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AI-enabled enterprise starts with education, not tech

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The AI-enabled enterprise won’t be built in a day. Take it from representatives at companies knee-deep in building…

AI hardware, software and services for their customers and clients, including IBM, Affectiva Inc. and Grant Thornton LLP.

At the recent AI and the Future of Work event hosted by MIT, these representatives provided advice on how CIOs can start to build the AI-enabled enterprise — as quickly as tomorrow morning. One of the first steps they suggested CIOs take? Get caught up on what the AI terrain looks like.

“The number one thing I would say is to invest the time to really understand what is happening in AI,” said Nichole Jordan, managing partner of markets, clients and industry at accounting and advisory firm Grant Thornton.

AI literacy is a must

Jordan pointed to AI Magazine and O’Reilly Media’s artificial intelligence newsletter as two “simple examples” of how CIOs can incorporate AI education into their daily routines and that of their teams. She described this as just “a sprinkling,” but said the reading material can encourage discussions about artificial intelligence and how its resurgence might affect the future of the company.

Reading up on AI could be worthwhile even for the smallest organizations, according to Jordan. “It no longer requires a multimillion-dollar budget to get AI started in your organization,” she said.

AI, Grant ThorntonNichole Jordan

Take mergers and acquisitions, which require advisors to monitor and analyze disparate and often siloed data sources such as patent filings or regulatory findings. Today, AI is doing that kind of work and even collecting metrics on company culture, customer feedback and employee engagement that it scrapes from sites such as Glassdoor.

“Over time, the AI is able to develop and monitor trends, patterns, make recommendations to you for potentially other companies to put into your acquisitions portfolio,” Jordan said. “It is about speed and accuracy and being able to analyze a lot of data that we didn’t historically have the opportunity to bring together into one place.”

Knowledge overhype

Affectiva’s Gabi Zijderveld echoed Jordan’s remarks, saying that education is a must.

“There’s so much hype and fluff around AI because every bit of technology today is [marketed as] AI,” said Zijderveld, chief marketing officer and head of product strategy at the emotion measurement company.

As CIOs familiarize themselves with what’s out there, they also need to get a grip on the appropriate opportunities AI can provide to their companies, according to Zijderveld. In Affectiva’s case, its first customers came from an obvious market segment.

affective, AI, emotion AIGabi Zijderveld

Media and advertising companies began using the emotion AI technology, which can interpret facial expressions in real time, to test their content and assess audience response. These days, customers include educators who use the technology to help children with autism decode facial expressions, as well as medical care workers who can use it to detect Parkinson’s disease or as a benchmark for facial reconstruction surgery.

Zijderveld also suggested CIOs look at industry best practices, talk to their peers, find out what competitors are doing and uncover good examples of applied AI, taking note of their results and the products and technologies that drove those results.

And she provided a note of caution for CIOs: Don’t fall into the over-engineering trap. “If you have an old-fashioned ruler that does the job, maybe you don’t need AI there,” she said. “Use the damn ruler.”

Lifelong learning is key

For Sophie Vandebroek, vice president of emerging technology partnerships at IBM, building the AI-enabled enterprise means developing employee skills.

“At IBM, in fact, we are being measured to make sure we take 40 hours of education every year on these kinds of topics,” she said.

Not only is training important, but hiring and bringing in the right skills is also key, according to Vandebroek. For AI-enabled enterprises to succeed, employees who know how to use AI tools, especially as they become more accessible, easier to use and embedded into workflows, will be critical.

Vandebroek cited IBM’s Project Debater product as an example of how AI could change workflows. The AI system has been trained to take a topic, craft an argument and debate its merits — in minutes. Vandebroek believes a technology like this could help companies work through difficult decisions they need to make, such as with an acquisition.

As part of that education, companies — from the board of directors on down — need to recognize the importance of trust and transparency, according to Vandebroek. She stressed decisions be explainable and that data privacy be made a priority.

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Source: https://searchcio.techtarget.com/news/252452985/AI-enabled-enterprise-starts-with-education-not-tech

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Must Know Data Pre-processing Techniques for Natural Language Processing!

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Data Pre-processing Techniques for NLP projects! – Analytics Vidhya






















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Source: https://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2021/06/must-know-data-pre-processing-techniques-for-natural-language-processing/

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Donut Plots : Data Visualization With Python

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Crypto sees second week of outflows; ether posts record outflows – CoinShares

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By Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss

NEW YORK (Reuters) – Cryptocurrency investment products and funds saw outflows for a second straight week, with ether posting record outflows as institutional investors took a step back, data from digital asset manager CoinShares showed on Monday.

Total crypto ouflows hit $21 million for the week ending June 11. Since mid-May, total outflows reached $267 million, representing 0.6% of total assets under management (AUM).

Ether, the token used in the Ethereum blockchain, posted its largest outflow last week of $12.7 million, data showed. The token has been one of the strongest performers this year.

But CoinShares said ether inflows last week were mixed, “implying mixed opinions among investors.”

Ether was last up 1% on the day at $2,536. Since hitting a record $4,380.64 on May 12, ether has fallen 40%.

The outflows in bitcoin cooled last week to $10 million, significantly lower than the previous record week of $141 million, CoinShares data showed. Trading activity in bitcoin products rose 43% from the previous week.

Bitcoin rose above $40,000 on Monday following tweets from Tesla boss Elon Musk, who said Tesla sold the currency but may resume transactions using it. It was last up 1.8% at $39,686.

While bitcoin is currently trading 36% below its 11-year exponential trend, Dan Morehead, co-chief investment officer at Pantera Capital, said in his Blockchain Letter on Monday that investors should resist the urge to close positions and instead go the other way if they have the emotional and financial resources to do so.

“Bitcoin generally goes way up…Anyone that has held bitcoin for 3.25 years has made money,” said Morehead.

Grayscale, the largest digital currency manager, raised its AUM to $33.04 billion last week, from $30.3 billion the previous week.

CoinShares, the second biggest digital asset manager, saw AUM slip to $3.8 billion, from nearly $4 billion the week before.

(Reporting by Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss; Editing by Cynthia Osterman)

Image Credit: Reuters

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Source: https://datafloq.com/read/crypto-sees-second-week-outflows-ether-posts-record-outflows-coinshares/15444

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Analysis: Murkiness of Russia’s ransomware role complicates Biden summit mission

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By Joseph Menn

(Reuters) – As U.S. President Joe Biden prepares to confront Russian President Vladimir Putin over ransomware gangs in his country that twice recently targeted critical American infrastructure, his administration is publicly blaming the Russian government for allowing those criminals to profit without prosecution.

The FBI and private cybersecurity companies have not disclosed any evidence showing Russian government involvement in the ransomware attacks on U.S. fuel transporter Colonial Pipeline Co and meatpacker JBS SA of Brazil. Putin has called the idea that Russia was responsible absurd.

But as the cyber operations of Russian intelligence agencies have evolved, it has become harder for the U.S. government to distinguish alleged Russian intelligence operatives from ordinary cyber criminals stealing secrets in ransomware forays and threatening to publish them, according to more than a dozen U.S. intelligence, national security and law enforcement officials and experts outside of government interviewed by Reuters.

“It’s a combination of tasking and turning a blind eye, but there’s always a plausible deniability,” said cybercrime expert John Bennett of corporate risk consultancy Kroll.

As the top FBI agent in San Francisco, Bennett oversaw an investigation of a massive breach https://www.reuters.com/article/yahoo-hack-indictments-fsb-idINKBN16N0K4 of 500 million Yahoo email accounts that led to 2017 U.S. charges against two officers of Russia’s FSB security agency accused of instructing outside criminal hackers. A Canadian defendant pleaded guilty to nine felony counts in the case, while charges against three Russians remain pending because they are outside of America’s grasp.The White House said Biden will bring up ransomware attacks emanating from Russia when he meets Putin in Geneva on Wednesday in the wake of forced shutdowns at Colonial Pipeline and meatpacker JBS, which has extensive U.S. operations.

Putin told Russian state television that Moscow would be willing to hand over cybercriminals to the United States if Washington reciprocates. Biden on Sunday called that statement a sign of progress. White House and State Department officials declined to elaborate or say what Biden would seek from Putin.

Russian officials have denied control of criminal groups while calling hackers whose activities fulfill Kremlin objectives “patriotic.” In public statements and private forums, major criminal groups warn affiliates not to attack targets in Russia. Many ransomware programs will not execute on devices that have keyboards set for the Russian language.

In another U.S. criminal probe, Evgeniy Bogachev, a Russian national, was charged https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/us-leads-multi-national-action-against-gameover-zeus-botnet-and-cryptolocker-ransomware in 2014 with running GameOver Zeus, a variant of sophisticated bank-fraud software, and distributing early ransomware called Cryptolocker.

Though it was not part of the indictment, GameOver Zeus’ pattern of data collection – searching infected computers for banking passwords and phrases including “top secret” – indicated a relationship with Russian intelligence, according to senior U.S. Justice Department official John Carlin, who oversaw the case during the Obama administration.

Increasingly, ransomware has moved toward bigger targets and toward stealing secrets instead of just encrypting them inside the targets. Both trends could fit with Russian government goals, said analyst Craig Williams of Cisco Systems’ Talos threat intelligence unit.

Evil Corp, a group that the U.S. Treasury has said is led by a Bogachev associate named Maksim Yakubets, became the first ransomware gang to focus on “big game” targets likely to pay more, said Adam Meyers, senior vice president of cybersecurity technology company CrowdStrike.

A 2019 U.S. Treasury Department sanctions order https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm845 accused Yakubets both of carrying out large-scale crimes and taking FSB directions, “acquiring confidential documents through cyber-enabled means and conducting cyber-enabled operations on its behalf.”

Yakubets was indicted https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/russian-national-charged-decade-long-series-hacking-and-bank-fraud-offenses-resulting-tens in the United States in 2019 for alleged hacking, wire fraud and bank fraud. The United States has offered millions of dollars in reward money for information leading to the arrests of Bogachev and Yakubets and published photographs of them, but they have not been apprehended by Russian authorities.

Analysts told Reuters Yakubets is married to the daughter of a former senior FSB operative. Reuters was unable to reach either man for comment.

Because the Treasury sanctions forbid U.S. ransomware targets from paying Evil Corp, the group keeps renaming its encryption software.

One of the new variants is called Hades, according to CrowdStrike https://www.crowdstrike.com/blog/hades-ransomware-successor-to-indrik-spiders-wastedlocker. As of March, the Hades variant had been found in multiple companies with more than $1 billion in annual revenue, according to incident responders at Accenture https://www.accenture.com/us-en/blogs/cyber-defense/unknown-threat-group-using-hades-ransomware, including in the transportation and manufacturing sectors.

(Reporting by Joseph Menn in San Francisco; Editing by Will Dunham and Edward Tobin)

Image Credit: Reuters

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Source: https://datafloq.com/read/analysis-murkiness-russias-ransomware-role-complicates-biden-summit-mission/15439

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