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Browsers to Enforce Shorter Certificate Life Spans: What Businesses Should Know

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Apple, Google, and Mozilla will shorten the life span for TLS certificates in a move poised to aid security but cause operational troubles.

On Sept. 1, browsers and devices from Apple, Google, and Mozilla will show errors for new TLS certificates with a life span longer than 398 days. The move, while beneficial for security, pushes back against certificate authorities (CAs) and may prove an operational headache for businesses. 

The life span of SSL/TLS certificates has dramatically shrunk in the past 10 years. Just over a decade ago, domain registrars sold TLS certificates valid for eight to 10 years. The Certification Authority Browser Forum (CA/Browser Forum), a group of CAs, imposed a five-year limit in 2011. This was cut to three years in 2015 and to two years in 2018.

Historically, these changes were made in collaboration between browser makers and CAs, with the two parties debating rules and changes before voting on and implementing them – until a ballot proposing one-year validity was voted down by CAs at a CA/Browser Forum meeting. Following this, Apple broke standard processes and individually chose to enforce 398-day limits in Safari. 

Apple made its decision public in February and confirmed this change will only affect TLS server certificates issued from Root CAs on or after Sept. 1. Certificates issued before then won’t be affected; neither will those from user-added or administrator-added Root CAs. Mozilla and Google have voiced plans to implement a similar rule in their browsers starting on Sept. 1.

The change will have consequences: Apple says connections to TLS servers violating its new requirements will fail, which may cause network and applications to fail and prevent websites from loading. Google warns certificates older than 398 days will be rejected with an error and treated as misissued. Apple recommends new certificates be issued with a 397-day validity.

Browser makers have long argued that shorter TLS life spans are better for browser security because they reduce the time frame in which attackers could compromise or duplicate a certificate, which is critical to protecting traffic to and from websites. A successful attack would give someone “the keys to the kingdom,” says Lamont Orange, CISO at Netskope. As attackers look to move higher up the food chain, he says, this is precisely what they want. 

“This is better than username and password in a lot of ways,” says Orange, of this level of compromise. Credentials may grant access to a system that could enable lateral movement across the environment. Access to a certificate could let an attacker do far more nefarious activities: control Web properties, access desktops and laptops, or encrypt communications.

“As a bad actor, I open up avenues that I can use for monetary gain, or to disrupt the system and be a nuisance, or just cause general frustration within different companies around the security of their infrastructure and Web properties,” he explains.

Shortening the life span of TLS certificates will require businesses to frequently rotate them so by the time an attacker figures out how to copy one, it’s no longer valid. The change will shrink the attack surface and cut down on dwell time, protecting organizations from compromise. 

In theory, it sounds like a benefit. In practice, it’s likely companies will struggle to keep up with the challenges of renewing certificates and changing private keys used to authenticate them. 

Rotating TLS Certificates: Easier Said Than Done
The move to shorter life spans will come at an operational cost

“In general, shortening lifetimes is actually good for the ecosystem – it’s not really something customers think about,” says Dean Coclin, senior director of business development at DigiCert and former chair of the CA/Browser Forum. Now, he says, they’ll have to worry about it more often.

These renewals can be done with automated tools; however, many businesses continue to do this manually, and larger firms may be responsible for renewing thousands of certificates. For administrators, it’s an operational headache. If they fail to keep up, visitors to their website on certain browsers will see a warning the site isn’t secure, which to many is a big red flag.

“When you look at the operational aspects of it, it can get pretty hairy,” says Orange. “As a practitioner that has to deal with this … there has to be a lot of planning that goes into how you migrate these certificates on an annual basis, roughly, and then understanding the applications taxonomy, or the website’s taxonomy, to understand what potentially could break.”

There wasn’t much of a guideline on how to use certificates when they became popular, he adds, so many organizations and practitioners used a “wildcard certificate,” or a public key certificate at the root of the certificate hierarchy that can be used with multiple subdomains. This made it easier to secure more assets but increased the risk if one was compromised.

Now it comes back to principles of architecture: Businesses must decide whether they need to rearchitect their use of certificates so it’s not as challenging. Service providers want to make sure they’re simplifying where possible, so they don’t inadvertently cause system unavailability. 

The concerns extend beyond websites to Web applications, which may need to be refactored following this change, Orange continues. As TLS versions change, some applications may not be able to communicate on newer versions. Companies that rely on Web-based applications may notice a lack of functionality or run into more errors if their certificates aren’t updated in time. 

“Some website owners find the process of securing their site to be difficult,” says Robin Wilton, director of Internet Trust for the Internet Society. “Certificate installation is still not easy, and it’s hard to carry out a complex process that only needs to be done every two to three years.”

Next page: How your organization can prepare

Kelly Sheridan is the Staff Editor at Dark Reading, where she focuses on cybersecurity news and analysis. She is a business technology journalist who previously reported for InformationWeek, where she covered Microsoft, and Insurance & Technology, where she covered financial … View Full Bio

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Cyber Security

Digitally Signed Bandook Trojan Reemerges in Global Spy Campaign

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

Source: https://threatpost.com/digitally-signed-bandook-trojan-spy-campaign/161676/

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Cyber Security

MacOS Users Targeted By OceanLotus Backdoor

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

Source: https://threatpost.com/macos-users-targeted-oceanlotus-backdoor/161655/

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Pandemic, A Driving Force in 2021 Financial Crime

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The administrator of your personal data will be Threatpost, Inc., 500 Unicorn Park, Woburn, MA 01801. Detailed information on the processing of personal data can be found in the privacy policy. In addition, you will find them in the message confirming the subscription to the newsletter.

Source: https://threatpost.com/2021-financial-crime-covid-19/161665/

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Contactless payments market to reach US$ 26.3 billion by 2027

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Contactless Payments Market To Reach US$ 26.3 Billion By 2027

The global contactless payments market is expected to surpass US$ 26.3 Billion by 2027 end, registering a CAGR of 12.9% during the forecast period of 2019 to 2027), as highlighted in a report published by Coherent Market Insights.

Increasing demand for contactless payments from the retail sector is expected to drive market growth during the forecast period. Retailers are modernizing their brick-and-mortar stores to offer secure services to customers and establishing online stores to increase revenue.

They are adopting advanced technologies such as big data analytics and cloud computing to increase their presence in the market. Retail manufacturers are using contactless payments methods that provide many benefits, such as reduced transaction time, increased operational efficiency, increased revenue, minimized cost, and others. Contactless payment methods at retail stores reduce transaction process and queue in counter.

Moreover, governments are also focusing on introducing new payment methods in order to increase productivity and remain competitive in the market. For instance, in December 2016, the government of India launched BHIM app for Unified Payment Interface (UPI). The common UPIbased BHIM app allows the user to send and receive money through their mobile phones by linking their bank accounts. For instance, according to Coherent Market Insights’ analysis, the number of transactions done through the Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) app reached 18.8 million in February 2020.

Contactless Payments Market – Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic

According to Coherent Market Insight‘s study, globally, most of the countries are affected by COVID-19 and most of the countries have announced lockdown.Contactless payment have become more preferred payment method, as it requires less physical interactions.

Smartphone based payment interface and digital wallets are the potential solutions to contain the spread of coronavirus pandemic. Moreover, recent developments in digital payments have encouraged the use of contactless payment methods during this pandemic. For instance, in April 2020, Upgrade Inc., a U.S.-based loan company, launched new contactless credit card. The new credit card provides high transaction limit than other payment methods.

Moreover, bank authorities and card network in Germany, U.K., Austria, and other countries have set higher transaction limit, as people are staying at home and prefer shopping through payment cards only. For instance, U.K Finance Limited increased the transaction limit for contactless payment cards starting from 30 Euros to 45 Euros. This, in turn, increases demand for contactless payment solutions.

Key Trends and Analysis of the Global Contactless Payments Market:

  • Europe held dominant position in the global contactless payments market in 2019 and is expected to retain its dominance throughout the forecast period. This is owing to increasing payment through smart cards. For instance, according to the Electronic Transactions Association (ETA), contactless payments through Mastercard and Maestro increased by 145% in Europe in 2018. Furthermore, in 2019, according to Coherent Market Insights’ analysis, the transactions through contactless payment methods reached 651 million in the U.K.
  • Asia Pacific is expected to show significant growth over the forecast period. The increasing adoption of contactless payment methods from retail industry is fueling the market growth. Retailers are modernizing their conventional payment methods with contactless payment methods, in order to improve productivity and efficiency in the business.
  • Among device type, the smartphone segment held dominant position in the market in 2019 and is expected to retain its dominance during the forecast period. This is owing to increasing demand for live streaming from consumers. For instance, the online video streaming market is expected to exceed US$ 70,000 million in 2021 from US$ 30,000 million in 2016.
  • Major players operating in the global contactless payments market include Thales Group, Infineon Technologies AG, Ingenico Group, Wirecard, VeriFone, Inc., Giesecke+Devrient GmbH, IDEMIA, Track Innovations LTD., Identiv, Inc., CPI Card Group Inc., Setomatic Systems, Valitor, PAX, PINPAD, Mobeewave, alcineo, and Paycor, Inc.

Source: https://www.fintechnews.org/contactless-payments-market-to-reach-us-26-3-billion-by-2027/

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