’s hope these trends continue and move us faster down the path toward an all electric future.


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Tags: air pollution, cities, city planning, coronavirus, COVID-19, Forth, nonprofits, pandemics, transportation planning, urban planning, Virginia Garcia


About the Author

Joe Wachunas lives in Portland, Oregon, and works for the nonprofit Forth, which promotes electric transportation. He is also involved with Electrify Now because he believes that electrifying everything, from transportation to homes, is the quickest path to an equitable, clean energy future. And of course, Joe and his family live in an all-electric home and drive an EV.



Source: https://cleantechnica.com/2020/07/04/evs-in-a-time-of-covid/

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Argonne National Labs Using AI To Predict Battery Cycles

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Researchers at the Argonne National Laboratory are exploring the use of AI to decrease the testing time of batteries for demanding grid applications. (GETTY IMAGES)

By Allison Proffitt, Editorial Director, AI Trends

Thanks to the cost reductions that have come from global electric vehicle adoption, lithium ion batteries now have an important role to play in grid storage, Susan Babinec, Argonne National Laboratory, told audiences last week at the International Battery Virtual Seminar and Exhibit. But making full use of them is going to require a bit of help from artificial intelligence.

While EVs prize high energy density, and only need to last about eight years, grid applications require more cycles, more calendar life—20 to 30 years—and more safety at a lower cost.

“Grid economics requires precise life data, which is very time and resource intensive to generate,” Babinec said. “We are using approximations that create risk, limit our design creativity, and increase cost.” The solution? Of course, in today’s day and age the solution is always artificial intelligence, Babinec quipped. “In this case, we’re going to use AI to massively reduced time to cycle life prediction.”

Sue Babinec, Program Lead, Grid Storage at Argonne National Laboratory

Babinec’s team categorized the variables impacting lithium ion batteries for grid applications—acknowledging that adjusting any one variable will always mean changes in others. “For grid storage, first and foremost, low cost is always the most important,” Babinec said. But others include state-of-charge swing, C-rate, average state-of-charge, and temperature.

“Today we handle this variability by estimating the cycle life, but those estimates do not really allow us to push these cells to the limits of what they can really do,” Babinec said. “We just simply don’t have enough information on the cycle life and we are limited by the information that is provided by the cell manufacturer, which is really all about them making sure they can live up to their warranty.”

Babinec is prioritizing overall cost per cycle (levelized cost of storage, LCOS). This is a better metric than capital cost because grid storage batteries are durable goods, she explained. The Department of Energy’s target for LCOS is $0.02/kWh, a target for which we currently fall far short.

“No matter how you look at it, we are not there today with any combination of capital and cycles,” Babinec said. “We need to bring the capital down, but right here and now we need to bring the number of cycles up.”

Looking to AI to Decrease Testing Time from Two Years to Two Weeks

Argonne is applying artificial intelligence to the problem. Babinec’s group is developing rapid cycle life evaluations using AI to decrease testing from the current two years to a goal of two weeks. Argonne is the right spot for this research, Babinec argues. As the DOE’s battery hub, Argonne has plenty of data, a team of AI experts, and a new supercomputer up to the task. Aurora, created in partnership with Argonne, Cray and the DOE, will be the first exascale computer in the U.S.

The scope of the project is broad. They are using several AI approaches—from physics-based tools to deep neural nets. “We want to see which AI approach is the best for this problem,” Babinec said. All of the Li-ion chemistries will be tested deliberately and sequentially, and the current, voltage, and time will be recorded for every second, of every cycle, for every cell.

Babinec describes the basic AI process as encoding data from one cell running one cycle. Each cell cycle generates 150 features. Narrowing in on one feature from many cells, you determine correlations and relationships and decode for one behavior: cycles to failure.

To test their plan, the group used public data published last year in Nature Energy (DOI: 10.1038/s41560-019-0356-8). They compared the capacity at a certain voltage in cycle one to the capacity at the same voltage in cycle 20 and generated correlations and relationships then predictions from there. The results: the experimental cycles to failure and the predicted cycles to failure aligned.

Her presentation at Florida Battery was the first presentation of Argonne’s experimental results, and Babinec shared that the approach seems to be working. When testing many chemistries, like cells self-organize by chemistry and cycles to failure. When run on real cells, predictions match observed. So far, Babinec says it looks like it will take as few as 40-60 cycles to predict cycle life—more for high cycle life, less for low cycle life.

The key to a high-quality prediction, she emphasized, is using training data from cells with a cycle life that is similar to your goal cycle life. For example, cells that failed at 150 cycles will not accurately train an algorithm to predict 2,000 cycles.

While work on the cycle life predictions continues, Babinec says Argonne is also focused on cleaning up more than 20 years’ worth of spreadsheets, databases, and machine files containing battery data. “The data is wonderful, but it has to be cleaned up. It’s a major effort, which we are working on,” she said. The team is working toward machine learning-ready training data including, for example, capacity vs. cycle comparisons and discharge curves. Some data are available on Github: https://github.com/materials-data-facility/battery-data-toolkit

“There is promise for this,” Babinec said. Testing timelines will decrease, which she says may open up assessments of complex and changing use scenarios, eventually enhancing deployment flexibility while minimizing risk.

Learn more at Nature Energy (DOI: 10.1038/s41560-019-0356-8).

Source: https://www.aitrends.com/ai-research/argonne-national-labs-using-ai-to-predict-battery-cycles/

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Copper Foil Market Size Worth $10.3 Billion By 2027 | CAGR: 9.7%: Grand View Research, Inc.

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SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 12, 2020 /PRNewswire/ —  The global copper foil market size is expected to reach USD 10.3 billion by 2027, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc., expanding at a CAGR of 9.7% from 2020 to 2027. Increasing demand for higher transmission speeds is likely to contribute to the demand for copper foil products.

The need for a higher frequency of telecommunication and higher speed in mobile telecommunication and optical communication system applications is likely to increase over the coming years. In order to cater to such applications, producers are developing electronic components, such as high performance printed circuit boards (PCBs). Producers are focused on developing PCBs with low die-electric loss tangent and constant and high multi-layers, wherein the copper foil is a key raw material. This is projected to open new avenues for market vendors.

Key suggestions from the report:

  • Circuit boards emerged the largest application segment in 2019 and accounted for a volume share of 61.0 in 2019. Increasing demand for consumer electronics and automotive electronics is projected to fuel the growth of this application segment
  • The batteries segment is projected to register the fastest growth rate in the forecast period. Increasing demand for lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and energy storage is anticipated to remain a key contributing factor for the market growth
  • Asia Pacific was the largest regional market in 2019 with a volume share of over 72.0%. Increasing the production of PCBs, electronic components, and lithium-ion batteries in China, South Korea, and Japan is a primary driver for the market.

Read 80 page research report with ToC on “Copper Foil Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application (Circuit Boards, Batteries, Electromagnetic Shielding), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2020 – 2027” at: https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/copper-foil-market

With the reduction in sizes and thickness of mobile devices, demand for thinner and smaller semiconductor packages and PCBs is projected to increase over the coming years. This is anticipated to fuel the demand for thin copper foil products over the coming years. Demand for mobile phones in India and China is projected to assist in market growth. For instance, as per statistics provided by the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, India is the second-largest market for mobile phones after China. Out of 2.53 billion global users of smartphones, 337 million users were from India at the end of 2018. India’s compounded annual growth rate was 6.66% from 2007 to 2018, in terms of volume.

New investments to increase the production capacity to cater to the demand for emerging applications are projected to create new opportunities for market players. For instance, in February 2020, Circuit Foil, a copper foil producer based in Europe, announced an investment of around 40 USD million for the Wiltz copper foil production plant. This is projected to increase production by 30% and support its demand for base stations, antenna, and 5G technology captures.

Numerous countries have started conducting 5G trials, focusing on various applications through the use of different frequencies. Thus, the development of next-generation wireless systems, such as 5G and LTE-advanced, is likely to boost the demand for copper foil products in the long run. It has been estimated that China’s 5G bus base station investment will reach over USD 100 billion by 2024. With an increase in 5G user penetration rate and connection requirements for the bandwidth for 5G services, the market is likely to witness lucrative growth.

Grand View Research has segmented the global copper foil market on the basis of application and region:

  • Copper Foil Application Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • Circuit Boards
    • Batteries
    • Electromagnetic Shielding
    • Others
  • Copper Foil Regional Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • North America
      • U.S.
      • Canada
      • Mexico
    • Europe
      • Germany
      • Russia
      • France
    • Asia Pacific
      • China
      • Japan
      • South Korea
      • Taiwan
    • Central and South America
      • Brazil
      • Middle East & Africa
  • List of Key Players of Copper Foil Market
    • SKC
    • Dusan Group
    • Chang Chun Group
    • Circuit Foil
    • LS Mtron
    • Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    • Iljin materials co,. Ltd.
    • Nippon Denkai, Ltd.

Find more research reports on Advanced Interior Materials Industry, by Grand View Research:

  • Battery Metals Market – Global battery metals market size was valued at USD 14.8 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.4% from 2020 to 2027.
  • Metamaterial Market – Global metamaterial market size was estimated at USD 316.0 million in 2016. Increasing need for advanced materials that can be used in place of conventional materials in key applications such as antenna, radomes, and absorbers is expected to be a key driving factor.
  • Magnet Wire Market – Global magnet wire market size was valued at USD 25.6 billion in 2018 and is expected to witness a revenue-based CAGR of 3.7% from 2019 to 2025.

Gain access to Grand View Compass, our BI enabled intuitive market research database of 10,000+ reports

About Grand View Research

Grand View Research, U.S.-based market research and consulting company, provides syndicated as well as customized research reports and consulting services. Registered in California and headquartered in San Francisco, the company comprises over 425 analysts and consultants, adding more than 1200 market research reports to its vast database each year. These reports offer in-depth analysis on 46 industries across 25 major countries worldwide. With the help of an interactive market intelligence platform, Grand View Research helps Fortune 500 companies and renowned academic institutes understand the global and regional business environment and gauge the opportunities that lie ahead.

Contact:
Sherry James
Corporate Sales Specialist, USA
Grand View Research, Inc.
Phone: +1-415-349-0058
Toll Free: 1-888-202-9519
Email: [email protected]

Web: https://www.grandviewresearch.com

Follow Us: LinkedIn | Twitter 

SOURCE Grand View Research, Inc.

Source: https://www.prnewswire.com:443/news-releases/copper-foil-market-size-worth-10-3-billion-by-2027–cagr-9-7-grand-view-research-inc-301110638.html

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Corundum Market Size Worth $3.5 Billion By 2027 | CAGR: 4.0%: Grand View Research, Inc.

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SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 12, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — The global corundum market size is estimated to reach USD 3.5 billion by 2027 registering a CAGR of 4.0%, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. The rising popularity of ruby based jewelry is projected to aid market growth over the forecast period. Corundum is a naturally occurring mineral, which is mostly found in rocks with higher percentages of alkalis and alumina. The vivid color combination exhibited by the product in the form of ruby and sapphire is due to the elemental substitution.

Key suggestions from the report:

  • Abrasives application segment, in terms of volume, is projected to remain the dominant category over the forecast period. The hard nature of corundum aids its implementation as an abrasive product
  • However, in terms of revenue, jewelry application is anticipated to be the dominant segment over the forecast period
  • High demand for colored gems including ruby and sapphire is projected to boost segment growth
  • Refractory application category is likely to witness the fastest CAGR, in terms of revenue as well as volume, over the predicted timeline
  • Europe is projected to remain among the most prominent regional markets over the forecast period. The presence of a well-established retail jewelry industry in Europe will drive the regional market
  • Asia Pacific is projected to be the fastest-growing regional market, in terms of revenue, over the forecast period

Read 122 page research report with ToC on “Corundum Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application (Jewelry, Abrasive, Refractory), By Region (APAC, Europe, North America, Central & South America, MEA), And Segment Forecasts, 2020 – 2027″ at: https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/corundum-market

The presence of Fe and Ti within the crystal structure of the product provides the sapphire with blue color. Similarly, the presence of chromium provides the ruby with red color. These aforementioned colored gems are widely popular in the retail segment of the U.S. jewelry industry, which valued at around USD 83.4 billion in 2016. Although, due to the various level of processing stages involved within the value chain of colored gems, the retail price of the product is highly marginalized. The growth of the U.S. jewelry industry is directly related to the nation’s economic macro indicators, which are likely to observe a declining trajectory in FY 2020 due to the emergence of coronavirus.

With the global pandemic and lockdown on industrial activities, the product demand in FY 2020 is likely to observe stagnant growth. The product demand observed a significant decline in the first quarter of the FY 2020 as the key application segments, such as jewelry, ceramics, and refractory industries, had a disruption in their operational activities. Key companies in the market are formulating strategies to adopt sustainable mining practices and reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.

Grand View Research has segmented the global corundum market on the basis of application and region:

  • Corundum Application Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • Jewelry
    • Abrasive
    • Refractory
    • Others
  • Corundum Regional Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2027)
    • North America
    • Europe
      • Germany
      • France
    • Asia Pacific
      • China
      • India
    • Central & South America
    • Middle East & Africa
  • List of Key Players of the Corundum Market
    • Alteo
    • MOTIM Electrocorundum Ltd.
    • RusAL
    • Greenland Ruby
    • Henan Sicheng Co.
    • Ltd, K. A Refractories Co., Ltd.
    • Rubicon Technology
    • Xingyang Jinbo Abrasive Co., Ltd.
    • RSA LE RUBIS SA
    • Arteka

Find more research reports on Advanced Interior Materials Industry, by Grand View Research:

  • Abrasives Market – Global abrasives market size was valued at USD 39.62 billion in 2018 and is estimated to witness a CAGR of 5.9% from 2019 to 2025.
  • Super Abrasive Market – Global super abrasive market size was valued at USD 6.8 billion in 2018 and is estimated to progress at a CAGR of 6.3% from 2019 to 2025.
  • Chromium Market – Global chromium market size was estimated at USD 13.07 billion in 2016. Increasing demand from the stainless steel industry for various end-use markets such as automotive, aerospace, defense, marine, building and construction, and electronics is expected to be the key growth factor.

Gain access to Grand View Compass, our BI enabled intuitive market research database of 10,000+ reports

About Grand View Research

Grand View Research, U.S.-based market research and consulting company, provides syndicated as well as customized research reports and consulting services. Registered in California and headquartered in San Francisco, the company comprises over 425 analysts and consultants, adding more than 1200 market research reports to its vast database each year. These reports offer in-depth analysis on 46 industries across 25 major countries worldwide. With the help of an interactive market intelligence platform, Grand View Research helps Fortune 500 companies and renowned academic institutes understand the global and regional business environment and gauge the opportunities that lie ahead.

Contact:
Sherry James
Corporate Sales Specialist, USA
Grand View Research, Inc.
Phone: 1-415-349-0058
Toll Free: 1-888-202-9519
Email: [email protected] 
Web: https://www.grandviewresearch.com 
Follow Us: LinkedIn | Twitter 

SOURCE Grand View Research, Inc.

Source: https://www.prnewswire.com:443/news-releases/corundum-market-size-worth-3-5-billion-by-2027–cagr-4-0-grand-view-research-inc-301110633.html

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