Does VPN work on mobile data? How much data does it use?
A VPN is a program that not only protects your personal information but also allows you to access the internet from anywhere. It is commonly used not only on laptops but also on mobile devices to search privately. Many VPN providers have developed applications for the Android and iOS platforms, and because mobile devices can use both Wi-Fi and cellular data, we’ll see how VPN works on both. If that’s the case, how much data does VPN consume?
Does VPN work on mobile data?
A VPN will only function where the internet is available, whether you are connected to Wi-Fi or have built a mobile (cellular) data link. A VPN on mobile data encrypts and secures a link, protecting the wireless internet traffic from being intercepted by the mobile network provider or third parties.
How a VPN on mobile data functions is as follows:
A mobile data link connects to a Mobile Data Tower Station owned by your ISP via radio frequencies. The traffic is then routed through ISP servers until it reaches a VPN node. As you can see, your mobile link passes through quite a few points before arriving at its final destination. Using a VPN on a mobile data connection will encrypt and secure all of your internet traffic and data before it reached the VPN server. Your link then travels through the open seas of the internet to reach your final destination – whether it’s a website or a file.
Many VPN providers have apps for iOS and Android devices, and these apps operate for both Wi-Fi and cellular data. However, some of you might be wondering whether a VPN can use more data – does it increase your data usage?
Which VPN protocol uses the least data
VPN protocols differ in terms of how they’re implemented and what encryption standards they use. The VPN data overhead varies greatly depending on their level of protection. The least secure protocols, such as PPTP, use fewer data and have less sophisticated encryption algorithms, whereas those with 256-bit key encryption use the most.
To get around VPN bans and prohibitions, some VPN providers use an additional obfuscation protocol on top of standard OpenVPN to mask VPN traffic. The mobile data overhead is the highest when this function is enabled.
It’s also worth noting that an OpenVPN protocol has some compression features to minimize increased data consumption; however, routine browsing will hardly make use of this feature because there’s not much to compress on such a small amount of data. When large quantities of data are transferred, such as when uploading large files or watching an entire movie (which you certainly don’t want to do on a mobile data connection), compressing (imagine an analogy of “zipping”) takes place.
A general rule applies on how much data overhead a VPN protocol can generate: the more sophisticated and stable (256-bit key) protocols use more data than the less secure (128-bit key) protocols. Both protocols are available in both versions, but no VPN provider is likely to use anything less reliable than a 256-bit key encryption protocol.
To address the question of which VPN protocol consumes the least amount of data, below is a list of the most popular VPN protocols in order of data consumption (from least to most):
- PPTP – least secure, least data usage (this protocol should be avoided in general)
- L2TP/IPSec – great security with average data usage
- IKEv2/IPSec – great security with average data usage
- OpenVPN – the most secure and the most data-consuming
- OpenVPN with obfuscation feature – the most secure, the most data-consuming with even more overhead.
Which VPN protocol is best for mobile data?
IKEv2/IPSec is a VPN protocol that is best to use while using mobile data. This is due to its lightning-fast reconnection to the VPN server while switching networks often during the day. This protocol is commonly used on mobile devices and allows for the rapid re-establishment of lost connections.
Can a VPN bypass Data Caps
A VPN can help you get around certain limits, but it can’t help you get around or raise your ISP’s data caps. This is because all VPN traffic is still routed via ISP servers, which monitor your mobile data use. In reality, it includes the overhead caused by using a VPN in the data cap calculation.
An ISP keeps track of not just how much data you use, but also what VPN services you use, such as Netflix or YouTube. When attempting to access those services, some mobile network providers could limit the internet speed. Since a VPN hides your location from your ISP when you try to communicate, it can get around some speed restrictions (or so-called throttling).
Should you use a VPN even when on cellular data
Using a VPN on cellular data is the same as using one on Wi-Fi; it protects your privacy by stopping your ISP from seeing which websites you visit. However, as previously mentioned, using a VPN on mobile data will marginally increase your data usage.
When travelling abroad, using a VPN on cellular data is particularly beneficial. Some websites or applications can be blocked even when using cellular data. When travelling to places where some websites are blocked, using a VPN will allow you to access some of the most common websites such as Facebook, Youtube, and Instagram.
When using mobile data, it’s debatable whether or not you can use a VPN. Most of the time, it would have the same benefits as using Wi-Fi – privacy, protection, unblocking content, and avoiding censorship and restrictions on the internet.
Does a VPN make mobile 4G connections more secure
By encrypting internet connections, a VPN makes mobile 3G or 4G and other types of internet connections more reliable. When you use a VPN on mobile data, the internet service provider won’t be able to see what you’re doing online. It’s just as important to secure cellular connections as it is to secure public Wi-Fi.
Best VPNs for mobile devices
- 5200+ global servers in 59+ countries
- CyberSec malware and ad-blocking protection
- Next-generation encryption with double VPN servers
- Obfuscation technology that masks VPN traffic
- Strict no-logs policy
- Works with Netflix and good for streaming
- Lightning-fast with P2P support
- 30-day money-back guarantee
- 3200+ global servers in 60+ countries
- CleanWeb ad-blocking feature
- Secure and strong encryption with OpenVPN
- Whitelist, Multi-hop VPN, and kill switch
- No-logs policy
- Works with Netflix and good for streaming
- Great speeds
- 30-day money-back guarantee
- 160+ locations and 3000+ servers
- Strict No-Log policy
- Unlimited streaming (Netflix, Hulu, BBC iPlayer)
- Strong military-grade AES 256-bit key encryption
- Kill Switch, Split tunnelling, and RAM-disk servers
- 30-day money-back guarantee
- Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, and Linux support
- Fast speeds and reliable connections
Private Internet Access
- Block ads, trackers, and malware
- Can be used with 10 devices simultaneously
- Unlimited Bandwidth
- 3200+ Servers in 29 Countries
- No Traffic or Request logs
- 7-day money-back guarantee
- 140+ countries and 2000+ servers
- 31-day money-back guarantee
- Hides internet traffic and easily unblocks geo-restricted content
- Internet Kill Switch and IP leak protection
- Offers the cheapest Dedicated IP addresses
- Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, and router support
- Perfect for streaming Netflix, Hulu, BBC
- Strict and audited no-log policy
If you want to search privately and access restricted websites when travelling abroad, you can use a VPN on mobile data. When using cellular data, however, since all of your internet traffic is encrypted with strong encryption, there is a data consumption overhead. If you have a small mobile data plan, this might not be the best option because data usage overhead counts as well. Unfortunately, a VPN cannot circumvent any data limits, but it is still a good idea to use one on a cellular connection for confidentiality, privacy, and censorship bypass.
How to Stay Safe While Playing Online Poker?
If you can’t leave home or if your favorite poker rooms are closed, there are plenty of ways to keep playing poker. Online, dozens of poker sites are available to players all over the world.
In the absence of physical poker tables, virtual ones are taking their place. And there’s no doubt that online poker is getting more and popular. Despite this, the rules of the game remain the same. Whether you’re sitting at a real or virtual table, you need to follow the same poker rules to play the game. Being aware of the rules will help you implement sound poker strategies as you improve as a player.
That being said, rules and strategies are not the only things you need to survive online poker. While virtual poker rooms have introduced a new level of convenience and accessibility to the game, they also come with cybersecurity risks. Playing online – especially for real money – puts players in the radars of hackers and data thieves. And if you’re curious about playing at a virtual table, here are some tips for keeping your online information safe from prying eyes.
Take password hygiene seriously
Never use personal info when creating a password. Change your password for your online poker accounts at least monthly. Instead of actual words, use a variety of letters, symbols, numbers, and other characters in every password. These are just some of the key password hygiene habits that every virtual poker player needs to follow. While it’s not the only cyber security tactic you can utilize, observing password hygiene alone can make your personal and financial data significantly safer.
Use a VPN
A virtual private network (VPN) is a web security tool that encrypts and hides all your online traffic and activity from everyone else. Using a VPN can give you access to regional content outside your own, which is why they’re popular across the globe. For cyber security purposes, VPNs also ensure safe data encryption and transfer, and even disguises the whereabouts of its user. In short, they can make it significantly harder for your data to be stolen. This makes it especially useful for virtual poker players who need to input sensitive personal information as well as do financial transactions on the web.
Register for an IRS IP PIN
Hackers are a creative bunch. They can do much more than just withdraw money from your bank account. Armed with your social security number, hackers may also file a tax return in your name, or commit some other type of tax fraud. In order to prevent this, the Internal Revenue Service issues an Identity Protection Personal Identification Number (IP PIN) to any legal citizen who requests it. If you get one, you need to give it to the IRS whenever you do tax returns, which allows them to verify that it’s really you. Should hackers manage to decrypt your data from bypassing a VPN or crack your password, they still won’t be able to commit tax fraud without your IRS IP PIN.
Before you install any poker apps or register for any sites, check their legal pages for safety certifications and licenses. See whether or not the links to these licensing/testing organizations are legitimate. If not, leave immediately. Stay away from both illegitimate and underground virtual poker rooms. In fact, it’s generally a good idea to always play within the bounds of the law. If your state doesn’t allow bank transfers involving gaming, there are many legitimate online poker rooms that accept cryptocurrency. By staying legal, you can ensure that your virtual poker experience is both safe and enjoyable.
Online Cybersecurity Certification Programs
There are two reasons for online cybersecurity certification programmes. Certification programmes are excellent tools for advancing careers by keeping business awareness current for people who already have a degree or job experience in the field. Certification programmes may also help people who work in similar fields break into the cybersecurity sector.
There are significant distinctions between the types of credential programmes that professionals can pursue and the types of certifications that will be more beneficial to students and entry-level professionals.
Academic Certifications vs. Professional Certifications
Professional certifications are intended to supplement business professionals’ existing expertise and knowledge. Typically, they are aimed at advanced topics in cybersecurity, or at upgrading existing hands-on experience and technological expertise.
Current information security professionals use these certification programmes, as well as the tests that frequently follow, to improve their level of professionalism and advance their careers, as well as to stay current in an ever-changing industry.
Academic cybersecurity certifications are largely aimed at those looking to break into the information security field, whether from academia or another field. As a result, academic credential programmes are more broad in scope and introductory in nature. Some academic programmes, on the other hand, can be used as a more expedient and cost-effective short-term replacement for undergraduate and graduate college degrees.
These types of certification programmes can help aspiring cybersecurity professionals get a head start on their careers or simply provide a better understanding of what life is like in the information security sector. Academic cybersecurity certification programmes are plentiful and rising all the time, so do your homework and look at all of your choices.
Cybersecurity Certification Programmes Offered Online vs. On-Campus
Campus-based or real-world continuing education services necessitate a significant time commitment. Due to regional constraints, they can also necessitate compromises in terms of which schools and services are available. Some people learn better in a typical classroom setting, and campus-based formats are typically the best option for them.
Today, however, there are hundreds of excellent online educational options available. The primary goal of online courses is to provide students with more versatility. Though asynchronous online programmes are the most convenient, synchronous programmes often have benefits over campus-based programmes. Due to the absence of the commute associated with classroom-based classes, all forms of online qualification courses reduce the amount of time and effort spent avoiding traffic.
Since synchronous systems have fixed times for class instruction and, in many cases, student discussion, time and schedule flexibility is restricted. Asynchronous systems, on the other hand, are completely free of time constraints, allowing students to set their own schedules and advance at their own rate. Although online education has a tainted reputation in the past, high-quality courses from high-quality institutions are now widely accessible and rapidly expanding.
SANS Technology Institute is the largest provider of cybersecurity training and certifications in the world. SANS provides synchronous and asynchronous online instruction, with two different choices for each. Each student/professional will have different needs and barriers to training, so they must choose the type of online coursework that best fits them and their lives.
What to Look for in Online Cybersecurity Certification Programmes
Professionals in the field of information security must be continuously evolving, adjusting, and increasing. Since technology advances and security threats evolve at a rapid pace, the industry as a whole is constantly changing. The rule of thumb in every technology-related area is to develop or die.
As a result, cybersecurity practitioners must maintain a constant state of interest and knowledge throughout their careers. If professionals want to remain competitive in this field, they must continue to learn.
Keeping up with innovations and developments can be done by using a variety of methods. Industry associations are a great place to meet new people and share your experiences with those in your field. They often frequently host meetings, conferences, workshops, and other gatherings that provide unique educational opportunities. Standardized certification schemes, on the other hand, offer concrete evidence of unique educational achievements that anyone in the industry can understand and recognise.
Certifications and training can be extremely beneficial for students seeking to join the information security field as well as professionals seeking to advance their careers in cybersecurity. When looking for and selecting online cybersecurity certification programmes, keep the following requirements in mind:
- What is the difference between a synchronous and asynchronous formats, and how do they integrate into a professional’s life?
- The amount of time it takes to complete certification
- The qualification program’s price
- Employer-sponsored tuition reimbursement
- Exams for equivalency that can be taken before the course are available.
- Applicability of topic to desired entry point/career path
- Credits for degree programmes are available.
Professional Online Cybersecurity Certification Programmes
Technical cybersecurity certification programmes are designed to meet market demands for skilled professionals’ expertise and knowledge, as well as professionals’ desire to increase their value and employment in the field. Topics and curricula are deliberately chosen to have the greatest possible positive effects. Individuals in all types of specialties may find credential programmes, as well as general skills and knowledge certifications aimed at specialised, high-level professionals.
Keep in mind that, due to the constant evolution of technology and security threats, technical certifications must be updated on a regular basis to remain current and legitimate. Infosec professionals can find qualification programmes to upgrade and develop their expertise in any specialty within cybersecurity. There are several research and education organisations, as well as industry trade associations, that serve the certification needs of the industry.
The following are some of the most well-known and well-respected specialist cybersecurity certification providers on the internet:
Academic Online Cybersecurity Certification Programmes
The scope, intent, and effect of academic cybersecurity certification programmes vary greatly. Individual colleges deliver all of these programmes, and the programmes are as unique as the colleges themselves. Some, on the other hand, are provided by industry continuing education organisations and other stakeholders involved in raising cybersecurity awareness and expanding the workforce census. In university online credential programmes, there are a few categories to be aware of.
- Programs for introductory/training certification
- Certification services for undergraduates
- Certification services for graduates
Introductory/Training Certification Programmes
As the world starts to comprehend the full weight of making so many networks and information warehouses vulnerable through online connections, the emphasis on and interest in cybersecurity is rising daily. Every day, more people consider whether cybersecurity is the right career path for them. There are a variety of low-cost or even free solutions for those interested in learning more about information security. SANS Institute has a range of online courses that can help you do just that. SANS offers free introductory courses as well as more advanced courses through its Cyber Aces programme.
Introduction to IT and Cybersecurity is an online course offered by Cybrary, another provider of business training and certifications. This free course teaches the four primary principles of IT and cybersecurity to help beginners determine which career path within the industry is right for them.
For students and professionals interested in switching professions to cybersecurity, baseline awareness and skills certifications are a great place to start once the decision to move forward has been made. CompTIA Security+ is the most well-known and well-recognized of CompTIA’s entry-level cybersecurity certifications. CompTIA is an industry continuing education association. It’s tailored to those who are already involved in IT and want to move into cybersecurity. It’s available from CompTIA and a few other places online.
Some colleges have cybersecurity training programmes for new students. Each one is custom-made by the school that offers it. Essentials of Cybersecurity is a credential programme established by the University of Washington. This course gives aspiring information security professionals an overview of cybersecurity departments in the real world, including how they function and how they’re structured. It also introduces students to cybersecurity terms and definitions, as well as assisting them in determining how well their experience and skills relate to the field.
The Cybersecurity MicroMasters Program, established by Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), is a certification training series. Starting with Cybersecurity Fundamentals, RIT gives students a glimpse into the field of information management, network and system administration, information assurance principles, and simple cryptography. After completing the course, there is a road to certification. There’s a lot more in the MicroMasters Program in terms of courses and certifications for more advanced training, such as network security, forensics, and risk management.
Undergraduate Certification Programmes
Students can, of course, earn a complete bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity online. However, we’re talking about training and qualification programmes that don’t lead to degrees. A benefit of the cybersecurity programmes is that the majority of credits received can be applied toward a degree if students wish to continue their education.
The following are some examples of online undergraduate cybersecurity certification programmes. There are a plethora of other online undergraduate degree programmes. A more comprehensive list can be found at the bottom of this page.
- Utica College Cyber Technologies Certificate
- CSU Global undergraduate certificate in cybersecurity
- American Military University undergraduate certificate in cybersecurity
- Thomas Edison State University undergraduate certificate in cybersecurity
- Champlain College online cybersecurity certificate
Graduate Certification Programmes
Graduate cybersecurity certification programmes, like undergraduate cybersecurity certification programmes, usually earn student points that can be applied toward a graduate degree. These programmes, like undergraduate options, differ greatly in emphasis, scope, time commitment, and cost.
Following are a few examples of graduate cybersecurity certification programmes offered online by some of the country’s most prestigious universities. There are plenty more to choose from. A more comprehensive list can be found below.
- George Washington University Master’s of Engineering in cybersecurity
- Boston University Certificate in Cybercrime Investigation Cybersecrity
- University of Maryland offers three graduate certificates in cybersecurity
- Purdue University graduate certificate in cybersecurity
A List of Online Academic Cybersecurity Certification Programmes
The information in the following list of certification programmes is current. It isn’t a rating in every sense of the word. Instead, it is provided to provide training and qualification opportunities to those who are interested, as well as a comparison point between the options.
|School||Location||Link to Program Website|
|Albany Law School||Albany, New York||Online Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity and Data Privacy|
|Alexandria Technical and Community College||Alexandria, Minnesota||Cybersecurity Certificate|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Cybercrime|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Digital Forensics|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Information Assurance|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Information Systems Security|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Undergraduate Certificate in Cybercrime Essentials|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Undergraduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Undergraduate Certificate in Digital Forensics|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Undergraduate Certificate in Information Security Planning|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Undergraduate Certificate in Information Systems Security Essentials|
|American Public University System||Charles Town, West Virginia||Undergraduate Certificate in IT Infrastructure Security|
|Angelo State University||San Angelo, Texas||Online Cybersecurity Certificate|
|Bellevue University||Bellevue, Nebraska||Cybersecurity Certificate of Completion – Graduate|
|Bellevue University||Bellevue, Nebraska||Cybersecurity Certificate of Completion – Undergraduate|
|Boston University||Boston, Massachusetts||Online Graduate Certificate in Cybercrime Investigation & Cybersecurity|
|Boston University||Boston, Massachusetts||Online Graduate Certificate in Digital Forensics|
|Boston University||Boston, Massachusetts||Online Graduate Certificate in Information Security|
|Brookhaven College||Farmers Branch, Texas||Information Security Certificate|
|California State University-San Bernardino||San Bernardino, California||Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP) Certificate|
|Central Michigan University||Mount Pleasant, Michigan||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Central Michigan University||Mount Pleasant, Michigan||Undergraduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Champlain College||Burlington, Vermont||Computer Forensics & Digital Investigation Certificate|
|Champlain College||Burlington, Vermont||Cybersecurity Certificate|
|Champlain College||Burlington, Vermont||Enterprise Security Fundamentals Certificate|
|Champlain College||Burlington, Vermont||Information Security Graduate Certificate|
|Champlain College||Burlington, Vermont||Security Fundamentals Certificate|
|Champlain College||Burlington, Vermont||Software Security Certificate|
|Colorado State University-Global Campus||Greenwood Village, Colorado||Online Certificate of Completion/Degree Specialization in Cyber Security|
|Craven Community College||New Bern, North Carolina||CTI-Cybersecurity Diploma|
|Dakota State University||Madison, South Dakota||Graduate Certificate in Banking Security|
|Dakota State University||Madison, South Dakota||Graduate Certificate in Ethical Hacking|
|DeSales University||Center Valley, Pennsylvania||Online Graduate Certificate in Digital Forensics|
|Drexel University||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Online Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity and Information Privacy Compliance|
|Elmhurst University||Elmhurst, Illinois||Certificate in Cyber Security|
|Fairleigh Dickinson University||Madison, New Jersey||Computer Security and Forensic Administration|
|Fontbonne University||Saint Louis, Missouri||Cyber Security Certificate|
|Forsyth Technical Community College||Winston Salem, North Carolina||Certificate in IT- Systems Security|
|Forsyth Technical Community College||Winston Salem, North Carolina||Certificate in IT-Cyber Security|
|Forsyth Technical Community College||Winston Salem, North Carolina||Certificate in IT-Systems Security Cyber Defense|
|Georgetown University||Washington, District of Columbia||Certificate in Cybersecurity Strategy|
|Georgia Southern University||Statesboro, Georgia||Cybercrime Graduate Certificate|
|Grantham University||Kansas City, Missouri||Online Advanced Cyber Security Certificate|
|Harvard University||Cambridge, Massachusetts||Online Cybersecurity Certificate|
|Hawaii Pacific University||Honolulu, Hawaii||Professional Certificate in Telecommunications Security|
|Illinois Institute of Technology||Chicago, Illinois||Certificate in Information Security and Assurance|
|Illinois Institute of Technology||Chicago, Illinois||Master Certificate in Cyber Security Management|
|Illinois Institute of Technology||Chicago, Illinois||Master Certificate in Cyber Security Technologies|
|Indiana Technology-Purdue University-Indianapolis||Indianapolis, Indiana||Medical Device Cyber Security|
|Indiana Wesleyan University||Marion, Indiana||Certificate in Cybersecurity Analysis|
|Iowa State University||Ames, Iowa||Information Assurance Graduate Certificate Online|
|Ivy Tech Community College||Indianapolis, Indiana||Digital Forensics Certificate|
|Ivy Tech Community College||Indianapolis, Indiana||Network Penetration Certificate|
|Ivy Tech Community College||Indianapolis, Indiana||Network Security Certificate|
|Ivy Tech Community College||Indianapolis, Indiana||Technical Certificate in Cyber Security-Information Assurance|
|James Madison University||Harrisonburg, Virginia||Online Graduate Certificate in Cyber Intelligence|
|Johns Hopkins University||Baltimore, Maryland||Post-Master’s Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Keller Graduate School of Management||New York, New York||Graduate Certificate in Information Security|
|Kennesaw State University||Kennesaw, Georgia||Graduate Certificate Program in Information Security and Assurance|
|Kentucky Community and Technical College System||Versailles, Kentucky||AAS in Computer and Information Technologies – Information Security Track|
|Kentucky Community and Technical College System||Versailles, Kentucky||Security+ Certificate|
|La Salle University||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Lake Superior College||Duluth, Minnesota||Certificate in Information Security Management|
|Linfield College||McMinnville, Oregon||Certificate in Cyber Security and Digital Forensics|
|Long Island University-Riverhead Campus||Riverhead, New York||Advanced Certificate in Cyber Security Policy|
|Lynchburg College||Lynchburg, Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Marshall University||Huntington, West Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Information Security|
|Massachusetts Bay Community College||Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts||Advanced Cyber Security Certificate|
|Metropolitan State University||Saint Paul, Massachusetts||Certificate in Information Assurance and Information Technology Security|
|Middle Georgia State University||Cochran, Georgia||Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Minnesota West Community and Technical College||Granite Falls, Minnesota||Certificate in Computer Information Security Management|
|Mississippi College||Clinton, Mississippi||Certificate in Cyber Security and Information Assurance|
|Missouri State University-Springfield||Springfield, Missouri||Cybersecurity Graduate Certificate|
|Missouri University of Science and Technology||Rolla, Missouri||Big Data Management and Security Graduate Certificate|
|Missouri University of Science and Technology||Rolla, Missouri||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security|
|Missouri University of Science and Technology||Rolla, Missouri||Information Assurance & Security Officer Essentials Graduate Certificate|
|Mitchell Hamline School of Law||St. Paul, Minnesota||Certificate in Cybersecurity and Privacy Law|
|Moraine Park Technical College||Fond Du Lac, Wisconsin||Information Technology – Information Security Certificate|
|Naval Postgraduate School||Monterey, California||Certificate in Applied Cyber Operations|
|Naval Postgraduate School||Monterey, California||Certificate in Cyber Operations Infrastructure|
|Naval Postgraduate School||Monterey, California||Cyber Security Adversarial Techniques graduate certificate|
|Naval Postgraduate School||Monterey, California||Cyber Security Defense graduate certificate|
|Naval Postgraduate School||Monterey, California||Cyber Security Fundamentals graduate certificate|
|Northern Kentucky University||Highland Heights, Kentucky||Cybersecurity Certificate|
|Northern Virginia Community College||Annandale, Virginia||Cybersecurity Career Studies Certificate|
|Norwich University||Northfield, Vermont||Graduate Certificate in Computer Forensics Investigation|
|Norwich University||Northfield, Vermont||Graduate Certificate in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Cyber Crime|
|Norwich University||Northfield, Vermont||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Law & International Perspectives on Cyberspace|
|Norwich University||Northfield, Vermont||Graduate Certificate in Vulnerability Management|
|Oklahoma State University-Main Campus||Stillwater, Oklahoma||Graduate Certificate in Information Assurance|
|Old Dominion University||Norfolk, Virginia||Cyber Security Certificate|
|Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus||University Park, Pennsylvania||Certificate in Information Systems Cybersecurity|
|Purdue Community Global||Indianapolis, Indiana||Computer Forensics Postbaccalaureate Certificate|
|Purdue Community Global||Indianapolis, Indiana||Information Security Postbaccalaureate Certificate|
|Quinsigamond Community College||Worcester, Massachusetts||Certificate in Computer Systems Engineering Technology – Cyber Security|
|Regent University||Virginia Beach, Virginia||Certificate of Graduate Studies in Cybersecurity|
|Regis University||Denver, Colorado||Graduate Cyber Security Certificate|
|Robert Morris University||Moon Township, Pennsylvania||Certificate in Mobile Forensics and Security|
|Rochester Institute of Technology||Rochester, New York||Online Advanced Certificate In Cybersecurity|
|Sam Houston State University||Huntsville, Texas||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security|
|Sam Houston State University||Huntsville, Texas||Graduate Certificate in Data Assurance|
|Sam Houston State University||Huntsville, Texas||Graduate Certificate in Digital Investigation|
|SANS Technology Institute||Bethesda, Maryland||Cyber Defense Operations Certificate|
|SANS Technology Institute||Bethesda, Maryland||Cybersecurity Engineering Certificate|
|SANS Technology Institute||Bethesda, Maryland||Incident Response Certificate|
|SANS Technology Institute||Bethesda, Maryland||Penetration Testing & Ethical Hacking Certificate|
|SANS Technology Institute||Bethesda, Maryland||Undergraduate Certificate in Applied Cybersecurity|
|St Petersburg College||Clearwater, Florida||Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Stanford University||Stanford, California||Advanced Computer Security Certificate|
|Stanford University||Stanford, California||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security|
|St. Bonaventure University||St. Bonaventure, New York||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Stevens Institute of Technology||Hoboken, New Jersey||Graduate Certificate in Systems Security Engineering|
|Stevens Institute of Technology||Hoboken, New Jersey||Secure Network Systems Design Graduate Certificate|
|Stevenson University||Stevenson, Maryland||Online Certificate in Digital Forensics|
|Sullivan University||Louisville, Kentucky||Certificate in Cybersecurity Administration|
|Sullivan University||Louisville, Kentucky||Certificate in Network Support Administration and Security|
|Sullivan University||Louisville, Kentucky||Cybersecurity Professional Certificate|
|SUNY Westchester Community College||Valhalla, New York||Cybersecurity Certificate|
|Syracuse University||Syracuse, New York||Certificate of Advanced Study in Information Security Management|
|The University of Montana||Missoula, Montana||Cyber Security Professional Certificate|
|The University of West Florida||Pensacola, Florida||Certificate in Intelligence Analysis|
|Troy University||Troy, Alabama||Online Cyber Security Certificate Program|
|Tulane University||New Orleans, Louisiana||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Technology Fundamentals|
|Tulane University||New Orleans, Louisiana||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Defense|
|Tulane University||New Orleans, Louisiana||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Leadership|
|University of Alaska Southeast||Juneau, Alaska||Healthcare Privacy & Security Certificate|
|University of Arizona||Tucson, Arizona||MISonline – Enterprise Security Certificate|
|University of California-Irvine||Irvine, California||Information Systems Security Certificate Program|
|University of Dallas||Irving, Texas||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|University of Denver||Denver, Colorado||Information System Security Certificate|
|University Of Fairfax||Roanoke, Virginia||Cybersecurity Best Practices (CBP) – CISSP Graduate Certificate|
|University of Fairfax||Roanoke, Virginia||Information Security Professional Practices (ISPP) Graduate Certificates|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||Champaign, Illinois||Computer Security Certificate|
|University of Louisville||Louisville, Kentucky||Online Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|University of Maine at Fort Kent||Fort Kent, Maine||Information Security- Certificate|
|University of Maryland-University College||Adelphi, Maryland||Certificate in Computer Networking|
|University of Maryland-University College||Adelphi, Maryland||Certificate in Homeland Security Management|
|University of Maryland- University College||Adelphi, Maryland||Certificate in Information Assurance|
|University of Maryland-University College||Adelphi, Maryland||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity Policy|
|University of Maryland-University College||Adelphi, Maryland||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity Technology|
|University of Nebraska at Omaha||Omaha, Nebraska||Executive Certificate in Cyber & Cyber Security Law|
|University of Nebraska at Omaha||Omaha, Nebraska||Information Assurance (IA) Certificate|
|University of New Haven||West Haven, Connecticut||Certificate in Cybercrime Investigations|
|University of New Haven||West Haven, Connecticut||Certificate in Digital Forensics Investigations|
|University of Phoenix||Phoenix, Arizona||Advanced Cyber Security Certificate (Undergraduate)|
|University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||CAS in Security Assured Information Systems (SAIS)|
|University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||Cybersecurity Professional Education Program|
|University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity, Policy, and Law|
|University of Rhode Island||Kingston, Rhode Island||Cyber Security Graduate Certificate|
|University of Rhode Island||Kingston, Rhode Island||Graduate Certificate in Digital Forensics|
|University of Florida-Main Campus||Tampa, Florida||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity – Awareness and Education|
|University of Florida-Main Campus||Tampa, Florida||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity – Cyber Intelligence|
|University of Florida-Main Campus||Tampa, Florida||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity-Digital Forensics|
|University of Florida-Main Campus||Tampa, Florida||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity-Information Assurance|
|University of Vermont||Burlington, Vermont||Certificate in Computer Software – Cybersecurity Track|
|University of Virginia||Charlottesville, Virginia||Certificate in Cybersecurity Management|
|University of Washington-Seattle Campus||Seattle, Washington||Certificate in Cybersecurity|
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|University of Washington, Tacoma Campus||Tacoma, Washington||Certificate in Information Security & Risk Management|
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|University of West Georgia||Carrollton, Georgia||Online Certificate – Fundamentals of Cybersecurity|
|Villanova University||Villanova, Pennsylvania||Certificate in Information Systems Security|
|Villanova University||Villanova, Pennsylvania||Master Certificate in Information Security Management|
|Villanova University||Villanova, Pennsylvania||Master Certificate in Information Security Management – Government Security|
|Virginia Tech||Blacksburg, Virginia||Graduate Certificate in Information Security and Analytics|
|Walden University||Minneapolis, Minnesota||Graduate Certificate in Fundamentals of Cyber Security|
|Webster University||Saint Louis, Missouri||Graduate Certificate in Cyber Security Threat Detection|
|Wichita State University||Wichita, Kansas||Certificate in Information Assurance and Cybersecurity|
|Worcester Polytechnic College||Worcester, Massachusetts||Graduate Certificate in Cybersecurity|
|Wright State University||Celina, Ohio||Cyber Security Analytics Certificate|
|University of Maryland- Global Campus (formerly UMUC)||Adelphi, Maryland||Cybersecurity Technology|
|University of Maryland- Global Campus (formerly UMUC)||Adelphi, Maryland||Cybersecurity Management and Policy|
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How to Become a Cryptanalyst: A Complete Career Guide
The Greek terms krypto, which means secret, and graphene, which means writing, are said to have inspired the term cryptography. The earliest known uses of encryption are thought to date back at least 2,500 years, and some say they can be found in 4,000-year-old hieroglyphs.
Cryptography as it is used today is clearly several orders of magnitude different from what was used even a century ago. Using much more involved and sophisticated methods, the research is now being used to secure much more complicated data.
Many who find cryptography interesting, if not inspiring, should learn more about its fascinating past. The Codebreakers, a 1996 book by David Kahn, offers a reasonably detailed history from ancient times to the internet age. The Codes and Ciphers Heritage Trust is a non-profit organisation dedicated to the history of cryptography.
In the twenty-first century, cryptography integrates mathematics, computer science, and engineering to design, create, and analyse methods for concealing sensitive digital information and ensuring security.
To decode the codes, cryptoanalysts must have a deep understanding in all three disciplines, as well as a comprehensive and advanced understanding of current encryption techniques. They are today’s codebreakers.
Cryptanalyst vs. Cryptographer
While the terms cryptanalyst and cryptographer are often interchanged, there is a distinction in the cryptography community.
Cryptographers are code builders, while cryptanalysts are code breakers. In several organisations, positions with the title cryptographer are charged with both creating and breaking codes. The distinction between the two occupations is often blurred, if not entirely erased. However, the distinction is important due to the two types of employers that typically use their services.
Cryptographers can be hired by almost any company that wants to go above and beyond in terms of data security. Cryptographers don’t only stop hackers from breaking into the company’s databases and networks; they also keep hackers from being able to use or understand the data once they’ve gotten into them. They “make” or “build” encryption codes to protect confidential information.
Cryptanalysts, on the other hand, are often used by law enforcement and intelligence services to decrypt encryption codes used by criminals and nefarious government actors. Cryptoanalysts are used by the FBI, NSA, DHS, and CIA to sift through data sent around the world by proven or suspected criminal organisations. Cryptanalysts must be up to date with the most recent cryptographer methods and codes. To “break” these codes, cryptanalysts sift through bits of data and programming code, revealing the cypher keys and restoring the data to its original format.
Four Steps to becoming a Cryptoanalyst
1. Educate yourself It’s always a good idea to begin taking advantage of whatever educational opportunities are available as soon as possible. Outside of college, there are a few options for introductory and intermediate cryptography education and training. For example, the InfoSec Institute’s website includes an introduction to cryptography. Mathematics, computer science, computer engineering, and computer programming are among the best college degrees for careers in cryptography. Where appropriate, coursework should concentrate on different aspects of cybersecurity. Employers who need graduate degrees from cryptographer job applicants are not uncommon, so after a few years of work experience, consider pursuing a master’s degree. A Ph.D. would also be needed by a large number of employers.
2. Training/certifications Despite the fact that cryptography is the oldest method of information security in human history, technical certifications are few and far between. These are the only ones available right now.
3. Career path Cryptography is an extremely specialised field. While it is often mistakenly classified as part of mathematics or computer science rather than cybersecurity, the end aim is to keep data secure. Because of the technological difficulties of becoming a cryptographer or cryptanalyst, it usually takes a few years of work experience to break into the positions, although there are some openings for exceptional college graduates. Additionally, because of the expertise needed to master cryptography, there are several career opportunities outside of cybersecurity. However, cryptanalysts are already more technically advanced than most other disciplines inside the cybersecurity umbrella, so lateral choices may be restricted. Cryptanalysts who invest in a master’s degree, or even a doctorate, can see a significant improvement in their career value. Advanced degrees would require other career changes such as security consultant, college professor, research cryptology scientist, and information security systems engineer, in addition to achieving more senior levels in cryptography.
4. Staying current In almost every area of cybersecurity, staying current on technologies, skills, and expertise is critical to success. The nature of information security is evolving at such a rapid pace that practitioners who do not keep up will quickly become dinosaurs. Trade unions are a perfect way to stay on top of things. These organisations usually have some of the most up-to-date analysis as well as many opportunities to network with other professionals. There are many trade groups open to cryptoanalysts, which is fortunate.
- International Association of Cryptologic Research (IACR)
- International Financial Cryptography Association (IFCA)
- American Crypto Association (ACA)
What is a Cryptanalyst?
Cryptoanalysts must be familiar with and understand the systems and networks they are working with in order to decrypt encrypted data. They must also have a thorough understanding of the programming languages and encryption methods used to encrypt the data, as well as the ability to scan code and data bit by bit in order to break the cypher key and reveal the true underlying data. Law enforcement, hacking, and military cybersecurity operations are all clear uses for cryptanalysis. As technology and the skills of those attempting to protect sensitive data, namely cryptographers, evolve at a rapid pace, the cryptanalyst must evolve as well.
Cryptanalyst Skills and Experience
Candidates for cryptoanalysts are often expected to have many years of experience in a related area, such as computer programming or advanced mathematics. Some outstanding college graduates may be able to enter the sector right away after graduation. There are self-contained training programmes for cryptanalysts inside government agencies like the FBI and NSA that take them from total novices to experts in around three years. These FBI and NSA recruitment videos give you a good idea of what the job entails and how these skills are put to use in law enforcement. Given the three-year time frame for intensive training, cryptanalysis is clearly a time-consuming, challenging, and technical ability.
Cryptanalysts deal with confidential information by nature. As a result, many employers will need either a current security clearance or a security investigation, probably including a polygraph test, before hiring anyone.
Other possible conditions for new cryptanalyst hires are listed below.
- Exceptional mathematical skills
- Computer science knowledge, especially network and systems analysis
- Knowledge of a variety of programming languages, including C++, C, Java, and Python, as well as homomorphic encryption and other well-known encryption techniques
- Study of algorithm resource requirements
The following are examples of soft skills that are frequently sought:
- Communication skills that are both written and spoken are important.
- Motivated by oneself
- Dedicated and enthusiastic
What do Cryptanalysts do?
Cybersecurity as a whole is a multi-pronged strategy for preventing outside powers from accessing, obtaining, and exploiting confidential digital data. One part of the security mechanism is cryptography. Even if network or device attacks are successful, confidential or proprietary data that is safely encrypted is useless to whoever obtains it. It’s basically a jumbled, incomprehensible mess.
However, since technology and hackers are continually evolving, a cryptographer’s role requires them to stay on top of all technological capabilities. A cryptographer’s skill set must include computer programming, advanced mathematics, network device software and hardware, and communication protocols.
It’s a never-ending challenge to come up with new methods for data encryption and to keep track of how well those methods are working. Cryptographic solutions must take into account the current architecture and operating environment, as well as potential features and improvements.
Cryptanalyst Job Description
The goals for cryptanalysts in law enforcement, the military, espionage agencies, and other government agencies vary, but the objective is essentially the same. To convert encrypted data back to plain data, crack the encryption codes. Some of the more popular job functions associated with a cryptography specialist are mentioned below.
Outlook for Cryptanalysts
Staffing shortages in the cybersecurity industry are well-known, and cryptoanalysis is no exception. Being a cryptanalyst has a certain spy world appeal that attracts new mathematicians and computer scientists on a regular basis. However, the rapid proliferation of digital methods used in law enforcement and espionage, as well as the relentless evolution and development of computer sciences, is generating new demand for cryptanalysts. And this is unlikely to change in the near future.
There are no job openings for cryptanalysts if you do a basic job scan. This is due to the fact that cryptanalysts in the private sector are often working under different work titles. Cryptanalyst roles are often performed by cryptographers as part of their responsibilities. Job vacancies for cryptanalysts in the public sector, that is, those hired by different government agencies, are seldom advertised on traditional job boards. Since almost all government cryptanalyst positions need high-level security clearances, this is the case. Clearancejobs.com is one website that lists work openings that need a security clearance. To even log into the website, you must have a security clearance. Applying directly to government agencies such as the FBI, CIA, DHS, NSA, and others is probably your best bet for breaking into cryptanalysis.
How Much do Cryptanalysts Make?
For the reasons mentioned above, researching earning data on cryptanalysts is difficult. Federalpay.org, on the other hand, publishes unclassified government job info. In 2018, the FBI hired 18 cryptanalysts, with an average annual salary of over $125,000, according to that site. According to SalaryExpert.com, the average annual salary of cryptanalysts is about $75,000.
Colonial Pipeline Ransomware Hack Says it is Shutting Down Operations
The criminal gang behind the destabilising Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack has announced its closure, but threat analysts suspect the group will resurface under a new name and with new ransomware variants.
Despite massive backlash from the US government and international law enforcement agencies, the DarkSide cybercrime gang appears to be shutting down operations.
The DarkSide ransomware-as-a-service infrastructure, as well as a naming-and-shaming website used by the criminal group to pressure victims during extortion talks, has gone offline, according to several threat hunters monitoring darkweb communications.
Intel471, a security firm that monitors malicious activity on the dark web, claims to have checked a “announcement” from DarkSide that the company will “immediately cease operations” and provide data decryptors to all victims. The group says that an unnamed law enforcement agency disrupted part of its infrastructure in a statement posted in Russian.
According to Intel471, the group’s name-and-shame blog, ransom collection website, and breach data content distribution network (CDN) were all allegedly confiscated, and funds from their cryptocurrency wallets were allegedly exfiltrated.
The DarkSide announcement, which claims the offenders “lost access to their resources, including their blog, payment, and CDN servers and will be closing their operation,” was also seen by FireEye researchers.
The post cited law enforcement pressure and pressure from the United States for this decision. @Mandiant has not independently validated these claims and there is some speculation by other actors that this could be an exit scam. (3/3)
— FireEye (@FireEye) May 14, 2021
FireEye, on the other hand, states that it has not independently checked the claims and warns that it may be part of a “escape scam.”
In the past, cybercriminal groups have shut down activities in reaction to law enforcement action, only to reopen under a new name and with new online infrastructure.
The status of live, continuing talks on ransomware payments and data decryption tools is another possible complication with a DarkSide shutdown. “A large number of tainted businesses are in contact with these [Darkside affiliates].” According to a source monitoring the ransomware outbreak, “if they go dark, it might really hinder recovery attempts all over the world.”
Intel471 claims to have seen rival ransomware-as-a-service gangs go silent, but warns that, like FireEye, ransomware extortion attacks aren’t going anywhere anytime soon.
“It’s more likely that these ransomware creators are attempting to flee the spotlight than they are unexpectedly realising their mistakes. According to the firm, “a number of the operators will most likely operate in their own closed-knit communities, resurfacing under new names and revamped ransomware variants.”
Intel471 claims that the operators will devise new methods for “washing” the cryptocurrency they receive from ransom payments.
Colonial Pipeline paid a $5 million ransom to the DarkSide cybergang, according to news of the alleged shutdown.
The ransomware used in the Colonial Pipeline attack, according to threat intelligence firm Flashpoint, is a version of the infamous REvil ransomware, with moderate trust based on code analysis.
Separately, a Chainalysis analysis of ransomware transactions discovered that 15% of all extortion payments posed a danger of sanctions breaches in the United States.
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