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AI-enabled assistant robot returning to the Space Station with improved emotional intelligence

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The Crew Interactive Mobile Companion (or CIMON, for short) recorded a number of firsts on its initial mission to the International Space Station, which took place last November, including becoming the first-ever autonomous free-floating robot to operate aboard the station, and the first-ever smart astronaut assistant. But CIMON is much more than an Alexa for space, and CIMON-2, which launched aboard today’s SpaceX ISS resupply mission, will demonstrate a number of ways the astronaut support robot can help those working in space — from both a practical and an emotional angle.

CIMON is the product of a collaboration between IBM, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Airbus, and its aim is to design and develop a robotic assistant for use in space that can serve a number of functions, including things as mundane as helping to retrieve information and keep track of tasks astronauts are doing on board the station, and as wild as potentially helping to alleviate or curb the effects of social issues that might arise from settings in which a small team works in close quarters over a long period.

“The goal of mission one was really to commission CIMON and to really understand if he can actually work with the astronauts — if there are experiments that he can support,” explained IBM’s Matthias Biniok, project manager on the Watson AI aspects of the mission. “So that was very successful — the astronauts really liked working with CIMON.”

“Now, we are looking at the next version: CIMON-2,” Biniok continued. “That has more capability. For example, it has better software and better hardware that has been improved based on the outcomes that we had with mission one — and we have also some new features. So for example, on the artificial intelligence side, we have something called emotional intelligence, based on our IBM Watson Tone Analyzer, with we’re trying to understand and analyze the emotions during a conversation between CIMON and the astronauts to see how they’re feeling — if they’re feeling joyful, if something makes them angry, and so on.”

That, Biniok says, could help evolve CIMON into a robotic countermeasure for something called “groupthink,” a phenomenon wherein a group of people who work closely together gradually have all their opinions migrate toward consensus or similarity. A CIMON with proper emotional intelligence could detect when this might be occurring, and react by either providing an objective, neutral view — or even potentially taking on a contrarian or “Devil’s advocate” perspective, Biniok says.

That’s a future aim, but in the near-term CIMON can have a lot of practical benefit simply by freeing up time spent on certain tasks by astronauts themselves.

“Time is super expensive on the International Space Station,” Biniok said. “And it’s very limited, so if we could save some crew time with planning, that would be super helpful to the astronauts. CIMON can also support experiments — imagine that you’re an astronaut up there, you have complex research experiments going on, and there’s a huge amount of documentation for that. And if you are missing some information, or you have a question about it, then you have to look up in this documentation, and that takes time. Instead of doing that, you could actually just ask CIMON — so for example, ‘what’s the next step CIMON?,’ or ‘why am I using Teflon and not any other materials?’ ”

CIMON can also act as a mobile documentarian, using its onboard video camera to record experiments and other activities on the Space Station. It’s able to do so autonomously, too, Biniok notes, so that an astronaut can theoretically ask it to navigate to a specific location, take a photo, then return and show that photo to the astronaut.

This time around, CIMON will be looking to stay on the ISS for a much longer span than version one; up to three years, in fact. Biniok had nothing specific to share on plans beyond that, but did say that long-term, the plan is absolutely to extend CIMON’s mission to include the Moon, Mars and beyond.

Read more: https://techcrunch.com/2019/12/05/ai-enabled-assistant-robot-will-return-to-the-space-station-with-improved-emotional-intelligence/

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IoT: Is It a Technological Revolution or A curse?

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All the things around us are getting smarter and network ready. We are increasingly becoming the citizens of a digitally connected world where things interact with humans to make life easier.

From the farmhouse where a farmer can keep track of plant’s watering through a connected sprinkler to the related coffee machine that just prepares your coffee just when you get up and brush your teeth, connected reality has penetrated every nook and corner of everyday life. 

“ Apparently, this is a luxury to get things done quickly and in time without the least efforts. Making things happen without moving our limbs is smart and cool.” 

But at the same time, these smart manoeuvres make us dependent on gadgets, and over time, this takes a toll on our physical and psychic health. So the smart reality of IoT is not so wise as it seems, especially when you consider the lifestyle effects on health. 

Considering both sides of the coin here, we have decided to compare IoT’s good and bad. Let’s begin with the challenges and opportunities before going into the pros and cons of IoT. 

 Key Challenges for IoT 

As long as two devices and apps are connected over the web to allow users a lot of practical benefits of automation, IoT is great. The connected reality of IoT will continue to proliferate and prosper in the years to come.

But this prosperity and growth of IoT are not possible without challenges. Let us have a quick look at some of the biggest challenges for IoT. 

  • Data security challenges and lack of data privacy are two major challenges. Some security issues and threats like Denial of Service (DoS) are also cropping up as a major security challenge. 
  • Connected medical devices and gadgets in banking, healthcare, insurance, and several sectors need to conform to industry regulations and norms. Many IoT devices fail to adhere to these regulatory frameworks. 
  • Faster network connectivity and quick access to the data is still a key challenge for IoT devices. The network created delay can lower the efficiency and effectiveness of IoT devices in different settings. 
  • Many fragmented devices and gadgets following no standard protocol and data architecture are adding to the problems. Lack of standards and protocols create security issues, performance glitches, and, above all, the trustworthiness of the solutions.
  • The scalability of the devices to meet the increasing user footprints and user engagement is extremely important. Lack of scalability is a major problem for the IoT ecosystem. 
  • Less capable and outdated sensors that are still in use, such as sound, light, temperature, motion, colour, radar, laser scanner, echography, and x-ray, etc., often end up giving non-precise results. This is a big challenge for many IoT devices. 

Opportunities

In spite of all these challenges, IoT is always having the largest share of digital growth opportunities. As connected devices have penetrated our homes, workplaces, public transports, and vehicles, tons of user data are being produced every minute.

“IoT is responsible for turning data into gold mines of insight,” as Paul Osborne, CTO of Cerdonis Technologies LLC, put it, “IoT is everywhere, and thus it can deliver data from all facets.” This huge and exponentially growing data is rich in audience insights and can be utilized to target customers based on data-driven insights.

The huge volume of digital data now can be managed by leading technologies such as Blockchain and Big Data analytics. The increasing importance of IoT data for driving customer and user insights shows the unlocked potential of IoT. 

Pros of IoT 

IoT is allowing remote access and control to devices to make life easier across all contexts. Let us have a quick look at the pros of IoT. 

  • Faster and instant access to various information through devices helps users to make better buying decisions. 
  • Thanks to devices’ connected ecosystem, workplace productivity, and personal time management can see a positive turnaround. With IoT led automation, people at home and workplace get things done quickly. 
  • Thanks to IoT, individuals have better and bigger control on different gadgets and digital solutions. This also opens up the scope of more personalization in the user experience of the apps, marketing, and other areas. 

Cons of IoT

Like every other technology, IoT, despite its advantages, has its dark sides. Here we shortlist some of the common and widely cited cons of IoT technology. 

  • Enhanced dependency on gadgets is continuing to make modern human beings lethargic, leading to many lifestyle disorders and complications. The device dependency is also making people more vulnerable to sudden failure of systems and processes. 
  • IoT or Internet of Things, representing a connected ecosystem of gadgets and applications, are often vulnerable to security attacks and potential data breaches as all connected gadgets do not follow a certain security protocol or standard. IoT gadgets are often cited as the source of major security issues. 
  • Though the role of automation in taking human jobs and reducing employment scope has already been refuted a number of times, still IoT-led automation is cited by many as the emerging threat to the human workforce. Well, the contrary argument always thinks IoT will take care of mundane tasks so that the human workforce can concentrate on more important decision-making tasks.  

 Conclusion 

The Internet of Things is here to stay and prosper. With IoT, humans’ ultimate automation dream has almost become a fully-fledged reality that you can interpret as revolution or curse depending on your perspective.

Source: https://www.aiiottalk.com/internet-of-things/iot-a-technological-revolution-or-a-curse/

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7 Awe Inspiring AI Techs That Transformed The Digital World

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For many people worldwide, artificial intelligence is slowly making its way into their lives without fussing. From our cars, homes, mobile phones, and our workplace, Artificial Intelligence is everywhere.

Apart from our personal lives, Artificial Intelligence has also made its way into various industries such as automotive, e-commerce, healthcare, and entertainment.

To better understand artificial intelligence’s impact on the digital world, we first need to know what it is. To sum up,

“Artificial intelligence reduces human intervention with the help of algorithms and tools that provide recommendations, predictions, and decisions through real-time data.” 

Now that we know what artificial intelligence is, we can move forward and find out how it transforms the digital world. The use of artificial intelligence is every present and visible in our daily lives.

With the help of a machine and deep learning, artificial intelligence has found its way in computer vision systems, image processing, and voice recognition applications, transforming them in a way never seen before. If you want to know how Artificial Intelligence affects the digital world, this article will help you. Listed below are some of the applications of artificial intelligence in today’s digital world:

Computer Vision Systems

Computer vision analyzes data by using different images that show various objects of interest. It uses deep learning and image processing to recognize patterns and then provides predictions autonomously.

From simple everyday applications such as recognizing human faces to complicated ones such as detecting obstacles when driving autonomous vehicles, computer vision helps AI-enabled technologies and devices to perform their tasks more effectively.

An example of how AI affects computer vision systems is through its use in machine vision systems. A sub-field of computer vision systems, machine vision systems finds their use in automotive applications, such as detecting stop signs, detecting obstacles, etc. Machine vision technology reduces distractions and enables the driver to stay alert while driving.

Creating and Generating Online Content

Who wouldn’t want a machine that writes online content by itself? Although AI cannot write about their opinion for a political blog or its views about new emerging technologies, it certainly can create content for your website that can help attract an audience from every part of the world. It can also help you save money, resources, and a lot of time. You only need to feed it data that it can understand and learn, and it will take care of the rest.

Wordsmith and quill are examples of such programs, which companies such as Forbes and Associated Press use to create new and fresh content for them, leading to numerous visits on their websites. With the use of templates and keywords, these programs generate content readers feel that humans wrote it.

Curating Online Content

AI-based programs not only allow you to create content, but they also help you curate it. It enables visitors to interact with web pages in a better way, only showing them the content they want to see. It helps in providing visitors with more personalized user experience. For example, if you add a product to your shopping cart on Amazon, you will see suggestions relevant to your choice.

“Another example is Netflix. If you watch a movie or a drama serial on it, with the help of AI, Netflix provides you with relevant movie and drama suggestions that piques your interest.” 

From a marketing perspective, imagine showing visitors the content they wish to see. With the help of deep learning and machine learning, you will surely increase your daily clicks.

Email Marketing

Emphasizing user behavior and preferences, companies use AI-based marketing campaigns to make it easier to connect with potential clients. With the help of machine learning, companies can analyze trillions of megabytes of data to find out the time of day to engage with potential clients, what type of content to show them, the email titles and subjects that generate the most clicks, and its frequency.

Wouldn’t you want to know all these so you can save time, money, and effort? Some of the examples of such AI-based email marketing include Persado, Boomtrain, and Phrasee. It will transform how you perceive email marketing and allow you to generate tons of clicks, increasing your online presence.

Digital Advertising

Gone are the days of posting advertisements in the newspaper or the local radio channel. Artificial intelligence has made it easy for companies to find an audience that will be more prone to finding an interest in an advert. A sub-field of digital marketing, digital advertising sees the most benefits when adopting Artificial Intelligence.

“For example, Google Ads and Facebook Ads use Artificial Intelligence and machine learning to find people that will most likely have an interest in your Digital Adverts.” 

With the help of AI, both these platforms analyze user information such as demographics and interests to detect users that suit a company’s advertisements.

Website Design

If you think that a great website cannot exist without the help of a coder or a programmer, then we have news for you. Nowadays, various AI-aided website design programs exist that can easily design a website with the help of images, call to actions, and text provided by the user.

And all that without any need of a programmer or a website designer.It allows companies to save money and makes their website look like someone with a college degree designed it.

Artificial Intelligence Chatbots

Nowadays, brands usually communicate with their potential clients through Facebook messenger, WhatsApp, and other online communication platforms. As everybody already uses these platforms, it provides companies with a quick way to send the word out about their brand. Such a medium of communication leads to a requirement for faster responses. That is only possible through AI aided chatbots.

Chatbots are also available 24/7, which is not possible for a human being. For example, a big brand like Sephora uses chatbots to provide visitors with recommendations and make-up advice, depending on their interests, and without human intervention.

Final words
As you can see, artificial intelligence in the digital world provides numerous benefits, whether in marketing, advertising, or providing a great user experience to a customer. Also, to clarify, Artificial Intelligence is not here to replace human beings, but it helps them perform their task more effectively and efficiently.

However, for something like this to happen, they must give Artificial Intelligence a chance. Otherwise, they risk facing the inevitable.

Also Read Artificial Intelligence Myths and Facts

Source: https://www.aiiottalk.com/artificial-intelligence/ai-techs-that-transformed-digital-world/

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AI and Machine Learning Technologies Are On the Rise Globally, with Governments Launching Initiatives to Support Adoption: Report

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Kate MacDonald, New Zealand Government Fellow at the World Economic Forum, and Lofred Madzou, Project Lead, AI and Machine Learning at the World Economic Forum have published a report that explains how AI can benefit everyone.

According to MacDonald and Madzou, artificial intelligence can improve the daily lives of just about everyone, however, we still need to address issues such as accuracy of AI applications, the degree of human control, transparency, bias and various privacy issues. The use of AI also needs to be “carefully and ethically managed,” MacDonald and Madzou recommend.

As mentioned in a blog post by MacDonald and Madzou:

“One way to [ensure ethical practice in AI] is to set up a national ‘Centre for Excellence’ to champion the ethical use of AI and help roll out training and awareness raising. A number of countries already have centres of excellence – those which don’t, should.”

The blog further notes:

“AI can be used to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of decision-making and to improve lives through new apps and services. It can be used to solve some of the thorny policy problems of climate change, infrastructure and healthcare. It is no surprise that governments are therefore looking at ways to build AI expertise and understanding, both within the public sector but also within the wider community.”

As noted by MacDonald and Madzou, the UK has established many “Office for AI” centers, which aim to support the responsible adoption of AI technologies for the benefit of everyone. These UK based centers ensure that AI is safe through proper governance, strong ethical foundations and “understanding of key issues such as the future of work.”

The work environment is changing rapidly, especially since the COVID-19 outbreak. Many people are now working remotely and Fintech companies have managed to raise a lot of capital to launch special services for professionals who may reside in a different jurisdiction than their employer. This can make it challenging for HR departments to take care of taxes, compliance, and other routine work procedures. That’s why companies have developed remote working solutions to support companies during these challenging times.

Many firms might now require advanced cybersecurity solutions that also depend on various AI and machine learning algorithms.

The blog post notes:

“AI Singapore is bringing together all Singapore-based research institutions and the AI ecosystem start-ups and companies to ‘catalyze, synergize and boost’ Singapore’s capability to power its digital economy. Its objective is to use AI to address major challenges currently affecting society and industry.”

As covered recently, AI and machine learning (ML) algorithms are increasingly being used to identify fraudulent transactions.

As reported in August 2020, the Hong Kong Institute for Monetary and Financial Research (HKIMR), the research segment of the Hong Kong Academy of Finance (AoF), had published a report on AI and banking. Entitled “Artificial Intelligence in Banking: The Changing Landscape in Compliance and Supervision,” the report seeks to provide insights on the long-term development strategy and direction of Hong Kong’s financial industry.

In Hong Kong, the use of AI in the banking industry is said to be expanding including “front-line businesses, risk management, and back-office operations.” The tech is poised to tackle tasks like credit assessments and fraud detection. As well, banks are using AI to better serve their customers.

Policymakers are also exploring the use of AI in improving compliance (Regtech) and supervisory operations (Suptech), something that is anticipated to be mutually beneficial to banks and regulators as it can lower the burden on the financial institution while streamlining the regulator process.

The blog by MacDonald and Madzou also mentions that India has established a Centre of Excellence in AI to enhance the delivery of AI government e-services. The blog noted that the Centre will serve as “a platform for innovation and act as a gateway to test and develop solutions and build capacity across government departments.”

The blog post added that Canada is notably the world’s first country to introduce a National AI Strategy, and to also establish various centers of excellence in AI research and innovation at local universities. The blog further states that “this investment in academics and researchers has built on Canada’s reputation as a leading AI research hub.”

MacDonald and Madzou also mentioned that Malta has launched the Malta Digital Innovation Authority, which serves as a regulatory body that handles governmental policies that focus on positioning Malta as a centre of excellence and innovation in digital technologies. The island country’s Innovation Authority is responsible for establishing and enforcing relevant standards while taking appropriate measures to ensure consumer protection.

Source: https://www.crowdfundinsider.com/2020/09/166928-ai-and-machine-learning-technologies-are-on-the-rise-globally-with-governments-launching-initiatives-to-support-adoption-report/

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