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EU report warns that AI makes autonomous vehicles ‘highly vulnerable’ to attack

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The dream of autonomous vehicles is that they can avoid human error and save lives, but a new European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) report has found that autonomous vehicles are “highly vulnerable to a wide range of attacks” that could be dangerous for passengers, pedestrians, and people in other vehicles. Attacks considered in the report include sensor attacks with beams of light, overwhelming object detection systems, back-end malicious activity, and adversarial machine learning attacks presented in training data or the physical world.

“The attack might be used to make the AI ‘blind’ for pedestrians by manipulating for instance the image recognition component in order to misclassify pedestrians. This could lead to havoc on the streets, as autonomous cars may hit pedestrians on the road or crosswalks,” the report reads. “The absence of sufficient security knowledge and expertise among developers and system designers on AI cybersecurity is a major barrier that hampers the integration of security in the automotive sector.”

The range of AI systems and sensors needed to power autonomous vehicles increases the attack surface area, according to the report. To address vulnerabilities, its authors say policymakers and businesses will need to develop a security culture across the automotive supply chain, including for third-party providers. The report urges car manufacturers to take steps to mitigate security risks by thinking of the creation of machine learning systems as part of the automotive industry supply chain.

The report focuses on cybersecurity attacks with adversarial machine learning that carries the risk of malicious attacks undetectable to humans. The report also finds that the use of machine learning in cars will require a continuous review of systems to ensure they haven’t been altered in a malicious way.

“AI cybersecurity cannot just be an afterthought where security controls are implemented as add-ons and defense strategies are of reactive nature,” the paper reads. “This is especially true for AI systems that are usually designed by computer scientists and further implemented and integrated by engineers. AI systems should be designed, implemented, and deployed by teams where the automotive domain expert, the ML expert, and the cybersecurity expert collaborate.”

Scenarios presented in the report include the possibility of attacks on motion planning and decision-making algorithms and spoofing, like the kind that can fool an autonomous vehicle into “recognizing” cars, people, or walls that don’t exist.

In the past few years, a number of studies have shown that physical perturbations can fool autonomous vehicle systems with little effort. In 2017, researchers used spray paint or stickers on a stop sign to fool an autonomous vehicle into misidentifying the sign as a speed limit sign. In 2019, Tencent security researchers used stickers to make Tesla’s Autopilot swerve into the wrong lane. And researchers demonstrated last year that they could lead an autonomous vehicle system to quickly accelerate from 35 mph to 85 mph by strategically placing a few pieces of tape on the road.

The report was coauthored by the Joint Research Centre, a science and tech advisor to the European Commission. Weeks ago, ENISA released a separate report detailing cybersecurity challenges created by artificial intelligence.

In other autonomous vehicle news, last week Waymo began testing robo-taxis in San Francisco. But an MIT task force concluded last year that autonomous vehicles could be at least another decade away.

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Source: https://venturebeat.com/2021/02/22/eu-report-warns-that-ai-makes-autonomous-vehicles-highly-vulnerable-to-attack/

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6 Best Artificial Intelligence Apps Making Human Lives Easier

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It is no secret that Artificial Intelligence (AI) has gained a lot of popularity and taken the world by storm. Past studies have revealed that the global market of AI is predicted to reach from US$29.82 billion in 2019 to US$252.01 billion in 2025, growing at a CAGR of 42.7 percent.

“Research by Gartner identified that in the next few years, every application or service will incorporate AI at some level. ” 

Due to its benefits, AI is being used in different business functions and fields, including marketing, operations, finance, etc. 

Besides this, AI allows computers to extract valuable insights from large volumes of data, thereby helping perform complex tasks with ease. Moreover, AI-based apps have not only facilitated organizations, but have made human lives a lot easier. For example, rule-based automation and machine learning have simplified many routine jobs.   

Apart from business applications, AI has now gained popularity in the real world scenario and is being increasingly used in web-based and mobile applications. And for this reason, AI-enabled apps are being increasingly embedded in mobile operating systems that are available in the market.

We have created a list of the 6 best Artificial Intelligence apps that are making human lives easier. 

#1 Google Assistant 

The first one on our list is none other than the famous Google Assistant, which is an AI-driven virtual app generally available on smart home devices and mobile phones. The good thing about this AI app is that it supports different languages. This gives users a chance to interact with the app by using their mother tongue. 

Apart from this, the Google Assistant can perform all the possible tasks that can make your life easy and hassle-free. Not sure which ones? Have a look at the list below:

  • It can access the required information from your calendar. 
  • It can look up for information online, such as restaurant bookings, weather updates, etc. 
  • It can play your favorite music for you. 
  • It facilitates in making appointments and sending messages. 
  • It can open different apps on your phone or other smart devices. 

#2 Ada – Healthcare in Your Hand

Ada is another AI-based app that has a clean and interactive user interface and it helps you in understanding what are you suffering from. This app works like any other doctor’s appointment as you are required to share your basic details first and then details regarding the symptoms.

Based on the information that you provide, it prepares a medical report regarding your current condition, which includes a summary, potential causes, etc. You can also share that report as a PDF with your doctor or any medical expert for further diagnosis. 

Besides this, Ada is an accessible health advisor which is powered by a smart Artificial Intelligence engine. The good thing about this app is that it considers all important patient information, such as past medical history, risk factors, and more. And after gathering this data, it leverages machine learning and AI to provide accurate feedback.

#3 Hookt

Another one on our list is Hookt which is a platform that facilitates in chatting, making friends with people who share common interests. So, if you are somebody who is fond of making new friends in your area or while traveling, you should try the Hookt app. 

All in all, it is crucial to note that sometimes apps ask you to share your personal information, thus increasing the likelihood of scams. A study carried out by Business Insider revealed that 1 out of every 10 adults falls prey to a scam each year in the US. 

Therefore, you should be well aware of how to detect a fraud or scam as this can save your money. For instance, previously, many Vodafone users reported that they had to pay for the airG chat service even when they didn’t subscribe for it. However, airG was fast enough to identify this airG spam and took corrective actions immediately. Since not everyone is as responsible and authentic as airG, you should be beware. 

#4 Socratic 

AI and Robotics have not only revolutionized the way businesses are run, instead they are helping improve educational standards at schools considerably.  

“Socratic is one of the most popular AI-based apps for iOS and Android that helps students with their homework.” 

This app provides educational and informative resources, such as explanatory videos, definitions, etc. To use this app, users are required to take a photo of their homework, and then the app provides them with solutions and principles that can help solve the problems. 

The best thing about this app is that it is not subject-specific, instead, it provides help regarding different subjects, including Chemistry, English, Economics, Math, and Science. 

#5 YVA

YVA is a cloud-based app that is widely used in many different organizations. This app leverages AI for evaluating the performance of employees. Apart from this, YVA can be connected to instant messengers and corporate mail, thereby making it a one-stop solution. 

Another good thing about this app is that it conducts regular employee surveys, and analyzes the received information. This helps send the required warnings to employees and managers. Besides this, YVA helps prevent conflicts in teams, as it recognizes the competencies, like strengths, weaknesses, and leadership qualities of each employee. 

#6 Juke Deck

Juke Deck leverages the full potential of AI-based technologies for creating music tracks of different genres. However, the users of this app are required to identify the initial parameters of the composition, including the genre, tempo, duration, mood, etc. Once these variables are finalized, the Create Track Buttons helps process the track. 

The good thing is that you can either listen to the music that you have composed in a browser or download it on your computer. Revisions to the processed track can be done easily as well. Apart from this, Juke Deck does not ask for royalties, therefore you can use the work created as you wish. For example, you can post your created tracks on social media or YouTube. 

The Final Words 

In a nutshell, Artificial Intelligence has completely revolutionized the way we live and has made our lives a lot more convenient, on both – a personal and professional level. Therefore, you should try the above-mentioned AI-powered apps and enjoy their benefits.

The post 6 Best Artificial Intelligence Apps Making Human Lives Easier appeared first on Aiiot Talk – Artificial Intelligence | Internet of Things | Technology.

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Source: http://www.aiiottalk.com/artificial-intelligence-apps-making-human-lives-easier/

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