Cannabis-derived food & feed, cosmetics, medicine and genetics offer the best export opportunities for Uruguay in the coming years, according to a recent report from the country’s Investment & Export Promotion Agency.
Noting those sectors represent the potential for “short-term export impact,” the Agency also said development of the industry can help attract investment, boost the fortunes of Uruguay’s farmers and continue the transition from illegal trade in cannabis.
Uruguay was the first country in the world to regulate the production of cannabis for adult recreational, medical and industrial use, and was the first to establish a regulatory framework to exploit the plant’s full potential. That led to a first wave of investment with global and domestic players setting up operations. The Agency said the country’s favorable geographic location and commitment to high value-added agricultural exports are positive indicators for Uruguayan hemp.
A well-functioning, secure, established framework that incorporates traceability and shields the industry from money washing over from the illegal trade, along with the country’s overall investment rating, can lead to further influx of foreign and domestic capital, the report said.
Noting existing strong demand from established laboratories in Uruguay and growing demand globally, the report suggests “the ideal scenario for Uruguay would be to generate its own materials (for) medical cannabis, high CBD and low THC . . . and also high THC varieties but with freedom of levels of CBD and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids.” That would promote local development for food, medical and even textile use, the report further advises.
The Agency said development of the industry can generate employment in vulnerable areas of the country, offering jobs for those with limited employment options, such as rural women.
National genetics ‘crucial’
A competitive network of local breeders and better access to external genetics
can boost local development while self-cultivators and cannabis clubs can be transitioned into breeders, according to the report. Development and export of Urguayan formulated genetics “is a fundamental part of the opportunity that this crop presents,” the report also notes.“The development of the cannabis agro-industrial chain starts, like all the others, from the genetic base, and . . . (it) is crucial to have national genetics, adapted to local conditions but also with clear rules for the incorporation of genetics from abroad,” the Agency wrote.
In addition to CBD, the report identifies opportunities in hemp food and beverage exports but said it’s necessary to develop a “reliable, transparent” domestic market before looking to capitalize on high-growth international markets. “Cannabis will enter a high-growth phase of global consumption, such as chia and quinoa,” the report predicts, noting as well the potential for hempseed food oil, and protein flour both as food and animal feed.
The report also underscores the potential for exporting flowers for smokable hemp and the development of moisturizers, sunscreens and analgesics with low THC, “following criteria similar to those of Switzerland.”
As of March 2020, there were 40 hemp cultivation ventures in Uruguay authorized by the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries, covering an area of nearly 600 hectares. Eight manufacturing and 19 R&D entities are also currently licensed.
In a world of grey market cannabis, falling somewhere between legal and illegal, sometimes sourcing a quality product can be difficult. When it’s available, information like how the product is made and what ingredients are in it are extremely important in making your purchases.
If there’s any information about the product being tested by a third party, this should be looked at as a reliable stamp of assurance.
With edibles, the ingredient list should all be ingredients you can pronounce. If you’re not familiar with it, there’s no need for it to be in the recipe. Preservatives and industrial colouring agents aren’t common in cannabis edibles at all. If any colouring is added, it’s usually natural colouring products, and the same can be said for flavouring.
Vape carts are a bit of a different story though. The media has done a wonderful job of portraying vaping as equally deadly as smoking, but that’s primarily because of a lack of regulations around additives. Heavy metals have been found in black market products which have horrible effects when vaporized and inhaled, so be careful when buying Delta-8 carts. If you’re determined to try it in a cartridge, it would be even more beneficial to have that third party stamp of approval on test results.
Those gas station products are a little suspicious, no doubt about that. But when you walk into a dispensary and someone makes a recommendation for a Delta-8 gummy they’ve had good experiences with, that’s something you should be able to put some trust in.
(May contain trace amounts of hemp derived THC <0.3%)
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Weeding through — pun intended — the thousands and thousands of cannabis products out there to find your favorites is not only an overwhelming task, it’s downright impossible. But never fear, Hail Mary Jane is here.
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With all the talk of the current devastation to the honeybee community, and the possible repercussions to humanity in general, it makes the small, buzzing creatures a rather important feature in our ecosystem. Honey, much like cannabis, provides all kinds of benefits to health and nutrition, and with a growing interest in cannabis honey, the two are coming together to create some of the best products on the market. If you were unaware of how cannabis and honey go together, read on.
The best thing to hit the world of cannabis isn’t shatter, or live resin, or even THC distillate. It’s delta-8 THC. Unlike delta-9 THC, the standard THC of marijuana, delta-8 THC actually produces slightly less psychoactive effect, causes less anxiety and paranoia, and provides a clear-headed, energetic high. It’s all the good stuff about THC, with less of the issues that cause people problems. If you’ve only heard about it, and never tried it, we’ve got great delta-8 THCdeals so you can experience it for yourself.
A little bit about bees
The first thing to know about bees, is that they’re not all the same. When whizzing past your face, they may look the same, but a wasp, a yellowjacket, and a honeybee are all very different species of flying bug. We are most interested in honeybees. There are several types of honeybees, with the most common being Apis mellifera. This specific honeybee is also referred to as the European honeybee, or the Western Honeybee.
As social insects, honeybees reside together in hives, and actually have a pretty intricate communication system between them consisting of dancing movements, which can go in depth enough to explain to other bees exact locations of food sources, their size, and even quality. Each honeybee community has a queen bee, worker bees, and drone bees. Worker bees are female bees that never reach sexual maturity, with the queens being females that are bigger in size. Male bees are called drones.
I could go on talking about the particulars of honeybees, but it’s not terribly important. Here are a few things that are. Bees require two kinds of food. The first is honey, which is made from nectar from flowers. The second is pollen, which comes from the anthers of a flower. This nectar and pollen is individual to each species of flower, and each flower within the species. Most bees will only collect one or the other, pollen or nectar. While collecting, nectar gets stored in a stomach specifically for nectar, from which it is transferred to other bees in the hive to use for honey production. This is separate from the bee’s own regular stomach, however, a valve exists between the two so that the bee can use some of the nectar for energy if needed.
The honey is produced by the bees passing the nectar from mouth to mouth until the water in it has evaporated out – going from approximately 70% to 20%. The result is a concentrated syrup, honey. The honey is then stored within the cells of the honeycomb with a layer of beeswax on top. Pollen has a different purpose. Pollen is mixed with the pre-honey nectar to create ‘bee bread’. This high protein food is then fed to larvae, which require such high protein levels to survive and grow. When looking at the difference between pollen and nectar, pollen is high in protein and also contains fats and other nutrients for growth, whereas nectar contains sugars, salts, oils, and vitamins.