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Comodo SSL Affiliate The Recent RA Compromise

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On March 15th 2011, a Comodo affiliate RA was compromised resulting in the fraudulent issue of 9 SSL certificates to sites in 7 domains. Although the compromise was detected within hours and the certificates revoked immediately, the attack and the suspected motivation require urgent attention of the entire security field.

At no time were any Comodo root keys, intermediate CAs or secure hardware compromised. The compromise occurred at an affiliate authorized to perform primary validation of certificate requests. The compromise was promptly reported to the owners of the domains affected and the major browser providers and to the relevant government authorities.

In this blog post I will set out the relevant events as they are currently understood. More detailed information can be found in the incident report. The following post will consider what the events imply for the threat model for Internet security and the posts after that will set out specific remediation actions required.

An attacker obtained the username and password of a Comodo Trusted Partner in Southern Europe.  We are not yet clear about the nature or the details of the breach suffered by that partner other than knowing that other online accounts (not with Comodo) held by that partner were also compromised at about the same time.

The attacker used the username and password to login to the particular Comodo RA account and effect the fraudulent issue of the certificates.

The attacker was still using the account when the breach was identified and the account suspended. The attacker may have intended to target additional domains had they had the opportunity.

Remediation efforts began immediately the breach was discovered. The certificates have all been revoked and no Web browser should now accept the fraudulently issued certificates if revocation checking is enabled. Additional audits and controls have been deployed as described in the detailed incident report.

The IP address of the initial attack was recorded and has been determined to be assigned to an ISP in Iran. A web survey revealed one of the certificates deployed on another IP address assigned to an Iranian ISP. The server in question stopped responding to requests shortly after the certificate was revoked.

While the involvement of two IP addresses assigned to Iranian ISPs is suggestive of an origin, this may be the result of an attacker attempting to lay a false trail.

It does not escape notice that the domains targeted would be of greatest use to a government attempting surveillance of Internet use by dissident groups. The attack comes at a time when many countries in North Africa and the Gulf region are facing popular protests and many commentators have identified the Internet and in particular social networking sites as a major organizing tool for the protests.

Government attacks against social networking sites are not a new phenomenon. In the wake of the 2009 protests, Twitter was disabled for an hour by a group calling itself the Iranian Cyber Army. In recent months we have seen a complete shutdown of the Internet in Egypt and in Libya. The Tunisian government authorities also attempted an attack against login credentials at social networking sites but through a JavaScript attack. A recent article in the London Daily Telegraph describes measures taken against the Tor onion routing infrastructure by Iran.

The new threat model evidenced by these attacks will be considered in greater detail in the next post.

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TEST YOUR EMAIL SECURITY GET YOUR INSTANT SECURITY SCORECARD FOR FREE Source: https://blog.comodo.com/other/the-recent-ra-compromise/

Cyber Security

Digitally Signed Bandook Trojan Reemerges in Global Spy Campaign

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

Source: https://threatpost.com/digitally-signed-bandook-trojan-spy-campaign/161676/

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Cyber Security

MacOS Users Targeted By OceanLotus Backdoor

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

Source: https://threatpost.com/macos-users-targeted-oceanlotus-backdoor/161655/

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Pandemic, A Driving Force in 2021 Financial Crime

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

Source: https://threatpost.com/2021-financial-crime-covid-19/161665/

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Big Data

Contactless payments market to reach US$ 26.3 billion by 2027

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Contactless Payments Market To Reach US$ 26.3 Billion By 2027

The global contactless payments market is expected to surpass US$ 26.3 Billion by 2027 end, registering a CAGR of 12.9% during the forecast period of 2019 to 2027), as highlighted in a report published by Coherent Market Insights.

Increasing demand for contactless payments from the retail sector is expected to drive market growth during the forecast period. Retailers are modernizing their brick-and-mortar stores to offer secure services to customers and establishing online stores to increase revenue.

They are adopting advanced technologies such as big data analytics and cloud computing to increase their presence in the market. Retail manufacturers are using contactless payments methods that provide many benefits, such as reduced transaction time, increased operational efficiency, increased revenue, minimized cost, and others. Contactless payment methods at retail stores reduce transaction process and queue in counter.

Moreover, governments are also focusing on introducing new payment methods in order to increase productivity and remain competitive in the market. For instance, in December 2016, the government of India launched BHIM app for Unified Payment Interface (UPI). The common UPIbased BHIM app allows the user to send and receive money through their mobile phones by linking their bank accounts. For instance, according to Coherent Market Insights’ analysis, the number of transactions done through the Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) app reached 18.8 million in February 2020.

Contactless Payments Market – Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic

According to Coherent Market Insight‘s study, globally, most of the countries are affected by COVID-19 and most of the countries have announced lockdown.Contactless payment have become more preferred payment method, as it requires less physical interactions.

Smartphone based payment interface and digital wallets are the potential solutions to contain the spread of coronavirus pandemic. Moreover, recent developments in digital payments have encouraged the use of contactless payment methods during this pandemic. For instance, in April 2020, Upgrade Inc., a U.S.-based loan company, launched new contactless credit card. The new credit card provides high transaction limit than other payment methods.

Moreover, bank authorities and card network in Germany, U.K., Austria, and other countries have set higher transaction limit, as people are staying at home and prefer shopping through payment cards only. For instance, U.K Finance Limited increased the transaction limit for contactless payment cards starting from 30 Euros to 45 Euros. This, in turn, increases demand for contactless payment solutions.

Key Trends and Analysis of the Global Contactless Payments Market:

  • Europe held dominant position in the global contactless payments market in 2019 and is expected to retain its dominance throughout the forecast period. This is owing to increasing payment through smart cards. For instance, according to the Electronic Transactions Association (ETA), contactless payments through Mastercard and Maestro increased by 145% in Europe in 2018. Furthermore, in 2019, according to Coherent Market Insights’ analysis, the transactions through contactless payment methods reached 651 million in the U.K.
  • Asia Pacific is expected to show significant growth over the forecast period. The increasing adoption of contactless payment methods from retail industry is fueling the market growth. Retailers are modernizing their conventional payment methods with contactless payment methods, in order to improve productivity and efficiency in the business.
  • Among device type, the smartphone segment held dominant position in the market in 2019 and is expected to retain its dominance during the forecast period. This is owing to increasing demand for live streaming from consumers. For instance, the online video streaming market is expected to exceed US$ 70,000 million in 2021 from US$ 30,000 million in 2016.
  • Major players operating in the global contactless payments market include Thales Group, Infineon Technologies AG, Ingenico Group, Wirecard, VeriFone, Inc., Giesecke+Devrient GmbH, IDEMIA, Track Innovations LTD., Identiv, Inc., CPI Card Group Inc., Setomatic Systems, Valitor, PAX, PINPAD, Mobeewave, alcineo, and Paycor, Inc.

Source: https://www.fintechnews.org/contactless-payments-market-to-reach-us-26-3-billion-by-2027/

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