The 24th annual Components for Military & Space Electronics Conference (CMSE 2021), the industry’s premier forum designed to present the best practices for component and project engineers, quality assurance and supply chain personnel engaged in military and space electronic systems, will be held virtually April 19–23.
The event will feature a comprehensive programme consisting of four in-depth tutorial sessions and more than 35 technical presentations delivered by experts from industry, government, and academia, as well as a series of three keynotes, two panel discussions, an European Union COTS-focused session, special interactive student sessions, and an invited address from Robin Brown, Obsolescence/Diminishing Manufacturing Sources & Material Shortages (DMSMS) and Parts Management Program Manager for the Department of Defence.
“With the increasing emphasis on the use of commercial components in military and space systems, both government and industry professionals have recognised the need for a specialised technical conference dedicated to best practices for the use of COTS components in military and aerospace systems,” said CMSE 2021 Programme Chairman Thomas J. Green. “Now in its 24th year, CMSE has expanded its program with high-quality technical talks, keynote addresses, and panel discussions that provide the maximum opportunities for attendee participation and interaction, even in the virtual format. We’ve also recognized the need to foster the development of the next generation of component engineers by expanding our student programmes.”
The CMSE 2021 virtual conference provides an opportunity for design engineers, government project managers, and Department of Defence procurement professionals to exchange technical information on a comprehensive range of topics relating to military and COTS components, including:
- Passive components for military and high-reliability space systems
- Use of alternate grade components for military and space applications
- Gallium nitride (GaN) technology for power and high frequency RF devices
- Component reliability
- Supply chain and security issues
Robin Brown, Obsolescence/Diminishing Manufacturing Sources & Material Shortages (DMSMS) and Parts Management Programme Manager for the Department of Defence, will deliver an invited address, “Strategic Parts and Material Management – a Proactive Lifecycle Approach to Handle Obsolescence,” presented on Wednesday, April 21 at 1:00pm. Brown’s presentation will discuss a systems analysis approach, addressing how initiating and conducting effective parts management and obsolescence management early and throughout a system’s lifecycles is the key for executing the most cost-effective strategy, reducing risk, and eliminating impact.
Three industry-leading experts will deliver keynote addresses as part of the conference programme.
- Brian Hardt, GM of the Electronics & Sensors Division of The Aerospace Corporation, will present, “Capitalizing on the Benefits of Alternate Grade Electronics with Informed Risk,” on Tuesday, April 20, at 10:30am, providing a discussion of applications where alternative-grade electronics could offer distinct advantages by leveraging advanced capabilities, ready access, and low purchase cost.
- Dr Jonathan Pellish, Electrical, Electronic, Electromechanical, and Electro-optical (EEE) Parts Manager at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Centre, will present “Technology Assurance for Space Systems in an Age of Rapid Diversification,” on Wednesday, April 21, at 10:30am. The presentation will focus on the cost, performance, and schedule expectations of today’s missions, which often require the use of COTS components or technologies, including automotive electronics and advanced packaging solutions.
- Dr Navid Asadi, assistant professor at the University of Florida, will present “Physical Assurance and Inspection of Electronics,” on Thursday, April 22, at 11:30am, focusing on the state-of-the-art physical inspection/assurance methods, the existing countermeasures, related challenges to develop new countermeasures, and a research roadmap for this emerging field.
This year’s CMSE conference features four half-day tutorial sessions, including: “Thermal Materials and Testing: Key Solutions for Mil/Aerospace Electronics Systems,” presented by Dave Saums, DS&A LLC, on Monday, April 19, from 10:30am to 2pm, and an “Overview of Microelectronic Component Specs for Military and Space Electronics,” presented by Lawrence Harzstark, Aerospace; Peter Majewicz, NASA Goddard; and Ron Demcko, AVX, on Monday April 19, from 2pm to 5:30pm.
On Friday, April 23, the last two tutorial sessions will include: “Volatiles Control in Hermetic Electronic Components,” presented by Thomas Green, TJ Green Associates, LLC, and Robert Lowry, Electronics Materials Consultant, from 10:30 a.m. to 2pm; and the “Capacitor Reliability Seminar,” presented by Dr Yuri Freeman, KEMET, and Ron Demcko, AVX, from 2pm to 5:30pm.
The virtual CMSE conference will include six technical sessions, comprising a total of 25 presentations from experts in industry, government, and academia. The technical sessions will focus on topics, including passive components for military and high-reliability space systems, GaN for RF and power, reliability, and supply chain and security.
The conference’s first panel discussion, “Status, Risks and How to Use Alternate Grade Products for Military and Space Application,” will be presented on Tuesday, April 20, at 1:30pm, and will examine the various alternate grade parts that are potentially available (i.e. automotive grade, COTS, and PEMs) and the risks/rewards associated with them versus established military- and space-grade parts, such as Class S microcircuits or MIL-PRF-55365 capacitors. Discussion points will include: different types of alternate grade parts; strategies for use of automotive grade and plastic encapsulated microcircuits (PEMs) for military and space applications; and the pros and cons of alternate grade parts. The discussion will be moderated by Sultan Lilani, Integra Technologies, and the panellists include Allyson Yarbrough, Aerospace Corporation; Yuri Freeman, KEMET; Mark Porter, NASA Jet Propulsion Lab; and David Locker, US Army.
The second panel discussion, “Gallium Nitride (GaN) Technology for Power and High Frequency Components,” will be held on Wednesday, April 21, at 2pm. This interactive discussion with industry experts will explore how military and space applications can take the advantages GaN technologies, which is used in power semiconductor devices as well as RF and high frequency microwave components, and is emerging as a technology for military and space applications, to develop more efficient and higher performance electronic systems. The discussion will be moderated by Gary Lerude, technical editor of Microwave Journal, and the panellists include Paul Hebert, International Rectifier HiRel Products, Inc.; John Scarpulla, The Aerospace Corporation; and Keith Benson, Analog Devices, Inc.
A technical session focused on COTS standards in the European Union will be held on Thursday, April 22, and will be chaired by Dr Tomas Zednicek, EPCI European Passive Components Institute.
- “Evolution of EEE Standard with regards to COTS and New Space,” Dr Lacombe Denis, ESA/ESTEC
- “Updated Approach for Passive-COTS (ECSS-Q-ST-60-13). Practical Case.” Manuel Morales, Alter Technology TÜV NORD S.A.U.
- “Automotive Capacitors Procurement for SME Space Hardware Manufacturer Case Study,” Tomas Zednicek, Ph.D., EPCI European Passive Components Institute
- “Method for Qualitative Evaluation of COTS Board Reliability,” Vincent Martinez, Serma Technologies
Three days of the CMSE 2021 program will focus on students and young professionals planning a career in the military and aerospace industry as component process or quality engineers, designers or researchers. Conference registration is FREE for graduate students, undergraduates, and young professionals (three years since graduation) already working in the field.
Special events for students include:
- Trivia competition featuring an array of obvious, fascinating, or little-known facts about space and electronics
- Graduate students will have the opportunity to present their research to a panel of friendly judges
- Poster session for presentation of student papers, with an opportunity for $4,000 in total awards
- All students will be able to find out more about a career in the military/aerospace industry during an interactive panel held on Thursday, April 22, from 4pm– 6pm, with an opportunity to ask questions of seasoned professionals currently working in the industry regarding career paths and job opportunities, and begin to network and build relationships within the industry.
Four “Application Note” sessions during the CMSE 2021 program will provide an opportunity for attendees to find out about the latest product and technology news from key vendors in the aerospace component industry. Presenting companies during these sessions include: Vishay Intertechnology, Palomar Technologies, Topline Corporation, Gel-Pak, Hesse Mechatronics, AVX Corporation, ES Components, MicroCircuit Laboratories, and Q-Tech Corporation.
The CMSE 2021 Advance Technical Program and schedule of events are available online at https://www.tjgreenllc.com/cmse/2021-advance-program. Registration for the CMSE 2021 is also now open online at https://store.tjgreenllc.com/product-category/cmse2021.
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Ariane 5 issue could delay JWST
WASHINGTON — Ongoing work to address a problem seen on two previous Ariane 5 launches has kept that launch vehicle grounded for months and could delay the high-profile launch of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope later this year.
The Ariane 5, one of the world’s most reliable launch vehicles, last launched in August 2020, placing two communications satellites and Northrop Grumman’s Mission Extension Vehicle 2 into geostationary transfer orbit. The long hiatus in launches led to speculation there was an issue with the rocket.
In a statement to SpaceNews, Arianespace acknowledged that “post-flight analyses conducted on two recent Ariane 5 launches have indicated the occurrence of a less than fully nominal separation of the fairing, however with no adverse impact on the Ariane 5 flights in question.”
The company did not elaborate on the problem, but industry sources familiar with the issue said that, on both the August 2020 launch and the previous Ariane launch in February 2020, the separation of the faring induced vibrations into the payload stack well above acceptable limits. Neither incident damaged any of the payloads, but raised concerns about the effect on future missions, including JWST.
“We have decided to conduct a set of additional checks with RUAG and ArianeGroup to ensure the best level of quality and reliability; the progress of these investigations remains positive,” Arianespace said. Ruag, which manufactures the Ariane 5 payload fairings, did not respond to a request for comment about the status of that work.
Arianespace declined to give a schedule for upcoming Ariane 5 launches, saying the only date it was publicizing was for its next mission, a Soyuz vehicle carrying another set of OneWeb satellites scheduled for launch May 27. However, NASA officials said there are two Ariane 5 launches scheduled before the JWST launch, which the agency had been publicizing an Oct. 31 date for.
The first of those two Ariane 5 missions is scheduled to carry the Eutelsat Quantum and Star One D2 satellites for operators Eutelsat and Embratel Star One, respectively. In its latest earnings statement May 11, Eutelsat said the launch of Eutelsat Quantum has slipped from the late second quarter of this year to the third quarter, but did not offer a more specific launch date.
At a May 11 media event about JWST, Greg Robinson, program director for the telescope at NASA Headquarters, confirmed there were two Ariane 5 launches ahead of JWST. “They’re going through the process of getting the rocket ready for the upcoming launch, the first of three,” he said. “Once they launch, we’ll be able to launch in about four months after that.”
That would suggest JWST will miss its Oct. 31 launch date, although perhaps only by weeks. An Ariane 5 launch of Eutelsat Quantum and Star One D2 at the beginning of the third quarter, or early July, would allow for a launch of JWST in early November, four months later.
Unlike planetary missions, JWST does not have to launch in a narrow window. “We have launch windows almost virtually every day,” Bill Ochs, JWST project manager at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, said at the event. “We have multiple, multiple opportunities for launch.”
At an April 27 Space Transportation Association webinar, Steve Jurczyk, at the time NASA acting administrator, also suggested a delay in the JWST launch. “There are two Ariane 5 launches before the JWST launch,” he said. “They’ve slipped to the right a little bit.” He said NASA was closely following both preparations of JWST as well as the status of the Ariane 5 manifest.
The current situation is ironic because, for much of JWST’s development, the Ariane 5 had been considered the least risky aspect of the $8.8 billion space telescope. The vehicle typically launched several times a year, and last suffered a total launch failure in 2002. JWST itself, meanwhile, suffered extensive technical problems that delayed its launch by years and added billions to its cost.
At the May 11 media event, though, project officials said final preparations of the spacecraft are going well, and that it should be ready for shipment to French Guiana by late August, a schedule that would support an Oct. 31 launch.
The margin in that schedule has been gradually diminishing, as expected. “When we ship, the schedule margin will be pretty close to zero, but still on plan,” Robinson said, noting there are no “liens” on the schedule for the remaining work before shipment. “Right now we’re in a really good place.”
“We’re getting pretty close to the goal line,” he added. “We just need to punch it over.”
Senate bill would direct NASA to select a second HLS company
WASHINGTON — An amendment to a Senate bill would require NASA to select a second company for its Human Lander System program, a provision some fear could upend the overall effort to return humans to the moon as soon as 2024.
The Senate Commerce Committee approved in a markup session May 12 a NASA authorization bill as an amendment to the Endless Frontier Act, a bill that would establish a new technology directorate for the National Science Foundation. The amendment was one of dozens considered by the committee during the session, which ultimately approved the bill on a 24–4 vote.
The amendment, known as the Space Preservation and Conjunction Emergency (SPACE) Act of 2021, is a version of a similar bill the Senate considered in 2020 but was not enacted. As the name suggests, it addresses issues associated with space traffic management, including directing the Office of Space Commerce to handle civil space traffic management responsibilities.
The amendment, though, also includes a NASA authorization for fiscal year 2021 similar to one the Senate approved at the end of 2020. A new provision in that amendment covers “competitiveness within the Human Landing System program,” the NASA program to fund development of crewed lunar landers. NASA awarded a single HLS “Option A” contract to SpaceX April 16 valued at $2.89 billion to develop a lander based on the company’s Starship vehicle and to fly a single demonstration mission.
The amendment directs NASA to fund development of “not fewer than 2 entities” in the HLS program no later than 30 days after the bill is enacted. It would authorize a total of $10.032 billion for the program, although funding would have to be appropriated separately, and on an annual basis.
The language has raised questions about how it would be implemented. It is unclear how the agency would select a second provider, as it could not run a new procurement within 30 days. Selecting one of the losing Option A bidders, Blue Origin or Dynetics, based on their original proposals could prompt a protest from the other company or from SpaceX, according to industry sources. The Government Accountability Office is reviewing protests filed by Blue Origin and Dynetics about NASA’s selection of SpaceX for the single HLS award, with a decision due by Aug. 4.
“By purchasing commercial services to take astronauts from lunar orbit to land on the surface of the moon, we will ensure a robust deep space transportation system is in place as we learn to live and work on another world for the benefit of all. NASA is unable to comment on the proposed amendment due to ongoing litigation of the recent Human Landing System selection,” the agency said in a statement to SpaceNews, referring to the GAO protests.
Neither that provision nor the overall amendment was discussed by the committee during its markup. However, the chair of the committee, Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.), has previously made clear she was disappointed that NASA, citing budget constraints, selected only one company for HLS Option A awards.
“I have to say I was surprised last week about the Human Landing System development contract,” Cantwell said at the April 21 confirmation hearing for Bill Nelson’s nomination to be NASA administrator. Nelson, during the hearing, committed to accelerating a competition for a future lunar landing services, but Cantwell pushed for faster action. “I think there needs to be redundancy, and it has to be clear in this process that it can’t be redundancy later. It has to be redundancy now.”
There is no guarantee that this language will make it into the final version of the bill, assuming it passes both the House and Senate. Efforts to pass NASA authorization legislation of any kind in recent years have foundered because of disagreements between the House and Senate and the relatively low priority of such legislation.
NASA has started planning for those follow-on service contracts, known as Lunar Exploration Transportation Services (LETS). NASA issued a request for information April 28, seeking feedback on a proposed broad agency announcement that NASA plans to issue this summer before the overall LETS procurement.
That broad agency announcement, known as Appendix N of the Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships (NextSTEP) program, would support initial risk reduction work for the later LETS procurement. At a May 3 industry day, Lisa Watson-Morgan, NASA HLS program manager, said the agency hopes to issue a formal request for proposals in June and make selections between August and October.
The awards, though, will be no more than about $15 million each, and have periods of performance of only 7 to 12 months. “The funding is TBD,” she said. “We think we are able to award a few at $15 million.”
The later LETS award could include some funding for design, development, testing and evaluation work, although specific details remain uncertain, Watson-Morgan said. The contracts would cover at least six missions starting in the late 2020s, she said, with at least two missions per contractor.
Space Force looking to deploy radar satellites to track moving targets on the ground
Raymond: The Space Force and the Air Force are “actively working” on concepts for the deployment of GMTI satellites
WASHINGTON — The U.S. Air Force wants to use small radar satellites to track moving objects on the ground and the Space Force will help to make it happen, chief of space operations Gen. John Raymond said May 12.
A project to look at the use of radar satellites for GMTI — short for ground moving target indicator — has been pursued in secret since 2018 by the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office. Raymond said this effort will be discussed more openly to allow more participation from the commercial space industry.
“We’re building a ‘GMTI from space’ program,” Raymond said at the McAleese & Associates annual defense conference. He revealed that the Space Force and the Air Force are “actively working” on concepts for the deployment of GMTI satellites.
The Air Force currently uses large aircraft known as JSTARS — or Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System — that are equipped with radar sensors to discriminate targets against the ground clutter. JSTARS require large crews and the Air Force for years has been concerned about its aircraft and operators being vulnerable to enemy air-defense missiles when flying over combat zones.
Raymond said GMTI from space is about “doing the JSTARS mission without being tied to an airplane in a contested environment.”
Radar satellites and surveillance from space in general has been the purview of the National Reconnaissance Office. Raymond said there are growing demands for tactical level ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) and this will become a “growth area” for the Space Force. He said systems can be deployed at lower cost as satellite and launch services are now more affordable.
He said the Space Force will work with the Air Force and the intelligence community “in a complementary way, not competing.”
“We’ll leverage commercial more than we’ve done in the past,” Raymond said.
The commander of the Space Force’s Space and Missile Systems Center Lt. Gen. John Thompson said the GMTI project is an example of the service’s push to declassify and increase transparency.
Speaking May 12 at a Mitchell Institute event, Thompson said he could not discuss details of the GMTI project but underscored the opportunities that it creates for the government to take advantage of privately funded technologies.
A Space Force spokesperson said the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office began identifying space-based GMTI technologies in 2018 with a goal to deploy a new system before JSTARS aircraft are taken out of service.
“The space-based GMTI system will replace a portion of the JSTARS sensing capability,” the spokesperson said. “The space-based GMTI system will surpass the range limitations of current air platforms and will provide capabilities in contested and non-contested environments.” This effort is “another way to harness data from the space domain” and use it in support of military operations.
The Air Force in 2011 started a five-year study that looked at options for replacing the aging fleet of 17 airliner-size JSTARS. Initially it was leaning toward selecting a new airplane but then leaders realized a new JSTARS would be useless in conflicts against adversaries that have advanced air defenses.
The deployment of space radar for military use was tried before albeit unsuccessfully. The Air Force in the late 1990s teamed up with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the National Reconnaissance Office to develop a constellation of radar remote-sensing satellites that would provide global coverage. The project was nixed in the 2000 budget. The Air Force and the NRO teamed on another space radar demonstration project but it did not materialize due to lack of congressional support.
Arqit raising $400 million with a SPAC to launch quantum encryption satellites in 2023
TAMPA, Fla. — British quantum technology encryption startup Arqit is raising $400 million in the space industry’s latest SPAC deal, supporting the launch and construction of two satellites in 2023 to protect against growing hacking threats.
The fundraising comes as the FBI investigates a ransomware attack that closed a U.S. pipeline providing a significant portion of gasoline and jet fuel to the East Coast, highlighting a need to bolster cyberdefenses.
Arqit’s merger with Centricus Acquisition Corp., a publicly traded SPAC (special purpose acquisition company), values the combined group at $1.4 billion.
That makes Arqit the first space company unicorn — a startup valued more than $1 billion — to emerge from the U.K., according to Mark Boggett, CEO of venture capital firm Seraphim Capital that invested in Arqit before the transaction.
It is the “first of many new ones to come,” Boggett added.
The corporate entity for the combined company will be called Arqit Quantum Inc, headquartered in the Cayman Islands and listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange, if the deal closes as expected by the end of the third quarter of 2021. Arqit will remain a U.K. operating and tax-paying company.
U.S.-based launch startup Virgin Orbit, which is developing an air-launched rocket, injected $5 million into Arqit’s SPAC deal.
Virgin Orbit will conduct two launches for the company to low Earth orbit (LEO) beginning in 2023. It has a history of investing in startups that buy its launch services.
Investment firms Sumitomo Corporation of Japan and Heritage Group of the U.S. also participated in Arqit’s PIPE, or private investments in public equity — a mechanism for companies to raise money from a select group of investors outside the market. The PIPE secured $70 million in total.
Arqit is not disclosing who is building its satellites, which will support quantum encryption technology it calls QuantumCloud. The startup says its technology will secure communications links of any networked device against hacking, including attacks from a quantum computer.
“This transaction will give Arqit the ability to establish itself as a leader in the encryption space – the prospect of the threat from quantum computing will serve to accelerate the broad adoption of Arqit technology,” Centricus CEO Garth Ritchie said in a statement.
“This is a deep tech company which is many years ahead of the market. Arqit has protected its IP by remaining in stealth mode whilst filing over 1,000 claims on more than a dozen patent applications.”
David Williams, previously a CEO for British satellite operator Avanti Communications, heads Arqit.
U.K. space unicorn
The startup has received funding from the British government in addition to venture capital investments while it was under stealth mode.
“Arqit’s business combination transaction represents a huge moment for the UK spacetech ecosystem,” Boggett told SpaceNews in an email.
He said five-year old Arqit will be the first U.K-based space technology company to merge with a U.S. publicly listed SPAC.
Seraphim first backed Arqit in its seed round in 2018, and Boggett said it has invested in every funding round since.
Arqit’s QuantumCloud software generates an unlimited number of encryption keys at the end point of customer devices to protect against hacks.
The system currently relies on terrestrial communications infrastructure to deliver this capability from source keys that originate in data centers.
However, Arqit plans to use satellites to create a backbone of secure keys within data centers around the world.
QuantumCloud uses symmetric encryption that Arqit says is better suited for an increasingly connected world, compared with public key infrastructure (PKI) that is used to encrypt most of the world’s communications.
Its current customers include the U.K. government, European Space Agency, British telecoms company BT and Sumitomo.
Arqit said satellite operator Iridium Communications and aerospace and defense giant Northrop Grumman are among those testing its technology.
Virgin Orbit will launch the first two satellites with its LauncherOne system, set to carry a mix of defense and commercial cubesats in its next mission in June.
The LauncherOne rocket reached orbit on its second flight Jan. 17.
Virgin Orbit said it is in talks about a further set of launches after the initial program, potentially out from Spaceport Cornwall in the U.K. where it will start operations in 2022.
Arqit’s deal comes during a challenging time for the SPAC investment vehicle, which had seen a flurry of space deals before slowing down amid increasing regulatory scrutiny.
On April 12, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released guidance on SPAC accounting practices. Specifically, these concern the treatment of warrants, which give investors the option to buy shares at specific prices in the future, in a company’s accounting books.
The move has been adding complexity and delays for many space companies looking to use SPACs for a relatively quick cash boost to support their typical sky-high project costs.
The number of new SPACs has significantly slowed down across all industries in recent weeks as businesses and investors wait to see how the changes shake out.
Virgin Orbit had reportedly been considering joining the SPAC trend before the SEC released its guidance.
Virgin Galactic, the space tourism venture that used to be its sister company, had to delay its financial results following the new guidelines. Even though Virgin Galactic completed its SPAC deal in 2019, sparking the current trend, it still has outstanding warrants in the market.
Eight space SPACs have now announced mergers since Virgin Galactic’s 2019 deal. Of these, seven aim to close this year.
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