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Cyber Security

ADVISORY: POODLE Threat Requires Immediate Attention

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poodle smokingThis has been a rough year in Internet Security. There has been a deluge of data breaches, especially against Point-of-Sale systems. There was the Heartbleed bug that threatened SSL on most Linux servers and a wave of ransomware holding people’s computers hostage.

What could be next? Would you believe POODLE attacks?

On October 14th 2014, Google researchers disclosed the ‘POODLE’ vulnerability, which could allow attackers to decrypt encrypted connections to websites that use the SSL 3.0 protocol. Disabling SSL 3.0 support on a website is sufficient to mitigate this issue.

While the scenario for the POODLE threat is not nearly as common as for the Heartbleed bug, like Heartbleed the hacker might be able to circumvent encryption. A hacker would be getting “the keys to kingdom”, the ability to read your most private and important communications. Comodo is recommending quick action to prevent POODLE bites!

What is the POODLE attack?
POODLE is an attack specifically on SSL 3.0. It allows a well-placed attacker who has set up a ‘man in the middle‘ server to potentially recover data that would normally be encrypted. The most likely attack vector would be for the hacker to obtain the session cookies.

The ‘Coffee shop’ attack is an example of a ‘man in the middle’ attack (MITM). In this scenario, an attacker who is situated in the coffee shop itself would set up a laptop to broadcast a WiFi signal that looks the same as the coffee shop’s WiFi. The victim then inadvertently connects to the attacker’s WiFi instead of the coffee shop’s WiFi and all of the victim’s internet traffic is now available to the attacker to intercept and record. This type of attack would usually be stopped if the connection was encrypted. However, with the POODLE vulnerability, it would be theoretically possible to decrypt some data from sessions that are secured with SSL 3.0.

Although SSL 3.0 has been replaced by the more secure TLS protocol on the majority of websites, the problem lies in browsers and clients maintaining the possibility to ‘downgrade’ the connection to end up back on the vulnerable SSL 3.0 protocol. As mentioned later on in this page, Mozilla and Google have acted swiftly to disable this behavior in the latest versions of their Firefox and Chrome browsers. However, website owners can ‘force’ the issue and prevent any browser from using SSL 3.0 by disabling it server side.

Understanding the impact

  • The POODLE attack does not affect your Comodo certificate and your certificate does not need to be replaced or reissued.
  • The flaw lies with the with the SSL 3.0 protocol itself. SSL 3.0 has, however, already been superseded by the TLS protocol for the vast majority of secure connections today. According to studies by Mozilla and the University of Michigan, SSL 3.0 accounts for just 0.3% of all secure transactions.
  • The ‘real-world’ scope of the vulnerability is further limited by the relative complexity of setting up a ‘Man-in-the-Middle’ attack to exploit it.
  • If your website relies in any part on SSL 3.0, you are advised to disable it immediately. Disabling SSL 3.0 support, or CBC-mode ciphers with SSL 3.0, is sufficient to mitigate this issue.

How can I find out if my site is affected?

Enter your website URL at: https://sslanalyzer.comodoca.com. Sites with SSL 3.0 will be reported as ‘Vulnerable to the POODLE attack’

How do I fix it?

To mitigate this issue, Comodo recommends webserver operators to simply disable SSL 3.0. Google has also recommended browsers and web servers use TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV , the Transport Layer Security Signaling Cipher Suite Value that blocks protocol downgrades. If your website is affected, or think your website may be affected, please speak to your webhost, webserver operator or SSL-capable appliance vendor.

Shortly after this attack was disclosed, many major internet companies announced they are dropping support for SSL 3.0. These include Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Twitter and CloudFlare to name a few.

Comodo is implementing TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV initially and then will work to remove SSLv3 support altogether from our servers as soon as possible.

What will happen if I disable SSL 3.0 on my webserver?

Probably the most significant browser software that is still ‘reliant’ on SSL 3.0 is Internet Explorer 6.0, which was distributed with Windows XP. To be precise, TLS is supported by IE 6.0, but disabled by default, meaning the average user will continue to use SSL 3.0 unless they delve into the browser settings and enable TLS. Disabling SSL 3.0 on your website will most likely mean most XP/IE 6.0 users are no longer supported for secure sessions.

However, Windows XP and IE 6.0 have not been supported by Microsoft for a few years now and people using this software are urged to upgrade. Comodo strongly recommends website operators be proactive in disabling SSL 3.0 on their sites to encourage visitors who use the older browsers to upgrade.

If you would like further advice on POODLE, we recommend contacting your webhost support department.

Further reading:

http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.nl/2014/10/this-poodle-bites-exploiting-ssl-30.html

https://www.imperialviolet.org/2014/10/14/poodle.html

http://blog.erratasec.com/2014/10/some-poodle-notes.html

https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2014/10/14/the-poodle-attack-and-the-end-of-ssl-3-0/

TEST YOUR EMAIL SECURITY GET YOUR INSTANT SECURITY SCORECARD FOR FREE Source: https://blog.comodo.com/comodo-news/advisory-poodle-threat-requires-immediate-attention/

Cyber Security

Best Moon Lamp Reviews and Buying Guide

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Moon Lamps

You need to get a moon lamp if you want to enjoy a moonlit evening, but don’t want to leave your living room’s cosy nook. But you need to get the ideal moon lamp for your home in order to enjoy the ideal moonlight. Not only does the ideal one emit perfect light; it also looks exactly like the moon and has many other characteristics.

It wants to be the same as the moon in texture and appearance. People buy them for the visual beauty concealed in them, not just for the sun. They act as both light and home decor. Here is a list of the best moon lamps to help you pick the best light.

Table of Contents

Best Reviews on Moon Lamps

BRIGHTWORLD 7.1 IN 3D Night Light Moon Lamp

A broad moon lamp with a USB port for charging, rechargeable batteries, and touch control for brightness and warmth is the Brightworld 3D printed 7.1 inch moon lamp.

Features The Features
It provides cool white light that mimics the moonlight experience.

It is made entirely of plant extracts of natural origin. It is also completely eco-friendly.

Based on NASA astronomical data, the crests and troughs on the surface were planned. This, combined with cutting-edge 3D printing technology, helps to view the surface of the moon on the lamp vividly.

By touching the metal button at the bottom, you can adjust the colour of the light. You can switch colours between warm and cool white colours. You need to click the button for a long time to adjust the brightness of the light.

Reasonable for room lighting, bedside lamp, night light, etc.

It can also build an atmosphere that is warm.

It has a rechargeable built-in battery that takes a maximum of 3 hours to fully charge and can deliver power for a minimum of 8 hours. Via the USB port, it can be charged.

In addition, the bottom of the lamp is just 0.7 inches in diameter. The regulation is not influenced by charging.

For friends, children, and family members, it can be a fun gift. A valuable Christmas, birthday, or housewarming gift can also be made.

It looks like the real moon with the light turned on and has a charming and soothing effect. As a reading lamp, you can also use it.

You can also get warm as well as soft yellow lighting, apart from the classic cool white hue. Moreover, as appropriate, you can change the brightness of the colour.

ZgmdaHOME 7 inch Moon Lamp with stand, LED touch control

This is a compact and cordless moon lamp for home and outdoor decor.

Features 

It has a surface texture that is moon-like and natural.

It is available in 16 distinct colors that can flash and fade as well as change from one to another seamlessly.

Using a remote control as well as a touch control, you can control the color and brightness of the display.

It is made entirely from PLA, a substance that is biodegradable and derived from plants.

It includes an energy-efficient LED light and an integrated lithium rechargeable battery that can be recharged via the regular USB port.

You may use the lamp for charging purposes.

The lamp is powered by an integrated rechargeable battery that can provide a maximum charge for up to 48 hours of illumination. Even if you run it at full luminosity, it will retain its luminosity for 8 hours. In order to get a full charge, the battery takes about 3 hours.

For adjusting light color as well as turning the lamp on or off, it has a touch control.

You can also remotely control it from a distance of up to 35 feet. You can adjust colour as well as the mode of lighting with the remote control.

The colors are able to flash as well as fade.

SUPER3DMALL 7.1 Inch 16 Color Full Moon LED Lamp With Touch and Remote Control

A practical lunar surface and 16 color lighting choices come with this moderate-size luna moon lamp. This makes it not only an elegant night light, but also a trendy home décor and a family party decoration piece.

Features

This moon lamp is not made from moulds and is 3D printed. This has given it a lunar surface texture that is realistic.

Also, it is safe to use and accurate.

It is made of PLA material that is durable and eco-friendly. Therefore, you can use it for a long time and dispose of it in non-toxic ways as well.

3000k of light is emitted by the energy-efficient LED lamp, which does not damage the eyes but can be bright enough to read books.

It comprises one battery with a rechargeable life of 10000 hours.

There are 16 colors the lamp can emit. By simply pressing the touch button for less than a second, you can change from one color to another. Throughout its range of 16 colors, you can constantly shift from one to another by just doing this. It changes the luminosity if you touch it for more than one second. Using this touch button, you can also turn it on and off.

It operates for remote controls as well. So, from the comfort of your couch or bed, you can run it.

5.9 inch LED moon lamp Segoal 3D with wood stand

The Segoal 3D 5.9 inch LED moon lamp comes with a wood stand and touch & remote controls. It will build a perfect gift piece.

Features

The lamp ‘s surface includes craters that were mapped with satellite images from NASA.

It is made from durable PLA which, by lowering it from a height of 6.5 feet, has undergone a high altitude test. So, even if you drop it from a height of 6.5 feet or less, it won’t harm your moon nightlight bulb.

With a touch button as well as a remote control, it can be controlled. So, with both a touch control and a remote control, you can change the tone.

In four different modes, it can emit 16 different RGB colors. So, by touching a button, you can make the mood of the room romantic, comfortable, peaceful, or beautiful.

There is a USB charging cable that can be used for other charging needs, such as smartphone charging, charging for laptops, etc.

If you run it in blue light and soft mode, it has a 500mAh battery capacity that can last for 15 hours.

It provides comfortable light that is flicker-free, which is ideal for reading and lighting in the bed, home party, courtyard, coffee shop, etc.

You may get a complete replacement for a broken USB cable or remote control. · The direction of light is adjustable.

Elstey 3D Moon Star Sky Lamp

Moon Light measures 5.9 inches in diameter and comes with a stand and LED light for the Elstey 16 Color, Touch, and Remote Control. It is a great piece for a home decoration object, a birthday present, and more.

Features

The decorative, romantic, and warm night light can give rise to unique colored patterns.

Energy-efficient LED light that can be connected to any Power Bank, USB adapter, laptop or phone.

Crafted from durable ABS + PLA and unbreakable. Due to the durable nature of the content, even if you operate it for a long time, it poses no danger. In the space or on the kid’s reading desk, it appears to cast a light.

16 customized colors and 4 lighting effects are available to choose from. Your favorite color and hue can certainly be found in these. You also obtain four light modes, including Flash, Strobe, Fade, and Smooth.

This light can be controlled by touch as well as by a remote control. Near the charging port, the touch control is mounted. Apart from the touch control, you can also turn the lamp on and off by means of a remote control.

For your bedroom, study table, café, desk, and even office, it can be an ideal decoration object as well as a lamp. A beautiful atmosphere can be created by the shining moon lamp.

The brightness can be dimmed.

The direction of light can be changed.

Stroboscopic light can be obtained in 7 colors that change gradually.

You can also get 3 colors of stroboscopic light that change gradually.

Glowing 3D Moon Lamp Ehobroc 5.9 Inch with a tap to change 3 colours

The Ehobroc 5.9 Inch Glowing 3D Moon Lamp comes in 3 colors, i.e. cool, yellow, and warm white, with tap control to adjust the light. It is a good one for home décor, children’s light reading, bedside night lamp, and birthday gift reading.

Features

The moon lamp ‘s surface has a bright lunar look. It consists of curves, craters, and mountains carefully built to resemble the surface of the moon. What makes the lamp extremely practical is this.

For children, it is environmentally friendly and healthy. The lamp is made of PVC, while the outer shell is made of non-toxic and environmentally-friendly ABS. The lamp is unbreakable and robust, too, due to the use of these materials.

It has a high burning point that, if you light it for a long time, helps to stop the chance of burning. So, with complete protection, you can simply place the moon lamp on the stand and enjoy a calming moon light or a romantic dining light for hours.

It can be turned into three shades, i.e. cool white, warm white, and yellow. Tap the lamp and the colours will change. On successive clicks, it will begin to change colour and will turn off at the fourth tap.

It has a gentle LED light that saves massive amounts of energy. On a complete charge of the rechargeable battery, it can emit light continuously for 8 hours.

It takes approx. 2 hours for the battery to completely charge and can be charged through a USB port. So, from your laptop or power bank, you can charge it.

For children, women, parents, and more, it is a great gift. It can also be a great gift for Valentine or birthday, as well as a good decoration piece for the bedroom, table, cafe, desk, and even office. It can build an atmosphere that is wonderful and cosy.

The business also provides reliable after-sale service.

4.7 Inch Moon Light Lamp Baby ACED 3D Printing

For multipurpose use, this is a dimmable and colour-changing, touch-operated LED moonlight lamp. It can be a cool gift item for kids , teenagers, lovers, and more for Christmas. As a cool decorative lamp for your home, you can also use it.

Features

The lamp has been 3D printed in such a way that the moon ‘s presence is vividly imitated.

For the children’s bedroom, living room , dining room, office, etc., this will offer good ambient light. It can also be donated to children for use as a toy.

There is an integrated and rechargeable battery that, depending on the brightness you set, can provide up to 20 hours of illumination.

Source: https://cybersguards.com/best-moon-lamp-reviews-and-buying-guide/

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Cyber Security

Guilford Technical Community College Continues to Investigate a Ransomware Cyberattack

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Cyberattack

Many of the present and former students could have been impacted by a data leak at a North Carolina community college.

Tuesday, the Greensboro News & Records reported that a ransomware cyberattack struck Guilford Technical Community College in mid-September.

The college said it is reviewing the cyber attack “to assess what occurred and to remediate compromised networks.” Assistance was offered by state departments, intelligence experts and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

The college said it has approached potentially impacted students , faculty and staff members. It said it will have one year of credit management and identity repair services.

“Due to the continuing nature of this inquiry, the college declined further comment.”

The GTCC found the Sept. 14 data leak.

Source: https://cybersguards.com/community-college-continues-to-investigate-a-ransomware-cyberattack/

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Cyber Security

IOTW: Will There Be An Incident Of Impact On Tuesday’s Election?

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The United States presidential election is four days away. Last Wednesday, government officials released a statement about Russian and Iranian hacking threats. The next day, more information followed. What global corporate enteprise lessons can be learned?

Facts

On October 21, Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe informed the public that Russia and Iran stole voter registration information for the sake of election interference. While the data was publicly available, theories were floated that stealing the data was simply cheaper than buying it or that voter-related breaches help put into question the legitimacy of election results.

A day later, the FBI and the Cyber Security and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released two joint statements providing additional detail to Wednesday’s rushed press conference. Included were some of the strategies deployed by Iran, such as using the stolen data to send fake Proud Boy emails to registered Democrats. Ratcliffe claims that by doing so, Iran attempted to turn voters away from Donald Trump. Some of his colleagues disagree. The same alerts accused Russia of penetrating dozens of state and local government infrastructures, including aviation networks.

Related: Nation-State Security Trends Report 2019

Sowing election uncertainty is a known practice of Russian and Iranian hackers, though both countries vehemently deny the claim. As a response, the Treasury Department imposed sanctions on Iran. Russia remains unpunished. It is important to note that US election and voter systems themselves have not been hacked.

Lessons Learned

Currently, the main cyber threat leading up to election day come in the form of misinformation campaigns and sowing doubt in the legitimacy of election results. It is extremely difficult for foreign operatives to hack into election systems and physically add, remove, or change votes. Instead, these foreign operators hack the minds of Americans. They leak false information that looks legitimate and open lines of questioning on social media that leave some people unsure of its accuracy.

Additionally, campaign staff devices, campaign websites, and other pop-up election infrastructure are prone to weakness. Enterprise infrastructure isn’t immune to cyber crime, and their resources far surpass that of election IT resources.

Related: ‘Not Going To Automate Our Way Out’: Fbi’s David Wallace

In June, the US Treasury Department warned that the Russian hacking group known as Evil Corp.—who also has ties to the Russian government—was taking advantage of new cyber security weaknesses as people increasingly started to work from home. The same infrastructure these hackers use to commit run-of-the mill cyber crimes through ransomware can also be used to wipe out data or spread infections from computer to computer, department to department, and organization to organization using interconnected servers. It is possible the seeds planted for a ransomware attack could pivot into election tampering territory.

Ultimately, widespread distrust around voting accuracy could cause just the right amount of damage. John Hultquist, FireEye director of threat intelligence, made this observation in June: “The disruption may have little effect on the outcome. It may be entirely insignificant to the outcome — but it could be perceived as proof that the election outcome is in question. Just by getting access to these systems they may be preying on fears of the insecurity of the election.”

Read More: Incident Of The Week

Source: https://www.cshub.com/attacks/articles/iotw-will-there-be-an-incident-of-impact-on-tuesdays-election

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